Faizabad is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, and forms a
municipal corporation with Ayodhya. It is the headquarters of Faizabad
Faizabad division. It is situated on the banks of river
Ghaghra (locally known as Saryu) about 130 km east of state capital
Lucknow. It was the first capital of the
Nawabs of Awadh
Nawabs of Awadh and has
monuments built by the Nawabs, like the Tomb of Bahu Begum, Gulab
1.1 Establishment of Princely state of Avadh
2 Connection of freedom fighters with Faizabad
4.2 By Road
4.3 By Train
4.4 By Air
Faizabad Sports Complex
Faizabad International Sports Stadium
6.1 Places to see
6.2 Shopping places
11 Notable people
12 Faizabadi cuisine
12.1 Cooking style
13.1 Surrounding districts
14 See also
16 External links
Nawab of Awadh
See also: Oudh State
Saadat Ali Khan, the first and very powerful
Nawab and progenitor of
Nawabs of Awadh, who laid the foundation of
Faizabad and made it the
Safdarjung, the second
Nawab of Awadh, who made
Faizabad a military
The earliest reference made to
Faizabad is said to be in the Ramayana,
in which the city is referred to as Saket, the mythical private estate
of King Dashrath, father of
Lord Ram but the other sources indicate
that Saket, which means
Heaven in Sanskrit, is the ancient name of
holy city of
Ayodhya not Faizabad. However, more accurately, the
reference is found in Medieval and Modern history, when
Ali Khan, Burhan-ul-Mulk was given the charge of the Subah of Awadh
around 1722 by the Mughal Court.
Nawab Sa'adat Khan made the first
settlements along the banks of
Ghaghra with a cantonment consisting of
a fortress and mud barracks. Due to these temporary dwellings,
Faizabad was first known as 'Bangla' (implied meaning- hutment).
Establishment of Princely state of Avadh
Avadh, a princely state of India, was established around 1722 AD with
Faizabad as its capital and
Saadat Ali Khan I
Saadat Ali Khan I as first
Nawabs of Awadh
Nawabs of Awadh He made his own palace near Ayodhya, and
renamed the city of
Saket to Faizabad, which became the capital of the
new government. Due to his management policy state's income rose from
Rs.7 to 20 million.
Faizabad was developed later on by Saadat Ali Khan's second successor,
Shuja-ud-Daula into a full-fledged capital city, with gardens,
palaces, markets, roads and other infrastructure. Under
Faizabad achieved its culmination as an
important centre of trade and commerce in northern
India and attracted
travellers, writers, merchants, artists and courtesans from all over
Europe and Asia.
Shuja-ud-Daula also built a fortress on the banks of
Saryu after he lost the battle of Buxar in 1764. however, this fort
now is nothing more than a hummock, just an edict remains which is
Faizabad was also a centre of one of many battles of the Mutiny of
1857. A detailed history of
Faizabad can be read in
'Tareekh-e-Farahbaksh', written by Munshi Mohd. Faiz Baksh, (after
Faizabad is named) a courtier in the Shuja-ud-Daula's court. This
book has been translated into English by Hamid Afaq Qureshi as
'Memoirs of Faizabad'.
Faizabad also finds a prominent and detailed
mention in 'Guzishta Lakhnau' written by Maulvi Abdul Halim 'Sharar'.
The third nawab of Awadh,
Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula, shifted the Capital of
Lucknow in 1775 after his terms with his mother became
Saadat Khan, the first
Nawab of Awadh, laid the foundation of Faizabad
at the outskirt of ancient city of Ayodhya.
Faizabad developed as a
township during the reign of Safdar Jang, the second nawab of Avadh
(1739–54), who made it his military headquarters while his successor
Shuja-ud-daula made it full-fledged capital city. Suja-ud-daula, the
Nawab of Awadh, settled at
Faizabad after 1764 and built a fort
known as Chhota Calcutta, now in ruins. In 1765 he built the Chowk and
Tirpaulia and subsequently laid out the Anguribagh and Motibagh to the
south of it, Asafbagh and Bulandbagh to the west of the city. During
the reign of Shuja-Ud-Daula,
Faizabad attained such a prosperity which
it never saw again. The Nawabs graced Faziabad with several beautiful
buildings, notable among them being the Gulab Bari, Moti Mahal and the
tomb of Bahu Begum.
Gulab Bari is a striking building of fine
properties, standing in a garden surrounded by a wall, approachable
through two large gateways. These buildings are particularly
interesting for their assimilative architectural styles.
Shuja-ud-daula's wife was the well known Bahu Begum, who married the
Nawab in 1743 and continued to reside in Faizabad, her residence being
the Moti-Mahal. Close by at Jawaharbagh lies her Maqbara, where she
was buried after her death in 1816. It is considered to be one of the
finest buildings of its kind in Avadh, which was built at the cost of
three lakh rupees by her chief advisor Darab Ali Khan. A fine view of
the city is obtainable from top of the begum's tomb. Bahu Begum was a
woman of great distinction and rank, bearing dignity. Most of the
Muslim buildings of
Faizabad are attributed to her. From the date of
Bahu Begum's death in 1815 till the annexation of Avadh, the city of
Faizabad gradually fell into decay. The glory of
eclipsed with the shifting of capital from
Connection of freedom fighters with Faizabad
Main article: Ashfaqulla Khan
Ashfaqulla Khan memorial at
Ashfaqulla Khan was detained in the
Faizabad jail, as a consequence of
the Kakori conspiracy, and a case filed against him. His brother,
Riyasat Ulla Khan employed Kripa Shankar Hajela, a senior advocate to
plead his case in court, but was unsuccessful. Death sentences were
awarded to four defendants (i.e. Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla
Rajendra Lahiri and Thakur Roshan Singh). The other sixteen
defendants were sentenced to imprisonment from four years to life.
Subhas Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose is said to have lived his last days in
the "godman", Gumnami Baba, who died in 1985 and was secretly cremated
at night on the banks of the Saryu River where a memorial has been
Religions in Faizabad
Distribution of religions
†Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).
As per provisional reports of Census India, population of
2011 is 167,544; of which male and female are 87,279 and 80,265
respectively. The sex ratio of
Faizabad city is 920 per 1000 males. In
education section, total literates in
Faizabad city are 130,700 of
which 70,243 are males while 60,457 are females. Average literacy rate
Faizabad city is 86.52 percent of which male and female literacy
was 89.34 and 83.45 percent. Total children (0–6) in
are 16,479 as per figure from Census
India report on 2011. There were
8,658 boys while 7,821 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 903 per
Faizabad city is governed by Municipal Corporation which
Faizabad Urban Agglomeration. Although
Faizabad city has
population of 167,544; its urban / metropolitan population is 259,160
of which 139,074 are males and 120,086 are females.
See also: List of cities in Uttar Pradesh
Climate data for Faizabad
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Summer (March to July) temperatures can range from 35 to 45 degrees
Celsius. Winters (November to February) temperatures can range from 6
to 25 degrees Celsius. Rains during monsoon season (July to
Faizabad is situated on National Highway 28 and has good connectivity
with Kanpur(213 km),
Lucknow (127 km), Varanasi
Allahabad (161 km) and
Gorakhpur (165 km).
The state government's Road Transport Service runs regular and
frequent buses to and from these cities. NH27 connects
Gorakhpur whilst NH330 connects
Allahabad via Sultanpur.
Nawab Yusuf Road connects
Varanasi via Jaunpur, NH330A connectes
Kumarganj & Jagdishpur.
Faizabad Junction in Faizabad
Ayodhya Junction in Faizabad.
Faizabad Railway Station: The
Indian Railways network connects
Faizabad directly with
Kanpur (4 hours)
Lucknow (3 hours.), Varanasi
(4 hours.) and
Allahabad (5 hours).
Faizabad Superfast Express is a train which runs weekly connecting
Faizabad Junction railway station to Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Mumbai.
Its one of the two trains which runs between
other one is
Saket Express which runs twice a week. It is numbered as
22103/22104.A few mail express trains also connect
Kolkata, New Delhi and Mumbai.
Faizabad Delhi express runs daily from
Faizabad to Delhi and Delhi to
Faizabad New railway line propose
Ayodhya Junction is the second major railway station
Faizabad city which is situated at south end of the city.
Acharya Narendra Dev Nagar station: It is another option to reach
faizabad. This small station lies in the heart of the city "near to
Nearest airports are
Kanpur Airport(186 km)
Airport (128 km),
Allahabad Airport (144 km) and Varanasi
International Airport (200 km)
The airstrip of
Faizabad has an old airport and flying school at naka along national
highway (NH28). The airport has been neglected since a long time due
to the lack of leadership and support. Recently, efforts are there to
convert this airport into full-fledged domestic airport by Union
government.Former union aviation minister Ajit Singh is constantly
demanding this airport to be handed over to Airports Authority of
India so that the airport could be developed further and scheduled
domestic flights could be operable from this airport. But the lack of
will and interest by state government is hindering and delaying the
development of this airport.
Faizabad Sports Complex
Faizabad Sports Complex
Faizabad Sports Complex Loc: 26°43′47″N 82°08′17″E /
26.72972°N 82.13806°E / 26.72972; 82.13806 is an international
standard sports complex being built on
NH 96 (
Faizabad To Sultanpur
Road). The new sports complex would have astro turf, synthetic track,
olympic size swimming pool, cricket field, hostels and other required
facilities. After an ultra-modern sports complex in Greater Noida,
meerut and at
Saifai in Etawah, this is one of the sports facilities
in Uttar Pradesh.
Faizabad International Sports Stadium
Faizabad Stadium under construction
Bhim Rao Ambedkar International Sports Stadium
Bhim Rao Ambedkar International Sports Stadium is the part of
multi crore Rs. project for sports complex by state government. The
Lokayukta office has received a complaint from one Bhanu Pratap Singh
Faizabad who has accused the minister of corruption in the
construction of Faizabd international stadium. According to the
complainant, the sports minister had a nexus with former sports
director Hari Om and former project manager R.D. Prasad and had
deliberately delayed the construction of the ₹ 86 crore Dr Bhim Rao
Ambedkar stadium, paving the way for an escalation of costs to ₹
Places to see
Gulab Bari is the tomb of the third
Shuja-ud-Daula in Faizabad
Gulab Bari: Literally meaning 'Garden of Roses', the tomb of Nawab
Nawab of Awadh), this place has a good
collection of roses of various varieties set by the sides of water
Gulab Bari also houses a maqbara (Mausoleum) of Nawab
Shuja-ud-Daula in the campus.
Bahu Begum ka Maqbara
Bahu Begum ka Maqbara (Bahu Begum's Mausoluem) in Faizabad
Bahu Begum ka Maqbara: (The Mausoleum of the Queen Bride) the memorial
built for queen of
Nawab Shujah-ud-Daulah, Unmatuzzohra Bano Begum.
Its one of the tallest buildings in
Faizabad and is a beautiful
example of non-mughal Muslim architecture. Sadly, this beautiful
monument is a victim of neglect and is crumbling.
Military Temple: (The Dogra Regimental Centre/ Corps of Military
Police CMP Temple) Located in cantonment area, this temple is
beautifully built and the cleanlines and the pollution free
environment is just spiritual thing.
Guptar Ghat: the Ghat (Jetty) where Lord Rama is believed to have
taken 'jal samadhi' (leaving the earth for 'Baikuntha', the divine
abode of Lord Vishnu, by drowning himself). It has picturesque view of
the saryu river and its green banks and has several ancient temples.
The view of sunset from Guptar Ghat is breathtaking. a boat ride is a
must while visiting this place.
Company Gardens : Adjoining Guptar Ghat, on the banks of River
Saryu, is Company Gardens, a botanical garden built during British
Rule. it has a well maintained, sprawling garden set amidst lush
greenery, far away from the hustle and bustle of the town. It also has
an orchard spread over acres. Plants and Trees can also be bought
here. The remains of the fort built by
Shuja-ud-Daula after the
battle of Buxar is also within walking distance.
Ghanta Ghar: The heart of
Faizabad city, houses a clock tower (Ghanta
means 'clock' in Hindi and Ghar is the Hindi word for 'house') in the
middle of the city center. All distances within the city are measured
from this location. The place is also known as Chowk, which houses the
main vegetable and spice market in the town.
Shringi Rishi Ashram: 35 km from
ashram of Sage (Rishi in Sanskrit/Hindi) Shringi. Shringi Rishi
performed 'Putrakameshti Yajya' for King Dashrath of Ayodhya, after
that Lord Rama and his three brothers were born. There is an ashram of
Shringi Rishi situated at Sherwaghat near
Mehbubganj 11 km from
Goshainganj on the banks of Sarayu river at Sherwa Ghat. Legend has it
that Shringi Rishi cursed King Parikshit for his sinful conduct
against rishi Lomash. The boons and curse uttered by him were proved
to be absolutely true. Rishi Shringi was a distinguished expert of the
super science of mantras. A temple of Shringi Rishi, is also located
at Sherwaghat, and a fair is held every year in May in his honour. A
cave is also located in district
Goshainganj where he is supposed to have stayed. It is a long cave
where he is supposed to do 'yagna' (Ritual) and is worth seeing. A
place called Dilasigang. This is amazing place as located on Ghaghra
Maharshi Balmiki Ashram Babuapur : This is quite underrated but
a very beautiful place in
Faizabad to visit named on the great saint
#Maharishi #Balmilki who wrote Ramayan in
Sanskrit language in the
time of Lord Rama. It is located 28 km from
Faizabad city in
Babuapur village directly connected with dilasiganj. its amazing river
Ghaghra (Saryu), which is a holy river here and you can see
the natural beauty here like sunrise and sunset. Its interesting for
the one who loves to click raw pictures.
Faizabad Chowk, is the heart of the city.
Faizabad Chowk: Next to Ghanta Ghar, is the central market of Faizabad
town. One can find vegetables, fruits and spices, jewellery shops,
clothing and other retail.
Rekabgunj: About a kilometer away from Chowk (towards Lucknow) lies
the Rekabgunj market which has a multitude of pharmacies. The market
also has some seed shops which cater to the farmers of the adjoining
regions. Many Restaurants and Hotels are there when going towards
Lucknow. This is one of the Tourist's spot.
Bajaja: (now known as Subhas Nagar)A place adjacent to Chowk towards
Sultanpur Road holds a market for Clothes and garments. In Urdu Bajaja
means cloth market. This area also holds major banks viz Union Bank of
India, SBI and
Allahabad Bank. Abha hotel in the centre of bajaja and
in the main city.
Fatehganj: This is a market mainly for wholesale grocery and other
house hold items. This area is on the same road on which Bajaja falls.
Hotel Krishna Palace is adjacent to the fountain near
This is the place which is near to Bus Station as well as Railway
Station. This is one of the Tourist's spot.
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia
Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
Brij Kishore Homoeopathy Medical College
Faizabad has an array of
English and Hindi medium schools which include jawahar navodaya
vidyalaya, N.D.D.A.V Public school kumarganj, Sunbeam School, Kendriya
Faizabad Army Public School, Anil Saraswati Vidya Mandir,
The Cambrian School, JBA, Tiny tots school, Udaya Public School,
Faizabad Public School, Rajkaran vedic Pathshala, Government Inter
College(G.I.C.), Grammar Inter College, Grammar Academy, Canossa
Convent Girls' Inter College, S.S.V. Inter College, D.G.I Inter
College, M.L.M.L Inter College., Gyan Deep Inter College Krishna nagar
Achhora Faizabad, etc.
The Town of
Fyzabad in Trinidad and Tobago is named after Faizabad,
when indentured labourers from
Faizabad and other districts in Uttar
Pradesh were taken to the islands. There are towns with same name in
Afghanistan (Fayzabad, Badakhshan) and
Tajikistan (Faizobod) as well.
Afghanistan is the administrative headquarters of the
Badakhshan Province. M M Luskhary Academy, Barun Bazar, Faizabad
Arjuna Award winner
Akhil Kumar and Rocstar pop
Barry Hay were born in Faizabad.
Brij Narayan Chakbast- nineteenth-century Urdu poet.
credited to have translated the
Ramayana into Urdu for the first time.
Mangal Pandey ( Father of India's first war of Independence 1857, Born
in faizabad tehsil, village of dugwa rahimpur)
Mirza Rafi Sauda
Mirza Rafi Sauda was born in Faizabad.
Acharya Narendra Deva
Arjun Award winner
Akhil Kumar was born in Faizabad
Francis Quinton, an English cricketer, was born Faizabad.
Barry Hay a pop singer was born in Faizabad.
Indu Jain (Owner of Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd, Times of India
Group, Forbes India's top 20 richest person)
Vinay Katiyar (Politician)
Mir Babar Ali Anis
Mir Babar Ali Anis a famous Urdu poet
Brij Narayan Chakbast
Brij Narayan Chakbast (Poet writer of URDU Ramayana)
Umrao Jaan(a Famous character named Umrao Jaan Ada)
Akhtari Bai Faizabadi, or Begum Akhtar
Akhil Kumar ( Indian Boxer, Olympian)
Pooja Batra (
Abhishek Chaubey (
Bollywood Film Director - Ishqiya, de ishquiya)
Kathleen Crofton, an English dancer, was born is Faizabad
Nivedita Tiwari Actress
Mitrasen Yadav (Politician)
Anushka Sharma (Actress)
Ravindranath Tewari (Former Minister)
Main article: Awadhi cuisine
Traditionally being an unintegrated part of Awadh;
Awadhi cuisine is
the cuisine popular in Faizabad.
Awadhi thali (platter) with
Naan bread, Daal, Raita, Shahi paneer, and
Some assorted halva including sooji, chana, and gajar halva
Paratha served with tea.
puri with accompaniments
Chicken Dum Biryani is one of the delicacy of Awadh.
Persian dishes introduced in
Chicken Curry with Chapati.
Dum dena: This is a frequently method used in
Awadh cooking. 'Dum'
literally means 'breath' and the process involves placing the
semi-cooked ingredients in a pot or deg, sealing the utensil with
flour dough and applying very slow charcoal fire from top, by placing
some live charcoal on the lid, and some below. The Persian influence
is most evident in this method though in
Awadh it has acquired its own
distinct character. The magic of dum' is the excellent aroma, flavor
and texture which results from slow cooking. This method is followed
for a number of delicacies such as the Shabdeg, Pulao and Biryani. Any
dish cooked by this method is 'Dum Pukht' or 'Dum Bakht'
This temple is situated in the centre of Ayodhya,
Faizabad and is
visited by a number of travellers.
Pooja Batra was born in Faizabad.
Depiction of The fort, now ruined, was built by Shujaudaula of
Faizabad Hodges, William (1744–1797).
Faizabad Fort by William Hodges, 1787.
Gate of the Loll-Baug at Fyzabad; by Thomas and William Daniell, 1801*
Rose Garden at Gulab Bari
Inside view of the Tomb
Hammam at the Gulab Bari
Entrance to Bahu Begum ka Maqbara.
"Gateway, Faizabad," a photo, c.1880's.
another view of Maqbara
Ramparts of Maqbara
The main entrance way of Maqbara is lined with palm trees.
The majestic architecture
Arched entrance to halls inside Maqbara.
A hall inside maqbara of bahu begum
Gulab Bari, The Mausoleum of
Nawab Shuja ud Daulah,
The temple at Guptar Ghat
Guptar Ghat during the dry winter season
beautiful gothic style church at the Mission School
Faizabad Chowk, the city centre with its clock tower.
Acharya Narendra Dev's family mansion in Faizabad.
Ayodhya Ghaat on the bank
Acharya Narendra Deva's Family Mansion in Faizabad
Ghaghra river, locally known as Saryu, at Faizabad.
Ghaghara river Faizabd.
Famous Hanuman Garih temple. A Young Priest is operating the Darshan
This river is of ancient significance, finding mentions in the Vedas
and the Ramayana. On Ram Navami, the festival that celebrates the
birthday of Lord Rama, thousands of people take a dip in the Sarayu
River at Ayodhya.
Places adjacent to Faizabad
History of Uttar Pradesh
^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8
July 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
^ "HISTORY OF AWADH (Oudh), a princely State of India". by Hameed
Akhtar Siddiqui. Archived from the original on 2001-09-01. Retrieved
^ "History of Faizabad". myuttarpradesh.co.in/. Archived from the
original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
^ "Welcome to
Faizabad History". official website of Faizabad
district. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
^ "Faizabad". Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved 25
^ "Sports minister faces lokayukta probe in U.P." Asian Age. Lucknow.
31 October 2011. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012.
Ayodhya Prasad Pal comes under Lokayukta scanner for corruption
charges". 30 October 2011.
Peep into Jainism
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