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Konstantin Päts Country People's Union

Elected Prime Minister Otto August Strandman Labour Party

The Estonian Constituent Assembly (Estonian: Asutav kogu) was elected on 5–7 April 1919,[1] called by the Estonian Provisional Government during the Estonian War of Independence. The Assembly was elected by party-list proportional representation in one nationwide district using the D'Hondt method.[2] Eligible voters included soldiers at the front. The elections were won by left-wing and centrist parties.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Results 3 References 4 External links

History[edit]

Estonian Constituent Assembly, Opening Session on 23 April 1919.

The 120 members of the Constituent Assembly met at the opening session on 23 April 1919, the birthday of the Estonian Parliament[1] and elected the chairman, Social Democrat August Rei. On 7 May the Assembly passed the Public Elementary Schools Act: The principle of compulsory and free primary 6-year elementary school education was established.[4] On 8 May 1919 the Estonian provisional government resigned, and the first fully democratically elected Government of Estonia
Estonia
headed by Prime Minister
Prime Minister
Otto Strandman
Otto Strandman
(Estonian Labor Party) took office. On 15 May the assembly reaffirmed the Estonian Declaration of Independence, aimed at the international community for recognizing Estonia
Estonia
as an independent state. On 4 June 1919 the Assembly adopted a temporary Constitution of Estonia, and on 10 October 1919 The Land Reform
Land Reform
Act was passed which confiscated and redistributed the Baltic German
Baltic German
estates, ending the 700 years possession of the regions that the Germans had gained after the Livonian Crusade.[5] On 13 February the Peace Treaty of Tartu was ratified, signed by Estonia
Estonia
and Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR
on 2 February. The first Constitution of Estonia
Estonia
was adopted on 15 June 1920. After the constitution had entered into effect and the first parliamentary elections were held, the Constituent Assembly disbanded itself on 20 December 1920.[3] Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats

Estonian Social Democratic Workers' Party 152,341 33.3 41

Estonian Labour Party 114,879 25.1 30

Estonian People's Party 94,892 20.7 25

Rural League 29,989 6.5 8

Socialists-Revolutionaries 26,536 5.8 7

Christian Democratic Party 20,157 4.4 5

German-Baltic Party 11,462 2.5 3

Russian National Union 5,765 1.3 1

Party of the Residents of Hiiumaa Island 1,090 0.2 0

All-Estonian Sailors' Union 795 0.2 0

Total 457,906 100 120

Registered voters/turnout 653,000 70.1 –

Source: McHale,[6] Nohlen & Stöver[2]

References[edit]

^ a b Chronology at riigikogu.ee ^ a b Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p581 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7 ^ a b Historical Dictionary of Estonia; p. 140 ISBN 0-8108-4904-6 ^ Public Elementary Schools Act at Estonian Historical Archives ^ Encyclopædia Britannica 11th edition Archived August 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Vincent E McHale (1983) Political parties of Europe, Greenwood Press, p397 ISBN 0-313-23804-9

External links[edit]

Minutes (first session) Minutes (second session) Minutes (third session) Minutes (fourth session) Minutes (fifth session)

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Elections and referendums in Estonia

Parliamentary elections

1917 1918 1919 1920 1923 1926 1929 1932 1936 1938 1940 1947 1951 1955 1959 1963 1967 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 (Feb) 1990 (Mar) 1992 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019

Municipal elections

1919 1921 1923 1927 1930 1934 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 2009 2013 2017

Presidential elections

1992

European elections

2004 2009 2014

Referendums

1923 1932 1933 (Jun) 1933 (Oct) 1

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