The Info List - Ewan MacColl

James Henry Miller (25 January 1915 – 22 October 1989), better known by his stage name Ewan MacColl, was an English folk singer, songwriter, communist, labour activist, actor, poet, playwright and record producer born in Lancashire
to Scottish parents.


1 Early life and early career 2 Personal life 3 Acting career 4 Music

4.1 Political songs

5 Radio 6 Songwriting, teaching and theatre 7 Later years 8 Bibliography 9 Discography 10 Quotation 11 References 12 External links

Early life and early career[edit] MacColl was born as James Henry Miller at 4 Andrew Street, in Broughton, Salford, Lancashire,[1] to Scottish parents, William Miller and Betsy (née Henry), both socialists. William Miller was an iron moulder and trade unionist who had moved to Salford with his wife, a charwoman, to look for work after being blacklisted in almost every foundry in Scotland.[2] James Miller was the youngest and only surviving child in the family of three sons and one daughter (one of each sex was stillborn and one son died at the age of four). They lived amongst a group of Scots and Jimmy was brought up in an atmosphere of fierce political debate interspersed with the large repertoire of songs and stories his parents had brought from Scotland. He was educated at Grecian Street School in Broughton. He left school in 1930 after an elementary education, during the Great Depression and, joining the ranks of the unemployed, began a lifelong programme of self-education whilst keeping warm in Manchester
Central Library. During this period he found intermittent work in a number of jobs and also made money as a street singer.[2] He joined the Young Communist
League and a socialist amateur theatre troupe, the Clarion Players. He began his career as a writer helping produce and contributing humorous verse and skits to some of the Communist
Party's factory papers. He was an activist in the unemployed workers' campaigns and the mass trespasses of the early 1930s. One of his best-known songs, "The Manchester
Rambler", was written after the pivotal mass trespass of Kinder Scout. He was responsible for publicity in the planning of the trespass.[3] In 1932 the British intelligence service, MI5, opened a file on MacColl, after local police asserted that he was "a communist with very extreme views" who needed "special attention".[4] For a time the Special Branch
Special Branch
kept a watch on the Manchester
home that he shared with his first wife, Joan Littlewood. MI5
caused some of MacColl's songs to be rejected by the BBC, and prevented the employment of Littlewood as a BBC
children's programme presenter. Personal life[edit] He was married three times: to theatre director Joan Littlewood; to Jean Newlove, with whom he had two children, a son Hamish, and a daughter the singer/songwriter Kirsty MacColl; and to American folksinger Peggy Seeger, with whom he had three children, Kitty, Calum and Neill. He collaborated with Littlewood in the theatre, and with Seeger in folk music. Acting career[edit] In 1931, with other unemployed members of the Clarion Players he formed an agit-prop theatre group, the "Red Megaphones". During 1934 they changed the name to "Theatre of Action" and not long after were introduced to a young actress recently moved up from London. This was Joan Littlewood
Joan Littlewood
who became Miller's wife and work partner. In 1936, after a failed attempt to move to London, the couple returned to Manchester, and formed the Theatre Union. In 1940 a performance of The Last Edition – a 'living newspaper' – was halted by the police and Miller and Littlewood were bound over for two years for breach of the peace. The necessities of wartime brought an end to Theatre Union. MacColl enlisted in the British Army
British Army
during July 1940, but deserted in December. Why he did so, and why he was not prosecuted after the war, remain a mystery.[4] In an interview in June 1987, he said that he was expelled for "anti-fascist activity".[5] Allan Moore and Giovanni Vacca wrote that MacColl had been subject to Special Observation whilst in the King's Regiment, owing to his political views, and that the records show that, rather than being discharged, he was declared a deserter on 18 December 1940.[5] In 1946 members of Theatre Union and others formed Theatre Workshop and spent the next few years touring, mostly in the north of England. In 1945, Miller changed his name to Ewan MacColl (influenced by the Lallans movement in Scotland)[clarification needed].[1][2] In the Theatre Union roles had been shared, but now, in Theatre Workshop, they were more formalised. Littlewood was the sole producer and MacColl the dramaturge, art director and resident dramatist. The techniques that had been developed in the Theatre Union now were refined, producing the distinctive form of theatre that was the hallmark of Joan Littlewood's Theatre Workshop, as the troupe was later known. They were an impoverished travelling troupe, but were making a name for themselves.[citation needed] Music[edit] During this period MacColl's enthusiasm for folk music grew. Inspired by the example of Alan Lomax, who had arrived in Britain and Ireland in 1950, and had done extensive fieldwork there, MacColl also began to collect and perform traditional ballads. His long involvement with Topic Records started in 1950 with his release of a single, "The Asphalter's Song", on that label. When, in 1953 Theatre Workshop decided to move to Stratford, London, MacColl, who had opposed that move, left the company and changed the focus of his career from acting and playwriting to singing and composing folk and topical songs.[citation needed] Over the years MacColl recorded and produced upwards of a hundred albums, many with English folk song collector and singer A. L. Lloyd. The pair released an ambitious series of eight LP albums of some 70 of the 305 Child Ballads. MacColl produced a number of LPs with Irish singer songwriter Dominic Behan, a brother of Irish playwright Brendan Behan.[citation needed] In 1956, MacColl caused a scandal when he fell in love with 21-year-old Peggy Seeger, who had come to Britain to transcribe the music for Alan Lomax's anthology Folk Songs of North America (published in 1961). At the time MacColl, who was twenty years older than Peggy, was still married to his second wife, the dancer Jean Newlove (b. 1923), the mother of two of his children, Hamish (b. 1950) and Kirsty (1959–2000). Many of MacColl's best-known songs were written for the theatre. For example, he wrote "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" very quickly at the request of Peggy Seeger, who needed it for use in a play she was appearing in. He taught it to her by long-distance telephone, while she was on tour in the United States (from which MacColl had been barred because of his Communist
past). Peggy Seeger
Peggy Seeger
said that MacColl used to send her tapes to listen to whilst they were apart and that the song was on one of them.[6] This song became a No. 1 hit in 1972 when recorded by Roberta Flack and won MacColl a Grammy Award for Song of the Year, while Flack received a Grammy Award for Record of the Year.[7] In 1959, MacColl began releasing LP albums on Folkways Records, including several collaborative albums with Peggy Seeger. His song "Dirty Old Town", inspired by his home town of Salford in Lancashire, was written to bridge an awkward scene change in his play Landscape with Chimneys (1949). It went on to become a folk-revival staple and was recorded by the Spinners (1964), Donovan
(1964), Roger Whittaker (1968), the Dubliners (1968), Rod Stewart
Rod Stewart
(1969), the Clancy Brothers (1970), the Pogues
(1985), the Mountain Goats (2002), Simple Minds (2003), Ted Leo and the Pharmacists
Ted Leo and the Pharmacists
(2003), Frank Black
Frank Black
(2006) and Bettye LaVette
Bettye LaVette
(2012). Ewan has a short biography of his work in the accompanying book of the Topic Records 70 year anniversary boxed set Three Score and Ten.[8]:11 Four of his recordings appear in the boxed set, on the fifth CD Go Down You Murderers from Chorus from the Gallows as track four, and on the sixth CD track nine To the Begging I Will Go from Manchester Angel, track fourteen Sixteen Tons
Sixteen Tons
with Brian Daly from the single Sixteen Tons/The Swan Necked Valve and track eighteen Dirty Old Town from the single Dirty Old Town/Sheffield Apprentice. One of his songs appears with another act, Come All Ye Fisher Lads by the Fisher Family from their eponymous album as track two on the fourth CD. Political songs[edit] MacColl was one of the main composers of British protest songs during the folk revival of the 1950s/'60s. In the early '50s he penned "The Ballad
of Ho Chi Minh" (well known even today in Vietnam)[according to whom?] and (less presentably) "The Ballad
of Stalin" for the British Communist

Joe Stalin was a mighty man and a mighty man was he He led the Soviet people on the road to victory.

When asked about the song in a 1985 interview, he said that it was "a very good song" and that "it dealt with some of the positive things that Stalin did".[9] In 1992, after his death, Peggy Seeger
Peggy Seeger
included it as an annex in her Essential Ewan MacColl Songbook, saying that she had originally planned to exclude the song on the grounds that Ewan would not have wanted it included, but decided to include it as an example of his work in his early career.[10] MacColl sang and composed numerous protest and topical songs for the nuclear disarmament movement, for example "Against the Atom Bomb".,[11] The Vandals, Nightmare and Nuclear Means Jobs.[12] MacColl dedicated an entire album to the lifestyle of Gypsies in his 1964 album The Travelling People. Many of the songs spoke against the prejudice against Roma Gypsies, although some would also contain derogatory remarks about "tinkers", which is a word for Irish Travellers. He wrote "The Ballad
of Tim Evans" (also known as "Go Down You Murderer") a song protesting capital punishment, based on an infamous murder case in which an innocent man, Timothy Evans, was condemned and executed, before the real culprit was discovered. MacColl was very active during the miners' strike of 1984–85 in distributing free cassettes of songs supportive of the NUM, entitled Daddy, what did you do in the strike?.[13] The title song was unusually aggressive in its language towards the strikebreakers. This collection was only released on cassette and remaining copies are rare, but some of the less aggressive songs have featured on other compilations.[14][15] At MacColl's 70th birthday party, he was presented by Arthur Scargill
Arthur Scargill
with a miner's lamp to show appreciation for his support.[16] In his last interview in August 1988, MacColl stated that he still believed in a socialist revolution and that the communist parties of the west had become too moderate.[17] He stated that he had been a member of the Communist
Party but left because he felt that the Soviet Union was "not communist or socialist enough".[18] Radio[edit] MacColl had been a radio actor since 1933. By the late 1930s he was writing scripts as well. In 1957 producer Charles Parker asked MacColl to collaborate in the creation of a feature programme about the heroic death of train driver John Axon. Normal procedure would have been to use the recorded field interviews only as source for writing the script. MacColl produced a script that incorporated the actual voices and so created a new form that they called the radio ballad. Between 1957 and 1964, eight of these were broadcast by the BBC, all created by the team of MacColl and Parker together with Peggy Seeger who handled musical direction. MacColl wrote the scripts and the songs, as well as, with the others, collecting the field recordings which were the heart of the productions. Songwriting, teaching and theatre[edit] Seeger and MacColl recorded several albums of searing political commentary songs. MacColl himself wrote over 300 songs, some of which have been recorded by artists (in addition to those mentioned above) such as Planxty, the Dubliners, Dick Gaughan, Phil Ochs, the Clancy Brothers, Elvis Presley, Weddings Parties Anything and Johnny Cash. In 2001, The Essential Ewan MacColl Songbook was published, which includes the words and music to 200 of his songs. Dick Gaughan, Dave Burland and Tony Capstick
Tony Capstick
collaborated in The Songs of Ewan MacColl (1978; 1985). There is a plaque dedicated to MacColl in Russell Square
Russell Square
in London. The inscription includes: "Presented by his communist friends 25.1.1990 ... Folk Laureate – Singer – Dramatist – Marxist ... in recognition of strength and singleness of purpose of this fighter for Peace and Socialism". In 1991 he was awarded a posthumous honorary degree by the University of Salford. His daughter from his second marriage, Kirsty MacColl, followed him into a musical career, albeit in a different genre. She died in a boating accident in Mexico
in 2000. His son from his third marriage, Neill MacColl, is the long-standing guitarist for Mancunian musician David Gray. His grandson Jamie MacColl has also developed a musical career of his own with the band Bombay Bicycle Club.[19] In 1965 Ewan and Peggy formed the Critics Group around a number of young followers, with Charles Parker in attendance, frequently recording the group's weekly sessions at MacColl and Seeger's home. The initial aim of improving musical skills soon broadened to performing at political events, the Singers' Club where MacColl, Seeger and Lloyd were featured artists and theatre productions.[clarification needed] Members who became performing folk singers in their own right included Frankie Armstrong, John Faulkner, Sandra Kerr, Dennis Turner, Terry Yarnell, Bob Blair, Jim Carroll, Brian Pearson and Jack Warshaw. Other members, including Michael Rosen, joined primarily for theatre productions, the Festival of Fools, a political review of the previous year.[clarification needed] As the theatre group's importance grew, members more interested in singing left. The productions ran until the winter of 1972-73. Members' differences with MacColl's vision of a full-time touring company led to the group's breakup. The offshoot group became Combine Theatre, with a club of their own mixing traditional and original folksongs and theatrical performances based on contemporary events, into the 1980s. Later years[edit] After many years of poor health (in 1979 he suffered the first of many heart attacks), MacColl died on 22 October 1989, in the Brompton Hospital, in London, after complications following heart surgery.[1][2] His autobiography Journeyman was published the following year. The lifetime archive of his work with Peggy Seeger
Peggy Seeger
and others was passed on to Ruskin College
Ruskin College
in Oxford. Bibliography[edit]

Goorney, Howard and MacColl, Ewan (eds.) (1986) Agit-Prop to Theatre Workshop, Political Playscripts, 1930–1950. Manchester: Manchester University Press ISBN 0-7190-2211-8 Grosvenor Myer, Michael (1972): The Radio Ballads Revisited, Folk Review magazine, September 1972 Harker, Ben (2007) Class Act: the Cultural and Political Life of Ewan MacColl. London: Pluto Press ISBN 978-0-7453-2165-3 (chapters: 1. Lower Broughton—2. Red Haze—3. Welcome, Comrade—4. Browned Off—5. A Richer, Fuller Life—6. Towards a People's Culture—7. Croydon, Soho, Moscow, Paris—8. Bard of Beckenham—9. Let a Hundred Flowers Blossom—10. Sanctuary—11. Endgame) Littlewood, Joan (1994) Joan's Book: Joan Littlewood's Peculiar History As She Tells It. London: Methuen ISBN 0-413-77318-3"Joan's Book reissued". Retrieved 23 April 2009.  MacColl, Ewan (1963) Ewan MacColl- Peggy Seeger
Peggy Seeger
Songbook. New York: Oak Publications, Inc Library of Congress Card Number, 63-14092 MacColl, Ewan (1990) Journeyman: an Autobiography; introduction by Peggy Seeger. London: Sidgwick & Jackson ISBN 0-283-06036-0 MacColl, Ewan (1998) The Essential Ewan MacColl Songbook: sixty years of songmaking; ed. Peggy Seeger. New York: Oak Publications O'Brien, Karen (2004) Kirsty MacColl, The One and Only: the definitive biography . London: Andre Deutsch. ISBN 0-233-00070-4 Pegg, Carole A. (1999) British Traditional and Folk Musics, in: British Journal of Ethnomusicology, vol. 7, pp. 193–98 Samuel, Raphael; MacColl, Ewan; and Cosgrove, Stuart (1985) Theatres of the Left, 1880–1935: Workers' Theatre Movements in Britain and America. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul ISBN 0-7100-0901-1 Vacca, Giovanni and Moore, Allan F. (2014) Legacies of Ewan MacColl – The Last Interview. Farnham: Ashgate. ISBN 978-1-4094-2431-4

Discography[edit] Solo albums

Scots Street Songs (1956) Shuttle and Cage (1957) Barrack Room Ballads (1958) Still I Love Him (1958) Bad Lads and Hard Cases (1959) Songs of Robert Burns
Robert Burns
(1959) Haul on the Bowlin'(1961) The English and Scottish Popular Ballads (Child Ballads) (1961) Broadside Ballads, vols 1 and 2 (1962) Off to Sea Once More (1963) Four Pence a Day (1963) British Industrial Folk songs (1963) Bundook Ballads (1967) The Wanton Muse (1968) Paper Stage 1 (1969) Paper Stage 2 (1969) Solo Flight (1972)

Collaboration – Bob and Ron Copper, Ewan MacColl, Isla Cameron, Seamus Ennis
Seamus Ennis
and Peter Kennedy

As I Roved Out (1953–4)

Collaboration – A. L. Lloyd, Ewan MacColl, Louis Killen, Ian Campbell, Cyril Tawney, Sam Larner and Harry H. Corbett

Blow the Man Down (EP) (1956)

Collaboration – with A. L. Lloyd

A Hundred Years Ago (EP) (1956) The Coast of Peru (EP) (1956) The Singing Sailor (1956) The English and Scottish Popular Ballads (The Child Ballads) Vol 1 (1956) The English and Scottish Popular Ballads (The Child Ballads) Vol 2 (1956) The English and Scottish Popular Ballads (The Child Ballads) Vol 3 (1956) The English and Scottish Popular Ballads (The Child Ballads) Vol 4 (1956) The English and Scottish Popular Ballads (The Child Ballads) Vol 5 (1956) Gamblers and Sporting Blades (E.P.) (1962) (accompanied by Steve Benbow) Bold Sportsmen All: Gamblers & Sporting Blades (1962, with Roy Harris) English and Scottish Folk Ballads (1964) A Sailor's Garland (1966) Blow Boys Blow (1967)

Ewan MacColl and Peggy Seeger

Second Shift – Industrial Ballads (1958) Chorus From The Gallows (1960) Popular Scottish Songs (1960) New Briton Gazette, Vol. 1 (1960) Classic Scots Ballads (1961) Bothy Ballads of Scotland
(1961) Two Way Trip (1961) New Briton Gazette, Vol. 2 (1962) Jacobite Songs – The Two Rebellions 1715 and 1745 (1962) Steam Whistle Ballads (1964) Traditional Songs and Ballads (1964) The Amorous Muse (1966) The Manchester
Angel (1966) The Long Harvest 1 (1966) The Long Harvest 2 (1967) The Long Harvest 3 (1968) The Angry Muse (1968) The Long Harvest 4 (1969) The Long Harvest 5 (1970) The World Of Ewan MacColl And Peggy Seeger
Peggy Seeger
(1970) The Long Harvest 6 (1971) The Long Harvest 7 (1972) The World Of Ewan MacColl And Peggy Seeger
Peggy Seeger
Vol. 2 - Songs from Radio Ballads (1972) At The Present Moment (1972) Folkways Record of Contemporary Songs (1973) The Long Harvest 8 (1973) The Long Harvest 9 (1974) The Long Harvest 10 (1975) Saturday Night at The Bull and Mouth (1977) Cold Snap (1977) Hot Blast (1978) Blood and Roses (1979) Kilroy Was Here (1980) Blood and Roses 2 (1981) Blood and Roses 3 (1982) Blood and Roses 4 (1982) Blood and Roses 5 (1983) Freeborn Man (1983) [reissued 1989] Daddy, What did You Do in The Strike? (1984) [cassette mini-album] White Wind, Black Tide – Anti-Apartheid Songs (1986) [cassette album] Items of News (1986)

Ewan MacColl/ The Radio Ballads (1958–1964)(*)

of John Axon
John Axon
(1958) Song of a Road (1959) Singing The Fishing (1960) The Big Hewer (1961) The Body Blow (1962) On The Edge
The Edge
(1963) The Fight Game (1964) The Travelling People (1964)

(* Mixture of documentary, drama and song: broadcast on BBC
radio) Singles

"Van Dieman's Land" / "Lord Randall" "Sir Patrick Spens" / "Eppie Morrie" "Parliamentary Polka" / "Song of Choice" "Housewife's Alphabet" / "My Son" "The Shoals of Herring"

Posthumous compilations

Naming of Names (1990) (LP/CD) Black and White (1991) (CD)

Compilation appearances

The Unfortunate Rake (1960) The Iron Muse (1993) (CD) It was mighty
It was mighty
- The Early Days of Irish Music in London
(2016) from Topic Records includes a number of recordings made by MacColl.


This section is a candidate to be copied to Wikiquote using the Transwiki process.

My function is not to reassure people. I want to make them uncomfortable. To send them out of the place arguing and talking.[20]

If one worried about backing a loser one would not take part in politics. Anybody who has ever been involved in political struggle, particularly in working class struggle, must accept the fact, for the major part of their life, they're going to be involved in losing battles, on the losing side in battles. If I'd have been afraid of that I'd have packed it up after I joined the YCL in 1929 and spent my time, with a lot of other people, trying to alert people to the dangers of Japanese imperialism when they entered Manchukuo, I'd have given up in 1932 when we were trying to alert people to the dangers of Hitler coming to power, I'd have given up during the Abyssinian War when Mussolini's bombers were bombing Ethiopians, I'd have given it up at every single stage of the struggle ever since. One goes on fighting because not to go on fighting is to prove that you're no longer alive. - "Daddy, What Did You Do in the Strike?" Granada TV Documentary 1985


^ a b c " Ewan MacColl biography". Oxford
DNB. Retrieved 2014-02-14.  ^ a b c d Anon. "Ewan's Biography". peggyseeger.com. Retrieved 23 September 2009.  ^ Harker, Ben (2005). "'The Manchester
Rambler': Ewan MacColl and the 1932 Mass Trespass". History Workshop Journal. Spring (59): 219–228. JSTOR 25472794.  ^ a b Casciani, Dominic (5 March 2006). "Why MI5
monitored singer Ewan MacColl". BBC
News. Retrieved 22 September 2009.  ^ a b Moore, Allan F; Vacca, Giovanni (2014). Legacies of Ewan MacColl: The Last Interview. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Ltd. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-4094-2430-7.  ^ Picardie, Justine (1995). "The first time ever I saw your face". In De Lisle, Tim. Lives of the great songs. London: Penguin. pp. 122–26. ISBN 978-0-14-024957-6.  ^ "'First Time Ever I Saw Your Face' by Roberta Flack
Roberta Flack
in Songfacts".  ^ Three Score and Ten
Three Score and Ten
Accompanying Book ^ Daddy, what did you do in the strike?, Granada TV documentary on the life of Ewan MacColl, 1985, roughly 41 minutes from the start ^ See mudcat cafe. Seeger's note to the song reads:

Ewan wrote a number of songs like this in his early years, alongside more subtle texts like "Dirty Old Town" and "Stalinvarosh." There is no doubt that Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
was a brilliant wartime leader and that many of his reforms ... were correct and productive. Idolisation of Stalin by the left wing the world over continued until the 20th Congress of the Russian Communist
Party (1956), when he was posthumously denounced by Khrushchev for his "personality cult" and his human rights crimes. Disillusioned and subsequently turning to China for political role models, Ewan stopped singing this song or even referring to it. He would not have included it in the main body of such a book as this unless it were for reasons similar to mine: (1) as a sample of the old politics, which viewed the earth as mere clay out of which man fashions a world for man and (2) as a sample of his early work, highly dogmatic and low on finesse. It exhibits a lack of economy, an excess of cliches and filler lines, many awkward terms and an errant chronological flow. It has many of the characteristics of political songs of its time and is virtually a political credo set into verse and put to a tune. It is just that. – The Essential Ewan MacColl Songbook, Appendix IV. p. 388 (quoted in Mudcat cafe)

^ Irwin, Colin (10 August 2008). "Power to the people". The Observer. London. Retrieved 19 February 2009.  ^ Peggy Seeger, The Essential Ewan MacColl Songbook, p. 21 ^ Ewan MacColl's discography, Daddy, what did you do in the strike? ^ Ewan MacColl's discography, The World of Ewan MacColl and Peggy Seeger volume 2 ^ Ewan MacColl's discography, Items of News ^ Daddy, what did you do in the strike?, Granada TV documentary on the life of Ewan MacColl, 1985, opening section of documentary ^ Moore, Allan F; Vacca, Giovanni (2014). Legacies of Ewan MacColl: The Last Interview. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Ltd. pp. 116–117. ISBN 978-1-4094-2430-7.  ^ Moore, Allan F; Vacca, Giovanni (2014). Legacies of Ewan MacColl: The Last Interview. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Ltd. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-4094-2430-7.  ^ Lester, Paul (15 July 2010). "Difficult second album syndrome neatly avoided by north London
indie kids". BBC. Retrieved 12 October 2010.  ^ Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 226. ISBN 1-904041-96-5. 

External links[edit]

Ewan MacColl Official Website Ewan MacColl 1915–1989 A Political Journey (From the Working Class Movement Library site) Ewan MacColl/ Peggy Seeger
Peggy Seeger
discography Farber, Jim "Ewan MacColl, dogmatist of British folk, gets a tribute album"; New York Times; 28 October 2015

v t e

Grammy Award for Song of the Year


"Volare" – Domenico Modugno
Domenico Modugno
(songwriter) (1959) "The Battle of New Orleans" – Jimmy Driftwood
Jimmy Driftwood
(songwriter) (1960) "Theme from Exodus" – Ernest Gold (songwriter) (1961) "Moon River" – Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
& Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(songwriters) (1962) "What Kind of Fool Am I?" – Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley (songwriters) (1963) "Days of Wine and Roses" – Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
& Henry Mancini (songwriters) (1964) "Hello, Dolly!" – Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(songwriter) (1965) "The Shadow of Your Smile" – Paul Francis Webster & Johnny Mandel (songwriters) (1966) "Michelle" – John Lennon
John Lennon
& Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
(songwriters) (1967) "Up, Up, and Away" – Jimmy Webb
Jimmy Webb
(songwriter) (1968) "Little Green Apples" – Bobby Russell (songwriter) (1969) "Games People Play" – Joe South
Joe South
(songwriter) (1970) "Bridge over Troubled Water" – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(songwriter) (1971) "You've Got a Friend" – Carole King
Carole King
(songwriter) (1972) "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" – Ewan MacColl (songwriter) (1973) "Killing Me Softly with His Song" – Norman Gimbel & Charles Fox (songwriters) (1974) "The Way We Were" – Alan and Marilyn Bergman & Marvin Hamlisch (songwriters) (1975) "Send in the Clowns" – Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(songwriter) (1976) "I Write the Songs" – Bruce Johnston (songwriter) (1977) "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)" – Barbra Streisand & Paul Williams (songwriters) / "You Light Up My Life" – Joe Brooks (songwriter) (1978) "Just the Way You Are" – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(songwriter) (1979) "What a Fool Believes" – Kenny Loggins
Kenny Loggins
& Michael McDonald (songwriters) (1980)


"Sailing" – Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(songwriter) (1981) "Bette Davis Eyes" – Donna Weiss & Jackie DeShannon (songwriters) (1982) "Always on My Mind" – Johnny Christopher, Mark James & Wayne Carson (songwriters) (1983) "Every Breath You Take" – Sting (songwriter) (1984) "What's Love Got to Do with It" – Graham Lyle & Terry Britten (songwriters) (1985) "We Are the World" – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
& Lionel Richie (songwriters) (1986) "That's What Friends Are For" – Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
& Carole Bayer Sager (songwriters) (1987) "Somewhere Out There" – James Horner, Barry Mann
Barry Mann
& Cynthia Weil (songwriters) (1988) "Don't Worry, Be Happy" – Bobby McFerrin
Bobby McFerrin
(songwriter) (1989) "Wind Beneath My Wings" – Larry Henley & Jeff Silbar (songwriters) (1990) "From a Distance" – Julie Gold
Julie Gold
(songwriter) (1991) "Unforgettable" – Irving Gordon
Irving Gordon
(songwriter) (1992) "Tears in Heaven" – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
& Will Jennings (songwriters) (1993) "A Whole New World" – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
& Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(songwriters) (1994) "Streets of Philadelphia" – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(songwriter) (1995) "Kiss from a Rose" – Seal (songwriter) (1996) "Change the World" – Gordon Kennedy, Wayne Kirkpatrick & Tommy Sims (songwriters) (1997) "Sunny Came Home" – Shawn Colvin
Shawn Colvin
& John Leventhal
John Leventhal
(songwriters) (1998) "My Heart Will Go On" – James Horner
James Horner
& Will Jennings (songwriters) (1999) "Smooth" – Itaal Shur
Itaal Shur
& Rob Thomas (songwriters) (2000)


"Beautiful Day" – Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2001) "Fallin'" – Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
(songwriter) (2002) "Don't Know Why" – Jesse Harris (songwriter) (2003) "Dance with My Father" – Richard Marx
Richard Marx
& Luther Vandross (songwriters) (2004) "Daughters" – John Mayer
John Mayer
(songwriter) (2005) "Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own" – Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2006) "Not Ready to Make Nice" – Emily Burns Erwin, Martha Maguire, Natalie Maines
Natalie Maines
Pasdar & Dan Wilson (songwriters) (2007) "Rehab" – Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
(songwriter) (2008) "Viva la Vida" – Guy Berryman, Jonathan Buckland, William Champion & Christopher Martin (songwriters) (2009) "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" – Thaddis "Kuk" Harrell, Beyoncé Knowles, Terius Nash & Christopher Stewart (songwriters) (2010) "Need You Now" – Dave Haywood, Josh Kear, Charles Kelley
Charles Kelley
& Hillary Scott (songwriters) (2011) "Rolling in the Deep" – Adele
Adkins & Paul Epworth (songwriters) (2012) "We Are Young" – Jack Antonoff, Jeff Bhasker, Andrew Dost
Andrew Dost
& Nate Ruess (songwriters) (2013) "Royals" – Joel Little & Ella Yelich O'Connor (songwriters) (2014) "Stay with Me" (Darkchild version) – James Napier, William Phillips & Sam Smith (songwriters) (2015) "Thinking Out Loud" – Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran
& Amy Wadge
Amy Wadge
(songwriters) (2016) "Hello" – Adele
Adkins & Greg Kurstin
Greg Kurstin
(songwriters) (2017) "That's What I Like" – Christopher Brody Brown, James Fauntleroy, Philip Lawrence, Bruno Mars, Ray Charles McCullough II, Jeremy Reeves, Ray Romulus & Jonathan Yip (songwriters) (2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85752793 LCCN: n83021411 ISNI: 0000 0003 6864 5094 GND: 106457179 SELIBR: 343835 SUDOC: 087868296 BNF: cb13986127j (data) BIBSYS: 1021132 MusicBrainz: f8c01287-6bff-4e63-b570-2a61c24e64d6 NLA: 35318244 NKC: xx0069576 SN

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