HOME
The Info List - European People's Party





The European People's Party
European People's Party
(EPP) is a European political party. A transnational organisation, it is composed of other political parties, not individuals. Founded by primarily Christian democratic parties in 1976, it has since broadened its membership to include liberal-conservative parties and parties with other centre-right political perspectives.[3][4][5][6] The EPP has been the largest party in the European Parliament
European Parliament
since 1999 and in the European Council
European Council
since 2002. It is also by far the largest party in the current European Commission. The President of the European Council, President of the European Commission
President of the European Commission
and the President of the European Parliament
European Parliament
are all from the EPP. Many of the Founding fathers of the European Union
Founding fathers of the European Union
were also from parties that later formed the EPP. Outside the EU the party also controls a majority in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. The EPP has alternated with its centre-left rival the Party of European Socialists (PES) as the largest European political party
European political party
and parliamentary group. The EPP includes major centre-right parties such as the Christian Democratic Union of Germany
Germany
(CDU), The Republicans of France, Fine Gael of Ireland, Forza Italia
Forza Italia
of Italy, and the People's Party (PP) of Spain, but also Fidesz
Fidesz
of Hungary, a party with views often described as far-right and xenophobic.[7], and it has member parties in all of the EU member states except the United Kingdom

Contents

1 History 2 Platform and manifesto

2.1 Political manifesto
Political manifesto
and platform 2.2 Electoral manifesto

3 Governance

3.1 Presidency 3.2 Political Assembly 3.3 Congress

4 Activities within the party

4.1 Summit 4.2 Ministerial meetings 4.3 Other activities

5 Activities within European institutions

5.1 Overview of the European institutions 5.2 European Commission 5.3 European Parliament 5.4 European Council 5.5 National legislatures

6 Activities beyond the European Union

6.1 In third countries 6.2 In the Council of Europe 6.3 In the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe 6.4 In the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 6.5 Relations with the United States 6.6 Global networks

7 Wilfried Martens
Wilfried Martens
Centre for European Studies 8 EPP associations

8.1 Small and Medium Entrepreneurs Europe (SME Europe) 8.2 European Democrat Students 8.3 European Senior Union 8.4 European Union
European Union
of Christian Democratic Workers 8.5 Women of the European People’s Party 8.6 Youth of the European People’s Party

9 Membership

9.1 Full member parties 9.2 Associate members 9.3 Observer members 9.4 Former members

10 Notes 11 References 12 Bibliography 13 External links

History[edit]

Logo of European People's Party
European People's Party
from 1999 to 2015

From left to right:Tindemans, Bukman and Santer; former presidents of the EPP

According to its website, the EPP is "the family of the political centre-right, whose roots run deep in the history and civilisation of the European continent, and [which] has pioneered the European project from its inception".[8] The EPP was founded in Luxembourg
Luxembourg
on 8 July 1976 on the initiative of Jean Seitlinger; Leo Tindemans, then Prime Minister of Belgium, who became the first President of the EPP; and Wilfried Martens, who later became both President of the EPP and Prime Minister of Belgium. It had been preceded by the Secretariat International des partis démocratiques d'inspiration chrétienne, founded in 1925,[9] the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales, founded in 1946[10] (or 1948),[9] and the European Union
European Union
of Christian Democrats, founded in 1965.[10] In the late 1990s the Finnish politician Sauli Niinistö
Sauli Niinistö
negotiated the merger of the European Democrat Union (EDU), of which he was President, into the EPP. In October 2002 the EDU ceased its activities after being formally absorbed by the EPP at a special event in Estoril, Portugal. In recognition of his efforts Niinistö was elected Honorary President of the EPP the same year. The EPP has had five Presidents:

No. Image Name Tenure Member state

1

Leo Tindemans 1976–1985 Belgium

2

Piet Bukman 1985–1987 Netherlands

3

Jacques Santer 1987–1990 Luxembourg

4

Wilfried Martens 1990–2013 Belgium

5

Joseph Daul 2013–present France

Platform and manifesto[edit]

Sauli Niinistö
Sauli Niinistö
and Jyrki Katainen
Jyrki Katainen
at an EPP summit in Helsinki

Political manifesto
Political manifesto
and platform[edit] During its Congress in Bucharest in 2012 the EPP updated its political platform after 20 years (since its Congress in Athens in 1992) and approved a political manifesto in which it summarised its main values and policies.[11] The manifesto highlights:

Freedom as a central human right, coupled with responsibility Respect for traditions and associations Solidarity to help those in need, who in turn should also make an effort to improve their situation Ensuring solid public finances Preserving a healthy environment Subsidiarity Pluralist democracy and a Social Market Economy

The manifesto also describes the EPP's priorities for the EU, including:

European Political Union Direct election of the President of the European Commission Completion of the European Single Market Promotion of the family, improvements in education and health Strengthening of the common immigration and asylum policy, and integrating immigrants Continuation of enlargement of the EU, enhancement of the European Neighbourhood Policy and special relationship frameworks for countries that cannot, or do not want to, join the EU Defining a true common EU energy policy Strengthening European political parties

Electoral manifesto[edit] As a central part of its campaign for the European elections
European elections
in 2009 the EPP approved its election manifesto at its Congress in Warsaw in April that year. The manifesto called for:

Creation of new jobs, continuing reforms and investment in education, lifelong learning, and employment in order to create opportunities for everyone.[12] Avoidance of protectionism, and coordination of fiscal and monetary policies.[12] Increased transparency and surveillance in financial markets.[12] Making Europe the market leader in green technology.[12] Increasing the share of renewable energy to at least 20 per cent of the energy mix by 2020.;.[12] Family-friendly flexibility for working parents, better child care and housing, family-friendly fiscal policies, encouragement of parental leave.[12] A new strategy to attract skilled workers from the rest of the world to make Europe’s economy more competitive, more dynamic and more knowledge-driven.[12]

At its Congress in Warsaw in 2009 the EPP endorsed Barroso for a second term as President of the Commission.

Governance[edit] The EPP operates as an international non-profit association under Belgian law according to its by-laws, the Statutes of the European People's Party (Statuts du Parti Populaire Européen), originally adopted 29 April 1976.[13] Presidency[edit] The Presidency is the executive body of the party. It decides on the general political guidelines of the EPP and presides over its Political Assembly. The Presidency is composed of the President, ten Vice-Presidents, the Honorary Presidents, the Secretary General and the Treasurer. The Chairperson of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the Presidents of the Commission, the Parliament and the Council, and the High Representative (if they are a member of an EPP member party) are all ex officio Vice-Presidents.

President of the EPP Joseph Daul

As of 2015 the Presidency[14] of the EPP comprised:

Joseph Daul
Joseph Daul
– President Antonio Lopez-Isturiz White
Antonio Lopez-Isturiz White
– Secretary General Christian Schmidt – Treasurer David McAllister
David McAllister
– Vice-President Johannes Hahn
Johannes Hahn
– Vice-President Jyrki Katainen
Jyrki Katainen
- Vice-President Antonio Tajani
Antonio Tajani
– Vice-President Marianne Thyssen– Vice-President Rafał Trzaskowski – Vice-President Kinga Gál
Kinga Gál
– Vice-President Dara Murphy
Dara Murphy
– Vice-President Paulo Rangel
Paulo Rangel
– Vice-President Corien Wortmann-Kool
Corien Wortmann-Kool
– Vice-President Jean-Claude Juncker
Jean-Claude Juncker
– Ex officio Vice-President (President of European Commission) Donald Tusk
Donald Tusk
– Ex officio Vice-President (President of the European Council) Manfred Weber
Manfred Weber
– Ex officio Vice-President (Chairperson of the EPP Group in European Parliament) Sauli Niinistö
Sauli Niinistö
- Honorary President

Political Assembly[edit] The Political Assembly defines the political positions of the EPP between Congresses, and decides on membership applications, political guidelines and the budget. The Political Assembly is composed of designated delegates from EPP member parties, associated parties, member associations and other affiliated groups. The Political Assembly meets at least three times a year. Congress[edit] The Congress is the highest decision-making body of the EPP. It is composed of delegates from member parties, EPP associations, EPP Group MEPs, the EPP Presidency, national heads of party and government, and European Commissioners who belong to a member party, with the numbers of delegates being weighted according to the EPP's share of MEPs, and individual delegates being elected by member parties according to member parties' rules.[15] Under the EPP's statutes the Congress must meet once every three years, but it also meets normally during the years of elections for the European Parliament
European Parliament
(every five years), and extraordinary Congresses have also been summoned. The Congress elects the EPP Presidency every three years, decides on the main policy documents and electoral programmes, and provides a platform for the EPP's heads of government and party leaders. Activities within the party[edit] Summit[edit] EPP leaders meet for the EPP Summit a few hours before each meeting of the European Council
European Council
in order to formulate common positions. Invitations are sent by the EPP President and attendees include, besides the members of the EPP's Presidency, all Presidents and Prime Ministers who are members of the European Council
European Council
and belong to the EPP; the Presidents of the European Parliament, the European Commission and the European Council, as well as the High Representative for Foreign Affairs, provided that they belong to the EPP; Deputy Prime Ministers or other ministers in those cases where the Prime Minister of a country does not belong to an EPP member party; and, where no EPP member party is part of a government, the leaders of the main EPP opposition party.

Reunion Picture at 2011 Summit

Ministerial meetings[edit] Following the pattern of the EPP Summit the party also organises regular EPP Ministerial meetings before each meeting of the Council of the European Union, with ministers, deputy ministers, secretaries of state and MEPs in the specific policy field attending:

General Affairs Foreign Affairs Economy and Finance Home Affairs Justice Defence Employment and Social Affairs Industry Agriculture Energy Environment[16]

Other activities[edit] The EPP also organises working groups on different issues and on an ad hoc basis, as well as meetings with its affiliated members in the European Commission. It also invites individual Commissioners to the EPP Summit meetings and to EPP Ministerial meetings. Following amendments to the EU Regulation that governs Europarties
Europarties
in 2007, the EPP, like the other "Europarties", is responsible for organising a pan-European campaign for the European elections
European elections
every five years. According to the Lisbon Treaty, the parties must present candidates for President of the European Commission, but the EPP had already done this by endorsing Jose Manuel Barroso
Jose Manuel Barroso
for a second term in April 2009. The year 2014 saw the first fully fledged campaign of the EPP ahead of the European elections
European elections
of that year. The party nominated former Luxembourgish Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker
Jean-Claude Juncker
as its candidate for President of the European Commission
President of the European Commission
and led a pan-European campaign in coordination with the national campaigns of all its member parties. Activities within European institutions[edit] The EPP holds the Presidencies of two of the three main EU institutions: the European Commission, led by President Jean-Claude Juncker (CSV), and the European Council, led by Donald Tusk
Donald Tusk
(PO), who has been nominated by the EPP and took office the 1st of December 2014. Overview of the European institutions[edit]

Organisation Institution Number of seats

 European Union European Parliament

215 / 751

 European Union Committee of the Regions

125 / 350

 European Union European Commission

14 / 28

 European Union European Council (Heads of Government)

8 / 28

 European Union Council of the European Union (Participation in Government)

17 / 28

European Commission[edit] In 2014 the EPP nominated Jean-Claude Juncker
Jean-Claude Juncker
as its candidate for election as Commission President if it won the elections for the European Parliament
European Parliament
that year. Because the EPP won Jean-Claude Juncker's nomination was endorsed by the European Council
European Council
and he was elected by an absolute majority in the European Parliament. On 1 November 2014 Jean-Claude Juncker
Jean-Claude Juncker
Commission officially took office. Juncker's Commission includes 14 EPP Commissioners out of 28.

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Photo

Luxembourg

JunckerJean-Claude Juncker President CSV

Finland

KatainenJyrki Katainen European Commissioner for Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness Vice-President European Commissioner for Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness KO

Poland

BieńkowskaElżbieta Bieńkowska European Commissioner for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs PO

Latvia

DombrovskisValdis Dombrovskis European Commissioner for the Euro and Social Dialogue Unity

Belgium

ThyssenMarianne Thyssen European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility CD&V

Hungary

NavracsicsTibor Navracsics European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport Fidesz

Spain

CañeteMiguel Arias Cañete European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy PP

Bulgaria

GeorgievaKristalina Georgieva Vice-President European Commissioner for the Budget and Human Resources GERB

Germany

OettingerGünther Oettinger European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society CDU

Austria

HahnJohannes Hahn European Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy
European Neighbourhood Policy
and Enlargement Negotiations ÖVP

Ireland

HoganPhil Hogan European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development FG

Portugal

MoedasCarlos Moedas European Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation PPD-PSD

Cyprus

HoganChristos Stylianides European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management DISY

Greece

AvramopoulosDimitris Avramopoulos European Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship New Democracy

European Parliament[edit] Main article: European People's Party
European People's Party
( European Parliament
European Parliament
group) The EPP has the largest group in the European Parliament: the EPP Group. As of 2015 it has 216 Members of the European Parliament
European Parliament
and its chairman is the German MEP Manfred Weber. In every election for the European Parliament
European Parliament
candidates elected on lists of member parties of the EPP are obliged to join the EPP Group in the European Parliament. The EPP Group holds six of the fourteen vice-presidencies of the European Parliament. European Council[edit] The EPP has 8 out of the 28 heads of state or government attending the EPP summits in preparation for the European Council:

Member state Representative Title Political party Member of the Council since Photo

 Cyprus Anastasiades, NicosNicos Anastasiades 1 !President DISY 000000002013-02-28-000028 February 2013

 Bulgaria Borissov, BoykoBoyko Borissov 1 !Prime Minister GERB 000000002014-11-07-00007 November 2014

 Germany Merkel, AngelaAngela Merkel 1 !Chancellor CDU 000000002005-11-22-000022 November 2005

 Hungary Orbán, ViktorViktor Orbán 1 !Minister-President Fidesz 000000002010-05-29-000029 May 2010

Ireland Varadkar, LeoLeo Varadkar 1 !Taoiseach[a 1] Fine Gael 22 June 2017

 Romania Iohannis, KlausKlaus Iohannis 1 !President PNL 000000002014-12-21-000021 December 2014

 Spain Rajoy, MarianoMariano Rajoy 1 !Prime Minister of Spain PP 000000002011-12-21-000021 December 2011

The EPP also has other heads of state or government who do not normally take part in the European Council
European Council
or EPP summits since that responsibility belongs to the other leaders of their countries: Rosen Plevneliev (Bulgaria, GERB), János Áder
János Áder
(Hungary, Fidesz), Bronisław Komorowski
Bronisław Komorowski
(Poland, PO), Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Aníbal Cavaco Silva
(Portugal, PSD), Sauli Niinistö
Sauli Niinistö
(Finland, KOK). National legislatures[edit]

Country Institution Number of seats

 Austria National Council Lower house

50 / 183

Federal Council Upper house

22 / 62

 Belgium Chamber of Representatives Lower house

27 / 150

Senate Upper house

12 / 60

 Bulgaria National Assembly

95 / 240

 Croatia Sabor

61 / 151

 Cyprus House of Representatives

18 / 56

 Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies Lower house

17 / 200

Senate Upper house

27 / 81

 Denmark The Folketing

6 / 179

 Estonia Riigikogu

12 / 101

 Finland Parliament

38 / 200

 France National Assembly Lower house

100 / 577

Senate Upper house

142 / 348

 Germany Bundestag

310 / 630

 Greece Parliament

76 / 300

 Hungary Országgyűlés

131 / 199

 Ireland Dáil Lower house

50 / 166

Seanad Upper house

19 / 60

 Italy Chamber of Deputies Lower house

106 / 630

Senate Upper house

65 / 315

 Latvia Saeima

23 / 100

 Lithuania Seimas

31 / 141

 Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies

23 / 60

 Malta House of Representatives

28 / 69

 Netherlands House of Representatives Lower house

19 / 150

Senate Upper house

12 / 75

 Poland Sejm Lower house

152 / 460

Senate Upper house

33 / 100

 Portugal Assembly of the Republic

107 / 230

 Romania Chamber of Deputies Lower house

108 / 329

Senate Upper house

47 / 136

 Slovakia National Council

11 / 150

 Slovenia National Assembly

24 / 90

 Spain Congress of Deputies Lower house

134 / 350

Senate Upper house

149 / 266

 Sweden Parliament

99 / 349

 United Kingdom House of Commons Lower house

0 / 650

House of Lords Upper house

0 / 793

Activities beyond the European Union[edit] In third countries[edit] Through its associate and observer parties the EPP has three heads of state or government in non-EU countries, as well as one of the three members of the Bosnian Presidency, all of whom are invited to attend EPP summits and meetings:

State Representatives Title Political party In power since Photo

 Armenia Sargsyan, SerzhSerzh Sargsyan 1 !President HHK 000000002008-04-09-00009 April 2008

 Bosnia and Herzegovina Izetbegović, BakirBakir Izetbegović Ivanić, MladenMladen Ivanić Čović, DraganDragan Čović 1 !Bosniak Member of the Presidency 1 !Serb Member of the Presidency 1 !Croat Member of the Presidency SDA PDP HDZ BiH 000000002010-11-10-000010 November 2010 000000002014-11-17-000017 November 2014 000000002014-11-17-000017 November 2014

 Norway Solberg, ErnaErna Solberg 1 !Prime Minister Høyre 000000002013-10-16-000016 October 2013

The EPP also has other heads of state or government who do not normally attend the meetings, since the other leaders of their countries attend instead. They include Prime Minister Vjekoslav Bevanda (Bosnia-Herzegovina, HDZ BiH), President Gjorge Ivanov (Republic of Macedonia, VMRO-DPMNE) and President Bujar Nishani (Albania, PD). In the Council of Europe[edit] The Group of the EPP in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe defends freedom of expression and information, as well as freedom of movement of ideas and religious tolerance. It promotes the principle of subsidiarity and local autonomy, as well as the defence of national, social and other minorities. The EPP/CD Group is led by Pedro Agramunt, a member of the Spanish Popular Party. The EPP/CD group also includes members from parties that are not related to the EPP itself, including members of the Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein), the Progressive Citizens' Party
Progressive Citizens' Party
(Liechtenstein), the National and Democratic Union (Monaco) and the Serbian Progressive Party.[17] In the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe[edit] The "EPP and like-minded Group" in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
(OSCE) is the most active political group in that body. The Group meets on a regular basis and promotes the EPP's positions. The members of the EPP Group also participate in the election-monitoring missions of the OSCE. The Group is chaired by Walburga Habsburg Douglas
Walburga Habsburg Douglas
(Sweden), and its Vice-Presidents are Consiglio Di Nino (Canada), Vilija Aleknaitė Abramikiene (Lithuania), Laura Allegrini (Italy) and George Tsereteli (Georgia). The Group also includes members of parties not related to the EPP, accounting for the "like-minded" part of its name. Among them are members of the Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein), the Union for the Principality (Monaco), the Conservative Party of the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party of Canada
Conservative Party of Canada
and the Republican Party of the United States. In the North Atlantic Treaty Organization[edit] The EPP is also present and active in the Parliamentary Assembly of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and forms the “EPP and Associated Members” Group there. It is led by the German CDU politician Karl Lamers, who is also the current President of the Assembly. The Group also includes members of the Conservative Party of Canada
Canada
and the Republican Party of the United States.

From left to right: López-Istúriz, McCain & Martens

Relations with the United States[edit] The EPP has close relations with the International Republican Institute (IRI), an organisation funded by the U.S. government specially to promote democracy and democratisation. The EPP and the IRI cooperate within the framework of the European Partnership Initiative.[18] The EPP's President, Wilfried Martens, endorsed Senator John McCain, the Republican nominee for president, in the presidential election in 2008[19] McCain is also Chairman of the IRI. In 2011 Martens and McCain made joint press statements expressing their concern about the state of democracy in Ukraine.[20][21] Global networks[edit] The EPP is a member of two global centre-right organisations, the International Democrat Union
International Democrat Union
(IDU) and the Christian Democrat International (CDI). Wilfried Martens
Wilfried Martens
Centre for European Studies[edit] Main article: Centre for European Studies (think tank) Following the revision in 2007 of the EU Regulation that governs European political parties, allowing the creation of European foundations affiliated to Europarties, the EPP established in the same year its official foundation/think tank, the Centre for European Studies (CES). The CES includes as members all the major national think tanks and foundations affiliated to EPP member parties: the Konrad Adenauer Foundation
Konrad Adenauer Foundation
(CDU), the Hanns Seidel Foundation (CSU), the Foundation for Analysis and Social Studies (PP), the Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy (ND), the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation (MOD), the Political Academy of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) and others. During the European Parliament
European Parliament
election campaign in 2009 the CES launched a web-based campaign module, tellbarroso.eu, to support Jose Manuel Barroso, the EPP's candidate for re-election as Commission President. In 2014, the CES changed its name to Wilfried Martens
Wilfried Martens
Centre for European Studies in honour of Wilfried Martens, the late President of the EPP who was also President of the CES. The current President of the WMCES is former Slovak Prime Minister Mikuláš Dzurinda. The Budapest-based Robert Schuman Institute and the Luxembourg-based Robert Schuman Foundation are also affiliated with the European People's Party.[citation needed] EPP associations[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (September 2015)

The EPP is linked to several specific associations that focus on specific groups and organise seminars, forums, publications and other activities. Small and Medium Entrepreneurs Europe (SME Europe)[edit] Main article: SME Europe SME Europe is the official business organisation of the EPP, and serves as a network for pro-business politicians and political organisations. Its main objective is to shape EU policy in a more SME-friendly way in close cooperation with the SME Circle of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the DG Enterprise and the pro-business organisations of the EPP's member parties. Its top priorities are to reform the legal framework for SMEs all over Europe, and to promote and support the interests of small and medium-sized enterprises. SME Europe was founded in May 2012 by three Members of the European Parliament, Paul Rübig, Nadezhda Neynsky
Nadezhda Neynsky
and Bendt Bendtsen. European Democrat Students[edit] Main article: European Democrat Students European Democrat Students
European Democrat Students
(EDS) is now the official students’ organisation of the EPP, though it was founded in 1961, 15 years before the EPP itself. Led by Virgilio Falco, EDS has 40 member organisations, representing nearly 1,600,000 students and young people[22] in 31 countries, including Belarus
Belarus
and Georgia. Every year EDS hosts Summer and Winter "universities", and several seminars. It also regularly publishes a magazine, Bullseye, and organises topical campaigns. European Senior Union[edit] Founded in Madrid
Madrid
in 1995 and led by Ann Hermans of the CD&V, the European Senior Union (ESU) is the largest political senior citizens’ organisation in Europe. The ESCU is represented in 26 states with 45 organisations and about 500,000 members. European Union
European Union
of Christian Democratic Workers[edit] The European Union
European Union
of Christian Democratic Workers (EUCDW) is the labour organisation of the EPP, with 24 member organisations in 18 different countries. As the officially recognised EPP association of workers, the EUCDW is led by Elmar Brok, MEP. It aims at the political unification of a democratic Europe, the development of the EPP on the basis of Christian social teaching, and the defence of workers' interests in European policy-making. Women of the European People’s Party[edit] The Women of the European People’s Party (EPP Women) is recognised by the EPP as the official association of women from all like-minded political parties of Europe. EPP Women has more than 40 member organisations from countries of the European Union
European Union
and beyond. All of them are women‘s organisations of political parties that are members of the EPP. EPP Women is led by Doris Pack. Youth of the European People’s Party[edit] Main article: Youth of the European People's Party The Youth of the European People’s Party (YEPP), led by Konstantinos Kyranakis, is the EPP‘s official youth organisation. It has 51 member organisations, bringing together between one and two million young people in 38 countries. Membership[edit] Within the EPP there are three kinds of member organisations: full members, associate members and observers. Full members are parties from EU states. They have absolute rights to vote in all the EPP's organs and on all matters. Associate members have the same voting rights as full members except for matters concerning the EU's structure or policies. These associate membres are parties from EU candidate countries and EFTA
EFTA
countries. Observer parties can participate in all the activities of the EPP, and attend the Congresses and Political Assemblies, but they do not have any voting rights. A special status of "supporting member" is granted by the Presidency to individuals and associations. Although they do not have voting rights, they can be invited by the President to attend meetings of certain organs of the party. Three EU Commissioners, Dacian Cioloș, Kristalina Georgieva
Kristalina Georgieva
and Andris Piebalgs, are members of the EPP even though they do not belong to any national member party. Full member parties[edit]

Country Party Name Abbr. Legislature Lower House
Lower House
Seats Legislature Upper House
Upper House
Seats

 Albania Democratic Party of Albania PD

43 / 140

 Austria Austrian People's Party ÖVP

62 / 183

22 / 61

 Belgium Christian Democratic and Flemish CD&V

18 / 150

8 / 60

Humanist Democratic Centre cdH

9 / 150

4 / 60

 Bulgaria Citizens for the European Development of Bulgaria GERB

95 / 240

Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria DSB

0 / 240

Union of Democratic Forces SDS

0 / 240

Democratic Party DP

0 / 240

Movement " Bulgaria
Bulgaria
of the Citizens" BCM

0 / 240

 Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZ

56 / 151

Croatian Peasant Party HSS

5 / 151

 Cyprus Democratic Rally DISY

18 / 56

 Czech Republic TOP 09

7 / 200

2 / 81

Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party KDU–ČSL

10 / 200

16 / 81

 Denmark Conservative People's Party C

6 / 179

Christian Democrats KD

0 / 179

 Estonia Pro Patria and Res Publica Union IRL

12 / 101

 Finland National Coalition Party KOK

38 / 200

 France The Republicans LR

112 / 577

144 / 348

 Germany Christian Democratic Union CDU

200 / 709

Christian Social Union in Bavaria CSU

46 / 709

 Georgia Movement for Liberty - European Georgia EG

21 / 150

 Greece New Democracy ND

76 / 300

 Hungary Fidesz

114 / 199

Christian Democratic People's Party KDNP

16 / 199

 Ireland Fine Gael

50 / 158

19 / 60

 Italy Forza Italia FI

104 / 630

61 / 315

Popular Alternative AP

2 / 630

1 / 315

Union of the Centre UdC

0 / 630

3 / 315

 Latvia Unity V

23 / 100

 Lithuania Homeland Union
Homeland Union
– Lithuanian Christian Democrats TS-LKD

31 / 141

 Luxembourg Christian Social People's Party CSV/PSC

23 / 60

 Malta Nationalist Party

28 / 67

 Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal CDA

19 / 150

12 / 75

 Poland Civic Platform PO

136 / 460

33 / 100

Polish People's Party PSL

15 / 460

0 / 100

 Portugal Social Democratic Party PSD

89 / 230

Democratic and Social Centre - People's Party CDS-PP

18 / 230

 Romania National Liberal Party PNL

69 / 329

30 / 136

Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania UDMR

21 / 329

9 / 136

People's Movement Party PMP

18 / 329

8 / 136

 Slovakia Christian Democratic Movement KDH

0 / 150

Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party SDKÚ-DS

0 / 150

Most–Híd

15 / 150

Party of the Hungarian Community SMK/MKP

0 / 150

 Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDS

21 / 90

Slovenian People's Party SLS

0 / 90

New Slovenia NSi

5 / 90

 Spain People's Party PP

134 / 350

148 / 265

 Sweden Moderate Party

83 / 369

Christian Democrats

16 / 369

Associate members[edit]  Macedonia

Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (VMRO–DPMNE)

 Norway

Conservative Party (H)

 Serbia

Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians
Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians
(VMSZ/SVM)

  Switzerland

Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP)

Observer members[edit]  Armenia

Republican Party of Armenia
Armenia
(HHK) Rule of Law (OEK) Heritage

 Belarus

Belarusian Christian Democracy
Belarusian Christian Democracy
(BCD) United Civil Party of Belarus
Belarus
(AHP)

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Party of Democratic Action
Party of Democratic Action
(SDA) Croatian Democratic Union
Croatian Democratic Union
of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(HDZBiH) Party of Democratic Progress
Party of Democratic Progress
(PDP) Croatian Democratic Union
Croatian Democratic Union
1990 (HDZ 1990)

 Finland

Christian Democrats (KD)

 Georgia

United National Movement (UNM)

 Italy

South Tyrolean People's Party
South Tyrolean People's Party
(SVP) Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party

 Moldova

Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova
Moldova
(PLDM)

 Norway

Christian People's Party (KrF)

 San Marino

Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party
Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party
(PDCS)

 Kosovo

Democratic League of Kosovo
Kosovo
(LDK)

 Ukraine

Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" Batkivshchyna Democratic Alliance

Former members[edit]  Belarus

Belarusian Popular Front
Belarusian Popular Front
(BNF), observer member until 2017

 France

Centre of Social Democrats[23] Union for French Democracy[23] Rally for the Republic[23] Union for a Popular Movement[23]

 Italy

Christian Democracy[23] Italian People's Party[23] Christian Democratic Centre[23] United Christian Democrats[23] Italian Renewal[23] Forza Italia[23] Union of Democrats for Europe[23] The People of Freedom[23] New Centre-Right

 Romania

Democratic Party (PD) Democratic Liberal Party (PDL) Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNȚ-CD)

 Spain

Basque Nationalist Party[23] People's Democratic Party[23]

 Turkey

Justice and Development Party (observer)

 Ukraine

People's Movement of Ukraine
Ukraine
(observer) Our Ukraine
Ukraine
(observer)

Notes[edit]

^ The Irish Prime Minister is commonly referred to as the Taoiseach
Taoiseach
in both Irish and English. See: Article 28.5.1° of the Constitution of Ireland.

References[edit]

^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram. "Parties and Elections in Europe". www.parties-and-elections.eu. Retrieved 2017-05-28.  ^ a b Macron, Merkel say ready to change EU treaties if needed ^ José María Magone (2006). The New World Architecture: The Role of the European Union
European Union
in the Making of Global Governance. New York: Transaction Publishers. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-7658-0279-8.  ^ Vít Hloušek; Lubomír Kopeček (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. London: Ashgate Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7546-7840-3.  ^ Josep Maria Colomer (2008). "The European Union: A Federal Democratic Empire?". In Josep Maria Colomer. Comparative European Politics. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-415-43755-4.  ^ Karl Magnus Johansson (2009). "The Emergence of Political Parties at European Level: Integration Unaccomplished". In Sverker Gustavsson; Lars Oxelheim; Lars Pehrson. How Unified Is the European Union?: European Integration Between Visions and Popular Legitimacy. Springer. p. 160. ISBN 978-3-540-95855-0.  ^ "Hungarian government rehashes UKIP anti-migrant poster in new ad". Euronews. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ administrator. "EPP European People's Party". Epp.eu. Archived from the original on 1 September 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2011.  ^ a b "On the Road Towards Transnational Party Cooperation in Europe" by Steven van Hecke[dead link] in "European View", Volume 3, 2006, from the Centre for European Studies Archived 3 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b Claey, P. H.; Loeb-Mayer, N. (1979). "Trans-European Party Groupings: Emergence of New and Alignment of Old Parties in the Light of the Direct Elections to the European Parliament". Government and Opposition. 14 (4): 455. doi:10.1111/j.1477-7053.1979.tb00257.x.  ^ "EPP Congress website". Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved November 2012.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ a b c d e f g EPP Manifesto – European Elections 2009[dead link] ^ Statutes of the European People's Party
European People's Party
Archived 28 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine., Approved by the EPP Congress on 7th December 2011 in Marseille (France) ^ "Presidency". EPP - European People's Party. Retrieved 2016-01-06.  ^ Jansen & Van Hecke 2011, p. 109. ^ "EPP website". Archived from the original on 8 September 2011. Retrieved September 2011.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "PACE website". Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012.  ^ "European Partnership Initiative International Republican Institute". IRI. Archived from the original on 11 November 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2011.  ^ "Financial Times Article Wilfried Martens". Epp.eu. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2011.  ^ " United States
United States
Senator John McCain:: Press Office:". Mccain.senate.gov. 30 August 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2011.  ^ "Senator McCain and President Martens urge for the release of Yulia Tymoshenko". Epp.eu. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2011.  ^ Students on the Right Way: European Democrat Students
European Democrat Students
1961-2011. thinkingeurope.eu. Retrieved on 2013-09-07. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Thomas Jansen; Steven Van Hecke (2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 51. ISBN 978-3-642-19414-6. 

Bibliography[edit]

Jansen, Thomas (1998). The European People's Party: Origins and Development. MacMillans.  Jansen, Thomas; Van Hecke, Steven (2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-19414-6. ISBN 978-3-642-19413-9. LCCN 2011927265.  Kaiser, Wolfram (2004). Michael Gehler; Wolfram Kaiser, eds. Transnational Christian Democracy: From the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales to the European People's Party. Christian Democracy in Europe since 1945. Routledge. pp. 194–208. ISBN 0-7146-5662-3. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to European People's Party.

European People's Party
European People's Party
EPP portal site myEPP.eu private social network myEPP.tv webtv CES the EPP think-tank tellBarroso.eu – a 2009 EPP campaign initiative by its think-tank, CES EPP Group in the European Parliament EPP Group in the Committee of the Regions EPP Group in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe EPP Youth (YEPP) EPP Students (EDS) EPP Women EPP Seniors (ESU) EPP SME Union EPP Workers (EUCDW) Database on EPP's history

v t e

European People's Party
European People's Party
(EPP)

Parliamentary group: European People's Party
European People's Party
Group

Parties

Member parties (EU)

ÖVP cdH CD&V GERB/ГЕРБ DSB/ДСБ DP/ДП SDS/СДС HDZ HSS DISY/ΔΗ.ΣΥ. KDU–ČSL TOP 09 K D IRL Kok./Saml. LR CDU CSU ND/Ν.Δ. Fidesz KDNP FG FI AP UdC PpI V TS-LKD CSV PN CDA PO PSL CDS PPD-PSD PNL PMP UDMR/RMDSz KDH MOST-HÍD SDKÚ-DS SMK-MKP NSi SDS SLS PP UDC KD M

Associated parties (non-EU)

VMRO - DPMNE/ВМРО - ДПМНЕ H SNS CVP-PDC-PPD-PCD

Observer parties

PD HHK/ՀՀԿ OEK/ՕԵԿ Heritage/Ժառանգություն BNF/БНФ AHP/АГП HDZ BiH PDP SDA HDZ 1990 KD ENM/ენმ LDK SVP PATT PLDM KrF PDCS VMSZ Batkivshchyna/Батьківщина NRU/НРУ UDAR/УДАР

Party Presidents

Leo Tindemans Piet Bukman Jacques Santer Wilfried Martens Joseph Daul

European Parliament Group Presidents

Maan Sassen Pierre Wigny Alain Poher Joseph Illerhaus Hans Lücker Alfred Bertrand Egon Klepsch Paolo Barbi Egon Klepsch Leo Tindemans Wilfried Martens Hans-Gert Pöttering Joseph Daul Manfred Weber see European Parliament

European Commissioners

José Manuel Barroso
José Manuel Barroso
(President) Andris Piebalgs
Andris Piebalgs
(Development) Jyrki Katainen
Jyrki Katainen
(Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro) Michel Barnier
Michel Barnier
(Internal Market and Services) Algirdas Šemeta
Algirdas Šemeta
(Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud) Tonio Borg
Tonio Borg
(Health and Consumer Policy) Jacek Dominik (Financial Programming and the Budget) Kristalina Georgieva
Kristalina Georgieva
(International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response) Günther Oettinger
Günther Oettinger
(Energy) Johannes Hahn
Johannes Hahn
(Regional Policy) Connie Hedegaard
Connie Hedegaard
(Climate Action) Dacian Cioloș
Dacian Cioloș
(Agriculture and Rural Development) see Barroso II Commission

Heads of government at the European Council

Nicos Anastasiades
Nicos Anastasiades
(Cyprus) Alexander Stubb
Alexander Stubb
(Finland) Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
(Germany) Antonis Samaras
Antonis Samaras
(Greece) Viktor Orbán
Viktor Orbán
(Hungary) Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
(Ireland) Laimdota Straujuma
Laimdota Straujuma
(Latvia) Pedro Passos Coelho
Pedro Passos Coelho
(Portugal) Traian Băsescu
Traian Băsescu
(Romania) Mariano Rajoy
Mariano Rajoy
(Spain) see European Council

Eurofoundation: Wilfried Martens
Wilfried Martens
Centre for European Studies

v t e

Pan-European political organisations

Political parties recognised by the EU

Current

Alliance for Direct Democracy in Europe Alliance for Peace and Freedom Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party Europeans United for Democracy European Alliance for Freedom Alliance of European National Movements European Christian Political Movement European Democratic Party European Free Alliance European Green Party European People's Party Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom Party of European Socialists Party of the European Left

Defunct

Alliance for Europe of the Nations Alliance of Independent Democrats in Europe Libertas Movement for a Europe of Liberties and Democracy

Political parties not recognised by the EU

Current

Europe – Democracy – Esperanto European Federalist Party European Pirate Party European Party for Individual Liberty Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties

Defunct

European National Front Europe United Party Movement for European Reform Newropeans

Other confederations of national parties

Current

European Anti-Capitalist Left Liberal South East European Network Nordic Green Left Alliance

Defunct

Euronat Platform for Transparency European Democrat Union

National parties by European organisation Political groups of the European Parliament Political foundations at European level European parliamentary elections European Council
European Council
composition by party Politics portal

v t e

International Democrat Union

Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists Asia Pacific Democrat Union Caribbean Democrat Union Democrat Union of Africa European Democrat Union European People's Party International Women's Democrat Union International Young Democrat Union Union of Latin American Parties

Member parties

     

Democratic Party Liberal Party Austrian People's Party National Independence Party Social Democrat Movement Party of Democratic Action Democrats Union of Democratic Forces Conservative Party Independent Democratic Union National Renewal Kuomintang Conservative Party Democratic Union Democratic Rally Civic Democratic Party Conservative People's Party National Progressive Force

Social Christian Party Nationalist Republican Alliance Pro Patria and Res Publica Union National Coalition Party The Republicans Christian-Democratic Movement United National Movement Christian Democratic Union Christian Social Union in Bavaria New Patriotic Party New Democracy Unionist Party National Party Fidesz Independence Party Bharatiya Janata Party National Awakening Party Jamaica
Jamaica
Labour Party VMRO–DPMNE

Maldivian Democratic Party Liberal Democratic Party Democratic Party National Party Conservative Party Conservative Party Christian People's Party CDS–PP Democratic Party of Serbia Slovenian Democratic Party Liberty Korea Party People's Party United National Party Moderate Party Forum for Democratic Change Conservative Party Republican Party Proje

.