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Franz Murer (24 January 1912 – 5 January 1994),[1] also known as the "Butcher from Vilnius", was an Austrian SS officer, who set up, organized, and ruled Vilna Ghetto.[2] He joined the NSDAP
NSDAP
in 1938. Murer was trained with Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
in Nuremberg.[3] He was then transferred to Vilnius
Vilnius
and was from 1941 to 1943 responsible for Jewish affairs as deputy of Territorial Commissioner (Gebietskommissar) Hans Christian Hingst.[4] He was known as a sadist who showed special cruelty towards the Jews. Vilnius, which was known as "the Jerusalem of Lithuania" before the war, had a Jewish population of about 80,000. After the war around 250 Jews were living there. The rest had been murdered by the SS and Murer was instrumental in organizing these killings. On July 1, 1943 Murer was replaced by Gestapo
Gestapo
man Bruno Kittel to liquidate the ghetto.[5] After the war Murer moved to Steiermark
Steiermark
in Austria. Near his residence in Admont
Admont
there was a camp for displaced persons. In 1947 one of these DPs recognized Murer and British forces arrested Murer. In December 1948 he was deported to the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
since Vilnius
Vilnius
had been under Soviet jurisdiction. He was found guilty of having murdered Soviet citizens and sentenced to 25 years of hard labour.[6] As a part of the Austrian State Treaty, he was released in 1955 and thus returned to Austria. Simon Wiesenthal
Simon Wiesenthal
managed to get him prosecuted again in 1963.[7] The trial that took place in Graz, Austria, lasted for a week and ended with the acquittal of Murer.[6] Murer was born in Sankt Georgen ob Murau
Sankt Georgen ob Murau
in 1912. He died in Gaishorn am See in 1994. References[edit]

^ (in Russian) Добрый дедушка Франц из Гайсхорна, или удивительные метаморфозы Франца Мурера ^ The Complete Black Book of Russian Jewry, p. 370 ^ The Complete Black Book of Russian Jewry, p. 249 ^ The Search for Major Plagge by Michael Good ^ The Killing Trap by Manus I. Midlarsky ^ a b Reflections on a Disruptive Decade by Eugene Davidson ^ Strategies in Facing Antisemitism: An Educational Resource Guide

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The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Lithuania

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Poland Russia Ukraine

People

Perpetrators

Algimantas Dailidė Erich Ehrlinger Joachim Hamann Karl Jäger Bruno Kittel Algirdas Klimaitis Hinrich Lohse Franz Murer Helmut Rauca Adrian von Renteln Rudolf Joachim Seck Franz Walter Stahlecker Martin Weiss

Victims and resistance

Chaim Yellin Alexander Bogen Josef Glazman Jay M. Ipson Shmerke Kaczerginski Zelig Kalmanovich Abba Kovner Ephraim Oshry Abraham Sutzkever Elchonon Wasserman Yitzhak Wittenberg Jacob Wygodzki Wolf Durmashkin See also: Songs of the Vilna Ghetto

Rescuers

Kazys Binkis Petronėlė Lastienė Karl Plagge Antanas Poška Ona Šimaitė Chiune Sugihara Jan Zwartendijk See also: List of Lithuanian Righteous Among the Nations

Groups

Perpetrators

Einsatzgruppen Police Battalions Lithuanian Security Police Rollkommando Hamann TDA Ypatingasis būrys

Resistance

Fareinigte Partizaner Organizacje

Events

Jäger Report Kaunas June 1941 Kaunas 29 October 1941 Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 Ponary

Places

HKP 562 forced labor camp Kailis forced labor camp Kovno Ghetto Lukiškės Prison Marcinkonys Ghetto Ninth Fort Šiauliai Ghetto Švenčionys Ghetto Vilna Ghetto

Occupation of Lithuania by Nazi Germany History of the Jews in Lithuania

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 23218

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