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FRIEDRICH BUCHARDT (17 March 1909 in Riga
Riga
– 21 December 1982 in Nußbach ) was a Baltic German SS- Obersturmbannführer
Obersturmbannführer
(lieutenant colonel) who commanded Vorkommando Moskau, one of the divisions of Einsatzgruppe B
Einsatzgruppe B
. He then worked for MI6 until 1947, and then, presumably, for the CIA
CIA
. Buchardt was never molested by the law, being one of the agents of more sinister reputation who was used by the West, and he died at the age of 73.

CONTENTS

* 1 Studies and 1930s * 2 World War II * 3 After the war * 4 Bibliography * 5 References

STUDIES AND 1930S

Of Baltic German origin, Buchardt studied at the German Gymnasium in Riga
Riga
, Latvia and law at the University of Berlin and University of Jena . His thesis was titled "The Rights of National Minorities in Latvia and Its International Importance and Administration". He joined the SA in October 1933, but left the following year, finding it to be too plebeian.

Having completed his studies, Buchardt returned to Riga, where he tried to organize a national German-Baltic movement under the leadership of Erhard Kroeger . Buchardt funded and contributed to the pro-Nazi newspaper Rigaschen Rundschau, which was closed by the Latvian authorities in May 1934 because it had too many connections with Nazi Germany. This plunged Buchardt into financial difficulties, so he became a lawyer for a marketing company in Germany, and then the economics head of the Baltic Institute. While working at the University of Königsberg , he met Dr. Franz Six , the future leader of Vorkommando Moskau. On Six's advice, Buchardt was recruited by the Sicherheitsdienst (SD, the SS intelligence service), working under Six's command. He studied the topography and economy of the Soviet Union , and the distribution of Jews
Jews
who lived there. By the late 1930s, he held a prestigious position at the Wannsee Institut , the German center for studies of the Soviet Union.

WORLD WAR II

By the time of the invasion of Poland , the 30-year-old Buchardt was an Obersturmführer
Obersturmführer
and the head of a small group of German-Baltic SS officers deployed to the Port of Gdynia
Port of Gdynia
to loot its archives, museums and libraries. The following year, he was assigned to the Office for the Resettlement of Poles and Jews
Jews
in Poznań , where he classified the level of "Germanicness" of various sectors of the Polish population on a scale of 1 to 5.

In 1940, Buchardt was promoted to head of the SD in Lublin
Lublin
, where he worked under SS- Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
Odilo Globocnik and began participating directly in the extermination of Jews
Jews
. Buchardt carried out similar work in Łódź in February 1941, this time reporting directly to the RSHA .

On the eve of Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
(June 1941), Buchardt was recalled and, in order to have "blood experience" rather than merely be a "desk scholar", he was assigned to Vorkommando Moskau of Einsatzgruppe B
Einsatzgruppe B
. He served as the liaison officer between Franz Six and the head of Einsatzgruppe B, Arthur Nebe . Following the start of the offensive against Moscow in October 1941, he was promoted to Sturmbannführer (Major) in November 1941, and head of Vorkommando Moskau the following month.

When the Red Army repelled the assault against Moscow, the new head of Vorkommando was posted back to Łódź in January 1942, where he continued his work as head of the local SD. From January to September 1942, he supervised the deportation of about 80,000 Jews
Jews
and Romani to Chełmno extermination camp
Chełmno extermination camp
.

In February 1943, Buchardt succeeded Obersturmbannführer
Obersturmbannführer
Wilhelm Wiebens as commander of Einsatzkommando 9 of Einsatzgruppe B. He was in charge of extermination actions near Vitebsk
Vitebsk
. The death toll perpetrated by Buchardt's commando is likely to be in the tens of thousands. Buchardt was awarded the Iron Cross First Class
Iron Cross First Class
, the War Merit Cross First Class with Swords, a Silver Badge of Courage, and an Infantry Assault Badge
Infantry Assault Badge
in Silver. In June 1944, he was promoted to Obersturmbannführer
Obersturmbannführer
.

Posted to Berlin
Berlin
, Buchardt now headed Amt III B 2 of the RSHA , which specialized in racial and ethnic matters. He was under the command of Otto Ohlendorf
Otto Ohlendorf
, who headed Amt III. From December 1944, Buchardt also headed Sonderkommando Ost, which gathered intelligence on Russian personnel living in German territory, including members of General Andrey Vlasov 's collaborationist Russian Liberation Army .

AFTER THE WAR

With defeat imminent by April 1945, the head, Otto Ohlendorf
Otto Ohlendorf
, had set up an SD underground movement called Bundschuh (Tied Shoe), named after the Bundschuh movement . The Bundschuh was to serve as a Europe-wide information network of "high-grade" agents that could be used by sabotage and terrorist organizations as they waged a guerilla war against the Allies . Ohlendorf appointed Buchardt as leader of the southeastern sector of the network, and he was sent to Karlsbad. However, the events of the war moved too quickly for the Bundschuh plotters, and Buchardt had to retreat 200 miles to the Austrian-German border. Shortly after the war, he was captured by American troops and transferred to the British, who held him at the POW camp in Rimini.

During his detention, Buchardt produced a document entitled "The Handling of the Russian Problem during the Period of the Nazi Regime in Germany", which detailed his espionage activities in Eastern Europe and emphasized the importance of native collaborators in SS operations. The document, which laid the groundwork for MI6 operations in Eastern Europe, allowed Buchardt to escape justice and be employed by MI6 .

In 1947, MI6 dropped Buchardt, who then offered his services to the United States
United States
. Presumably, according to Guy Walters (2009), the United States
United States
accepted. A March 1950 report by the U.S. Counterintelligence Corps (CIC) noted that Buchardt "may be presently employed by an American intelligence agency", presumably the CIA
CIA
. The CIC report was created to warn United States
United States
European Command (EUCOM) of a possible trial being brought against Buchardt by the Bavarian Land Indemnity Office. Buchardt was never brought to trial for any of his crimes.

Friedrich Buchardt can be regarded as the most murderous Nazi employed by the Allies after the war. He lived out most of his days in Heidelberg
Heidelberg
and died quietly in Nußbach on 20 December 1982.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Matthias Schröder: Deutschbaltische SS-Führer und Andrej Vlasov 1942-1945: „Rußland kann nur von Russen besiegt werden“: Erhard Kroeger, Friedrich Buchardt und die „Russische Befreiungsarmee“. Schöningh Verlag, Paderborn/Wien/Zürich 2003 (2nd edition), 256 pages, Register, photography. * Ernst Klee
Ernst Klee
: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007. ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 . (updated 2nd edition) * Guy Walters, Hunting Evil: The Nazi War Criminals Who Escaped and the Quest to Bring Them to Justice (2009), ISBN 9780593059913

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L Walters, Chapter 7, pp. 235-239 * ^ This article incorporates information from the corresponding article in the French

* v * t * e

Einsatzgruppen and Einsatzkommandos

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich * Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger * Wilhelm Fuchs
Wilhelm Fuchs
* Heinz Jost
Heinz Jost
* Erich Naumann
Erich Naumann
* Arthur Nebe * Otto Ohlendorf
Otto Ohlendorf
* Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch * Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker
Franz Walter Stahlecker
* Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski
Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski
* Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein
Ernst Biberstein
* Wolfgang Birkner
Wolfgang Birkner
* Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune
Werner Braune
* Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger
Karl Jäger
* Friedrich Jeckeln
Friedrich Jeckeln
* Waldemar Klingelhöfer
Waldemar Klingelhöfer
* Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske
Gustav Adolf Nosske
* Hans-Adolf Prützmann
Hans-Adolf Prützmann
* Walter Rauff
Walter Rauff
* Martin Sandberger
Martin Sandberger
* Hermann Schaper * Karl Eberhard Schöngarth
Karl Eberhard Schöngarth
* Erwin Schulz
Erwin Schulz
* Franz Six * Eugen Steimle
Eugen Steimle
* Eduard Strauch
Eduard Strauch
* Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker
August Becker
* Lothar Fendler * Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann
Emil Haussmann
* Felix Landau * Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs
Herberts Cukurs
* Antanas Impulevičius * Konrāds Kalējs * Algirdas Klimaitis

GROUPS

GERMAN

* SS * RSHA * SD * Orpo * 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer * Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz
Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz
* Sonderdienst
Sonderdienst

NON-GERMAN

* Schutzmannschaft (Belarusian , Estonian , Latvian , Lithuanian , Ukrainian ) * Arajs Kommando * Lithuanian Security Police * Rollkommando Hamann * TDA * Ypatingasis būrys
Ypatingasis būrys

CRIMES

BELARUS

* Łachwa Ghetto
Łachwa Ghetto
* Minsk Ghetto * Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

* Kalevi-Liiva
Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

* Burning of the Riga
Riga
synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

LITHUANIA

* Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
* Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 * Ponary

POLAND

* Operation Tannenberg * Intelligenzaktion
Intelligenzaktion
* AB-Aktion * Operation Reinhard

RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino * Zmievskaya Balka
Zmievskaya Balka
* Lokot Autonomy
Lokot Autonomy

UKRAINE

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar
Drobytsky Yar
* Drohobycz * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms * Mizocz Ghetto
Mizocz Ghetto
* Odessa

RECORDS

* The Black Book * Commissar Order * Einsatzgruppen trial * Generalplan Ost * Jäger Report
Jäger Report
* Korherr Report * Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen)

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 45209343 * GND : 123463254

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