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Feltre
Feltre
(Venetian: Fèltre) is a town and comune of the province of Belluno
Belluno
in Veneto, northern Italy. A hill town in the southern reaches of the province, it is located on the Stizzon River, about 4 kilometres (2 miles) from its junction with the Piave, and 20 km (12 mi) southwest from Belluno. The Dolomites
Dolomites
loom to the north of the town.

Panorama of Feltre
Feltre
in winter.

An area incorporating Feltre
Feltre
and 12 contiguous municipalities is known as Feltrino (Italian article). In 2014, the Feltrino area was formalised in the Unione Montana Feltrina (Feltrino Mountain Community).

Contents

1 History 2 Main sights 3 Frazioni 4 Twin cities 5 Gallery 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] It was known in Roman times as Feltria and described as an oppidum by Pliny,[1] who assigned its foundation to the Alpine tribe of the Rhaetians. The city obtained the status of municipium in 49 BC with its citizens inscribed into the Roman tribe of Menenia. In spite of its rigorous climate, which led a Roman author, perhaps Caesar, to write:

Feltria perpetuo niveum damnata rigore Atque mihi posthac haud adeunda, vale[2]

Feltria lay on a Roman road
Roman road
mentioned in the Antonine Itinerary
Antonine Itinerary
as passing from Opitergium (Oderzo) through Feltria to Tridentum (Trento).[3]

The Church of St. Roch and the Castle of Alboin.

After the fall of the Western Empire, under which it had developed into a flourishing city, it became a Lombard dominion. Later in the Middle Ages, it was ruled by Ezzelino da Romano, by the Camino family, and then by the Scaligeri
Scaligeri
of Verona, from 1315 to 1337. Feltre
Feltre
was subsequently under Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, the da Carrara and the Visconti until 1404, when, together with Belluno, it was conquered by the Republic of Venice. In 1499 it received a new line of walls. In 1509 the center of the town was mostly destroyed during battles between the Venetians and the League of Cambrai, and later rebuilt with a characteristic 16th-century style. In 1797, after the capitulation of Venice to Napoleon, it was ruled for some time by the French. Napoleon made his minister of war, Henri Jacques Guillaume Clarke, Duke of Feltre
Feltre
in 1807. After the Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
(1814), Feltre
Feltre
was assigned to the Austrian Empire, to which it remained until it was joined to the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
in 1866. It was besieged by Austria
Austria
during World War I. During World War II, Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
demanded a meeting with Benito Mussolini to discuss his strategy for defending Italy
Italy
from the Allied Armies since the Axis armies had just surrendered Tunis
Tunis
to the British Army, giving Allied Armies total control of North Africa. This meeting took place on 19 July 1943 in Feltre, Italy.[4] Notable people of Feltre
Feltre
include printer Panfilo Castaldi, Friar Minor, missionary and founder of Monti di Pietà Blessed Bernardine of Feltre, humanist educator Vittorino da Feltre
Vittorino da Feltre
and painter Morto da Feltre. In 2017, Feltre
Feltre
was the second base for the BCC tour of Italy, used primarily for the assault on Monte Grappa. Main sights[edit]

The Cathedral, dedicated to St. Peter and rebuilt in Renaissance times. It has maintained from the preceding buildings the apse and the 14th-century campanile. The interior has works by Pietro Marescalchi and some 17th-century wooden statues. The church is flanked by the 15th-century baptistry, housing a precious Medieval baptismal font from 1399. Under the cathedral is an excavated archaeological area of 1,000 m2 (10,763.91 sq ft) belonging to the ancient Roman city. The Imperial Gate (1489, restored in 1545), from which the Via Mezzaterra starts. This is faced by the noteworthy Casa Crico, Casa Cantoni and Palazzo Muffoni. Palazzo Salce. The Palazzo della Ragione (16th century), the current Town Hall, with a Palladian style portico. It opens to the Piazza Maggiore, one of the most beautiful in the Veneto, with a fountain by Tullio Lombardo
Tullio Lombardo
and a column surmounted by the Lion of St. Mark. In the same piazza are Palazzo Guarnieri and a Baroque staircase leading to the church of St. Roch (1576–1632), flanked by the so-called "Castle of Alboin" with the Torre dell'Orologio', once part of the Roman defensive apparatus. The Castle's attribution to the Lombard king of Alboin
Alboin
has no historical evidence The Pinacoteca, in Palazzo Villabruna, has works by Morto da Feltre, Cima da Conegliano, Gentile Bellini, Pietro Marescalchi and others. The church and the monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli, begun in 1492, but entirely renovated in the 19th century, has maintained part of the ancient cloister. It houses a painting by Jacopo Bassano

Outside the city are:

The sanctuary of SS. Vittore e Corona (12th-15th century), dedicated to Saints Victor and Corona, outside the city shows a mix of Byzantine and Renaissance styles, and is home to some 14th-century Giottesque frescoes. Sculptures include the martyrium that houses the relics of the two Eastern saints and a small statue of St. Victor. The late Renaissance Villa Pasona stands on the site of the Castle of Pedavena, destroyed by Emperor Charles IV in 1350.

Frazioni[edit] Anzù, Arson, Canal, Cart, Cellarda, Croci, Farra, Foen, Grum, Lamen, Lasen, Mugnai, Nemeggio, Pont, Pren, Sanzan, Tomo, Umin, Vellai, Vignui, Villabruna, Villaga, Villapaiera, Zermen. Twin cities[edit]

Newbury, England Braunfels, Germany Carcaixent, Spain Eeklo, Belgium Bagnols-sur-Cèze, France Kiskunfélegyháza, Hungary Dudelange, Luxembourg

Gallery[edit]

Piazza Maggiore

Historical Centre; view from via Panoramica.

View of via Roma.

View to the Dolomites
Dolomites
from via Tezze.

the Duomo of Feltre.

References[edit]

^ Among Rhaetica oppida in Natural History iii, 130, amending "Fertini to Feltrini. ^ "Feltria, condemned to the rigor of eternal snows, from me too, who henceforth will scarcely approach you, Farewell!" The distich, given here as in Charles Stephens and Nicholas Lloyd, Dictionarium historicum... (London, 1686) s.v. "Feltria, is often attributed to Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
(Robert Pierpont, Notes and Queries, 26 October 1907, p. 332).. ^ William Smith, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, s.v. "Feltria". ^ Shirer, William (1960) [1959]. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. Simon and Schuster, Inc. p. 996. 

External links[edit]

Official website of the Palio of Feltre

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Feltre.

v t e

Veneto
Veneto
· Comuni of the Province of Belluno

Agordo Alano di Piave Alleghe Alpago Arsiè Auronzo di Cadore Belluno Borca di Cadore Calalzo di Cadore Canale d'Agordo Castellavazzo Cencenighe Agordino Cesiomaggiore Chies d'Alpago Cibiana di Cadore Colle Santa Lucia Comelico Superiore Cortina d'Ampezzo Danta di Cadore Domegge di Cadore Falcade Feltre Fonzaso Gosaldo La Valle Agordina Lamon Lentiai Limana Livinallongo del Col di Lana Longarone Lorenzago di Cadore Lozzo di Cadore Mel Ospitale di Cadore Pedavena Perarolo di Cadore Pieve di Cadore Ponte nelle Alpi Quero Vas Rivamonte Agordino Rocca Pietore San Gregorio nelle Alpi San Nicolò di Comelico San Pietro di Cadore San Tomaso Agordino San Vito di Cadore Santa Giustina Santo Stefano di Cadore Sappada Sedico Selva di Cadore Seren del Grappa Sospirolo Soverzene Sovramonte Taibon Agordino Tambre Trichiana Val di Zoldo Vallada Agordina Valle di Cadore Vigo di Cadore Vodo di Cadore Voltago Agordino Zopp

.