Fritz Klatte
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Fritz Klatte (28 March 1880,
Diepholz Diepholz () is a town and capital of the district of Diepholz in Lower Saxony Lower Saxony (german: Niedersachsen ; nds, Neddersassen; stq, Läichsaksen) is a German state (''Land'') situated in Northern Germany, northwestern Germany. It is th ...
– 11 February 1934) was a German
chemist A chemist (from Greek ''chēm(ía)'' alchemy; replacing ''chymist'' from Medieval Latin ''alchemist'') is a scientist A scientist is a person who conducts Scientific method, scientific research to advance knowledge in an Branches of science, a ...

chemist
and the discoverer of
polyvinyl acetate Polyvinyl acetate (PVA, PVAc, poly(ethenyl ethanoate)), commonly known as wood glue, white glue, carpenter's glue, school glue, or Elmer's glue in the US, is a widely available adhesive used for porous materials like wood, paper, and cloth. An a ...

polyvinyl acetate
, with German patent (GP 281687 1912) for its preparation from
acetylene Acetylene (systematic nameA systematic name is a name given in a systematic way to one unique group, organism, object or chemical substance A chemical substance is a form of matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is ...

acetylene
gas.See:
(1) Deutsche Reichs Patent no. 281687 (4 July 1913), an abstract of which appears in the ''Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry (London)'', vol. 34, page 623 (1915);
(2) Deutsche Reichs Patent no. 281688 (2 April 1914);
(3) British patent no. 15271 (25 June 1914.);
(4) Fritz Klatte and Adolf Rollett
"Plastic composition and process of producing it,"
U.S. Patent 1,241,738 (filed: July 3, 1914; issued: Oct. 2, 1917), an abstract of which appears in the ''Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry (London)'', vol. 36, page 1185 (1917).
Polyvinyl chloride Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, Vinyl polymer, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene). About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year. ...
(PVC) was discovered by French
physicist A physicist is a scientist A scientist is a person who conducts Scientific method, scientific research to advance knowledge in an Branches of science, area of interest. In classical antiquity, there was no real ancient analog of a modern sci ...

physicist
Henri Victor Regnault Henri Victor Regnault (21 July 1810 – 19 January 1878) was a French chemist and physicist best known for his careful measurements of the thermal properties of gases. He was an early thermodynamicist and was mentor to William Thomson i ...

Henri Victor Regnault
, and German physicist
Eugen Baumann Eugen Baumann (12 December 1846 – 3 November 1896) was a German chemist. He was one of the first people to create polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and, together with Carl Schotten, he discovered the Schotten-Baumann reaction. Life Baumann was born i ...

Eugen Baumann
. Klatte designed the production process, although never successfully commercialised it. Klatte is sometimes incorrectly attributed to be the discoverer or inventor of PVC.


Notes

For further biographical information (including photo), see (in German):
Erfinder(Inventor): Fritz Klatte, 1913 - PVC


External links

* 1880 births 1934 deaths People from Diepholz 20th-century German chemists 20th-century German inventors {{Germany-chemist-stub