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Friedrich Buchardt (17 March 1909 in Riga
Riga
– 21 December 1982 in Nußbach) was a Baltic German SS- Obersturmbannführer
Obersturmbannführer
(lieutenant colonel) who commanded Vorkommando Moskau, one of the divisions of Einsatzgruppe B. He then worked for MI6
MI6
until 1947, and then, presumably, for the CIA. Buchardt was never molested by the law, being one of the agents of more sinister reputation who was used by the West, and he died at the age of 73.

Contents

1 Studies and 1930s 2 World War II 3 After the war 4 Bibliography 5 References

Studies and 1930s[edit] Of Baltic German origin, Buchardt studied at the German Gymnasium in Riga, Latvia
Latvia
and law at the University of Berlin
University of Berlin
and University of Jena. His thesis was titled "The Rights of National Minorities in Latvia
Latvia
and Its International Importance and Administration". He joined the SA in October 1933, but left the following year, finding it to be too plebeian.[1] Having completed his studies, Buchardt returned to Riga, where he tried to organize a national German-Baltic movement under the leadership of Erhard Kroeger. Buchardt funded and contributed to the pro-Nazi newspaper Rigaschen Rundschau, which was closed by the Latvian authorities in May 1934 because it had too many connections with Nazi Germany. This plunged Buchardt into financial difficulties, so he became a lawyer for a marketing company in Germany, and then the economics head of the Baltic Institute. While working at the University of Königsberg, he met Dr. Franz Six, the future leader of Vorkommando Moskau. On Six's advice, Buchardt was recruited by the Sicherheitsdienst
Sicherheitsdienst
(SD, the SS intelligence service), working under Six's command. He studied the topography and economy of the Soviet Union, and the distribution of Jews
Jews
who lived there. By the late 1930s, he held a prestigious position at the Wannsee Institut, the German center for studies of the Soviet Union.[1] World War II[edit] By the time of the invasion of Poland, the 30-year-old Buchardt was an Obersturmführer
Obersturmführer
and the head of a small group of German-Baltic SS officers deployed to the Port of Gdynia
Port of Gdynia
to loot its archives, museums and libraries. The following year, he was assigned to the Office for the Resettlement of Poles and Jews
Jews
in Poznań, where he classified the level of "Germanicness" of various sectors of the Polish population on a scale of 1 to 5.[1] In 1940, Buchardt was promoted to head of the SD in Lublin, where he worked under SS- Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
Odilo Globocnik
Odilo Globocnik
and began participating directly in the extermination of Jews. Buchardt carried out similar work in Łódź
Łódź
in February 1941, this time reporting directly to the RSHA.[1] On the eve of Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
(June 1941), Buchardt was recalled and, in order to have "blood experience" rather than merely be a "desk scholar", he was assigned to Vorkommando Moskau of Einsatzgruppe B. He served as the liaison officer between Franz Six
Franz Six
and the head of Einsatzgruppe B, Arthur Nebe. Following the start of the offensive against Moscow in October 1941, he was promoted to Sturmbannführer (Major) in November 1941, and head of Vorkommando Moskau the following month.[1] When the Red Army
Red Army
repelled the assault against Moscow, the new head of Vorkommando was posted back to Łódź
Łódź
in January 1942, where he continued his work as head of the local SD. From January to September 1942, he supervised the deportation of about 80,000 Jews
Jews
and Romani to Chełmno extermination camp.[1] In February 1943, Buchardt succeeded Obersturmbannführer
Obersturmbannführer
Wilhelm Wiebens as commander of Einsatzkommando
Einsatzkommando
9 of Einsatzgruppe B. He was in charge of extermination actions near Vitebsk. The death toll perpetrated by Buchardt's commando is likely to be in the tens of thousands. Buchardt was awarded the Iron Cross First Class, the War Merit Cross First Class with Swords, a Silver Badge of Courage, and an Infantry Assault Badge
Infantry Assault Badge
in Silver. In June 1944, he was promoted to Obersturmbannführer.[1] Posted to Berlin, Buchardt now headed Amt III B 2 of the RSHA, which specialized in racial and ethnic matters. He was under the command of Otto Ohlendorf, who headed Amt III. From December 1944, Buchardt also headed Sonderkommando Ost, which gathered intelligence on Russian personnel living in German territory, including members of General Andrey Vlasov's collaborationist Russian Liberation Army.[1] After the war[edit] With defeat imminent by April 1945, the head, Otto Ohlendorf, had set up an SD underground movement called Bundschuh (Tied Shoe), named after the Bundschuh movement. The Bundschuh was to serve as a Europe-wide information network of "high-grade" agents that could be used by sabotage and terrorist organizations as they waged a guerilla war against the Allies. Ohlendorf appointed Buchardt as leader of the southeastern sector of the network, and he was sent to Karlsbad. However, the events of the war moved too quickly for the Bundschuh plotters, and Buchardt had to retreat 200 miles to the Austrian-German border. Shortly after the war, he was captured by American troops and transferred to the British, who held him at the POW camp in Rimini.[1] During his detention, Buchardt produced a document entitled "The Handling of the Russian Problem during the Period of the Nazi Regime in Germany", which detailed his espionage activities in Eastern Europe and emphasized the importance of native collaborators in SS operations. The document, which laid the groundwork for MI6
MI6
operations in Eastern Europe, allowed Buchardt to escape justice and be employed by MI6.[1] In 1947, MI6
MI6
dropped Buchardt, who then offered his services to the United States. Presumably, according to Guy Walters (2009),[1] the United States
United States
accepted. A March 1950 report by the U.S. Counterintelligence Corps (CIC) noted that Buchardt "may be presently employed by an American intelligence agency", presumably the CIA. The CIC report was created to warn United States
United States
European Command (EUCOM) of a possible trial being brought against Buchardt by the Bavarian Land Indemnity Office. Buchardt was never brought to trial for any of his crimes.[1] Friedrich Buchardt can be regarded as the most murderous Nazi employed by the Allies
Allies
after the war. He lived out most of his days in Heidelberg
Heidelberg
and died quietly in Nußbach on 20 December 1982.[2] Bibliography[edit]

Matthias Schröder: Deutschbaltische SS-Führer und Andrej Vlasov 1942-1945: „Rußland kann nur von Russen besiegt werden“: Erhard Kroeger, Friedrich Buchardt und die „Russische Befreiungsarmee“. Schöningh Verlag, Paderborn/Wien/Zürich 2003 (2nd edition), 256 pages, Register, photography. Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007. ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8. (updated 2nd edition) Guy Walters, Hunting Evil: The Nazi War Criminals Who Escaped and the Quest to Bring Them to Justice (2009), ISBN 9780593059913

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Walters, Chapter 7, pp. 235-239 ^ This article incorporates information from the corresponding article in the French

v t e

Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
and Einsatzkommandos

People

Director

Reinhard Heydrich Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen

Humbert Achamer-Pifrader Walther Bierkamp Horst Böhme Erich Ehrlinger Wilhelm Fuchs Heinz Jost Erich Naumann Arthur Nebe Otto Ohlendorf Friedrich Panzinger Otto Rasch Heinrich Seetzen Franz Walter Stahlecker Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski Rudolf Batz Ernst Biberstein Wolfgang Birkner Helmut Bischoff Paul Blobel Walter Blume Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock Otto Bradfisch Werner Braune Friedrich Buchardt Fritz Dietrich Karl Jäger Friedrich Jeckeln Waldemar Klingelhöfer Wolfgang Kügler Walter Kutschmann Rudolf Lange Gustav Adolf Nosske Hans-Adolf Prützmann Walter Rauff Martin Sandberger Hermann Schaper Karl Eberhard Schöngarth Erwin Schulz Franz Six Eugen Steimle Eduard Strauch Martin Weiss Udo von Woyrsch

Other members

August Becker Lothar Fendler Joachim Hamann Emil Haussmann Felix Landau Albert Widmann

Collaborators

Viktors Arājs Herberts Cukurs Antanas Impulevičius Konrāds Kalējs Algirdas Klimaitis

Groups

German

SS RSHA SD Orpo 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz Sonderdienst

Non-German

Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
(Belarusian, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Ukrainian) Arajs Kommando Lithuanian Security Police Rollkommando Hamann TDA Ypatingasis būrys

Crimes

Belarus

Łachwa Ghetto Minsk Ghetto Slutsk Affair

Estonia

Kalevi-Liiva

Latvia

Burning of the Riga
Riga
synagogues Dünamünde Action Jelgava Pogulianski Rumbula Liepāja (Šķēde)

Lithuania

Ninth Fort Kaunas June 1941 Kaunas 29 October 1941 Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 Ponary

Poland

Operation Tannenberg Intelligenzaktion AB-Aktion Operation Reinhard

Russia

Gully of Petrushino Zmievskaya Balka Lokot Autonomy

Ukraine

Babi Yar Drobytsky Yar Drohobycz Kamianets-Podilskyi Lviv pogroms Mizocz Ghetto Odessa

Records

The Black Book Commissar Order Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial Generalplan Ost Jäger Report Korherr Report Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen) Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
reports

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 45209343 GND: 123463

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