The Info List - Francisco De Sande

Francisco de Sande
Francisco de Sande
Picón (1540 – September 12, 1602) was the third Spanish governor and captain-general of the Philippines
from August 25, 1575 to April 1580. He established the Royal City of Nueva Cáceres, now known as Naga City. Early career[edit] A native of Cáceres and a relative of Álvaro de Sande, he served as attorney, criminal judge, and auditor in Mexico. He succeeded Guido de Lavezaris, a member of the 1543 Ruy López de Villalobos Expedition from Barra de Navidad, Jalisco, México, on August 25, 1575.[2] In 1575, King Philip II of Spain
Philip II of Spain
appointed him as the governor-general of the Philippines.[2] Governorship[edit] One of his first acts of political advocacy was to disestablish vast encomiendas of wealthy Spaniards in the Philippines. In 1576, he issued a decree forbidding all officials appointed by the Crown to own encomiendas that were initially for Indios.[3] He also established the city of Nueva Cáceres, province of Camarines Sur, Bicol region, Island of Luzon, the largest of the some 7,107 islands (under Spanish Administration till 1898, for some 350–370 years), Philippine Islands. A few years after, Spanish and Dominican prelate Domingo de Salazar requested to create monasteries for the Dominicans; this was granted by Sande through King Philip II's royal decree.[4] During his time, the first Augustinian
priests arrived to Manila
on July 1, 1577, coming from Acapulco, Mexico. Also in 1577, the Church of San Agustin was erected at the same city.[5] He also commissioned an expedition to Borneo
in 1578, where the Sultan of Jolo became a vassal of Spain through a peace treaty signed at Río Grande de Mindanao.[6] That same year, he attacked Borneo, and the sultan of that sultanate (present day Brunei) became submissive to the Spanish officials of Manila.[7] He also showed eagerness to conquer Moluccas
from the Portuguese as well as China.[2] In 1579, he sent an expedition again, headed by Captain Gabriel de Ribera to Mindanao and Jolo, to secure Moro submission to Spanish authority. He went to the Rio Grande to find nothing but remnants of villages abandoned by the locals. He then established a fortress for the villages and went north to pacify the rebelling Butuanons. Upon his return to Luzon, Ribera met some natives from Jolo with little tribute, saying that they had nothing to give to the Spaniards since the Portuguese Estevan Rodriguez de Figueroa had recently attacked their settlements.[8] In the same year, he denied the Franciscan fathers their burning wishes, after some 19,000 km. travel, to enter China
to spread Catholicism, the Chinese being stupefied when some of them disobeyed the Manila
Spanish Civil Authorities and arrived at the highly controlled Portuguese trade city of Macao, where they found that they did not carry weapons, money or goods to exchange but only some religious liturgical ware for their own use and Catholic books. He also became an auditor in the Audiencia of Mexico. References[edit]

^ "Sakop Espanya" (in Tagalog). Retrieved 2009-10-17.  ^ a b c "Letter to Felipe II by Francisco de Sande". Retrieved 2009-10-17. [permanent dead link] ^ "Encomiendas forbidden to Royal Officials". Archived from the original on 2009-07-19. Retrieved 2009-10-17.  ^ "Royal Decree regulating the foundation of monasteries". Retrieved 2009-10-17. [permanent dead link] ^ "Relation and Description of the Phelipinas Islands". Archived from the original on 2010-06-20. Retrieved 2009-10-17.  ^ "Letter from Francisco de Sande
Francisco de Sande
to Felipe II, 1578". Archived from the original on 2014-10-14. Retrieved 2009-10-17.  ^ "Letter from Francisco de Sande
Francisco de Sande
to Felipe II, 1579". Retrieved 2009-10-17. [permanent dead link] ^ "Expeditions to Borneo, Jolo, and Mindanao". Retrieved 2009-10-17. [permanent dead link]

Political offices

Preceded by Guido de Lavezaris Governor and Captain-General of the Philippines 1575–1580 Succeeded by Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza

v t e

Spanish Governors-General of the Philippines


Under the Viceroyalty of New Spain (1565–1821)

Miguel López de Legazpi Guido de Lavezaris Francisco de Sande Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa Diego Ronquillo Santiago de Vera Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas Pedro de Rojas Luis Pérez Dasmariñas Francisco Tello de Guzmán Pedro Bravo de Acuña Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza Count of Valle de Orizaba Juan de Silva Andrés Alcaraz Alonso Fajardo Jeronimo de Silva Fernándo de Silva Juan Niño de Tabora Lorenzo de Olaza Juan Cerezo de Salamanca Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera Diego Fajardo Sabiniano Manrique de Lara Diego de Salcedo Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz Manuel de León Francisco Coloma Francisco Sotomayor Juan de Vargas Gabriel de Curuzealegui Alonso de Ávila Fuertes Fausto Cruzat y Góngora Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri Martín de Urzua y Arismendi José Torralba Fernando Bustamante Francisco de la Cuesta Toribio José Cosio Fernándo Valdés Gaspar de la Torre Juan de Arechederra Marquis of Brindisi and Ovando Pedro Manuel de Arandía Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta Manuel Rojo Simón de Anda Francisco Javier de la Torre José Antonio Raón Simón de Anda Pedro de Sarrio José Basco Pedro de Sarrio Félix Berenguer de Marquina Rafael María de Aguilar Mariano Fernández de Folgueras Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar José Gardoqui Jaraveitia Mariano Fernández de Folgueras

Under Spain (1821–1898)

Mariano Fernández de Folgueras Juan Antonio Martínez Mariano Ricafort Pasqual Enrile Gabriel de Torres Joaquín de Crámer Pedro Antonio Salazar Andrés García Camba Luis Lardizábal Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre Narciso Clavería Antonio María Blanco Juan Antonio de Urbiztondo Ramón Montero Manuel Pavía Ramón Montero Manuel Crespo Ramón Montero Fernándo Norzagaray Ramón María Solano Juan Herrera Dávila José Lemery Salvador Valdés Rafael de Echague Joaquín del Solar Juan de Lara José Laureano de Sanz Juan Antonio Osorio Joaquín del Solar José de la Gándara Manuel Maldonado Carlos María de la Torre Rafael de Izquierdo Manuel MacCrohon Juan Alaminos Manuel Blanco Valderrama Marquis of San Rafael Marquis of Oroquieta Rafael Rodríguez Arias Fernando Primo de Rivera Emilio Molíns Joaquín Jovellar Emilio Molíns Emilio Terrero Antonio Molto Federico Lobaton Valeriano Weyler Eulogio Despujol Federico Ochando Ramon Blanco Camilo de Polavieja José de Lachambre Fernando Primo de Rivera Basilio Augustín Fermín Jáudenes Francisco Rizzo Diego de los Ríos

Italics indicates a member of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church. Smallcaps indicates an oidor of the Real Audienci