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Freising
Freising
is a town in Bavaria, Germany, and capital of the Freising district, with a total population of 45,227.

Contents

1 Location 2 Cultural significance 3 History 4 Politics 5 Education 6 Also see 7 Twin towns 8 Famous citizens 9 Points of interest 10 References 11 External links

Location[edit] The city is located north of Munich
Munich
at the Isar
Isar
river, near the Munich International Airport. Anyone taking off or landing at Munich
Munich
airport can see the city to the north with its two hills, the cathedral hill with the bishop's castle and the Freising cathedral
Freising cathedral
and Weihenstephan Hill with the oldest working brewery in the world. It's also the first recorded place of a European tornado. Cultural significance[edit] Freising
Freising
is one of the oldest settlements in Bavaria, gaining importance by becoming a major religious centre in the early Middle Ages. It was and still is the centre of an important diocese. Some important historical documents were created between 900 and 1200 in its monastery:

Freising manuscripts
Freising manuscripts
written in Slovenian, being the first Roman-script continuous text in a Slavic language Chronicle or history of the two cities by Otto of Freising

The above and other scripts from that time can be found in the "Bayerische Staatsbibliothek" (Bavarian State Library) in Munich today. History[edit] Even though archaeological finds show that the area was settled in the Bronze Age, no proof has been found yet to suggest a continuous settlement until the 8th century Frigisinga. Saint Corbinian
Corbinian
settled at a shrine that already existed at Freising
Freising
in 724. He was the forerunner of the diocese of Freising, established after his death by Saint Boniface. According to his Vita by Bishop Arbeo he ordered a bear to carry his luggage over the Alps
Alps
after it had killed his packhorse. The saddled bear is still the symbol of the city, displayed in the coat of arms. Though the seat of the diocese was moved to Munich
Munich
in 1821, including the elevation to an arch-diocese, Freising has remained the seat of diocese administration until today. 764-783 Bishop Arbeo founded a library and scriptorium at the abbey. The settlement started to become a religious centre. The mortal remains of Pope Alexander I
Pope Alexander I
are said to have been transferred to Freising
Freising
in 834. In 996 Freising
Freising
received city rights from Emperor Otto III. However, after the "(...) destruction of the episcopal bridge, custom houses, mint, and salt works near Oberföhring by Duke Henry the Lion, who transferred the custom houses and bridge site to the upper part of Oberföhring, placing them in the village of Munich
Munich
on the Isar" (Lins, Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913) in 1158, Freising
Freising
started to lose its economic significance. In 1159 the romanesque cathedral was constructed (with a notable animal column in the crypt). In the secularization of 1803, the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
lost most of its properties and authority over the city. Politics[edit] The Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor
of Freising
Freising
is Tobias Eschenbacher (Freisinger Mitte). The majority of seats in the city council are held by the so-called "Free Voters" (FW). The distribution of seats in Freising's city council can be seen in the following diagram:

Freising
Freising
city council: yellow = FDP (1), black = CSU (4), light blue = Free Voters (8), orange = ÖDP (3), grey = Independent (1), dark blue = FSM (8), red = SPD (5), green = Greens (8), dark red = The Left (2)

Education[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2013)

Schools include:

Camerloher-Gymnasium Freising Dom-Gymnasium Freising Josef-Hofmiller-Gymnasium

Universities include:

Hochschule Weihenstephan-Triesdorf TU-München Weihenstephan

Also see[edit]

Prince-Bishopric of Freising

Twin towns[edit] Freising
Freising
is twinned with:

Obervellach, Austria, since 1963 Innichen, Italy, since 1969 Maria Wörth, Austria, since 1978 Waidhofen an der Ybbs, Austria, since 1986 Arpajon, France, since 1991 Škofja Loka, Slovenia, since 2004

Famous citizens[edit]

Otto of Freising
Otto of Freising
(1112–1158), bishop. The Bavarian General
General
and War Minister Benignus Ritter von Safferling (1825–1895) was born in Freising. Georg Eder
Georg Eder
(1523-1587), jurist and historian Martin Ruland the Elder
Martin Ruland the Elder
(1532-1602), physician and alchemist Johann Stadlmayr (1575-1648), court music director and composer Benignus von Safferling (1824-1899), Bavarian General
General
and Minister of War Ludwig Prandtl
Ludwig Prandtl
(1875-1953), physicist Ernst Kraus
Ernst Kraus
(1889-1970), a German geologist Karl Maria Demelhuber
Karl Maria Demelhuber
(1896-1988), SS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS Karl Lederer (1898-1977), 1933 to 1942 mayor of Freising. Karl Gustav Fellerer (1902-1984), a German musicologist Albrecht Obermaier (1912-2004), German naval officer, last deputy naval officer of the Bundesmarine Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
(born 1927), Pope from 2005-2013 Karl Huber (1928-2009), German painter and sculptor Heinrich Reinhardt (born 1947), Roman Catholic priest and professor of philosophy Peter Neumair (born 1950), wrestler Joseph Weiss (de) (born 1959), German diplomat Hans Pflügler (born 1960), footballer, former clubs: Bayern Munich
Munich
- World champion 1990 Alexander Kutschera (born 1968), footballer Stefan Diez (born 1971), German industrial designer Ferdinand Bader (born 1981), ski jumper Brigitte Wagner (born 1983), wrestler Maximilian Haas (born 1985), footballer Maximilian Wittek (born 1995), footballer Veit Arnpeck (about 1440), Bavarian chronicler Benignus von Safferling (1824-1899), General
General
of the Bavarian Army and War Minister Ludwig Petuel (1839-1911), Munich
Munich
businessman Oskar Knight of Niedermayer (1885-1948), officer and adventurer

Points of interest[edit]

Freising
Freising
cathedral Sichtungsgarten Weihenstephan, a notable horticultural garden

Freising
Freising
cathedral

Inside the cathedral

Bishop castle

St. Georg church

Monastery Neustift

Asam theater

Weihenstephan
Weihenstephan
brewery

Hofbräuhaus brewery

References[edit]

^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Bavaria
Bavaria
portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Freising.

Freising
Freising
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official Site (in German) http://www.dioezesanmuseum-freising.de Bavarian state library Pictures of Freising

v t e

Towns and municipalities in Freising

Allershausen Attenkirchen Au in der Hallertau Eching Fahrenzhausen Freising Gammelsdorf Haag an der Amper Hallbergmoos Hohenkammer Hörgertshausen Kirchdorf an der Amper Kranzberg Langenbach Marzling Mauern Moosburg Nandlstadt Neufahrn bei Freising Paunzhausen Rudelzhausen Wang Wolfersdorf Zolling

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153624368 GND: 4018361-0 BNF: cb1198

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