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The Info List - Frongoch Internment Camp





Coordinates: 52°56′20″N 3°37′55″W / 52.939°N 3.632°W / 52.939; -3.632 Frongoch
Frongoch
internment camp at Frongoch
Frongoch
in Merionethshire, Wales was a makeshift place of imprisonment during the First World War. Until 1916 it housed German prisoners of war in an abandoned distillery and crude huts, but in the wake of the 1916 Easter Rising
Easter Rising
in Dublin, Ireland, the German prisoners were moved and it was used as a place of internment for approximately 1,800 Irish prisoners, among them such notables as Michael Collins. They were accorded the status of prisoners of war. Another of the prisoners was the future Hollywood
Hollywood
actor Arthur Shields.[1] It is a common misconception that Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera
was also imprisoned at Frongoch.[2][3] The camp became a fertile seeding ground for the spreading of the revolutionary gospel of the Irish rebels, with inspired organisers such as Michael Collins giving impromptu lessons in guerrilla tactics. Later the camp became known as ollscoil na réabhlóide, the "University of Revolution".[4] Lord Decies was appointed as Chief Press Censor for Ireland after the Rising in 1916, and he warned the press to be careful about what they published. William O'Brien's Cork Free Press was one of the first papers he suppressed under the Defence of the Realm Act 1914
Defence of the Realm Act 1914
(DORA regulations) after its republican editor, Frank Gallagher, accused the British authorities of lying about the conditions and situation of republican prisoners at the camp.[5] The camp was emptied in December 1916 when David Lloyd George
David Lloyd George
replaced H. H. Asquith
H. H. Asquith
as Prime Minister.

Marker stone and plaque at Frongoch
Frongoch
on the side of the A4212 road

The local school Ysgol Bro Tryweryn now stands on the site of the former camp but a commemorative plaque stands nearby, with inscriptions in Irish, Welsh and English. In 2016, the hundredth anniversary of the internment of Irish prisoners at Frongoch, the local community organized a number of commemoration events and the history of the camp was widely reported.[6][7]

Contents

1 List of Internees involved in the Easter Rising 2 Bibliography 3 Links 4 Notes

List of Internees involved in the Easter Rising[edit] This list is not complete.[8]

Richard Aungier Denny Barry[9] Joseph Beggs Gerald Boland[9] Michael Brady[10] Patrick Brogan Daniel Brophy Pat Caddell Michael Carolan Joe Clarke Con Collins Michael Collins James Connor W. T. Cosgrave Philip Cosgrave Paddy Daly[9] P. T. Daly Matthias Derham John Devine Henry Dixon[9] Peter Doyle Thomas J Doyle William Doyle Thomas Duff Thomas P. Duke Patrick J. Early Dick Fitzgerald[9] William Ganly Peter Gibbons James Gough Thomas Hand[11] Arthur Hannon John Hynes Dick Kelly J. Kelly Joseph P. Kelly Matt Kelly Thomas Kelly Edward Lawless Joseph Lawless Bernard McAllister John McCann John MacDonagh[9] James McDonnell Tom McEllistrim[9] Seán McGarry Dick McKee[9] Seán McLoughlin Seán Mac Mahon J. J. McNally Thomas Maxwell Christopher Moran Patrick Moran[9] Peter Moran Richard Mulcahy Fred Murphy James Nowlan Christopher Nugent Seán Nunan[9] J. J. O'Connell James O'Brien, Enniscorthy James O'Connell Batt O'Connor[9] Joseph O'Connor[9] Brian O'Higgins Patrick O'Keeffe[9] Peter O'Kelly Seán O'Mahony Cathal Ó Murchadha[9] Thomas O'Reilly Liam Ó Rinn Gearóid O'Sullivan Kit Poole John Rafferty James Rickard Séamus Robinson Edward Rooney James Rooney James Ryan[9] P. J. Ryan Thomas Seaver Patrick Sherwin Arthur Shields[9] Edward Stafford Michael Staines[9] Christopher Taylor J. Taylor Thomas Taylor Joseph Thornton Thomas Traynor[9] Bartle Weston Charles Weston Thomas Weston

Bibliography[edit]

Brennan-Whitmore, W, With the Irish in Frongoch
Frongoch
( Dublin
Dublin
1918) Ebenezer, Lyn, Fron-Goch and the birth of the IRA (London 2006) O'Mahony, Sean, Frongoch
Frongoch
University of Revolution ( Dublin
Dublin
1987)

Links[edit] A website in English, Welsh and Irish dedicated to the history of Frongoch
Frongoch
camp, including a list of Irish prisoners’ names: http://www.easter-rising-frongoch.wales/ Notes[edit]

^ Boylan, Henry (1999). A Dictionary of Irish Biography. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. ISBN 0-7171-2945-4.  ^ "Frongoch: Whisky Makers and Prisoners of War". www.ballinagree.freeservers.com.  ^ During this time de Valera was held at Dartmoor, Maidstone
Maidstone
and Lewes prisons. ^ Granville, David (4 October 2002). "Plaque marks Frongoch
Frongoch
internment camp". Irish Democrat.  ^ Peter Martin Censorship in the two Irelands 1922-39, Introduction p.9, Irish Academic Press (2008) ISBN 0-7165-2829-0 ^ "Marking 100 years - Frongoch, Wales - a unique place in Irish history". www.easter-rising-frongoch.wales.  ^ Kennedy, Maev (27 December 2015). "Welsh village summons ghosts of Ireland's revolutionary past". The Guardian.  ^ "Fingal fighters were held in Welsh prison camp". Irish Independent. April 12, 2006.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "List of prisoners' names", Frongoch ^ "Michael Brady". Kilmainham Gaol
Kilmainham Gaol
Museum. [permanent dead link] ^ Maddock, Fergal. "Skerries honour for Irish volunteer Thomas Hand". independent.ie. Retrieved 21 January 2017. 

v t e

Prisons in Wales

Active

Berwyn Cardiff Parc Prescoed Swansea Usk

Defunct

Beaumaris Gaol Cardiff Castle Cardiff Gaol Frongoch
Frongoch
internment camp Haverfordwest Castle Monmouth County Gaol Sw

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