Coordinates: 52°56′20″N 3°37′55″W / 52.939°N
3.632°W / 52.939; -3.632
Frongoch internment camp at
Merionethshire, Wales was a makeshift place of imprisonment during the
First World War. Until 1916 it housed German prisoners of war in an
abandoned distillery and crude huts, but in the wake of the 1916
Easter Rising in Dublin, Ireland, the German prisoners were moved and
it was used as a place of internment for approximately 1,800 Irish
prisoners, among them such notables as Michael Collins. They were
accorded the status of prisoners of war. Another of the prisoners was
Hollywood actor Arthur Shields. It is a common
Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera was also imprisoned at
The camp became a fertile seeding ground for the spreading of the
revolutionary gospel of the Irish rebels, with inspired organisers
such as Michael Collins giving impromptu lessons in guerrilla tactics.
Later the camp became known as ollscoil na réabhlóide, the
"University of Revolution".
Lord Decies was appointed as Chief Press Censor for Ireland after the
Rising in 1916, and he warned the press to be careful about what they
published. William O'Brien's Cork Free Press was one of the first
papers he suppressed under the
Defence of the Realm Act 1914
Defence of the Realm Act 1914 (DORA
regulations) after its republican editor, Frank Gallagher, accused the
British authorities of lying about the conditions and situation of
republican prisoners at the camp.
The camp was emptied in December 1916 when
David Lloyd George
David Lloyd George replaced
H. H. Asquith
H. H. Asquith as Prime Minister.
Marker stone and plaque at
Frongoch on the side of the A4212 road
The local school Ysgol Bro Tryweryn now stands on the site of the
former camp but a commemorative plaque stands nearby, with
inscriptions in Irish, Welsh and English.
In 2016, the hundredth anniversary of the internment of Irish
prisoners at Frongoch, the local community organized a number of
commemoration events and the history of the camp was widely
1 List of Internees involved in the Easter Rising
List of Internees involved in the Easter Rising
This list is not complete.
W. T. Cosgrave
P. T. Daly
Thomas J Doyle
Thomas P. Duke
Patrick J. Early
Joseph P. Kelly
Seán Mac Mahon
J. J. McNally
J. J. O'Connell
James O'Brien, Enniscorthy
Cathal Ó Murchadha
Liam Ó Rinn
P. J. Ryan
Brennan-Whitmore, W, With the Irish in
Ebenezer, Lyn, Fron-Goch and the birth of the IRA (London 2006)
Frongoch University of Revolution (
A website in English, Welsh and Irish dedicated to the history of
Frongoch camp, including a list of Irish prisoners’ names:
^ Boylan, Henry (1999). A Dictionary of Irish Biography. Dublin: Gill
and Macmillan. ISBN 0-7171-2945-4.
^ "Frongoch: Whisky Makers and Prisoners of War".
^ During this time de Valera was held at Dartmoor,
Maidstone and Lewes
^ Granville, David (4 October 2002). "Plaque marks
camp". Irish Democrat.
^ Peter Martin Censorship in the two Irelands 1922-39, Introduction
p.9, Irish Academic Press (2008) ISBN 0-7165-2829-0
^ "Marking 100 years - Frongoch, Wales - a unique place in Irish
^ Kennedy, Maev (27 December 2015). "Welsh village summons ghosts of
Ireland's revolutionary past". The Guardian.
^ "Fingal fighters were held in Welsh prison camp". Irish Independent.
April 12, 2006.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "List of prisoners' names",
^ "Michael Brady".
Kilmainham Gaol Museum. [permanent dead link]
^ Maddock, Fergal. "Skerries honour for Irish volunteer Thomas Hand".
independent.ie. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
Prisons in Wales
Frongoch internment camp
Monmouth County Gaol