HOME
The Info List - GO Transit


--- Advertisement ---



Phil Verster, President & Chief Executive Officer (Metrolinx) Greg Percy, Chief Operating Officer[2]

Headquarters 97 Front Street West Toronto, Ontario, Canada[3]

Website www.gotransit.com

Operation

Began operation 1967 (1967)[1]

Operator(s) Bombardier Transportation
Bombardier Transportation
(rail)

Reporting marks GOT

Host railroads Canadian National
Canadian National
Railway Canadian Pacific Railway Metrolinx

Number of vehicles 75 locomotives 691 coaches 505 buses - 366 (single-level) - 139 (double decker)[1]

Technical

System length 452 kilometres (281 mi) (rail) 2,801 kilometres (1,740 mi) (bus)[1]

Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)

System map

GO Transit
GO Transit
is the regional public transit system serving the Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario, Canada. With its hub at Union Station in Toronto, GO Transit’s distinctive green and white trains and buses serve a population of more than seven million across more than 11,000 square km stretching from Brantford
Brantford
and Waterloo in the west to Newcastle and Peterborough in the east, and from Orangeville and Beaverton in the north to Niagara Falls in the south. GO Transit carried 68.8 million passengers in 2016, and its ridership continues to grow.[1][4] GO Transit
GO Transit
operates diesel-powered double-decker trains and coach buses, on routes that connect with all local transit systems in its service area, as well as Via Rail, Canada's national rail system.[1] Canada's first regional public transit system, GO Transit
GO Transit
began regular passenger service on May 23, 1967 as a part of the Ontario Ministry of Transportation. Since then, it has grown from a single train line to seven, and expanded to include complementing bus service.[1] GO Transit
GO Transit
has been constituted in a variety of public-sector configurations, today existing as an operating division of Metrolinx, a provincial Crown agency with overall responsibility for integrative transportation planning within the Greater Toronto
Toronto
and Hamilton Area.[5]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early days 1.2 Creation, growth and recession 1.3 Reconfiguration and revival 1.4 Future

2 Service

2.1 Service area 2.2 Operations

2.2.1 Rail

2.2.1.1 Rolling stock 2.2.1.2 Ownership and crews

2.2.2 Bus

2.3 Stations and connections 2.4 Ridership

3 Fares 4 Logo 5 Safety and security

5.1 By-law No. 2 5.2 Enforcement 5.3 Incidents

6 References

6.1 General references 6.2 Bibliography

7 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of GO Transit Early days[edit] Cities in and around the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area
Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area
(GTHA) experienced huge expansions in the 1950s, influenced by growth in immigration and industrialization. Much of the existing commuter service was provided by Canadian National
Canadian National
Railway, and it faced mounting pressure to expand its service beyond Lakeshore trains it ran between Hamilton in the west and Danforth in the east, to Toronto; however, CN lacked the financial and physical capital to do this. Real improved commuter service was not considered until the 1962 Metropolitan Toronto
Toronto
and Region Transportation Study, which examined land use and traffic in the newly created Metropolitan Toronto. The idea of GO Transit
GO Transit
was created out of fear of becoming lost in years of planning; it was "approached as a test, but recognized to be a permanent service."[6] In May 1965, the Government of Ontario
Government of Ontario
granted permission to proceed with the launch of Canada's first specially-designed commuter rail service, at a cost of $9.2 million ($70.3 million in 2017 dollars).[7] Creation, growth and recession[edit]

GO Transit
GO Transit
trains in the 1960's and 1970's, prior to the predominance of the Bombardier BiLevel Coach.

Government of Ontario
Government of Ontario
Transit (later abbreviated as 'GO Transit') started as a three-year long experiment on May 23, 1967 running single-deck trains powered by diesel locomotives in push-pull configuration on a single rail line along Lake Ontario's shoreline.[8][9] GO Train service ran throughout the day from Oakville to Pickering with limited rush hour train service to Hamilton. The experiment proved to be extremely popular; GO Transit
GO Transit
carried its first million riders during its first four months, and averaged 15,000 per day soon after. This line, now divided as the Lakeshore East and Lakeshore West lines is the keystone corridor of GO Transit.[8] Expansion of rail service continued in the 1970s and 1980s, aimed at developing ridership in with the introduction of the Georgetown (now Kitchener) line in 1974 and the Richmond Hill line
Richmond Hill line
in 1978.[10][11] The Milton GO Train line opened in 1981, followed by the Bradford (now Barrie) and Stouffville lines a year later, establishing the 7 rail corridors that today's rail service is based upon.[11]

Cab control car of a GO Train with a view of the CN Tower
CN Tower
in the background

Other than establishing new rail corridors, GO Transit
GO Transit
introduced the Bi-Level coaches in 1979, in order to increase the number of passengers carried per train. These unique rail cars were developed in partnership with Bombardier Transportation.[12] In that same year, the current GO concourse at Union Station was built to accommodate these additional passengers. GO Bus service also started on September 8, 1970, extending the original Lakeshore line to Hamilton and Oshawa, as well as providing service north to Newmarket and Barrie. It eventually became a full-fledged network in its own right after 1989, feeding rail service and serving communities beyond the reach of existing trains.[13] Near the end of 1982, Ontario
Ontario
Minister of Transportation and Communications James W. Snow announced the launching of GO-ALRT (Advanced Light Rail Transit), an interregional light rail transit program providing $2.6 billion (1980 dollars) of infrastructure.[14] Although this plan did not come to fruition, certain key objectives from it were established in other ways: additional stations were built, all-day service to Whitby and Burlington was established and networks of buses and trains interconnected the network.[14] GO extended limited rush hour train service on the Bradford, Georgetown and both Lakeshore lines and began offering off-peak service on the Milton line
Milton line
in 1990. Train service was also extended to Burlington on the Lakeshore West line
Lakeshore West line
in 1992.[8][10][15] In a series of cost-cutting measures, then- Ontario
Ontario
Premier Bob Rae
Bob Rae
announced a "temporary" reduction in spending on services, causing all of the expansions of the 1990s to be reduced or eliminated.[15] Reconfiguration and revival[edit] All day train service was restored from Burlington to Whitby, and peak service was finally brought to Oshawa
Oshawa
in 2000, but this would be only one indicator of things to come. A large initiative to expand the GO Transit network in the mid-2000s under the GO Transit
GO Transit
Rail Improvement Plan, or GO TRIP. $1 billion was invested in multiple rail and bus projects, making it the largest commuter rail project in Canadian history.[16][17] This was later dwarfed by a further slate of new GO infrastructure proposed in Move Ontario
Ontario
2020, the provincial transit plan announced by Premier Dalton McGuinty
Dalton McGuinty
in the leadup to the 2007 provincial election. With significant re-investment in regional transit, GO experienced significant growth in its train network: all day service was restored to Oshawa
Oshawa
in 2006 and Aldershot in 2007; service was expanded to Barrie South in 2007, to Lincolnville in 2008 and to Kitchener in 2011;[18] and an excursion train now operates on summer weekends to Niagara Falls. GO Transit
GO Transit
also went through three major reconfigurations. In January 1997, the province announced it would transfer funding responsibility for GO Transit
GO Transit
to GTHA municipalities. The Greater Toronto
Toronto
Services Board, composed of regional municipality chairs, city mayors and municipal councillors, was created as a municipal agency in January 1999, and GO Transit
GO Transit
was transferred as an arm of this agency in August 1999. However, then-Premier Mike Harris
Mike Harris
announced the province would re-assume funding responsibility for GO Transit
GO Transit
two years later, and this was completed with the abolition of the Greater Toronto Services Board on January 1, 2002.[19][20][21] The Greater Toronto Transportation Authority was created in 2006, with the responsibilities of co-ordinating, planning, financing and developing integrated transit in the GTHA. This agency would then become merged with GO Transit
GO Transit
in 2009 under the name Metrolinx. GO Transit
GO Transit
would continue as an operating division alongside two other major initiatives: the Union Pearson Express
Union Pearson Express
and Presto card.

The 'Georgetown South' project involves expanding tracks shared by trains on the Barrie, Georgetown and Milton lines, as well as the Union Pearson Express.

Future[edit] As part of the 2011 provincial election, Premier Dalton McGuinty
Dalton McGuinty
made a campaign pledge to provide two-way, full-day train service on all corridors.[22] Metrolinx
Metrolinx
is continuing to move forward with planning for this service expansion, which is now known as Regional Express Rail, in likeness to the service of a similar name in France.[23] Part of Metrolinx's Big Move regional transportation plan, it is estimated to cost $4.9 billion and serve 30 million additional riders by 2031.[24] Other possible future rail service extensions identified in GO Transit's 2020 plan include Niagara Region, Bolton, Brantford, Peterborough and Uxbridge.[25] Metrolinx
Metrolinx
also announced plans in January 2011 to electrify the Lakeshore West, Lakeshore East and Kitchener rail lines, as well as the Union Pearson Express.[26] Improvements are being made to Union Station, which is the busiest passenger transportation facility in Canada, and is expected to have its current passenger traffic double in the next 10 to 15 years.[27] Improvements currently underway include a new roof and glass atrium covering the platforms and railway tracks, new passenger concourses, additional staircases and vertical access points and general visual improvements to the station.[28][29] Other longer term options such as a second downtown station and/or connections to a future Relief Subway Line are also being studied to meet future demand.[30] Service[edit] Service area[edit]

Approximate service area of GO Transit.

The Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area
Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area
(GTHA) consists of the City of Toronto, the City of Hamilton, and the surrounding Regions of Halton, Peel, York and Durham. GO Transit
GO Transit
also reaches beyond the GTHA into Niagara and Waterloo Regions, the city of Brantford
Brantford
and Peterborough, Simcoe, Dufferin and Wellington Counties.[1] Under the provincial charter, GO Transit
GO Transit
is permitted to serve cities elsewhere in Ontario, but has no plans of doing so. In total, GO trains and buses serve a population of 7 million in a 11,000 square kilometres (4,200 sq mi) area radiating in places more than 140 kilometres (87 mi) from downtown Toronto. Present extrema are Brantford
Brantford
and Kitchener to the west; Orangeville, Barrie and Beaverton to the north; Peterborough and Newcastle to the east; and Niagara Falls to the south.[1] The GO system map shows seven train lines (or corridors), all departing from Toronto's Union Station and mostly named respectively after the outer terminus of train service. Although colours are assigned in a consistent fashion to each line in all official media, in colloquial parlance lines are only ever referred to by their names. Buses are numbered in blocks of 10, corresponding to the nearest train line, with the 40s and 50s reserved for express services along the 407 ETR corridor which does not have a corresponding train line.

Lakeshore West (to Hamilton, with buses to Brantford
Brantford
and seasonal weekend trains to Niagara Falls) Milton (to Milton, with buses to Cambridge) Kitchener Barrie Richmond Hill (to Gormley) Stouffville (to Lincolnville, with buses to Uxbridge) Lakeshore East (to Oshawa, with buses to Newcastle and Peterborough)

Operations[edit] Rail[edit] Main article: GO Transit
GO Transit
rail services

A GO Train along the Lakeshore West line.

GO Transit's commuter rail services (reporting mark GOT) carry the large majority of its overall ridership. Until 2012, five GO Train lines operated only during weekday rush hour periods in the peak direction (inbound towards Union Station in the morning and outbound in the afternoons and early evenings), with off-peak service on these routes being provided solely by buses. Since then, partial off-peak train service has been added to three of these lines. The present off-peak service is as follows:

the Lakeshore West and Lakeshore East lines operate half-hourly trains on weekdays off-peak hours and weekends between Aldershot and Oshawa, with some summer service extending as far as Niagara Falls railway station. They are to date the only lines with all-day train service 7 days a week. the Kitchener line
Kitchener line
provides hourly, two-way midday service as far as Mount Pleasant on weekdays only; there is no late evening or weekend service. the Barrie line
Barrie line
has all-day weekend train services along the entire line, although most of them only go as far as Aurora; there is no weekday midday or late evening service. the Stouffville has hourly midday and late evening service as far as Unionville on weekdays only; there is no weekend service.

The Richmond Hill and Milton lines continue to operate during rush hours only, although there has been an increasing number of trips on these lines in recent years. As part of the Regional Express Rail plan, there are plans to eventually offer two-way, all-day 15-minute service on the central sections of the remaining five lines.[31] Nevertheless, rush-hour service accounts for over 90% of GO Train ridership.[1] Rolling stock[edit] GO Transit's rolling stock uses push-pull equipment. Its passenger car fleet is composed entirely of Bombardier BiLevel Coaches built in Thunder Bay, Ontario.[32] These double-decker coaches, easily identifiable by their elongated-octagon shape, were designed in the mid-1970s for GO Transit
GO Transit
by Hawker Siddeley Canada
Canada
as a more efficient replacement for GO's original single-deck coaches, built by the same company. Later coaches were manufactured by Can-Car/UTDC and the most recent coaches are produced by Bombardier Transportation, who now owns the designs and manufacturing facilities. GO Transit
GO Transit
owns approximately 700 BiLevel Coaches, which are also used by a number of other commuter railways across North America. They have a seating capacity of 162 people per coach, or 1,944 per train.[33] All upper levels of the coaches on rush hour trains are designated "Quiet Zones".[34]

An MP40PH-3C
MP40PH-3C
locomotive.

The coaches are primarily hauled by MPI MPXpress
MPI MPXpress
series locomotives. The current model, the 4000-horsepower MP40PH-3C, is more powerful than their predecessors, the EMD F59PH. They are capable of pulling or pushing trains of 12 coaches instead of 10.[33] More than 60 of these locomotives have been ordered since their introduction in 2006, with a further 16 types of an even more powerful model, the MP54AC, to enter service in coming years. Opposite the locomotive, trains are bookended by cab cars, which are coaches with driver controls incorporated into them. While most of them closely resemble ordinary coaches, GO Transit began upgrading their rail fleet with newly designed, more crashworthy cab cars in the summer of 2015, incorporating an improved visibility, safety features and comfort for train crews.[35] Presently, all rolling stock is maintained at Willowbrook Yard, located west of Mimico station in Toronto. A historical freight yard established by Grand Trunk Railway
Grand Trunk Railway
in 1910, GO Transit
GO Transit
acquired the yard from Canadian National
Canadian National
sometime after its inception, and has expanded the facilities onsite to maintain the expanding fleet.[36] GO Transit is currently building a second maintenance yard covering 500,000 square feet (4.6 hectares) in Whitby to accommodate additional trains for its upcoming Regional Express Rail project, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2017.[37] Ownership and crews[edit]

Play media

GO has always owned its locomotives and coaches, but its trackage used to be owned entirely by Canada's two major commercial railways: the large majority by the Canadian National Railway
Canadian National Railway
(CN) and the remainder (the current Milton line) by Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian Pacific Railway
(CP). In 1988, as part of expanding service east of Pickering, GO built its first section of self-owned purpose-built trackage.[38] From 1998 until 2009, GO owned only 6% of the railway trackage on which it operated. Starting in 2009, Metrolinx
Metrolinx
incrementally acquired further trackage from the two commercial railways in order to improve GO service. As of 2014, Metrolinx
Metrolinx
has complete ownership of the Barrie, Stouffville and Lakeshore East lines, and a majority of the Lakeshore West, Richmond Hill, and Kitchener lines. CP still owns most of the Milton line. This puts Metrolinx
Metrolinx
ownership at 80% of GO Transit's trackage.[39] Each train runs with a three-person crew: two operators control the train from the cab at the front end of the train and handle related operations, while a third crew member is the Customer Service Ambassador. Stationed in a designated car in the middle of each train, the Customer Service Ambassador operates the doors and wheelchair ramp, makes station stop announcements, and is dedicated to assisting customers on board.[40] Bombardier Transportation
Bombardier Transportation
is responsible for providing train operations, taking over from CN crews in 2007 and CP crews in 2015.[41] GO trains achieve on-time performance of approximately 95%,[42] and a refund will be provided if a train is more than 15 minutes late, with some conditions.[43] Bus[edit] Main article: GO Transit bus
Transit bus
services

Thousands of passengers move between GO and TTC service at Union Station on Toronto's Front Street

GO Bus service consists of a combination of routes, many of which stand in for train service when it is not operating and/or which extend the reach of train service to communities beyond their termini. Other GO buses are independent of rail services, such as the Highway 407 series of routes, which provides an orbital-type service that encircles Toronto
Toronto
proper and makes connections between all train lines. There are also routes that serve Pearson International Airport, seasonal destinations such as Canada's Wonderland, and several colleges and universities. The vast majority of GO train stations have connecting GO bus service, of which almost all the exceptions are situated within Toronto
Toronto
proper. There are also 16 bus terminals served by GO buses, many of which provide local transit connections, as well as intermediate stops and ticket agencies.[1][44] The first buses operated by GO Transit, a suburban variant of the GM New Look bus, were unveiled at Queen's Park on August 11, 1970, about a month before commencing operations on its expanded services east, west and north of Toronto.[45] Operated by Gray Coach,[46] a pilot program to test them was conducted in Pickering before they entered service on 8 September 1970.[47] Later buses included a combination of single-door, suburban-type transit buses built by Orion Bus Industries and New Flyer, and single-level highway coaches built by Prevost Car and Motor Coach Industries
Motor Coach Industries
(MCI, now a subsidiary of New Flyer). Today, GO Transit
GO Transit
operates a combination of single-level coach buses and commuter-type double-decker buses. All buses are equipped with bike racks and are wheelchair accessible. Most of the older buses in the fleet are 45-foot (13.72 m), single-level D4500CT coach buses built by Motor Coach Industries, which can seat 57 people and features a wheelchair lift for disabled users. The first models of this type entered service in 2001 and orders have continued until 2015. In April 2008, GO began operating 43-foot (13.11 m) Enviro 500 double-decker buses built by British manufacturer Alexander Dennis
Alexander Dennis
in the United Kingdom.[48] These buses come in three different designs differing mainly in their size and height. All double deckers have a low-floor design and a wheelchair ramp at the front door. The first two batches of double deckers have a height of 4.2 metres (13 ft 9 3⁄8 in), too tall to meet many height standards set by the provincial Ministry of Transportation. Thus, they are restricted to routes which avoid low bridges and underpasses. In particular, they are found exclusively on routes on the Highway 407 and Highway 403 corridors, providing service between Peel and York Regions.[49][1] In 2012, GO ordered new Enviro500 double-decker units for its fleet. Designated as "Go-Anywhere" models, they have a redesigned front end, based on the Enviro400 (and which would later form the basis for the global Enviro500 MMC refreshed design), and a height of 4.1 metres (13 ft 5 7⁄16 in), 10 cm (3 15⁄16 in) lower than the previous models. The lower height allows these buses to meet many more clearance standards as a result and are used on a wider variety of routes, including those that travel on Highway 401.[50] Three additional batches of "Go-Anywhere" Enviro500s were ordered until 2015. Despite the lower height, these buses are still too high to fit in a number of GO terminals, namely Hamilton, Yorkdale, York Mills and Union Station. Beginning in 2016, GO Transit
GO Transit
began placing further orders of Enviro500 double-deckers. These buses, designed specifically for the GO Transit
GO Transit
network and designated as "Super-Lo", have an even lower height of 3.9 metres (12 ft 9 9⁄16 in), low enough to operate on virtually the entire GO bus network.[51] They also have a longer length than previous orders, being 45-foot (13.72 m) long (the same as its coach buses), and dedicated space for luggage at the rear. The chassis for these vehicles are being locally assembled at a newly established facility in Vaughan, creating up to 30 new full-time jobs.[51] Stations and connections[edit] See also: List of GO Transit
GO Transit
stations GO Transit
GO Transit
stations are designed to provide seamless and barrier-free connections between its trains and buses. They include amenities such as elevators, washrooms, parking, pay phones, ticket vending machines, ticket sale kiosks and automated teller machines. All GO stations have Presto card
Presto card
readers. Most bus terminals are also served with a ticket sales booth or vending machine. As of 2016, the capital costs of building a GO Transit
GO Transit
train station is about $50 to $75 million.[52] Most GO stations include large commuter parking lots, some of which have recently included large parking structures, and also include onsite bus loops for buses making timed connections to GO Buses. Ten of GO's train stations are shared with Via Rail. GO also connects with fifteen other municipal transit providers, such as the TTC. Metrolinx
Metrolinx
calls many of these transfer points between services mobility hubs, and it has made them a priority as it moves forward with The Big Move
The Big Move
regional transportation plan. Ridership[edit]

GO Transit
GO Transit
Rail Weekday Ridership (2016)[53][not in citation given]

Corridor Riders %

Lakeshore West 65,167 30.6%

  

Lakeshore East 51,260 24.1%

  

Milton 28,628 13.5%

  

Kitchener 22,436 10.6%

  

Barrie 18,859 8.9%

  

Stouffville 15,876 7.5%

  

Richmond Hill 10,293 4.8%

  

Total - GO Rail System 212,519

On an average weekday, GO runs 322 train trips carrying 206,167 riders, and 2,386 bus trips carrying 48,477 passengers. This adds up to 254,644 passengers throughout the entire system.[1] In 2016, GO Transit ridership totalled 68.8 million, and is projected to total over 120 million by 2020.[1][25] At least 91% of the train ridership is to and from Union Station in downtown Toronto, while about 70% of all bus passengers travel to and from the City of Toronto.[1] The average trip taken by a passenger is 33.5 kilometres (20.8 mi) long. The majority of GO Transit commuters have a private vehicle available to them for them for their commute, but choose to use GO Transit
GO Transit
instead. About 80% of train commuters, and 60% of bus commuters choose GO Transit
GO Transit
over driving.[25] Over half of GO's ridership occurs on the Lakeshore West and East lines, which can be attributed to the almost continuous development along their corridors, as well as being the only two lines with two way, all day service. This is followed by the Milton line, carrying almost 14% of all ridership. Other corridors carry 4–11% of riders each.[53] Fares[edit]

A GO Train Delays board in the Long Branch Train Station

Main article: GO Transit
GO Transit
fares Fares on the network are based on a zone tariff set between two specified points by GO Transit, and the type of passenger using the ticket.[54] Passenger categories exist for adults, students, seniors, children, and groups. Tickets are also sold for single trip, or passes for one day or one month.[55] Tickets can be used on a GO train, bus, or a combination of both. They can be purchased at train stations, bus terminals, ticket agencies, or on GO buses.[54] The Presto card, available on all GO trains and buses,[56] is a unified smart card-based payment system used throughout the Greater Toronto
Toronto
and Hamilton Area. Presto is a sister operating division of Metrolinx
Metrolinx
and the card can also be used on numerous local transit agencies in the GTHA.[57] Discounted fares are available for passengers who use local transit to connect with a GO bus or train.[54] The Presto system allows passengers to load a reloadable card with any amount starting at $10, up to $1,000. Passengers pay their fare by "tapping" on and off on busses and trains. With each tap, the system calculates the fare for the ride, and it is deducted from the balance of the card. The card can also be linked to a credit card and set on autoload, so that it automatically adds a certain amount of money as soon as the balance decreases past a certain level (e.g., setting it to add $100 every time the balance decreases to less than $25).[58] GO Trains use a " Proof-of-payment
Proof-of-payment
honour system" on which passengers may be subject to random inspections to prove that they have paid their fares. This system is designed to reduce costs and improve efficiency. The integrity of this system is protected by Metrolinx's By-law No. 2, which by reference to the Provincial Offences Act imposes a $100 fine for fare evasion.[59][60] Logo[edit]

The GO logo and colours were adjusted in 2013.

The GO Transit
GO Transit
logo has remained largely unchanged since the agency was founded. The design was created by Gagnon/Valkus, a Montreal-based design firm that was also responsible for the corporate identities of Canadian National
Canadian National
and Hydro-Québec.[61][62] The firm's team wanted to create a unified logo using the initials of the Government of Ontario ("GO"), via two circles with a T incorporated into it. Lead designer Frank Fox described the creation of the logo as "a happy accident. More or less, we had this feeling among us that this couldn't be true. We went off trying many other solutions, but nothing else was good enough."[7][61] The logo has since become woven into the cityscape of Toronto, and is a prominent identifier of the agency. As one graphic design expert stated, it achieved "an enviable goal that most graphic designers strive to accomplish with any logo they design". Only one minor revision was made after the original version was unveiled: while the G and O used to touch each other, a gap now exists with a bolder white T to enhance them.[61] The primary corporate colour was known as "GO Green", matched the green on Ontario
Ontario
Highway signs, and was used on all vehicles, signage, and printed material. In 2013, GO introduced a two-tone colour scheme that changed the primary colour to a darker green, and added a second lighter apple green. The changes were made to better harmonize with the branding of Metrolinx
Metrolinx
and its other operating divisions, as well as to improve its display digitally.[63][64][65] Safety and security[edit] By-law No. 2[edit] GO Transit
GO Transit
By-law No. 2 is a document of rules and regulations governing actions of passengers and employees while on GO Transit property, which includes land, facilities, trains, buses and other structures. Besides issues relating to fares, the by-law specifies permissible and prohibited actions such as staying in designated safe areas, commercial or distribution activities, parking and other personal actions that promote or endanger the safety of passengers. It covers items like paying fares, parking, general behaviour, fines and rule enforcement. These rules can be enforced by a "proper authority" which is defined as "an employee or agent of GO Transit
GO Transit
wearing a GO Transit uniform [or] carrying an identification card issued by GO Transit, a GO Transit
GO Transit
Special
Special
Constable, or a municipal police officer." Any contravention of the by-law can result in a fine under the Provincial Offences Act.[59] Enforcement[edit]

Shoulder flashes for GO Transit
GO Transit
Safety Officers.

GO Transit
GO Transit
employs Transit Safety Officers, who are designated special constables that patrol Metrolinx
Metrolinx
properties, and are responsible for ensuring passenger safety and protection, enforcing relevant laws or by-laws, offering customer assistance and supporting local police, fire and ambulance, and promoting railway safety.[66] Under the Police Services Act, Transit Safety Officers are appointed by the Commissioner of the Ontario
Ontario
Provincial Police, with approval from the Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services.[67] In addition to By-law No. 2, they have the authority to enforce other certain federal and provincial laws.[66] GO Transit
GO Transit
also employs Provincial Offences Officers, known as Fare Inspectors, to enforce the proof-of-payment system.[68] GO Transit operates a 24-hour Transit Safety Communications centre operated by Communications Operators. They are mainly responsible for taking calls from the public with regards to actionable complaints, dispatching special constables or relevant emergency services to all areas serviced by Metrolinx.[66] Incidents[edit] On December 12, 1975, a westbound GO train collided with a Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) bus that was stalled on a crossing at St. Clair and Midland Avenue. Nine passengers on the bus were killed and 20 others were injured. This was the worst accident in terms of loss of life in the history of the TTC and GO Transit
GO Transit
systems. The level crossing was replaced by an overpass a few years later.[69] On November 17, 1997, an empty train collided with another train waiting to depart Union Station with over 800 passengers on board. The empty train's locomotive engineer was at the opposite end of the train, and the conductor at the leading end failed in his attempts to relay the situation to the engineer or apply the emergency brake. The two trains then collided at a speed of 19 km/h (12 mph), causing a partial derailment and minor injuries to fifty-four passengers and two crew members. The subsequent Transportation Safety Board report made recommendations, including making emergency brakes more accessible and that the locomotive engineer must always control the train from the leading end in the Union Station Rail Corridor.[70] On July 8, 2013, a Richmond Hill-bound GO train encountered flash flood in the Don Valley when a record-breaking 123 mm rain storm fell over a few hours in Toronto
Toronto
area. As the crew worked to reverse the direction of the train back to Union Station, flood waters continued to rise and submerged the entire track and the train itself began to flood. Approximately 1,400 passengers on board had to be rescued by boat.[71] On January 14, 2015, a GO bus on Highway 407 near Weston Road hit a guard rail and rolled into a ditch. One passenger was ejected and crushed to death, and another two in addition to the bus driver were injured.[72] On March 2, 2015, the GO Transit
GO Transit
driver was charged with careless driving causing death.[73] References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Info to GO" (PDF). GO Transit. January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.  ^ http://www.metrolinx.com/en/aboutus/seniormanagementteam/senior_management_team.aspx ^ "Contact Us". GO Transit. Retrieved 10 March 2017.  ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
President's Board Update February 2013" (PDF). GO Transit. February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013.  ^ " Metrolinx
Metrolinx
Overview". Metrolinx. Retrieved 1 July 2011.  ^ Sergeant (2004),  Ch.2: Setting the Scene.. ^ a b "GO 50 Years Going Strong - 1960s". Metrolinx. Retrieved 26 January 2018.  ^ a b c Garcia et al.: Lakeshore corridor ^ Sergeant (2004),  Ch.4: Buying the trains.. ^ a b Garcia et al.: Georgetown corridor ^ a b Garcia et al.: Regional Transit Routes ^ "BiLevel Coaches in Canada
Canada
and the USA". Bombardier Transportation. Retrieved 13 July 2012.  ^ "GO keeps Growing – we now have 500 buses on the road to serve you better". GO Transit. Retrieved 10 March 2017.  ^ a b Garcia et al.: GO ALRT ^ a b Garcia et al.: Bradford corridor ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
Rail Improvement Program (GO TRIP)". Transport Canada. 23 April 2001. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2016.  ^ "Award Of Excellence – Project Management GO Transit
GO Transit
Rail Improvements". Canadian Consulting Engineer. Retrieved 10 November 2016.  ^ "Next stop, Guelph! GO Train service starts Dec. 19". Guelph Mercury. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.  ^ "Remarks By Gary Mcneil, Managing Director, GO Transit". Transit Toronto. 23 April 2001. Retrieved 10 November 2016.  ^ "Provincial-Municipal Relations in Ontario: Approaching an Infection Point" (PDF). Munk School of Global Affairs. 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2016.  ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
History". Get Toronto
Toronto
Moving Transportation Committee. Retrieved 10 November 2016.  ^ "The Ontario
Ontario
Liberal Plan 2011–2015" (PDF). Ontario
Ontario
Liberal Party. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 12, 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2013.  ^ " Metrolinx
Metrolinx
Regional Express Rail". Metrolinx. Retrieved 16 July 2015.  ^ "GO Rail Service Expansion: More Two-Way All-Day & Rush Hour Service" (PDF). Metrolinx. Retrieved 20 May 2013.  ^ a b c GO Transit. "GO 2020" (PDF). Retrieved 7 June 2011.  ^ "Board Report: GO Electrification Study" (PDF). Metrolinx. 26 January 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2013.  ^ "Changes to Front Street at Union Station". City of Toronto. Archived from the original on September 14, 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.  ^ "Union Station Revitalization". City of Toronto. Retrieved 1 July 2011.  ^ CTV News
CTV News
(24 July 2011). "Toronto's Union Station in store for a makeover". CTV. Retrieved 1 July 2011.  ^ "Union Station 2031 and Related Planning Studies" (PDF). Metrolinx. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2013.  ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
Service Expansion Update" (PDF). Metrolinx. June 28, 2017. Retrieved November 1, 2017.  ^ "GO News: Winter 2011" (PDF). GO Transit. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 3, 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2011.  ^ a b "Quick Facts: GO Trains" (PDF). GO Transit. Retrieved 4 April 2015.  ^ "Welcome to the Quiet Zone". GO Transit. Retrieved 28 July 2013.  ^ Kalinowski, Tess (14 May 2015). "GO expects new look cab cars this summer". Toronto
Toronto
Star. Retrieved 10 November 2016.  ^ Mackenzie, Robert. "GO Transit's Willowbrook Maintenance Centre". Transit Toronto. Retrieved 10 November 2016.  ^ "East Rail Maintenance Facility". GO Transit. Retrieved 10 November 2016.  ^ "GO Transit's Lakeshore Line". Transit Toronto. Retrieved 28 July 2013.  ^ "Rail Corridor Ownership". Metrolinx. Retrieved 24 September 2014.  ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
2008–09 Annual Report" (PDF). Metrolinx. Retrieved 10 November 2016.  ^ "GO deal swaps CN crews with Bombardier personnel". Toronto
Toronto
Star. 9 November 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2011.  ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
President's Board Update" (PDF). Metrolinx. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013.  ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
riders eligible for full-fare credit if train delayed 15 minutes". National Post. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.  ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
2008–09 Annual Report" (PDF). GO Transit. Retrieved 31 May 2011.  ^ "GO Transit bus
Transit bus
unveiled". The Era. 12 August 1970. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ GO Transit
GO Transit
(16 September 1970), GO grows with Newmarket, The Era  access-date= requires url= (help)CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ "GO buses—but no trains". The Era. 6 May 1970. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ "Quick Facts: GO Buses" (PDF). GO Transit. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 3, 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2011.  ^ Pearce, Sean (9 April 2008). "Stacking the deck for transit service". Markham Economist and Sun. Retrieved 2008-04-11.  ^ Kalinowski, Tess (Apr 3, 2013). "GO adds new double-deckers that ride a bit lower". Toronto
Toronto
Star. Retrieved 4 April 2013.  ^ a b " Metrolinx
Metrolinx
bus purchase to improve service and create jobs". Media Release. Metrolinx. 24 Nov 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2015.  ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
service to expand to Grimsby by 2021, Niagara Falls by 2023". St. Catharines: CTV News. The Canadian Press. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ a b "REGIONAL EXPRESS RAIL (RER)" (PDF). Metrolinx. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2014.  ^ a b c "Fare Info". GO Transit. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ "Ticket Types". GO Transit. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ "GO with PRESTO". GO Transit. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ "Fares & Travel Info". PRESTO. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ "Loading Your Card". Metrolinx. Retrieved 19 January 2017.  ^ a b " GO Transit
GO Transit
By-law No. 2" (PDF). GO Transit. Retrieved 1 May 2015.  ^ Kalinowski, Tess (14 February 2014). " Metrolinx
Metrolinx
raises ticket fines for the 29% who don't pay up". Toronto
Toronto
Star. Retrieved 1 May 2015.  ^ a b c Greg Cunneyworth. "The design history of the GO Transit
GO Transit
logo" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-08-29.  ^ " Hydro-Québec
Hydro-Québec
Logo". Famous Logos. Retrieved 2012-08-29.  ^ "Static Signage Catalogue" (PDF). Metrolinx. October 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2012.  ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
trains and buses get a makeover". Toronto
Toronto
Star. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ "FAQ". GO Transit. Retrieved 10 March 2017.  ^ a b c "Safety and Security". GO Transit. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ " Special
Special
Constable Program". Ontario
Ontario
Provincial Police. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ " GO Transit
GO Transit
By-law No. 5" (PDF). GO Transit. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 7, 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ "1975: Bus / GO train tragedy". Scarborough Historical Society. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ "TSB Railway Occurrence Report Number R97T0299". Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ Peter Kuitenbrouwer (July 8, 2013). "'It felt like a sinking boat': Police rescue 1,400 passengers from waterlogged commuter GO train". National Post. Retrieved June 21, 2016.  ^ "Woman, 56, dead after GO bus rollover in Vaughan". CityNews Toronto. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015. A woman is dead after a she was thrown from a GO bus when it rolled over on Highway 407 on Wednesday night. [permanent dead link] ^ "GO bus driver charged in deadly crash on Hwy. 407". CBC News. 2 March 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015. A GO bus driver has been charged with careless driving in connection with a deadly crash that occurred on Hwy. 407 in January. He is due to appear in court in April. 

General references[edit]

Garcia, Daniel; Bow, James; Marshall, Sean; Drost, Peter (November 10, 2006). "Regional Transit Routes - Transit Toronto". Retrieved 15 June 2011. 

Part of collection: Lakeshore, Georgetown, Richmond Hill, Milton, Bradford, Stouffville corridors, and GO ALRT

Bibliography[edit]

Sergeant, Wilfred (2004). "Building GO-Transit: The Rail Commuter Initiative of The Government of Ontario
Government of Ontario
& Canadian National Railways, People in the project 1965–1969". Starkville, MS: HTA PRESS. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to GO Transit.

Official website Expansion Projects Amalgamated Transit Union Local 1587 FindTheWay.ca

v t e

GO Transit

Lakeshore West line

Union Station Exhibition Mimico Long Branch Port Credit Clarkson Oakville Bronte Appleby Burlington Aldershot Hamilton West Harbour Confederation † Grimsby † St. Catharines
St. Catharines
‡ Niagara Falls ‡

Milton line

Union Station Kipling Dixie Cooksville Erindale Streetsville Meadowvale Lisgar Milton

Kitchener line

Union Station Liberty Village † Bloor St Clair † Mount Dennis † Weston Etobicoke North Malton Bramalea Brampton Mount Pleasant Georgetown Acton Guelph Breslau † Kitchener (Kitchener Central †)

Barrie line

Union Station Spadina–Front † Bloor–Lansdowne † Caledonia † Downsview Park York University Rutherford Maple Kirby † King City Aurora Mulock † Newmarket East Gwillimbury Bradford Innisfil † Barrie South Allandale Waterfront

Richmond Hill line

Union Station Oriole Old Cummer Langstaff Richmond Hill Gormley Bloomington †

Stouffville line

Union Station Danforth Kennedy Lawrence East † Agincourt Finch East † Milliken Unionville Centennial Markham Mount Joy Stouffville Lincolnville

Lakeshore East line

Union Station Danforth Scarborough Eglinton Guildwood Rouge Hill Pickering Ajax Whitby Oshawa Thornton's Corners † Oshawa
Oshawa
Central † Darlington † Bowmanville †

Union Pearson Express

Union Station Bloor Weston Pearson Airport

Miscellaneous

History Fares Rail services Bus services Fleet Regional Express Rail GO-ALRT

See also

Metrolinx Presto card SmartTrack The Big Move

† - Future station ‡ - Limited excursion train service

v t e

Metrolinx

Operating divisions

GO Transit Presto Union Pearson Express

Projects in delivery

2019–2022

Bloomington GO Confederation GO Highway 7 Rapidway Yonge Street Rapidway Eglinton Crosstown LRT Finch West LRT Hurontario LRT

2023–

Sheppard East LRT B-Line LRT Niagara GO service Bowmanville GO extension GO Transit
GO Transit
Regional Express Rail

Other initiatives

The Big Move Smart Commute Transit Procurement Initiative Mobility Hubs SmartTrack

v t e

Passenger railways of Canada

Intercity

Via Rail Amtrak

Cascades Maple Leaf Adirondack

Keewatin Railway Ontario
Ontario
Northland Railway Tshiuetin Rail Transportation Kaoham Shuttle

Sightseeing

Agawa Canyon Tour Train Port Stanley Terminal Rail Rocky Mountaineer Royal Canadian Pacific White Pass and Yukon Route

Commuter rail

GO Transit

Greater Toronto

Union Pearson Express

Greater Toronto

SmartTrack

Greater Toronto

Réseau de transport métropolitain

Greater Montreal

West Coast Express

Greater Vancouver

Rapid transit

Montreal
Montreal
Metro Toronto
Toronto
subway Vancouver SkyTrain

Under construction

Montreal
Montreal
REM

Light rail

CTrain

Calgary

Edmonton Light Rail Transit O-Train

Ottawa

Under construction

Ion

Waterloo Region

Line 5 Eglinton

Toronto

Confederation Line

Ottawa

Valley Line

Edmonton

Proposed

Green Line

Calgary

B-Line

Hamilton

Hurontario LRT

Peel Region

Quebec City tramway Surrey LRT Line 6 Finch West

Toronto

Sheppard East LRT

Toronto

Victoria Regional Rapid Transit

People mover

Link Train

Toronto

Streetcar

Toronto
Toronto
streetcar system

Heritage tramways

High Level Bridge
Bridge
Streetcar

Edmonton

Nelson Electric Tramway Whitehorse Waterfront Trolley

See also

Rapid transit in Canada Light rail
Light rail
in Canada Streetcars in North America Heritage railways in Canada Canada
Canada
railways template Canada
Canada
short line railways template

v t e

Passenger railways of Toronto

Operating

GO Transit Link Train Toronto
Toronto
streetcar system Toronto
Toronto
subway Via Rail Amtrak
Amtrak
Maple Leaf Union Pearson Express

Defunct

Belt Line Railway Metropolitan Street Railway North Yonge Railways Toronto
Toronto
Civic Railways Toronto
Toronto
Railway Company Toronto
Toronto
Street Railway Toronto
Toronto
Suburban Railway Toronto
Toronto
and York Radial Railway Toronto
Toronto
and Scarboro' Electric Railway, Light and Power Company Toronto
Toronto
and Mimico Electric Railway and Light Company Toronto
Toronto
Zoo Domain Ride

Proposed

SmartTrack

v t e

Public transit systems in Canada

Alberta

Airdrie Banff Calgary Edmonton Fort McMurray Grande Prairie Hinton Leduc Lethbridge Medicine Hat Red Deer St. Albert Strathcona County

British Columbia

100 Mile House Agassiz-Harrison Ashcroft-Clinton Bella Coola Valley Boundary Campbell River Central Fraser Valley Chilliwack Clearwater Columbia Valley Comox Valley Cowichan Valley Cranbrook Creston Valley Dawson Creek Elk Valley Fort St John Hazeltons Kamloops Kelowna Regional Kimberley Kitimat Merritt Mount Waddington Nanaimo Pemberton Valley Penticton and Okanagan-Similkameen Port Alberni Port Edward Powell River Prince George Prince Rupert Princeton Quesnel Revelstoke Salt Spring Island Shuswap Skeena Smithers South Okanagan Transit System Squamish Summerland Sunshine Coast Terrace Vancouver/TransLink Vernon Victoria West Kootenay Whistler Williams Lake For all unlinked systems, see BC Transit

Manitoba

Brandon Flin Flon Selkirk Thompson Winnipeg

New Brunswick

Fredericton Miramichi Moncton Saint John

Newfoundland and Labrador

Corner Brook St. John's

Northwest Territories

Yellowknife

Nova Scotia

Annapolis Valley Cape Breton Halifax Strait of Canso Area

Ontario

Barrie Belleville Brampton Brantford Brockville Burlington Chatham-Kent Clarence-Rockland Cobourg Collingwood Cornwall Durham Region Elliot Lake Fort Erie GO Transit
GO Transit
(Greater Toronto) Guelph Hamilton Huntsville Kenora Kingston Leamington Lindsay London Midland/Penetanguishene Milton Mississauga Niagara Falls Niagara-on-the-Lake Niagara Parks Niagara Region Norfolk County North Bay North Glengarry/Prescott-Russell Oakville Ottawa Ontario
Ontario
Northland (intercity) Orangeville Orillia Owen Sound Peterborough Port Hope Russell Township St. Catharines St. Thomas Sarnia Sault Ste. Marie Stratford Sudbury Tecumseh Thunder Bay Timmins Toronto Wasaga Beach Waterloo Region Welland Windsor Woodstock York Region

Prince Edward Island

Charlottetown-Cornwall-Stratford

Quebec

Drummondville Gatineau Granby Lanaudière Laval Lévis Longueuil Montreal Mont-Tremblant Quebec City Rimouski Rouyn-Noranda RTM (Greater Montreal) Saguenay Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu

Sherbrooke Trois-Rivières

Saskatchewan

Moose Jaw Prince Albert Regina STC (former intercity) Saskatoon

Yukon

Whitehorse

v t e

Toronto

Features

General outline Demographics Name Flag Coat of arms Sister cities Notable Torontonians

History

Toronto
Toronto
Carrying-Place Trail Fort Rouillé Fort York Toronto
Toronto
Purchase York Battle of York Battle of Montgomery's Tavern Great Fire of 1849 Great Fire of 1904 1918 Toronto
Toronto
anti-Greek riot Centennial of the City Metro Toronto Hurricane Hazel

effects

Amalgamation of Toronto 2010 G20 Toronto
Toronto
summit Oldest buildings

Lost

National Historic Sites Timeline Former municipalities

Geography

Greater Toronto
Toronto
Area Golden Horseshoe Great Lakes Megalopolis Neighbourhoods

History Demographics Official list

Downtown Parks Waterfront Harbour Don River Humber River Rouge River Toronto
Toronto
Islands Leslie Street Spit Scarborough Bluffs Ravine system Native trees Fauna

Economy

Bay Street Financial District Toronto
Toronto
Stock Exchange Toronto
Toronto
Region Board of Trade Skyscrapers

Politics

Municipal government Elections City of Toronto
Toronto
Act Mayor List of Mayors City Council City Hall

Toronto
Toronto
Government and Public Services

Crime Graffiti

Public services

Paramedic Services Fire Health and Toronto
Toronto
Public Health Hospitals Parks, Forestry and Recreation

Recreation Centres

Police Shelter and Housing Solid Waste Management Water Works and Emergency Services

Education

Primary/Secondary

Toronto
Toronto
District School Board Catholic District School Board Conseil scolaire Viamonde Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir

Post-secondary

Collège Boréal Centennial College George Brown College Humber College OCAD University Ryerson University Seneca College Tyndale University College and Seminary University of Guelph-Humber University of Toronto York University

Libraries

Toronto
Toronto
Public Library

North York Central Library Toronto
Toronto
Reference Library

Toronto
Toronto
Tool Library

Culture

Attractions

Landmarks

Tourism Architecture Cinemas Media outlets Cuisine Sports

Sports teams Amateur sports Labour Day Classic

Shopping malls Annual events List of fiction set in Toronto Films set in Toronto Films shot in Toronto Hollywood North Let's All Hate Toronto Places of worship Churches in Toronto Synagogues in Toronto

Transportation

Public transportation

Toronto
Toronto
Transit Commission GO Transit Metrolinx Union Pearson Express

Other transportation services

Toronto
Toronto
Transportation Services PortsToronto Parking Authority Airports Island Ferry Roads

North–South East–West Diagonal

Bridges Bike Share Cycling

Category P

.