Františkovy Lázně (Czech pronunciation: [ˈfraɲcɪʃkovɪ
ˈlaːzɲɛ]; German: Franzensbad) is a spa town in
Cheb District of
Karlovy Vary Region, in the Czech Republic. Together with neighbouring
Karlovy Vary and Mariánské Lázně, it is part of the renowned West
Bohemian Spa Triangle. The historic town centre, under monumental
protection since 1992, is a candidate for inclusion in the UNESCO
4.1 Leisure and entertainment
4.2 Galleries and museums
4.3 Arts and literature
5 Twin towns
6 Notable people
8 External links
The town is located in the Chebsko (Egerland) region near the border
with Germany. It is situated in the
Ohře river basin, north of the
The municipal area comprises the cadastral communities of Dlouhé
Františkovy Lázně proper, Horní Lomany, Jedličná,
Krapice, Slatina u Františkových Lázní, and Žírovice.
The salutary effects of the surrounding springs were known from the
late 14th century on. The physician
Georgius Agricola (1494–1555)
mentioned the mineral water available to the
Cheb citizens. The
sources from which, according to ancient law, water was drafted and
brought to the city, were first used locally for salutary purposes.
Later, the water was also shipped in earthenware bottles and in 1700,
it reportedly sold more water than all other spas in the Empire
combined. About 1705, an inn was erected at the site of a mineral
spring later known as Franzensquelle.
Colonnade, about 1850
In 1793, the present town was officially founded under the name Kaiser
Franzensdorf, after Emperor Francis II, and later renamed to
Franzensbad, under which name it became a famous spa (Bad). The spa
was founded by Eger-based doctor
Bernhard Adler (1753–1810). He
promoted the expansion of existing spa facilities and the
accommodation for those seeking healing and promoted the
transformation of the swampy moorland with paths and footbridges to
well-known sources. When in 1791 Adler had a pavilion and a water
basin erected at the Franzensquelle, he sparked the Egerer Weibersturm
of numerous women who earned their livelihood with the scooping,
transport and sale of the water in Cheb. They resisted bitterly
against his plans, feeling their water bearing rights were threatened,
and demolished his premises.
The town council of Eger intervened and made the extension as a health
resort possible. The result was a demanding recreation area, with
easy access from the city of Cheb.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was one
of the most famous guests of the early days, whose visits to
Johannes Urzidil were extensively reported in the
book Goethe in Böhmen (1932, revised 1962 and 1965), and Ludwig van
Beethoven, accompanied by Antonia Brentano and her family.
During the 19th century, numerous aristocrats, especially Russian
nobles, were patients with well-known doctors bolstering the
reputation of Franzensbad as an exclusive resort. Franzensbad offered
one of the first peat pulp baths in Europe, popular especially with
female guests. A public spa house was built in 1827. The writer Marie
von Ebner-Eschenbach perpetuated her stay in her early work Aus
Franzensbad in 1858. Other notable guests included
Theodor Herzl (in
1904), Emperor Francis Joseph I, and Archduke Charles I of Austria.
In 1862, Franzensbad emerged as an autonomus municipality and obtained
town privileges three years later. Until 1918 it was part of the
Bohemian crown land of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. After World War
I, the town's reputation, however, began to fade. Then part of the new
state of Czechoslovakia, the spa lost many of its guests and was hit
hard by the
Great Depression of 1929. After World War II, the German
speaking population was expelled according to the Beneš decrees, many
of them settled in
Bayreuth in the German state of Bavaria. The spa
facilities were nationalized under the rule of the Communist Party.
Velvet Revolution of 1989, a stock company was established
which has sought to reimprove the status of
Františkovy Lázně as a
venue for international guests.
Glauberovy prameny (Franzensquelle)
The local natural mineral water has a relatively high content of
dissolved carbon dioxide. The effects of the carbonic
baths are shown in the better performance of the cardiovascular
system, in the mild decrease of blood pressure in the pulse, in the
lower occurrence of chronic inflammatory processes in the body, and
also in terms of rheumatics, and in the improved blood circulation in
tissues and the vegetative stabilisation.
The local mud treatments represent a traditional curative method which
has thermal, chemical and mechanical effects. The mud
treatment consists of a thick mushy combination of mud and mineral
water which is heated up to a temperature which is significantly
higher than body temperature. The treatment has a
positive effect on mobility of muscles and the pain in treated
The local spa corporation is the biggest spa corporation in the Czech
Republic.. It operated 24 mineral springs, 12 of
which are still in operation.
The townscape of
Františkovy Lázně is largely shaped by
Belle Époque buildings of the Habsburg era, as well
as by extended parks and gardens with numeours springs and bathhouses.
Leisure and entertainment
The Social House is the venue of congresses, balls and other social
events and the building also houses a casino.
Galleries and museums
Town museum 50°07′18″N 12°20′45″E / 50.1215756°N
12.345736°E / 50.1215756; 12.345736
AUTO MOTO MUZEUM (Colonnade of Salt and Meadow Spring)50°06′56″N
12°21′21″E / 50.115626°N 12.355770°E / 50.115626;
Arts and literature
Theater Boženy Němcové50°07′11″N 12°21′14″E /
50.1197255°N 12.3539244°E / 50.1197255; 12.3539244
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the Czech Republic
Františkovy Lázně is twinned with:
Bad Soden, Germany
Nizhny Tagil, Russia
August Brömse (de) (1873–1925), Bohemian-German painter
Petra Edelmannová (de) (born 1975), Czech politician
Peter Jacques (de) (born 1935), Swiss jazz musician
Alois John (de) (1865–1935), archivist, ethnographer and local
author on the Egerland
Ferdinand Khittl (de) (1924–1976), German film director and
Josef Löbel (de) (1882–1940?), German-Bohemian physician and
Christof Loimann (cz) (1789–1862), notary and politician, the
first mayor of Františkovy Lázně, Member of the Landtag
Friedrich Stelzner (born 1921), academic surgeon
Gustav Wiedermann (cz) (1850–1914), architect, son of Karel
Karel Wiedermann (cz) (1815–?), Czech architect
Martin Zaus (de) (1861–1905), Bohemian organ builder
^ Zakladatel Lázní - doktor Bernard Adler
^ Archived index at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Franzensbad - Tschechische Republik - Teletour Online - Hotel REZA
Františkovy Lázně". hotelreza.franzensbad.de (in German). Archived
from the original on 2015-05-26. Retrieved 2015-01-02.
^ "Partnerstädte" (in German).
Bad Soden am Taunus. Retrieved
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Františkovy Lázně.
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article
Františkovy Lázně travel guide from Wikivoyage
Official site (in Czech) (in English) (in German)
Official site of the Spa corporation
Towns and villages of
Pomezí nad Ohří