The Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community (German: Bundesministerium des Innern, für Bau und Heimat; Heimat also translates to "homeland"), abbreviated BMI, is cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. Its main office is in Berlin, with a secondary seat in Bonn. The current minister of the Interior, Building and Community is Horst Seehofer. It is comparable to the US Department of Homeland Security or the British Home Office.
The BMI is tasked with the internal security of Germany. To fulfill this responsibility it maintains, among other agencies, the two biggest federal law enforcement agencies in Germany, the Federal Police and the Federal Criminal Police Office. It's also responsible for the federal domestic intelligence agency, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution.
The Reichsamt des Innern (Imperial Office of the Interior) was the Ministry of the Interior of the German Empire. On the proposal of the Reichskanzler Otto von Bismarck it was created on 24 December 1879 by an Imperial decree from the Reich Chancellery. Like the other Imperial Offices it was directly under the control of the Reichskanzler. The seat of the office was in Berlin and it was managed by a Secretary of State, who from 1881 until 1916 also simultaneously held the office of Vizekanzler. The gazette for the publication of official notices was run by the Office from 1880. Entitled the Zentralblatt für das Deutsche Reich (ZBl), it had been published by the Reich Chancellery from 1873 until 1879.
With the Law on the Provisional Imperial Government of 11 February 1919, the Imperial Office became the Reichsministerium des Innern (RMI) (Imperial Ministry of the Interior) which remained the German Ministry of the Interior during the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. From 1923 until 1945, the ministry published the government gazette, which was entitled the Reichsministerialblatt (RMBl). On 1 November 1934 it was united with the Prussian Ministry of the Interior as the Reichs- und Preußischen Ministerium des Innern (Imperial and Prussian Ministry of the Interior).
In 1949, the Imperial Ministry of the Interior (effectively defunct since the end of the war in Europe in 1945) was succeeded by the present Federal Ministry, though it served as the Interior Ministry for West Germany only until German reunification in 1990.
Under the Fourth Merkel cabinet, which took office in February 2018, the Ministry of the Interior was merged with the building department, which had been included in the ministry of transport from 1998 to 2013, and the environment ministry from 2013 to 2018. The ministry, headed by the former Bavarian minister-president Horst Seehofer, was then renamed to "Interior, Building and Community". The third element, Heimat in German, does not have an exact English translation, the closest equivalent is "homeland", but the government intends the term to be understood as "community". The renaming was controversial as the term Heimat may be interpreted as old-fashioned, folksy or even nationalistic. During his inauguration the new office-holder referred to his ministry, by a slip of the tongue, as Heimatmuseum—"museum of local history"—earning him much ridicule.
The Ministry of the Interior is responsible for internal security and the protection of the constitutional order, for civil protection against disasters and terrorism, for displaced persons, administrative questions, and sports. It is host to the Standing Committee of Interior Ministers and also drafts all passport, identity card, firearms, and explosives legislation. The ministry also houses the Joint Anti-Terrorism Center formed in 2004 which is an information-sharing and analytical forum for all German police and intelligence agencies involved in the fight against terrorism.
The minister is supported by two parliamentary state secretaries and two state secretaries who manage the ministry's various departments. One of the latter manages "P", "B", "IS" and "M" departments plus the crisis management cell and the working group on counter-intelligence development. The other supervises "Z", "G", "D", "O", "SP" and "V" departments plus the information technology director, data protection and freedom of information office and the doping task force.
|Bundesausgleichsamt||BAA||Federal Equalization of Burdens Office|
|Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge||BAMF||Federal Office for Migration and Refugees|
|Bundesakademie für öffentliche Verwaltung||BAköV||Federal Academy of Public Administration|
|Beschaffungsamt||BeschA||Procurement Agency of the Federal Ministry of the Interior|
|Bundesbeauftragte für den Datenschutz und die Informationsfreiheit||BfDI||Federal Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information|
|Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz||BfV||Federal Agency for the Protection of the Constitution|
|Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung||BiB||Federal Institute for Population Research|
|Bundesinstitut für Sportwissenschaft||BISp||Federal Institute of Sport Science|
|Bundeskriminalamt||BKA||Federal Criminal Police Office|
|Bundesamt für Kartografie und Geodäsie||BKG||Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy|
|Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung||BpB||Federal Agency for Civic Education|
|Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik||BSI||Federal Office for Information Security|
|Bundesverwaltungsamt||BVA||Federal Office of Administration|
|Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz und Katastrophenhilfe||BBK||Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance|
|Schutzkommission beim Bundesministerium des Innern||SchK||Scientific Advisory Board on Civil Defense and Disaster Protection|
|Fachhochschule des Bundes für öffentliche Verwaltung||FH Bund||Federal Public Administration College|
|Koordinierungs- und Beratungsstelle der Bundesregierung für Informationstechnik in der Bundesverwaltung||KBSt|
|Statistisches Bundesamt destatis||StBA||Federal Statistical Office|
|Technisches Hilfswerk||THW||Federal Agency for Technical Relief|
|Unabhängige Kommission zur Überprüfung des Vermögens der Parteien und Massenorganisationen der DDR||UKPV||Independent Commission for the Review of Assets of Parties and Mass Organisation of the GDR|
|Vertreterin des Bundesinteresses beim Bundesverwaltungsgericht||VBI|
|Beauftragter der Bundesregierung für Aussiedlerfragen und nationale Minderheiten|
|Bundesanstalt für den Digitalfunk der Behörden und Organisationen mit Sicherheitsaufgaben||BDBOS||Federal Agency for Emergency Service Digital Radio|