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The Flemish
Flemish
Region (Dutch:  Vlaams Gewest (help·info); French: Région flamande) is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium—alongside the Walloon Region
Walloon Region
and the Brussels-Capital Region. Colloquially, it is usually simply referred to as Flanders. It occupies the northern part of Belgium
Belgium
and covers an area of 13,522 km2 (44.29% of Belgium). It is one of the most densely populated regions of Europe with around 480 inhabitants per square kilometer.

Contents

1 Politics 2 Administrative divisions 3 Economy

3.1 Transport

4 Demographics

4.1 Cities 4.2 Language

5 International relations

5.1 Twin towns and sister cities

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Politics[edit] Immediately after its establishment in 1980, the region transferred all its constitutional competencies to the Flemish
Flemish
Community. Thus, the current Flemish
Flemish
authorities ( Flemish Parliament
Flemish Parliament
and Flemish Government) represent all the Flemish
Flemish
people, including those living in the Brussels-Capital Region. Hence, the Flemish
Flemish
Region is governed by the Flemish Community
Flemish Community
institutions. However, members of the Flemish Community parliament elected in the Brussels-Capital Region
Brussels-Capital Region
have no right to vote on Flemish
Flemish
regional affairs. Administrative divisions[edit] Further information: Provinces of Flanders

Provinces in the Flemish
Flemish
Region

The Flemish
Flemish
Region comprises five provinces, each consisting of administrative arrondissements that, in turn, contain municipalities (in total 308 municipalities in Flanders). Brussels
Brussels
city, the seat of the Flemish
Flemish
parliament, is located within the Brussels-Capital Region, which is surrounded by the province of Flemish
Flemish
Brabant. Brussels
Brussels
contains both the Flemish Community
Flemish Community
and the French Community, both having their institutions in Brussels.

Province Capital city Administrative arrondissements Population (1/1/2017) Area Population density

1   Antwerp
Antwerp
(Antwerpen) Antwerp
Antwerp
(Antwerpen) Antwerpen, Mechelen, Turnhout 1,836,030 2,867 km² 640 / km²

2  Limburg (Limburg) Hasselt Hasselt, Maaseik, Tongeren 867,413 2,414 km² 359 / km²

3  East Flanders
Flanders
(Oost-Vlaanderen) Ghent
Ghent
(Gent) Aalst, Dendermonde, Eeklo, Gent, Oudenaarde, Sint-Niklaas 1,496,187 2,991 km² 500 / km²

4   Flemish Brabant
Flemish Brabant
(Vlaams-Brabant) Leuven Halle-Vilvoorde, Leuven 1,129,849 2,106 km² 536 / km²

5  West Flanders
Flanders
(West-Vlaanderen) Bruges
Bruges
(Brugge) Brugge, Diksmuide, Ieper, Kortrijk, Oostende, Roeselare, Tielt, Veurne 1,186,532 3,125 km² 380 / km²

Economy[edit] Flanders
Flanders
is home to a diversified modern economy, with emphasis put on research and development. Many enterprises work closely with local knowledge and research centres to develop new products and services.[2] Transport[edit]

Bus of "De Lijn"

"De Lijn" serves as the main public transport company, run by the Flemish
Flemish
government. It consists of buses and trams. TEC is the equivalent company in Wallonia, and MIVB-STIB in Brussels. The railway network run by the NMBS, however, is a federal responsibility. The Flemish
Flemish
government is also responsible for about 500 kilometers of regional roads (Dutch: gewestwegen) and about 900 kilometers of highways in the territory of the Flemish
Flemish
Region. Other types of roads are provincial roads and municipal roads. Demographics[edit] Cities[edit] Largest cities in the region include (with population figures as of 1 January 2017):[3]

Antwerp
Antwerp
(520,504) Ghent
Ghent
(259,083) Bruges
Bruges
(118,187) Leuven
Leuven
(100,291) Mechelen
Mechelen
(85,665) Aalst (84,859) Hasselt
Hasselt
(77,124) Kortrijk
Kortrijk
(75,736) Sint-Niklaas
Sint-Niklaas
(76,028) Ostend
Ostend
(70,994) Genk
Genk
(65,986) Roeselare
Roeselare
(61,657)

The Flemish Diamond
Flemish Diamond
(Dutch: Vlaamse Ruit) is the name of the central, populous area in Flanders
Flanders
and consists of several of these cities, such as Antwerp, Ghent, Leuven
Leuven
and Mechelen. Approximately 5,500,000 people live in the area. Language[edit] The official language is Dutch, sometimes colloquially referred to as Flemish. The main dialect groups include West Flemish, East Flemish, Brabantian
Brabantian
and Limburgish.

The municipalities with language facilities near Brussels

French may be used for certain administrative purposes in a limited number of the so-called "municipalities with language facilities" around the Brussels-Capital Region
Brussels-Capital Region
and on the border with Wallonia. "Rim municipalities" (around Brussels) are Drogenbos, Kraainem, Linkebeek, Sint-Genesius-Rode, Wemmel
Wemmel
and Wezembeek-Oppem. Brussels was originally a Dutch-speaking city, but it was frenchified in the 19th and 20th century and is now largely French-speaking. A few municipalities in the Flemish
Flemish
agglomeration of Brussels
Brussels
are now also frenchified (frenchified?). Municipalities with language facilities
Municipalities with language facilities
on the border with Wallonia are Bever (French: Biévène), Herstappe, Mesen
Mesen
(French: Messines), Ronse
Ronse
(French: Renaix), Spiere-Helkijn
Spiere-Helkijn
(French: Espierres-Helchin), Voeren
Voeren
(French: Fourons). International relations[edit] Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Aichi,Japan[4]

See also[edit]

Communities and regions of Belgium Provinces of regions in Belgium De Vlaamse Leeuw Count of Flanders Flanders Flemish

References[edit]

^ Population per municipality as of 1 January 2017 (XLS; 397 KB) ^ " Flanders
Flanders
Flanders
Flanders
fits you". Flanders.be.  ^ "kek_demo". Aps.vlaanderen.be.  ^ "ベルギー3地域と「友好交流及び相互協力に関する覚書」を締結". Retrieved 15 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

(in English) Flemish
Flemish
authorities (Dutch: Vlaamse overheid). (in English) Flanders
Flanders
online (also in French, German and Dutch). Toerisme Vlaanderen (in French) French Flanders (in Dutch) Frans-Vlaanderen (in Dutch) The Flemish
Flemish
region reaches 6 million inhabitants

v t e

  Flanders
Flanders
topics

Territories

Modern Belgium

Flemish
Flemish
Region Flemish
Flemish
Community

Neighbouring and historical regions

Margravate County French Flanders Zeelandic Flanders Romance Flanders

Local regions

Flemish
Flemish
Ardennes Campine Denderstreek Hageland Haspengouw Pajottenland Meetjesland Westhoek Waasland ...

Provinces (and cities)

West Flanders
Flanders
(Bruges) East Flanders
Flanders
(Ghent) Antwerp
Antwerp
(Antwerp) Flemish Brabant
Flemish Brabant
(Leuven) Limburg (Hasselt)

See also

Brussels List of municipalities Flemish
Flemish
Diamond

Politics

Flemish
Flemish
Parliament Flemish
Flemish
Government Community Commission (Brussels) Political parties Minister-President

Symbols and history

Anthem Coat of arms Day of the Flemish
Flemish
Community

Guldensporenslag De Leeuw van Vlaanderen

Flag

Other topics

Flemish
Flemish
Movement Language Literature Painting People Education Science and technology Transport Agriculture

v t e

Subdivisions of Belgium

Communities

Flemish French German-speaking

Regions and Provinces

Capital (Brussels)

 

Flemish
Flemish
(Flanders)

Antwerp East Flanders Flemish
Flemish
Brabant Limburg West Flanders

Walloon (Wallonia)

Hainaut Liège Luxembourg Namur Walloon Brabant

Arrondissements

Administrative Electoral Judicial

Municipalities by region

Capital (Brussels) Flemish
Flemish
(Flanders) Walloon (Wallonia)

Coordinates: 51°00′N 4°30′E / 51.000°N 4.500°E / 5

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