FedEx Corporation is an American multinational courier delivery
services company headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee. The name
"FedEx" is a syllabic abbreviation of the name of the company's
original air division, Federal Express (now
FedEx Express), which was
used from 1973 until 2000. The company is known for its overnight
shipping service and pioneering a system that could track packages and
provide real-time updates on package location (to help in finding lost
packages), a feature that has now been implemented by most other
2 Operating units and logos
2.1 SCAC codes
3 Political donations and lobbying
4.1 Shark Fin
4.2 National Rifle Association
5 Awards and honors
6.1 John Moschitta ad
6.4 Other sports
7 See also
9 External links
For the history of Federal Express, see
Fedex's first van displayed at the
FedEx World Headquarters
FedEx Corporation is an import/export company, incorporated October 2,
1997, in Delaware. FDX Corporation was founded in January 1998 with
the acquisition of Caliber System Inc. by Federal Express. With the
purchase of Caliber,
FedEx started offering other services besides
express shipping. Caliber subsidiaries included RPS, a small-package
ground service; Roberts Express, an expedited shipping provider;
Viking Freight, a regional, less than truckload freight carrier
serving the Western United States;
Caribbean Transportation Services,
a provider of airfreight forwarding between the
United States and the
Caribbean; and Caliber
Logistics and Caliber Technology, providers of
logistics and technology solutions. FDX Corporation was founded to
oversee all of the operations of those companies and its original air
division, Federal Express.
In the 1990s,
FedEx Ground planned, but later abandoned, a joint
British Airways to have BA fly a
Concorde supersonic jet
Shannon, Ireland with
FedEx packages on board, and then
FedEx would have flown the packages subsonically to their delivery
points in Europe. Ron Ponder, a vice president at the time, was in
charge of this proposed venture.
A Federal Express
McDonnell Douglas MD-11
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 in 1995.
In January 2000, FDX Corporation changed its name to
and re-branded all of its subsidiaries. Federal Express became FedEx
Express, RPS became
FedEx Ground, Roberts Express became
Critical, and Caliber
Logistics and Caliber Technology were combined
FedEx Global Logistics. A new subsidiary, called FedEx
Corporate Services, was formed to centralize the sales, marketing, and
customer service for all of the subsidiaries. In February 2000, FedEx
acquired Tower Group International, an international logistics
FedEx also acquired WorldTariff, a customs duty and tax
information company; TowerGroup and WorldTariff were re-branded to
FedEx Trade Networks.
FedEx Corp. acquired privately held Kinko's, Inc. in February 2004 and
FedEx Kinko's. The acquisition was made to expand
FedEx's retail access to the general public. After the acquisition,
Kinko's locations exclusively offered only FedEx
shipping. In June 2008,
FedEx announced that they would be dropping
Kinko's name from their ship centers;
Kinko's would now be
FedEx Office. In September 2004,
FedEx acquired Parcel
Direct, a parcel consolidator, and re-branded it
In December 2007, the U.S.
Internal Revenue Service
Internal Revenue Service "tentatively
FedEx Ground Division might be facing a tax liability of
$319 million for 2002, due to misclassification of its operatives
as independent contractors. Reversing a 1994 decision which allowed
FedEx to classify its operatives that own their own vehicles as
independent contractors, the IRS audited the years 2003 to 2006, with
a view to assessing whether similar misclassification of operatives
had taken place.
FedEx denied that any irregularities in
classification had occurred, but faced legal action from operatives
claiming benefits that would have accrued had they been classified as
In June 2009,
FedEx began a campaign against United Parcel Service
(UPS) and the
Teamsters union, accusing its competitor of receiving a
bailout in an advertising campaign called "Brown Bailout". FedEx
claimed that signing the Federal Aviation Administration
re-authorization bill, which would let some of its workers unionize
more easily (and, according to the Memphis-based company, "could
expose [its] customers at any time to local work stoppages that
interrupted the flow of their time-sensitive, high-value
shipments”), was equivalent to giving UPS a "bailout".
Independent observers heavily criticized FedEx's wording, claiming
that it was "an abuse of the term".
FedEx Express employees are
regulated under the Railway Labor Act.
On January 14, 2013,
FedEx named Henry Maier CEO and President of
FedEx Ground, to take effect after David Rebholz retired on May 31,
2013. On July 17, 2014,
FedEx was indicted for conspiracy to
distribute controlled substances in cooperation with the
Chhabra-Smoley Organization and Superior Drugs. According to the
U.S. Department of Justice, "
FedEx is alleged to have knowingly and
intentionally conspired to distribute controlled substances and
prescription drugs, including
Phendimetrazine (Schedule III); Ambien,
Phentermine, Diazepam, and
Alprazolam (Schedule IV), to customers who
had no legitimate medical need for them based on invalid prescriptions
issued by doctors who were acting outside the usual course of
professional practice." A representative for the company contested
these claims, stating that it would violate personal rights of
customers to deny service and that "We are a transportation company
— we are not law enforcement". On July 17, 2016 the Department
of Justice U.S. Attorney's Office confirmed in a statement that it had
asked U.S. District Court Judge Charles Breyer to dismiss the
indictment but also did not say why.
In April 2015,
FedEx acquired their rival firm
TNT Express for €4.4
billion ($4.8 billion; £3.2 billion) as it looks to expand their
operations in Europe.
Operating units and logos
FedEx is organized into operating units, each of which has its own
version of the wordmark designed in 1994 by Lindon Leader of Landor
Associates, of San Francisco. The Fed is always purple and the Ex
is in a different color for each division and platinum for the overall
corporation use. The original
FedEx logo had the Ex in orange; it is
now used as the
FedEx Express wordmark. The
FedEx wordmark is notable
for containing a subliminal right-pointing arrow in the negative space
between the "E" and the "X", which was achieved by designing a
proprietary font, based on
Univers and Futura, to emphasize the arrow
shape. In August 2016,
FedEx announced that all operating units
will switch over to the purple and orange color logo over the next 5
McDonnell Douglas MD-11
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 landing in
Hong Kong on August
FedEx Express (Orange "Ex"): The original overnight courier services,
providing next day air service within the
United States and
time-definite international service.
FedEx Express operates one of the
largest civil aircraft fleets in the world and the largest fleet of
wide bodied civil aircraft; it also carries more freight than any
Caribbean Transport Services: Until 2008, a part of
Provides airfreight forwarding services between the US mainland,
Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and other
FedEx Trade Networks (Orange "Ex", formerly Platinum): Provides
services relating to customs, insurance, and transportation advice.
Formerly C.J. Tower & Sons, then Tower Group International.
FedEx Supply Chain (Orange "Ex"): Provides logistics services
including Critical Inventory Logistics, Transportation Management
Services, Fulfillment Services, etc. Formerly Roadway Logistics
System, then Caliber Logistics.
FedEx Ground delivery van
FedEx Freight semi-trailer truck in Northbrook, Illinois.
FedEx Ground (Orange "Ex", formerly Green): Guaranteed day-definite
delivery within Canada and the
United States at a cost savings as
compared to time-definite
FedEx Express. Uses a large fleet of trucks
which are owned by the independent owner/operators and drivers are
independent contractors who control individual delivery routes and
territories. Formerly Roadway Package System (RPS).
FedEx Home Delivery: A division of
FedEx Home Delivery
specializes in residential delivery Tuesday through Saturday and
offers delivery options to provide more flexibility for residential
recipients. The logo includes a drawing of a dog carrying a package .
FedEx Home Delivery only operates in the United States. In the US it
is not uncommon for Home Delivery packages to be delivered by standard
Ground trucks. To make up the difference,
FedEx Ground in Canada
performs the business deliveries and residential deliveries.
FedEx SmartPost (Orange "Ex", formerly Green): Consolidates parcels
from merchants such as e-commerce and catalog companies and uses the
United States Postal Service for the final delivery. Formerly the
independent company Parcel Direct until
FedEx acquired it for $120
million in 2004.
FedEx Freight (Orange "Ex", formerly Red):
Less than truckload (LTL)
and other freight services. The largest LTL carrier in the United
States, with $4.5 billion in revenue for 2008.
FedEx Freight, Inc: Formerly American Freightways, Viking Freight, and
Watkins Motor Lines.
FedEx Freight Canada: Formerly Watkins Canada Express.
FedEx Custom Critical (Orange "Ex", formerly Blue): Delivers urgent,
valuable, or hazardous items using trucks and chartered aircraft.
Freight not accepted for transport includes perishable food, alcohol,
medication, livestock, household goods, hazardous waste, and
money. Drivers are independent contractors who own their vehicles.
Service in Mexico uses interline carriers. Formerly Roberts Cartage or
FedEx Services (Orange "Ex", formerly Platinum): Provides global
marketing, planning, and information technology (IT) services for the
FedEx operating companies.
FedEx TechConnect (Orange "Ex", formerly Platinum): Offering a
customer service toll-free telephone line for customer questions. It
is operated by an automated operator then will prompt the user to a
live agent for uses of tracking, claims, scheduling pick-ups (Express,
Ground, Same Day, Custom Critical,
Freight Express, and
compliments and complaints, locations (both staffed counter locations
and drop-boxes), ordering supplies, setting up
FedEx accounts, billing
etc. Formerly FCIS or
FedEx Customer Information Services.
FedEx Office (formerly
FedEx Kinko's) (Orange "Ex", formerly Blue):
The retail arm of the corporation, offers copying and digital
printing, professional finishing, document creation, Internet access,
computer rentals, signs and graphics, direct mail, Web-based printing,
FedEx shipping. Formerly an independent company, known as Kinko's
until it was acquired by
FedEx in 2004 and rebranded to
In June 2008 the company was finally rebranded as
FedEx Office and Print Centers: Provides services such as copying,
printing, Internet access and
FedEx Ship Centers: Provides a central location for
FedEx customers to
deposit their packages for shipping, also offering a self-service
photocopy and fax machine, office products for packing and shipping,
boxes, and packaging services. Formerly, these locations were called
FedEx World Service Centers.
FedEx Office and Print Centers and Ship Centers now offer Hold at
FedEx Ground &
FedEx Express shipments for easy pick
up. Transfer to Office/Ship centers takes 1 to 2 business days
(example: calling the customer service line one day prior to pick up.
This ensures package is put with proper route of courier that services
FedEx Office counts with its own
Couriers for Center to Center
and local customer deliveries.
FedEx SameDay City (Orange "Ex", formerly Platinum) a division of
FedEx office offers a delivery service between select ZIP codes in as
little as two hours
FedEx SameDay City allows a between: Standard, providing pickup by
noon and delivery by the end of the day, or Priority, providing
delivery within 2 hours.
FedEx SameDay City is currently expanding in
all major cities across the country and is planning on becoming its
own operating unit in the next five years.
The Standard Carrier Alpha Code (SCAC) is a unique code used to
identify transportation companies. It is typically two to four
alphabetic letters long. It was developed by the National Motor
Freight Traffic Association in the 1960s to help the transportation
industry for computerizing data and records. FedEx's codes include:
FedEx Custom Critical
FedEx Same Day City
Political donations and lobbying
According to the Center for Responsive Politics,
FedEx Corp is the
21st largest campaign contributor in the United States. The company
has donated over $21 million since 1990, 45% of which went to
Democrats and 55% to Republicans. Strong ties to the White House and
members of Congress allow access to international trade and tax cut
rebates as well as the rules of the business practices of the United
States Postal Service. In 2001,
FedEx sealed a $9 billion deal
USPS to transport all of the post office's overnight and
FedEx was among 53 entities that contributed the maximum of
$250,000 to sponsor the second inauguration of President George W.
During the first three months of 2010,
FedEx spent nearly
$4.9 million lobbying the federal government (UPS, FedEx's main
competitor, spent $1.6 million on lobbying over the same period),
a 4% increase from the $4.7 million spent during the last quarter
of 2009, but more than twice what it spent on lobbying during the
first quarter of 2009.
Anti shark fin protestors at the Fedex depot in Hong Kong's Kennedy
Town 3 July 2016
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FedEx refusing to stop shipping shark fin has been targeted by
environmental and conservation protestors. Protestors
demonstrated in front of a
FedEx depot at
Kennedy Town in
Hong Kong on
Sunday 3 July 2016. A further protest took place on 18 September
2016 at the Fedex depot at
Kwun Tong in Hong Kong.
National Rifle Association
In late February 2018, the company was embroiled in accusations that
it supports the
National Rifle Association
National Rifle Association (NRA). On February 26,
2018, the company chose not to withdraw from offering discounts on
services to NRA members, even as gun-control advocates called for the
shipping company to cut ties with the NRA since the school shooting in
Awards and honors
The firm was named by Fortune magazine as one of the top 100 companies
to work for in 2013, citing the company's choice to downsize with
voluntary buyouts rather than involuntary layoffs.
Some of FedEx's ad campaigns:
"When it Absolutely, Positively has to be there overnight" –
"It's not Just a Package, It's Your Business" – 1987–1988
"Our Most Important Package is Yours" – 1991–1994
"Absolutely, Positively Anytime" – 1995
"The Way the World Works," 1996–1998
"Be Absolutely Sure," 1998–2000
"This is a Job for FedEx," 2001–2002
"Don’t worry, there's a
FedEx for that,” 2002–2003
"Relax, it’s FedEx," 2004–2008
"The World On Time" 2001–present
"We Understand," 2009–present
"We Live To Deliver" 2009–present
John Moschitta ad
FedExForum in Memphis, Tennessee.
In 1981, their advertising firm Ally & Gargano hired performer
John Moschitta, Jr., known for his fast speech delivery, to do an ad
for Federal Express titled "Fast Paced World". This single commercial
would be cited years later by New York as one of the most memorable
Denny Hamlin driving the FedEx-sponsored No. 11 car at the 2012 Kobalt
From 1997 to 2002,
FedEx was the title sponsor of
Champ Car World
Series when it was known as CART. The series was known as the "CART
FedEx Championship Series", which led to the official "Champ Car"
designation in reference to the fact they were the
FedEx became the sponsor of the No. 11
NASCAR Sprint Cup
Joe Gibbs Racing
Joe Gibbs Racing and driven by Mike Bliss,
Jason Leffler and Denny
Hamlin in 2005.
FedEx uses four (predominantly black) paint schemes to
showcase its different products (Express, Freight, Ground, and
Office), and in 2005 also ran a special scheme to promote a charity
event at the
FedEx St. Jude Classic golf tournament. The 11 car has
been driven on a permanent basis by Hamlin since 2006.
FedEx previously sponsored the
Formula One team McLaren. Prior to that
FedEx had sponsored Ferrari, Benetton, and Williams F1.
FedEx does not
currently sponsor any F1 team.
From 1989 to 2010,
FedEx was the title sponsor of the Orange Bowl,
played in Miami, Florida.
FedExField, home of the National Football League's Washington Redskins
in Landover, Maryland
FedEx sponsors FedExForum, home of the NBA's
Memphis Grizzlies and the
University of Memphis
University of Memphis men's basketball team.
FedEx sponsors the
Heineken Cup in Rugby 
Beginning in 2007,
FedEx became the title sponsor of the
FedEx Cup, a
championship trophy for the PGA Tour.
FedEx is the Main Sponsor of the
UEFA Europa League
UEFA Europa League since 2015.
Federal Express Flight 705
Federal Express Flight 705 (attempted hijacking)
Top 100 US Federal Contractors
^ a b c d e "
FedEx 2017 Annual Results". Retrieved 2017-12-07.
FedEx in Memphis". FedEx. Retrieved on February 28, 2010.
^ "Connecting People and Possibilities: The History of FedEx". FedEx.
FedEx. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
Delaware Department of State, Division of Corporations, Online
Services Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.;
^ a b c d
FedEx History About FedEx. About.fedex.designcdt.com.
Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
^ " The Marketing Doctor Says:
FedEx Does It Again!" Marketing Doctor
Blog. June 3, 2008.
FedEx Ditches Kinko's" Business Week. June 3, 2008.
^ Ron Da Parma (December 27, 2007). "IRS says
FedEx may owe
$319 million". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved
^ a b c 'Brown Bailout?' Hardly, FactCheck.org
FedEx "Brown Bailout" battle rages on". Fleetowner.com.
Archived from the original on June 16, 2010. Retrieved June 16,
FedEx Corp. Announces Henry J. Maier to Succeed David F. Rebholz as
President and CEO for
FedEx Ground". fort mill times. Retrieved
January 14, 2013.
^ Moyer, Justin (July 18, 2014). "
FedEx indicted for drug dealing. Not
a delivery guy — the whole company". Washington Post.
FedEx Indicted For Its Role In Distributing Controlled Substances
And Prescription Drugs". U.S. Department of Justice. July 17,
^ Elias, Paul. "
FedEx charges raise online pharmacy issues". Yahoo.
Retrieved 2 August 2014.
^ "A trial accusing
FedEx of knowingly shipping illegal prescription
drugs just ended suddenly". Retrieved 2016-08-24.
^ Beckerman, Josh (2016-06-20). "FedEx: Justice Department Dismisses
Charges Over Online Pharmacy Shipments". Wall Street Journal.
ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-08-24.
^ "Feds Drop Charges Claiming
FedEx Knowingly Trafficked Illegal
Prescription Drugs". Fortune. 2016-06-20. Retrieved 2016-08-24.
FedEx to buy rival
TNT Express for €4.4bn". BBC News. 7 April
FedEx to buy Dutch Delivery Company TNT for 4.4 billion euros".
news.biharprabha.com. Reuters. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April
^ a b The Sneeze: The Man Behind the
FedEx Logo, November 16, 2004
^ "WATS Scheduled
Freight Tonne – Kilometres". International Air
Transport Association. 2006. Archived from the original on January 30,
FedEx Ground About FedEx. About.fedex.designcdt.com. Retrieved on
July 11, 2011.
^ fedex service info – u.s. – home delivery. Fedex.com. Retrieved
on July 11, 2011.
^ "Current Report Sept 2004, Inc 2004 Current Report, Form 8-K, Filing
Date Sept 22, 2004". secdatabase.com. Retrieved Dec 26, 2012.
^ Comments. Logisticsmgmt.com. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
FedEx Custom Critical Solutions". Retrieved September 18,
FedEx Office About FedEx. About.fedex.designcdt.com. Retrieved on
July 11, 2011.
FedEx Corp: Summary." Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved on
February 28, 2010.
^ Drinkard, Jim (January 17, 2005). "Donors get good seats, great
access this week". USA Today. Retrieved May 25, 2008.
^ "Financing the inauguration". USA Today. January 16, 2005. Retrieved
May 25, 2008.
^ "Some question inaugural's multi-million price tag". USA Today.
January 14, 2005. Retrieved May 25, 2008.
FedEx spends $4.9 million lobbying in 1st-quarter Bloomberg
Businessweek. 2010-06-11. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
FedEx slammed for ‘lack of sincerity’ in banning shark fin
Hong Kong Free Press, 22 April 2017
^ "100 Million Sharks Are Killed Every Year! Sign Petition and Tell
FedEx to Stop Shipping Fins" One Green Planet, 1 February 2017
FedEx To Stop Shipping Shark Fins" The Dodo 24 August 2015
Hong Kong activists protest against
FedEx for shipping shark fins"
The San Diego Union Tribune, 3 July 2016
"In Pictures: Wildlife activists urge
FedEx to stop shipping shark
fin" 19 September 2016]
^ Danielle Wiener-Bronner and Jill Disis (February 26, 2018). "FedEx
will keep its NRA discount". CNN MONEY. Retrieved February 27,
^ Bloomberg (February 26, 2018). "
FedEx Will Keep NRA Discounts
Despite Calls for Boycott". Fortune Magazine. Retrieved February 27,
^ "100 Best Companies to Work For 2013 -
FedEx Corporation - Fortune".
^ "Federal Express Corporation". trademarkia.com. Trademarkia.
Retrieved 22 February 2016.
^ "TV Acres Advertising Mascots". Retrieved September 18, 2008.
^ FedExName will come off Orange Bowl, Sports Business Journal
^ Marketing and Advertising About FedEx. About.fedex.designcdt.com.
Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
FedEx Forum". athleticbusiness.com. Athletic Business. Retrieved 22
^ "and Rugby - The
Heineken Cup -
FedEx United Kingdom". FedEx.com.
2014-05-24. Retrieved 2015-03-30.
^ "Prepare thoroughly. Commit totally. Deliver". FedEx. FedEx.
Retrieved 22 February 2016.
ISNI: 0000 0001 2217 6355
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