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Coordinates: 6°55′N 158°15′E / 6.917°N 158.250°E / 6.917; 158.250

Federated States of Micronesia

Flag

Seal

Motto: "Peace, Unity, Liberty"Anthem: "Patriots of Micronesia"CapitalPalikir6°55′N 158°11′E / 6.917°N 158.183°E / 6.917; 158.183Largest townWeno[1]Official languageEnglishRecognized regionallanguagesChuukeseKosraeanPohnpeianYapeseEthnic groups (2000)48.8% Chuukese24.2% Pohnpeian6.2% Kosraean5.2% Yapese4.5% Outer Yapese1.8% Asian1.5% Polynesian6.4% Other1.4% UnknownDemonym(s)MicronesianGovernmentFederal parliamentary republic under a non-partisan democracy• President David Panuelo• Vice President Yosiwo George LegislatureCongressIndependence from the United States• Compact of Free Association November 3, 1986 Area • Total702 km2 (271 sq mi) (177th)• Water (%)negligiblePopulation• 2018 estimate112,640[2][3] (192nd)• Density158.1/km2 (409.5/sq mi) (75th)GDP (PPP)2019 estimate• Total$367 million• Per capita$3,584[4]GDP (nominal)2019 estimate• Total$383 million• Per capita$3,735[4]Gini (2013)40.1[5]mediumHDI (2015) 0.638[6]medium · 127thCurrencyUnited States dollar (USD)Time zoneUTC+10 and +11• Summer (DST)not observedDate formatMM/DD/YYYYDriving siderightCalling code+691 ISO 3166 codeFMInternet TLD.fm Regional languages used at state and municipal levels.

The Federated States of Micronesia (/ˌmaɪkroʊˈniːʒə/ (listen); abbreviated FSM and also known simply as Micronesia) is an independent republic associated with the United States. It consists of four states – from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei
Pohnpei
and Kosrae – that are spread across the Western Pacific Ocean. Together, the states comprise around 607 islands (a combined land area of approximately 702 km2 or 271 sq mi) that cover a longitudinal distance of almost 2,700 km (1,678 mi) just north of the equator. They lie northeast of New Guinea, south of Guam
Guam
and the Marianas, west of Nauru and the Marshall Islands, east of Palau
Palau
and the Philippines, about 2,900 km (1,802 mi) north of eastern Australia
Australia
and some 4,000 km (2,485 mi) southwest of the main islands of Hawaii. While the FSM's total land area is quite small, it occupies more than 2,600,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq mi) of the Pacific Ocean, giving the country the 14th largest Exclusive Economic Zone
Exclusive Economic Zone
in the world.[7] The sovereign island nation's capital is Palikir, located on Pohnpei
Pohnpei
Island, while the largest city is Weno, located in the Chuuk Atoll. Each of its four states is centered on one or more main high islands, and all but Kosrae
Kosrae
include numerous outlying atolls. The Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
is spread across part of the Caroline Islands
Caroline Islands
in the wider region of Micronesia, which consists of thousands of small islands divided among several countries. The term Micronesia
Micronesia
may refer to the Federated States or to the region as a whole. The FSM was formerly a part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), a United Nations
United Nations
Trust Territory under U.S. administration, but it formed its own constitutional government on May 10, 1979, becoming a sovereign state after independence was attained on November 3, 1986, under a Compact of Free Association
Compact of Free Association
with the United States. Other neighboring island entities, and also former members of the TTPI, formulated their own constitutional governments and became the Republic of the Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
(RMI) and the Republic of Palau
Palau
(ROP). The FSM has a seat in the United Nations
United Nations
and has been a member of the Pacific Community
Pacific Community
since 1983.

Contents

1 History 2 Politics

2.1 Defense and foreign affairs 2.2 Administrative divisions 2.3 Disputed sovereignty

3 Geography 4 Transportation 5 Economy 6 Society

6.1 Demographics 6.2 Languages 6.3 Religion 6.4 Health

7 Sport

7.1 Baseball 7.2 Football 7.3 FSMAA

8 Culture

8.1 Literature

9 See also 10 References 11 Sources 12 External links

History[edit] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Federated States of Micronesia" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR
JSTOR
(October 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Main article: History of the Federated States of Micronesia.mw-parser-output .quotebox background-color:#F9F9F9;border:1px solid #aaa;box-sizing:border-box;padding:10px;font-size:88%;max-width:100% .mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatleft margin:0.5em 1.4em 0.8em 0 .mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatright margin:0.5em 0 0.8em 1.4em .mw-parser-output .quotebox.centered margin:0.5em auto 0.8em auto .mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatleft p,.mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatright p font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .quotebox-title background-color:#F9F9F9;text-align:center;font-size:larger;font-weight:bold .mw-parser-output .quotebox-quote.quoted:before font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:bold;font-size:large;color:gray;content:" “ ";vertical-align:-45%;line-height:0 .mw-parser-output .quotebox-quote.quoted:after font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:bold;font-size:large;color:gray;content:" ” ";line-height:0 .mw-parser-output .quotebox .left-aligned text-align:left .mw-parser-output .quotebox .right-aligned text-align:right .mw-parser-output .quotebox .center-aligned text-align:center .mw-parser-output .quotebox cite display:block;font-style:normal @media screen and (max-width:360px) .mw-parser-output .quotebox min-width:100%;margin:0 0 0.8em!important;float:none!important Historical affiliations Captaincy General of the Philippines
Philippines
1574–1899 German New Guinea
New Guinea
1899–1914 Imperial Japanese Navy occupation 1914–1919 South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
1919–1947   Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
1947–1979 Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
1979–present

The ancestors of the Micronesians settled over four thousand years ago. A decentralized chieftain-based system eventually evolved into a more centralized economic and religious culture centered on Yap Island. Manila
Manila
Galleon in the Marianas
Marianas
and Carolinas, c. 1590 Boxer Codex Nan Madol, consisting of a series of small artificial islands linked by a network of canals, is often called the Venice of the Pacific. It is located on the eastern periphery of the island of Pohnpei
Pohnpei
and used to be the ceremonial and political seat of the Saudeleur dynasty that united Pohnpei's estimated 25,000 people from about AD 500 until 1500, when the centralized system collapsed. European explorers—first the Portuguese in search of the Spice Islands (Indonesia) and then the Spanish—reached the Carolines in the sixteenth century. The Spanish incorporated the archipelago to the Spanish East Indies
Spanish East Indies
through the capital, Manila, and in the 19th century established a number of outposts and missions. In 1887, they founded the town of Santiago de la Ascension in what today is Kolonia on the island of Pohnpei. Following defeat in the Spanish–American War, the Spanish sold the archipelago to Germany
Germany
in 1899 under the German–Spanish Treaty
Treaty
of 1899. Germany
Germany
incorporated it into German New Guinea. During World War I, it was captured by Japan. Following the war, the League of Nations
League of Nations
awarded a mandate for Japan
Japan
to administer the islands as part of the South Pacific Mandate. During World War II, a significant portion of the Japanese fleet was based in Truk Lagoon. In February 1944, Operation Hailstone, one of the most important naval battles of the war, took place at Truk, in which many Japanese support vessels and aircraft were destroyed. Following World War II, it was administered by the United States
United States
under United Nations
United Nations
auspices in 1947 as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands pursuant to Security Council Resolution 21. On May 10, 1979, four of the Trust Territory districts ratified a new constitution to become the Federated States of Micronesia. Palau, the Marshall Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands
Mariana Islands
chose not to participate. The FSM signed a Compact of Free Association
Compact of Free Association
with the United States, which entered into force on November 3, 1986, marking Micronesia's emergence from trusteeship to independence. Independence was formally concluded under international law in 1990, when the United Nations
United Nations
officially ended the Trusteeship status pursuant to Security Council Resolution 683. The Compact was renewed in 2004.

Politics[edit] Main article: Politics of the Federated States of Micronesia The Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
is governed by the 1979 constitution, which guarantees fundamental human rights and establishes a separation of governmental powers. The unicameral Congress has fourteen members elected by popular vote. Four senators—one from each state—serve four-year terms; the remaining ten senators represent single-member districts based on population, and serve two-year terms. The President and Vice President are elected by Congress from among the four state-based senators to serve four-year terms in the executive branch. Their congressional seats are then filled by special elections. The president and vice president are supported by an appointed cabinet. There are no formal political parties.

Defense and foreign affairs[edit] Australia
Australia
gave Micronesia
Micronesia
three Pacific Forum patrol vessels, to help it police its own Exclusive Economic Zone. Main article: Compact of Free Association In international politics, the Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
has often voted with the United States
United States
with respect to United Nations General Assembly resolutions.[8] The FSM is a sovereign, self-governing state in free association with the United States
United States
of America, which is wholly responsible for its defense. The Division of Maritime Surveillance operates a paramilitary Maritime Wing and a small Maritime Police Unit. The Compact of Free Association allows FSM citizens to join the U.S. military without having to obtain U.S. permanent residency or citizenship,[9] allows for immigration and employment for Micronesians in the U.S., and establishes economic and technical aid programs. FSM has foreign relations with 56 countries, including the Holy See. FSM was admitted to the United Nations
United Nations
based on the Security Council's recommendation on August 9, 1991 in Resolution 703 and the General Assembly's approval on September 17, 1991 in Resolution 46/2.[10] The FSM is an active member of the Pacific Islands Forum.[11]

Administrative divisions[edit] A map of the Federated States of Micronesia. Main article: Administrative divisions of the Federated States of Micronesia The four states in the federation are, from west to east:

Flag

States[12]

Capital

Current Governor

Land

Population[13]

Populationdensity

km²

sq mi[14]

per km²[13]

per sq mi

Yap Colonia Henry Falan[15] 118.1 45.6 16,436 94 243

Chuuk Weno Johnson Elimo 127.4 49.2 54,595 420 1088

Pohnpei Kolonia Marcelo Peterson 345.5 133.4 34,685 98 255

Kosrae Tofol Lyndon Jackson 109.6 42.3 7,686[16] 66 170

These states are further divided into municipalities.

Disputed sovereignty[edit] Spain
Spain
has a claim to sovereignty over a few islands including Kapingamarangi
Kapingamarangi
in Pohnpei
Pohnpei
State. A commission of cardinals under Pope Leo XIII arbitrated a dispute for the Caroline Islands
Caroline Islands
and others extending from the Equator
Equator
to 11°N Latitude
Latitude
and from 133°E to 164°E Longitude. Germany
Germany
and Spain
Spain
on 17 December 1885 agreed in a treaty that they were a part of the Spanish East Indies. In 1899, Spain
Spain
sold "las Carolinas" to Germany. Kapingamarangi
Kapingamarangi
is far south of the Carolines and the people are racially and culturally Polynesian, not Micronesian or Carolinian. In 1948, Emilio Pastor Santos of the Spanish National Research Council
Spanish National Research Council
found that the charts and maps up to 1899 had shown that Kapingamarangi
Kapingamarangi
and a few other islands had never been considered part of the Carolines, were not included in the description of the territory transferred to Germany
Germany
and were never ceded by Spain; therefore, Spain
Spain
retained sovereignty. In 1949, the Cabinet of Diplomatic Information of the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued the following declaration:

"... The Ministry recognises that it is a certain fact and historic truth due to Article 3 of the Treaty
Treaty
of July 1, 1899, that Spain reserved a series of rights in Micronesia
Micronesia
and for another thing, the specifications of the territories which Spain
Spain
ceded in 1899 leaves apart certain groups of islands in the same zone." Successive Spanish governments have not abandoned Spain's sovereignty, or insisted on enforcing it, or recognized the sovereignty of the Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
over Kapingamarangi.[17][18] The Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
claims sovereignty and has de facto control of the island.

Geography[edit] A view of Kolonia
Kolonia
Town from Sokehs Ridge in Pohnpei. Main article: Geography of the Federated States of Micronesia The Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
consists of 607 islands extending 2,900 km (1,802 mi) across the archipelago of the Caroline Islands east of the Philippines. The islands have a combined area of 702 km2 (271 sq mi).[12] The islands are grouped into four states, which are Yap, Chuuk (called Truk until January 1990), Pohnpei
Pohnpei
(known as "Ponape" until November 1984), and Kosrae
Kosrae
(formerly Kusaie). These four states are each represented by a white star on the national flag. The capital is Palikir, on Pohnpei.

Transportation[edit] The Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
is served by four international airports.

Pohnpei
Pohnpei
International Airport, on the main island of Pohnpei State.[19] Chuuk International Airport, located on the main island of Chuuk State.[20] Kosrae
Kosrae
International Airport, located on the main island of Kosrae State.[21] Yap
Yap
International Airport, located on the main island of Yap State.[22] Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of the Federated States of Micronesia Economic activity in the Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. Long line fishing of tuna is also viable with foreign vessels from China
China
that operated in the 1990s. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. Financial assistance from the U.S. is the primary source of revenue, with the U.S. pledged to spend $1.3 billion in the islands in 1986–2001; when the Compact was amended in 2004, the United States
United States
committed to providing $110 million in development aid through 2023.[23] The CIA World Factbook lists high dependence on U.S. aid as one of the main concerns of the FSM.[12] Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure are major impediments to long-term growth.[24]

Society[edit] Demographics[edit] Main article: Demographics of the Federated States of Micronesia People performing a welcome ceremony on Ulithi
Ulithi
atoll. The indigenous population of the nation, which is predominantly Micronesian, consists of various ethnolinguistic groups. It has a nearly 100% Pacific Islander and Asian population: Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap
Yap
outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4%. A sizeable minority also have some Japanese ancestry, which is a result of intermarriages between Japanese settlers and Micronesians during the Japanese colonial period.[25] There is also a growing expatriate population of Americans, Australians, Europeans, and residents from China
China
and the Philippines since the 1990s. English has become the common language of the government, and for secondary and tertiary education. Outside of the main capital towns of the four FSM states, the local languages are primarily spoken. Population growth remains high at more than 3% annually, offset somewhat by net emigration.

Languages[edit] English is the official and common language. Also spoken are Chuukese, Kosraean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, and Kapingamarangi.[12] Other languages spoken in the country include Pingelapese, Ngatikese, Satawalese, Puluwatese, Mortlockese, and Mokilese.[26] There are about 3,000 speakers of Kapingamarangi
Kapingamarangi
and Ulithian, and under 1,000 speakers of Nukuoro.[26]

Rank

Language

Language Family

Number of Speakers

1

Chuukese

Austronesian

45,900

2

Pohnpeian

Micronesian

30,000

3

Kosraean

Austronesian

8,000

4

Mortlockese

Austronesian

5,900

5

Yapese

Austronesian

5,130

6

Ulithian

Austronesian

3,000

7

Kapingamarangi

Austronesian

3,000

8

Pingelapese

Micronesian

3,000

9

Woleaian

Austronesian

1,700

10

Mokilese

Austronesian

1,500

11

Puluwat

Austronesian

1,400

12

Nukuoro

Austronesian

700

13

Ngatikese

Austronesian

700

14

Satawalese

Austronesian

500

Religion[edit] Main article: Religion in the Federated States of Micronesia The US Air Force has dropped presents and humanitarian aid to the islands every Christmas since 1952. Most Micronesians are Christian. Several Protestant
Protestant
denominations, as well as the Roman Catholic Church, are present in every Micronesian state.[27] Most Protestant
Protestant
groups trace their roots to American Congregationalist missionaries.[27] On the island of Kosrae, the population is approximately 7,800; 95 percent are Protestants.[27] On Pohnpei, the population of 35,000 is evenly divided between Protestants and Catholics. Most immigrants are Filipino Catholics who have joined local Catholic churches, e.g. Our Lady of Mercy Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in Pohnpei.[27][27] On Chuuk and Yap, an estimated 60 percent are Catholic and 40 percent are Protestant.[27] Religious groups with small followings include Baptists, Assemblies of God, Salvation Army, Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), and the Bahá'í Faith.[27] There is a small group of Buddhists
Buddhists
on Pohnpei,[27] and a small group of Ahmadiyya
Ahmadiyya
Muslims in Kosrae. Attendance at religious services is generally high; churches are well supported by their congregations and play a significant role in civil society.[27] In the 1890s, on the island of Pohnpei, intermissionary conflicts and the conversion of clan leaders resulted in religious divisions along clan lines which persist today.[27] More Protestants live on the western side of the island, while more Catholics live on the eastern side.[27] Missionaries
Missionaries
of many religious traditions are present and operate freely.[27] The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respected this right in practice.[27] The US government received no reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious belief or practice in 2007.[27]

Health[edit] See Health in the Federated States of Micronesia

Sport[edit] Main page: Category:Sports in the Federated States of Micronesia Baseball[edit] Baseball is the most popular sport in Micronesia.[citation needed]

Football[edit] The sport of football in the Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
is run by the Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
Football Association. They control the Micronesian Games, the nation's football championship and the Micronesia
Micronesia
national football team.

FSMAA[edit] The Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
Athletic Association is the governing body for the country's sports and athletics.

A large (approximately 2.4 m or about 8 ft in height) example of Yapese stone money (Rai stones) in the village of Gachpar. Culture[edit] See also: Music of the Federated States of Micronesia Each of the four states has its own culture and traditions, but there are also common cultural and economic bonds that are centuries old. Cultural similarities include the importance of the traditional extended family and clan systems and are found on all the islands. The island of Yap
Yap
is notable for its "stone money" (Rai stones), large disks usually of calcite, up to 4 meters (13 ft) in diameter, with a hole in the middle. The islanders, aware of the owner of a piece, do not necessarily move them when ownership changes. There are five major types: Mmbul, Gaw, Ray, Yar, and Reng, the last being only 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. Their value is based on both size and history, many of them having been brought from other islands, as far as New Guinea, but most coming in ancient times from Palau. Approximately 6,500 of them are scattered around the island. Pohnpei
Pohnpei
is home to Nan Madol: Ceremonial Centre of Eastern Micronesia, a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site, but the site is currently listed as In Danger due to natural causes.[28] The government is working on the conservation of the site.

Literature[edit] There have been very few published literary writers from the Federated States of Micronesia.[29] In 2008, Emelihter Kihleng became the first ever Micronesian to publish a collection of poetry in the English language.[30]

See also[edit]

Oceania
Oceania
portal Outline of the Federated States of Micronesia Index of Federated States of Micronesia-related articles Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
– book

References[edit]

^ Summary Analysis of Key Indicators: from the FSM 2010 Census of Population and Housing (PDF). Palikir: Division of Statistics, Office of SBOC. p. 8. Retrieved March 16, 2018 – via Prism (SPC)..mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em

^ ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations
United Nations
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^ ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations
United Nations
Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.

^ a b https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2019/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=38&pr.y=0&sy=2017&ey=2024&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=868&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=

^ "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved July 26, 2013.

^ "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations
United Nations
Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2017.

^ "Drops in the ocean: France's marine territories".

^ General Assembly - Overall Votes - Comparison with U.S. vote lists Micronesia
Micronesia
as in the country with the fourth high coincidence of votes. Micronesia
Micronesia
has always been in the top four.

^ "U.S. Military Enlistment Standards" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 1, 2008.

^ United Nations
United Nations
General Assembly Resolution 46/2, Admission of the Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
to Membership in the United Nations, adopted 17 September 1991. Archived September 3, 2015, at the Wayback Machine

^ "Federated States of Micronesia". U.S. Department of the Interior. Archived from the original on October 23, 2016. Retrieved December 2, 2016.

^ a b c d " The World Factbook
The World Factbook
-- Central Intelligence Agency". Cia World Factbook. Archived from the original on August 7, 2018. Retrieved August 8, 2018.

^ a b FSM government website - Population Archived June 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine

^ FSM government website - Geography Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine

^ " Marianas
Marianas
Variety - New Yap
Yap
governor, other elected officials sworn in". www.mvariety.com. Retrieved July 10, 2019.

^ "FSM Population". www.fsmgov.org. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved January 22, 2017.

^ Pastor y Santos, Emilio Territorios de Soberanía española en Oceanía, Instituto de Estudios Africanos, CSIC, Madrid, 1950

^ Weaver, Zay Territories under Spanish Sovereignty
Sovereignty
in Oceania (partial translation of Pastor y Santos, Emilio Territorios de Soberanía española en Oceanía), Palau
Palau
Museum, Koror, 1967

^ "Federated States Of Micronesia
Micronesia
(FSM) Division of Civil Aviation l Pohnpei
Pohnpei
International Airport (PNI) (PTPN), Pohnpei
Pohnpei
Island, Micronesia". Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
Division of Civil Aviation. August 7, 2018. Archived from the original on August 8, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.

^ "Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
(FSM) Division of Civil Aviation l Chuuk International Airport
Chuuk International Airport
(TKK) (PTKK) Weno
Weno
Island, Micronesia". Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
Division of Civil Aviation. August 7, 2018. Archived from the original on August 8, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.

^ "Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
(FSM) Division of Civil Aviation l Kosrae
Kosrae
International Airport (KSA) (PTSA), Kosrae
Kosrae
Island, Micronesia". Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
Division of Civil Aviation. August 7, 2018. Archived from the original on August 8, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.

^ "Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
(FSM) Division of Civil Aviation l Yap International Airport
Yap International Airport
(YAP) (PTYA), Wa'ab, Micronesia". Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
Department of Civil Aviation. August 7, 2018. Archived from the original on August 8, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.

^ "US Relations with the Federated States of Micronesia". United States Department of State.

^ "Federated States of Micronesia". United Nations. Archived from the original on November 30, 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2012.

^ President Emanuel Mori Meets With Japan
Japan
Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda Archived September 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine; AESonline.org Archived June 16, 2007, at Archive.today
Archive.today
Government of the Federated States of Micronesia, December 12, 2007

^ a b "Micronesia". Ethnologue. Retrieved February 1, 2019.

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n International Religious Freedom Report 2007: Micronesia, Federated States of . United States
United States
Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (September 14, 2007). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

^ "Nan Madol: Ceremonial Centre of Eastern Micronesia
Micronesia
- UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre". UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre. August 7, 2018. Archived from the original on August 7, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.

^ "Seeking Micronesian literary writers", Marianas
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Variety, February 18, 2009 Archived September 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine

^ "Micronesian Poet Publishes Collection of Poems", Office of Insular Affairs, May 12, 2008 Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine

Sources[edit] .mw-parser-output .refbegin font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em .mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul list-style-type:none;margin-left:0 .mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul>li,.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>dl>dd margin-left:0;padding-left:3.2em;text-indent:-3.2em;list-style:none .mw-parser-output .refbegin-100 font-size:100% Arnold, Bruce Makoto (2011). "Conflicted Childhoods in the South Seas: The Failure of Racial Assiimilation in the Nan'yo". Tufts Historical Review. 4 (11): 79–96. Brower, Kenneth; Harri Peccinotti (1981). Micronesia: The Land, the People, and the Sea. Baton Rouge: Louisiana
Louisiana
State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8071-0992-2. Darrach, Brad; David Doubilet (1995). "Treasured Islands". Life (August 1995): 46–53. Falgout, Suzanne (1995). "Americans in Paradise: Anthropologists, Custom, and Democracy in Postwar Micronesia". Ethnology. 34 (Spring 1995): 99–111. doi:10.2307/3774100. JSTOR 3774100. Friedman, Hal M. (1993). "The Beast in Paradise: The United States Navy in Micronesia, 1943–1947". Pacific Historical Review. 62 (May 1993): 173–195. doi:10.2307/3639910. JSTOR 3639910. Friedman, Hal M. (1994). "Arguing over Empire: American Interservice and Interdepartmental Rivalry over Micronesia, 1943-1947". Journal of Pacific History. 29 (1): 36–48. doi:10.1080/00223349408572757. Hanlon, David (1998). Remaking Micronesia: Discourses over Development in a Pacific Territory, 1944–1982. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-1894-4. Hezel, Francis X. (1995). "The Church in Micronesia". America. 18 (February 1995): 23–24. Kluge, P. F. (1991). The Edge of Paradise: America in Micronesia. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0-394-58178-1. Malcomson, S. L. (1989). "Stranger than Paradise". Mother Jones. 14 (January 1989): 19–25. "Micronesia: A New Nation". U.S. News & World Report (October 15, 1984): 80–81. Parfit, Michael (2003). "Islands of the Pacific". National Geographic. 203 (March 2003): 106–125. Patterson, Carolyn Bennett (1986). "In the Far Pacific: At the Birth of Nations". National Geographic. 170 (October 1986): 460–500. Peoples, James G. (1993). "Political Evolution in Micronesia". Ethnology. 32 (Winter 1993): 1–17. doi:10.2307/3773542. JSTOR 3773542. Rainbird, Paul (2003). "Taking the Tapu: Defining Micronesia
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by Absence". Journal of Pacific History. 38 (2): 237–250. doi:10.1080/0022334032000120558. Schwalbenberg, Henry M.; Hatcher, Thomas (1994). "Micronesian Trade and Foreign Assistance: Contrasting the Japanese and American Colonial Periods". Journal of Pacific History. 29 (1): 95–104. doi:10.1080/00223349408572762. External links[edit] Federated States of Micronesiaat's sister projectsDefinitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Resources from Wikiversity

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