The Info List - Evening Standard

The London
Evening Standard (or simply Evening Standard) is a local, free daily newspaper, published Monday to Friday in tabloid format in London. It is owned by Russian businessman, Alexander Lebedev. It is the dominant local/regional evening paper for London
and the surrounding area, with coverage of national and international news and City of London
City of London
finance. In October 2009, the paper ended a 180-year history of paid circulation and became a free newspaper, doubling its circulation as part of a change in its business plan.[3]


1 History

1.1 From 1827 to 2009 1.2 Lebedev takeover 1.3 May 2009 relaunch 1.4 October 2009: freesheet 1.5 March 2018: redesign

2 Editorial style

2.1 2008 London
mayoral election 2.2 2010 general election 2.3 2015 general election 2.4 2016 London
mayoral election

3 Freesheet and supplements 4 Websites 5 Editors 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] From 1827 to 2009[edit] The newspaper was founded by barrister Stanley Lees Giffard on 21 May 1827, as the Standard.[4] The early owner of the paper was Charles Baldwin. Under the ownership of James Johnstone, The Standard became a morning paper from 29 June 1857. The Evening Standard was published from 11 June 1859. The Standard gained eminence for its detailed foreign news, notably its reporting of events of the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Austro-Prussian War
Austro-Prussian War
of 1866, and the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
of 1870, all contributing to a rise in circulation.[5] By the end of the 19th century, the evening edition eclipsed its morning counterpart. Both The Standard and the Evening Standard were acquired by C. Arthur Pearson in 1904.[6] In May 1915, Edward Hulton purchased the Evening Standard from Davison Dalziel.[7] Dalziel had purchased both papers in 1910,[8] and closed The Standard, the morning paper, in 1916.[6] Hulton introduced the gossip column Londoner's Diary, originally billed as "a column written by gentlemen for gentlemen". In 1923, Lord Beaverbrook, owner of the Daily Express, bought Hulton's newspapers, although he sold them shortly thereafter to the Daily Mail's owner Lord Rothermere, with the exception of the Standard. It became a staunchly Conservative
paper, harshly attacking Labour in 1945 in a high-profile campaign that backfired. In the 1960s, the paper was upstaged by The Evening News, which sold over 1 million copies nightly. During the decade, the paper also began to publish the comic strip Modesty Blaise that bolstered the paper's sales throughout the 1970s. In 1980, Express Newspapers
Express Newspapers
merged the Standard with Associated Newspapers' Evening News in a Joint Operating Agreement. The new paper was known as the Newstandard until 1985, when Associated Newspapers bought out the remaining stake, turning it into The Standard. In 1987 the Evening News was briefly revived to compete with Robert Maxwell's London
Daily News, but was reabsorbed into The Standard later that year, after the collapse of Maxwell's paper. In 1988 the Evening Standard included the by-line "Incorporating the 'Evening News'", which remained until the paper's sale in 2009. Lebedev takeover[edit] On 21 January 2009, the Russian businessman and former KGB
agent Alexander Lebedev
Alexander Lebedev
and his son Evgeny Lebedev, owners of The Independent, agreed to purchase control of the newspaper at £1 for 64 percent ownership.[9][10] A few years earlier, 12 percent of the paper was sold to Justin Shaw and Geordie Greig. Associated News keeps the remaining 24 percent. In November 2009, it was announced that the London
Evening Standard would drop its midday "News Extra" edition from 4 January 2010 with the first edition being the West End Final, available from 2 pm.[11] One edition of 600,000 copies would be printed starting at 12:30 pm, ending 3 am starts for journalists and the previous deadline of 9 am for the first edition; twenty people were expected to lose their jobs as a result.[11] Previously there were three editions each weekday, excluding Bank holidays. The first, "News Extra", went to print at 10:00 am and was available around 11 am in central London,[citation needed] slightly later in more outlying areas (such as Kent). A second edition, "West End Final", went to print at 3 pm, and the "Late Night Final" went to print at 5 pm and was available in the central area from about 6 pm.[citation needed] There was often considerable variation between the editions, particularly with the front page lead and following few pages, including the Londoner's Diary, though features and reviews stayed the same.[citation needed] In January 2010, circulation was increased to 900,000. May 2009 relaunch[edit]

Evening Standard dispensers at Sainsbury's supermarket, 2017.

In May 2009, the newspaper launched a series of poster ads, each of which prominently featured the word "Sorry" in the paper's then-masthead font. These ads offered various apologies for past editorial approaches, such as "Sorry for losing touch".[12] None of the posters mentioned the Evening Standard by name, although they featured the paper's Eros
logo. Ex-editor Veronica Wadley criticised the "Pravda-style" campaign saying it humiliated the paper's staff and insulted its readers.[13] The campaign was designed by McCann Erickson. Also in May 2009 the paper relaunched as the London
Evening Standard with a new layout and masthead, marking the occasion by giving away 650,000 free copies on the day,[14] and refreshed its sports coverage.[15] October 2009: freesheet[edit] After a long history of paid circulation, on 12 October 2009 the Standard became a free newspaper,[3][16] with free circulation of 700,000, limited to central London. In February 2010, a paid-for circulation version became available in suburban areas of London
for 20p (although many places sell it for 50p).[17][18] The newspaper won the Media Brand of the Year and the Grand Prix Gold awards at the Media Week awards in October 2010.[19] The judges said, "[the Standard has] quite simply ... stunned the market. Not just for the act of going free, but because editorial quality has been maintained, circulation has almost trebled and advertisers have responded favourably. Here is a media brand restored to health."[19] The Standard also won the daily newspaper of the year award at the London Press Club Press Awards in May 2011.[20] March 2018: redesign[edit] In March 2018, editor George Osborne
George Osborne
initiated a redesign of the paper, which featured a dropping of the 'London' from the paper's title in a signal of the paper’s ambition to have greater national and international influence.[21] The paper also introduced more colourful "sign-posting" for different sections such as news, comment and business, as it was noted by Osborne that it had not been "easy" to find them inside the paper previously.[21] The masthead was also redesigned with a new font, and emojis were added to the paper's five-day weather forecast.[22] Editorial style[edit] The newspaper's editor is the former Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, who replaced Sarah Sands. Ms. Sands replaced Geordie Greig following his departure to The Mail on Sunday
The Mail on Sunday
in March 2012.[23] Veronica Wadley was the newspaper's editor between 2002 and 2009.[24] Max Hastings
Max Hastings
was editor from 1996 until he retired in 2002. The London
Evening Standard, although a regional newspaper, does cover national and international news, though with an emphasis on London-centred news (especially in its features pages), covering building developments, property prices, traffic schemes, politics, the congestion charge and, in the Londoner's Diary
Londoner's Diary
page, gossip on the social scene. It also occasionally runs campaigns on local issues that national newspapers do not cover in detail. It has a tradition of providing arts coverage. Its best known former art critic, Brian Sewell, was known for his acerbic view of conceptual art, Britart and the Turner Prize[25] and his views attracted controversy and criticism in the art world.[26] He has been described as "Britain's most famous and controversial art critic".[27] 2008 London
mayoral election[edit] During the 2008 London mayoral election
2008 London mayoral election
the newspaper – and particularly its correspondent Andrew Gilligan – published articles in support of the Conservative
candidate, Boris Johnson, including frequent front-page headlines condemning Ken Livingstone. This included the headline "Suicide bomb backer runs Ken's campaign".[28] 2010 general election[edit] On 5 May 2010, the newspaper stated in an editorial that, having supported Labour under Tony Blair, the newspaper would be supporting David Cameron
David Cameron
and the Conservatives in the General Election, saying that "the Conservatives are ready for power: they look like a government in waiting."[29] 2015 general election[edit] On 5 May 2015, an editorial stated that the newspaper would again be supporting David Cameron
David Cameron
and the Conservatives in the 2015 General Election, saying that the Conservatives have "shown themselves to be good for London."[30] The newspaper did however also claim "there may be good tactical reasons to vote Liberal Democrat."[30] 2016 London
mayoral election[edit] A study conducted by the Media Reform Coalition (MRC) and Goldsmiths University of London
argued that, in the 2016 elections for the new Mayor of London, the London
Evening Standard was the "mouthpiece of the Conservative
Party", according to MRC chair Justin Schlosberg.[31] Schlosberg accused the Standard of being

"systematically biased in the way that headlines and news stories were framed, selected and prioritised. This is all the more concerning because bias was concentrated in relatively prominent headlines and in news reports where readers are less likely to expect opinion to be mobilised."

There were almost twice as many positive headlines about the Conservative
candidate, Zac Goldsmith, as for his Labour rival, Sadiq Khan, with stories exhibiting the strongest bias against Khan also being the most prominent. 13 out of 15 official press releases from the Goldsmith campaign in the two months to 12 April were published as news stories in the paper, "reproducing headlines from the news release virtually verbatim", according to the study.[31] Freesheet and supplements[edit]

The Evening Standard has a fleet of delivery vans painted in a distinctive orange and white livery

On 14 December 2004, Associated Newspapers launched a Monday–Friday freesheet edition of the Evening Standard called Standard Lite
Standard Lite
to help boost circulation. This had 48 pages, compared with about 80 in the main paper, which also had a supplement on most days.[32] In August 2006, the freesheet was relaunched as London
Lite. It was designed to be especially attractive to younger female readers, and featured a wide range of lifestyle articles, but less news and business news than the main paper. It was initially only available between 11.30 a.m. and 2.30 p.m. at Evening Standard vendors and in the central area, but later became available in the evening from its street distributors.[33] With the sale of the Evening Standard, but not the London
Lite, to Alexander Lebedev
Alexander Lebedev
on 21 January 2009, the ownership links between the Standard and the Lite were broken.[34] On Fridays, the newspaper includes a free glossy lifestyle magazine, ES (originally the Evening Standard Magazine, circulating on Saturdays until 1974), and the circulation was increased to 350,000 in September 2014. This has moved from more general articles to concentrate on glamour, with features on the rich, powerful and famous. On Wednesdays, readers can pick up a free copy of the Homes & Property supplement, edited by Janice Morley, which includes London property listings as well as articles from lifestyle journalists including Barbara Chandler, Katie Law and Alison Cork. An entertainment guide supplement Metro Life (previously called Hot Tickets) was launched in September 2002. This was a what's-on guide with listings of cinemas and theatres in and around London, and was given away on Thursdays. It was discontinued on 1 September 2005. The paper also supplies occasional CDs and DVDs for promotions. It also give Londoners a chance to win exclusive tickets to film premieres and sports tournament tickets, such as the Wimbledon Ladies Singles Final. Websites[edit]

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The newspaper's This Is London
website carries some of the stories from the Evening Standard and promotions, reviews and competitions. It also includes a number of blogs by Evening Standard writers, such as restaurant critic Charles Campion, theatre critic Kieron Quirke and music critic David Smyth. A separate website contains images of each page of the print edition (two versions) and supplements. Editors[edit]

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1827: Stanley Lees Giffard 1846: Robert Knox 1857: Unknown 1860: Charles Williams and Pritchard[clarification needed] 1863: Thomas Hamber 1871: W. H. Mudford 1899: Byron Curtis 1906: William Woodward 1912: James A. Kilpatrick 1914: D. M. Sutherland 1916: Arthur Mann 1920: D. Phillips 1923: E. Raymond Thompson 1928: George Gilliat 1933: Percy Cudlipp 1938: Frank Owen 1942: Michael Foot 1943: Sydney Elliott 1945: Bert Gunn 1952: Percy Elland 1959: Charles Wintour 1976: Simon Jenkins 1978: Charles Wintour 1980: Louis Kirby 1986: John Leese 1991: Paul Dacre 1992: Stewart Steven 1996: Max Hastings 2002: Veronica Wadley 2009: Geordie Greig 2012: Sarah Sands 2017: George Osborne


^ Brook, Stephen; Sweney, Mark (21 January 2009). "Alexander Lebedev's Evening Standard takeover: Dacre announces sale to staff". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 January 2009.  ^ "ABCs: Increased bulks help Telegraph become only UK newspaper to increase circulation in November". Press Gazette. Retrieved 5 February 2018.  ^ a b [dead link] "London's 'Evening Standard' To Become Free Paper" Archived 4 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Editor & Publisher. 2 October 2009. ^ "Concise History of the British Newspaper in the Nineteenth Century". British Library. 2000. Retrieved 15 January 2010. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
Eleventh Edition; Cambridge University Press, 1911, Vol. XIX, Mun to Oddfellows; Article on Newspapers, pp.544–581. ^ a b Griffiths, Dennis, ed. (1992). The Encyclopedia of the British Press, 1422–1992. London
& Basingstoke: Macmillan. p. 234.  ^ Griffiths Encyclopedia of the British Press, p. 324 ^ Griffiths, p.188 ^ "Ex- KGB
Spy Buys UK Paper for £1". BBC News. 21 January 2009. Retrieved 21 January 2009.  ^ Brook, Stephen; Sweney, Mark (21 January 2009). "Alexander Lebedev's Evening Standard Takeover: Dacre Announces Sale to Staff". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 January 2009.  ^ a b Sweney, Mark (26 November 2009). " London
Evening Standard Drops Noon Edition and Cuts Jobs". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 March 2012.  ^ Greenslade, Roy (4 May 2009). "Evening Standard Launches Ad Campaign To Say Sorry to Londoners". Greenslade Blog (blog of The Guardian). Retrieved 4 August 2012. ^ "Ex-Editor Wadley Criticises Standard's 'Pravda-Style' Relaunch". Brand Republic. 11 May 2009. ^ Brook, Stephen (11 May 2009). " London
Evening Standard Relaunch – Who's Sorry Now?". Organ Grinder Blog (blog of The Guardian). Retrieved 4 August 2012.  ^ Brook, Stephen (27 May 2009). " London
Evening Standard Revamps Sport Pages". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 March 2012.  ^ "Evening Standard To Be Free Paper". BBC News. 2 October 2009.  ^ Busfield, Steve (15 February 2010). "How Much for a 'Free' London Evening Standard? 50p in Some Shops". Greenslade Blog (blog of The Guardian). Retrieved 4 August 2012.  ^ "Evening Standard No Longer Free In Some Parts". Londonist. 15 February 2010. ^ a b "'Evening Standard' Wins Top Awards". The Independent. 30 October 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.  ^ "Evening Standard Wins Newspaper of the Year Award". Press Gazette. 15 May 2011. Archived from the original on 12 January 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2011.  ^ a b " George Osborne
George Osborne
on his Evening Standard revamp and dropping London
from its masthead". The Drum. Retrieved 2018-03-27.  ^ Mayhew, Freddy (2018-03-12). "Evening Standard redesign: Weather 'poo' emojis, no more 'London' in masthead and pink business pages – Press Gazette". Pressgazette.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-27.  ^ Sabbagh, Dan (30 March 2012). " Sarah Sands Is New Editor of London Evening Standard". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 March 2012.  ^ "Ex-Evening Standard Editor Veronica Wadley's Verdict on Paper's New Regime". The Guardian. London. 11 May 2009. Retrieved 31 March 2012.  ^ "Tate's collections 'wretched', says Brian Sewell" (The Daily Telegraph, 30 November 2009) ^ Tresidder, Megan. "The Megan Tresidder Interview", The Guardian (London), 19 November 1994; retrieved from News UK (pay site), 11 August 2010. ^ Cooke, Rachel. "We pee on things and call it art". The Guardian (London), 13 November 2005; retrieved 30 November 2008 ^ White, Michael (16 April 2008). "As Polls Move Towards Ken, Evening Standard Seems Rattled". Politics blog. The Guardian. Retrieved 27 April 2009.  ^ "David Cameron: The Prime Minister That London
Now Needs". London Evening Standard. 5 May 2010. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010.  ^ a b "Vote for London: The Standard urges readers to think of what's best for the capital... and support the Tories in the election". London
Evening Standard. 5 May 2015.  ^ a b Martinson, Jane (27 April 2016). " London
Evening Standard is 'Tory mouthpiece' – research". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 April 2016.  ^ Cozens, Claire (10 December 2004). "Media buyers voice fears over 'downmarket' free Standard". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 June 2015.  ^ Brook, Stephen (25 August 2006). "Some Lite relief". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 June 2015.  ^ Brook, Stephen (5 October 2009). " Associated Newspapers backs Evening Standard decision to go free". The Guardian. 

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