The Info List - French Conquest Of Morocco



Zaian Confederation Varying other Berber tribes

Commanders and leaders

Louis-Hubert Lyautey Paul Prosper Henrys Joseph-François Poeymirau Philippe Pétain

Abdel-Salam Mohammed Abdel-Karim Mhamadi Bojabbar Mohamed Mouha ou Hammou Zayani Moha ou Said Ali Amhaouch Assou Oubasslam

Casualties and losses

9,445 French regulars (622 officers) killed 11,254 natives killed 15,000 wounded[1]


v t e

Franco-Moroccan conflicts

Larache expedition
Larache expedition
(1765) Conquest of Algeria (1830–47) Franco-Moroccan War
Franco-Moroccan War
(1844) Bombardment of Salé
Bombardment of Salé
(1851) Conquest of Morocco
(1911–12) Zaian War
Zaian War
(1914–21) Rif War
Rif War
(1920–26) Ifni War
Ifni War

v t e

Scramble for Africa

Boer War (1880) Tunisia (1881) Sudan (1881) Egypt (1882) Wassoulou (1883) Eritrea (1887) Dahomey (1890) Mashonaland (1890) Dahomey (1892) Matabeleland (1893) Wassoulou (1894) Ashanti (1895) Ethiopia (1895) Matabeleland (1896) Zanzibar (1896) Benin (1897) Wassoulou (1898) Chad (1898) (Kousséri) Fashoda (1898) South Africa (1899) Namibia (1904) Tanganyika (1905) Morocco
(1905) South Africa (1906) Ouaddai (1909) Morocco
(1911) Morocco
(1911) Tripolitania (1911) South Africa (1914)

The French conquest of Morocco
took place in 1911 in the aftermath of the Agadir Crisis, when Moroccan forces besieged the French-occupied city of Fez. On 30 March 1912, Sultan Abdelhafid signed the Treaty of Fez, formally ceding Moroccan sovereignty to France, transforming Morocco
into a protectorate of France. However, many regions remained in revolt until 1934, when Morocco
was declared to be pacified, but in several regions French authority was maintained by cooperation with local chiefs and not military strength.[2] On 17 April 1912, Moroccan infantrymen mutinied in the French garrison in Fez. The Moroccans were unable to take the city and were defeated by a French relief force. In late May 1912, Moroccan forces unsuccessfully attacked the enhanced French garrison at Fez. The last aftermath of the conquest of Morocco
occurred in 1933–34, the pacification of Morocco
took over 22 years.[3][4] See also[edit]

French protectorate in Morocco Spanish protectorate in Morocco France– Morocco
relations French Algeria French Tunisia


^ Gershovich, Moshe (2012). French Military Rule in Morocco: Colonialism and its Consequences. Routledge. ISBN 9781136325878.  ^ Bradford, James C. (2004-12-01). International Encyclopedia of Military History. Routledge. p. 904. ISBN 9781135950347.  ^ King Hassan II: Morocco's Messenger of Peace. ProQuest. 2007-01-01. p. 12. ISBN 9780549338512.  ^ Hart, David M. (2014-05-12). Tribe and Society in Rural Morocco. Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 9781135302542. 

Further reading[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to French Morocco.

Bidwell, Robin (1973). Morocco
under Colonial Rule: French Administration of Tribal Areas 1912–1956. London: Cass. ISBN 0-7146-2877-8.  Burke, E. (1972). "Pan-Islam and Moroccan resistance to French colonial penetration, 1900–1912". The Journal of African History. 13 (1): 97–118. doi:10.1017/S0021853700000281. 

v t e

Franco-Spanish conquest of Morocco

French protectorate in Morocco Spanish protectorate in Morocco

Major conflicts

Rif War
Rif War
(1920–26) Zaian War
Zaian War


Tetuan War (1859–60) Melilla War (1893–94) Battle of Casablanca (1908) Melilla War (1909–10) Battle of Sidi Bou Othman
Battle of Sidi Bou Othman
(1912) Battle of El Ksiba (1913) Battle of El Herri
Battle of El Herri
(1914) Battle of Annual
Battle of Annual

Key people


Mohammed Ameziane Mulai Ahmed er Raisuni Mouha ou Hammou Zayani Moha ou Said Mhand n'Ifrutant Ali Amhaouch Sidi Ahmed El Hiba Ma al-'Aynayn Abd el-Krim Assou Oubasslam Aït Atta Zayanes Beni Ouryaghel


General Mangin General Lyautey General Henrys General Poeymirau Marshal Pétain Henry de Bournazel

French allies

Thami El Glaoui Sultan Moulay Youssef


Juan García y Margallo Martínez-Campos Manuel Fernández Silvestre Dámaso Berenguer José Millán Astray Miguel Primo de Rivera José Sanjurjo Generalísimo Francisco Franco

Spanish allies

Mohamed Meziane


Treaty of Fez (1894) Algeciras Conference
Algeciras Conference
(1906) Pact of Cartagena (1907) Treaty of Fes (1912) Franco-Spanish Treaty (1912)


First Moroccan Crisis
First Moroccan Crisis
(1905) Agadir Crisis
Agadir Crisis

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