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Etruria
Etruria
(/ɪˈtrʊəriə/; usually referred to in Greek and Latin source texts as Tyrrhenia Greek: Τυρρηνία) was a region of Central Italy, located in an area that covered part of what are now Tuscany, Lazio, and Umbria.

Contents

1 Etruscan Etruria 2 Roman Etruria 3 Etruria
Etruria
in later times 4 Cities 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

Etruscan Etruria[edit] The ancient people of Etruria
Etruria
are labeled Etruscans, and their complex culture was centered on numerous city-states that rose during the Villanovan
Villanovan
period in the ninth century BCE and were very powerful during the Orientalizing
Orientalizing
Archaic periods. The Etruscans were a dominant culture in Italy by 650 BCE,[1] surpassing other ancient Italic peoples such as the Ligures, and their influence may be seen beyond Etruria's confines in the Po River
Po River
Valley and Latium, as well as in Campania
Campania
and through their contact with the Greek colonies in Southern Italy
Southern Italy
(including Sicily). Indeed, at some Etruscan tombs, such as those of the Tumulus di Montefortini at Comeana (see Carmignano) in Tuscany, physical evidence of trade has been found in the form of grave goods—fine faience ware cups are particularly notable examples. Such trade occurred either directly with Egypt
Egypt
or through intermediaries such as Greek or Phoenician sailors. Rome, buffered from Etruria
Etruria
by the Silva Ciminia, the Ciminian Forest, was influenced strongly by the Etruscans, with a series of Etruscan kings ruling at Rome
Rome
until 509 BCE when the last Etruscan king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was removed from power and the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
was established.[2] The Etruscans are credited with influencing Rome's architecture and ritual practice; it was under the Etruscan kings that important structures such as the Capitolium, Cloaca Maxima, and Via Sacra were realized. The Etruscan civilization
Etruscan civilization
was responsible for much of the Greek culture imported into early Republican Rome, including the twelve Olympian gods, the growing of olives and grapes, the Latin
Latin
alphabet (adapted from the Greek alphabet), and architecture like the arch, sewerage and drainage systems. Roman Etruria[edit] In the augustean organization of Italy, Etruria
Etruria
was the name of a region (Regio VII), whose borders were the Tiber, the Tyrrhenian Sea, the Apuan Alps
Apuan Alps
and the Apennines, roughly coincident with those of Etruscan Etruria.[3] Etruria
Etruria
in later times[edit] The Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Tuscany
(which existed 1569–1801 and 1814–1859) styled itself in Latin
Latin
as Magnus Ducatus Etruriae (Grand Duchy of Etruria). The name Etruria
Etruria
was also applied to the Kingdom of Etruria, an ephemeral client state of Napoleon I of France
Napoleon I of France
which replaced the Grand Duchy between 1801 and 1807. A particularly noteworthy work dealing with Etruscan locations is D. H. Lawrence's Sketches of Etruscan Places and other Italian essays. Cities[edit] Main article: Etruscan cities Latin
Latin
and Italian names are given between parentheses:

Arritim (Arretium, Arezzo) Caisra (Caere, Cerveteri) Clevsin (Clusium, Chiusi) Curtun (Cortonium, Cortona) Felathri (Volaterrae, Volterra) Fufluna (Populonium, Populonia) Parusia (Perusia, Perugia) Tarchna (Volscian Anxur) (Tarracina, Terracina) Tarchnal (Tarquinii, Tarquinia) Veii
Veii
(Veii, Veio) Vetluna
Vetluna
(Vetulonium, Vetulonia) Vipsul (Faesulae, Fiesole) Velch (Vulci, Volci) Velzna (Volsiniia, Volsinii)

There was a period between 600 BCE and 500 BCE, in which 12 Etruscan city-states formed a loose confederation known as the Etruscan League. Etruscan was the official language for meetings. When Etruria
Etruria
was conquered by the Roman Republic, Latin
Latin
became the official language. See also[edit]

Padanian Etruria Etruscan history Etruscan origins Etruscan cities Etruscan civilization Etruscan society Etruscan language Etruscan mythology Kingdom of Etruria Tuscia

References[edit]

^ Rix, Helmut. "Etruscan." In The Ancient Languages of Europe, ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp. 141–164. ^ Cary, M.; Scullard, H. H., A History of Rome. Page 28. 3rd Ed. 1979. ISBN 0-312-38395-9. ^ Baracca, M. (1970). Atlante Storico (in Latin). Novara: De Agostini. p. 15.  access-date= requires url= (help)

Bibliography[edit]

Hall, John F. (1996). Etruscan Italy: Etruscan Influences on the Civilizations of Italy from Antiquity to the Modern Era. Indiana University Press. p. 411. ISBN 9780842523349.  Chronology of Etruscan Italy, [1]. Giuliano Bonfante; Larissa Bonfante (2003). The Etruscan Language: An Introduction. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0719055407. 

External links[edit]

Look up etruria in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria, by George Dennis, an overview of Etruscan civilisation

v t e

Etruscan-related topics

History

Origins Padanian Etruria Founding of Rome Tyrrhenus Tyrrhenians Tarchon Caelius Vibenna Capys Lucius Tarquinius Priscus Tanaquil Servius Tullius Lucius Tarquinius Superbus Aruns (son of Tarquinius Superbus) Lars Porsena Lars Tolumnius Titus Vestricius Spurinna

Culture and society

Apollo of Veii Architecture Art Chimera of Arezzo Coins Corpus Speculorum Etruscorum Etruscan League Etruscan names for Greek heroes Etruscan Sibyl Extispicy Fanum Voltumnae Haruspex Jewelry Lausus Liver of Piacenza Mezentius Mythological figures Mythology Persius Poppilia Raeti Religion Sarcophagus of the Spouses Tages Terracotta warriors Titus Lartius Tomb of the Roaring Lions Vulca

Military history

Battle of Alalia
Battle of Alalia
(540 BC–535 BC) Siege of Rome
Rome
(509 BC) Siege of Rome
Rome
(508 BC) Battle of the Cremera (477 BC) Battle of Cumae
Battle of Cumae
(474 BC) Capture of Fidenae
Fidenae
(435 BC) Battle of Veii
Veii
(c. 396 BC) Battle of Lake Vadimo (310 BC) Battle of Populonia
Populonia
(282 BC)

Language

Alphabet Cippus Perusinus Corpus Inscriptionum Etruscarum English words of Etruscan origin Lemnian language Liber Linteus Pyrgi
Pyrgi
Tablets Raetic language Spanish words of Etruscan origin Tabula Capuana Tabula Cortonensis Tyrsenian languages

Archeology

Bucchero Cuniculi Etruscology Impasto (pottery) Monteleone Chariot National Etruscan Museum Negau helmet Portonaccio Tomb of Orcus Tumulus of Montefortini Vicus Tuscus

Key sites

Acquarossa Adria Aleria Baratti Bologna Caere Ceri Cerveteri Civita di Bagnoregio Clusium Cumae Etruria Falerii Fescennia Fidenae Norchia Orvieto Perusia Poggio Colla Populonia Pyrgi Rusellae San Giovenale Spina Tarquinia Tuscania Veii Vetulonia Vie Cave Volsinii Volterra Vulci

Portal

Authority control

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