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František Xaver Brixi (2 January 1732 – 14 October 1771) was a Czech classical composer of the 18th century. His first name is sometimes given by reference works in its Germanic form, Franz.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Style 3 Influence 4 Selected compositions 5 References 6 External links

Biography[edit] Brixi was born in Prague, the son of composer Šimon Brixi. He received his musical education at the Piarist Gymnasium in Kosmonosy. His teachers included Václav Kalous, a significant composer himself. In 1749 Brixi left Kosmonosy
Kosmonosy
and returned to Prague, where he worked as an organist at several churches. In 1759 he was appointed Kapellmeister of St Vitus Cathedral, thus attaining, at the age of only 27, the highest musical position in the city; this office he held till his early death. He wrote some 290 church works (of the most varied type), cantatas and oratorios, chamber compositions, and orchestral compositions. He was a prolific composer of music for the liturgy, and wrote more than 100 masses,[1] vespers and motets, among others. He also composed secular music such as oratorios and incidental music, concertos and symphonies.[2] His organ concertos, which have been recorded several times each, are his best-known pieces today. Style[edit] Brixi was an important composer at the junction between Baroque and the Classical period. Brixi's style is distinguished from that of his contemporaries by its fresh melodic writing, vivacious rhythm and lively bass lines, and from that of his predecessors by its simple yet effective instrumentation. During his lifetime his music was widely disseminated in Bohemia
Bohemia
and Moravia. Influence[edit] Brixi's music made Prague's people receptive for Mozart's music (where Mozart
Mozart
was in high esteem even during times where he was shunned elsewhere). Selected compositions[edit]

Missa integra in d minor Missa aulica, missa brevis in C Opus patheticum de septem doloribus Beatae Mariae Virginis Organ Concerto
Concerto
in D major Organ Concerto
Concerto
in F major Judas Iscariothes - Oratorium pro die sacro Parasceves Missa solemnis in D major - mass for solo, choir, orchestra and organ Litanie de seto Benedieto Confiteor tibi Domine Sinfonia in D Bitevní sinfonie Fuga in A minor Pastoral in C major Preludium In C major Regina coeli

References[edit]

^ Ostermann, Karlheinz (2002). Franz Xaver Brixi / Missa brevis in C / Missa aulica
Missa aulica
(PDF). Carus. p. 4.  ^ Hägele, Friedrich (2004). Franz Xaver Brixi (1732–1771) / Missa brevis in C. Dr. J. Butz. 

External links[edit]

František Brixi (in Czech) Free scores by František Brixi in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 47026177 LCCN: n84016889 ISNI: 0000 0001 0896 5497 GND: 123146518 SUDOC: 129847593 BNF: cb147991367 (data) NKC: jn19990209081 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV167011 BNE: XX1774555 SN

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