Estate (house)
   HOME

TheInfoList



OR:

An estate is a large parcel of land under single ownership, which would historically generate income for its owner.


British context

In the UK, historically an estate comprises the houses, outbuildings, supporting farmland, and woods that surround the gardens and grounds of a very large property, such as a
country house An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside. Such houses were often owned by individuals who also owned a Townhouse (Great Britain), town house. This allowed them to spend time in the country and in the cit ...
,
mansion A mansion is a large dwelling house. The word itself derives through Old French from the Latin word ''mansio'' "dwelling", an abstract noun derived from the verb ''manere'' "to dwell". The English word ''manse'' originally defined a property la ...
,
palace A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop. The word is derived from the Latin name palātium, for Palatine Hill in Rome which ...
or
castle A castle is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the late 5th to the late 15th centuries, similar to the Post-classical, ...
. It is the modern term for a manor, but lacks a manor's now-abolished jurisdiction. The "estate" formed an economic system where the profits from its produce and rents (of housing or agricultural land) sustained the main household, formerly known as the
manor house A manor house was historically the Official residence, main residence of the lord of the manor. The house formed the administrative centre of a Manorialism, manor in the European feudal system; within its great hall were held the lord's manor ...
. Thus, "the estate" may refer to all other cottages and villages in the same ownership as the mansion itself, covering more than one former manor. Examples of such great estates are
Woburn Abbey Woburn Abbey (), occupying the east of the village of Woburn, Bedfordshire Bedfordshire (; abbreviated Beds) is a ceremonial county in the East of England. The county has been administered by three Unitary authorities of England, unitary auth ...
in
Bedfordshire Bedfordshire (; abbreviated Beds) is a ceremonial county in the East of England. The county has been administered by three Unitary authorities of England, unitary authorities, Borough of Bedford, Central Bedfordshire and Borough of Luton, since B ...
,
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. It is separa ...
, and
Blenheim Palace Blenheim Palace (pronounced ) is a English country house, country house in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England. It is the seat of the Duke of Marlborough (title), Dukes of Marlborough and the only non-royal family, royal, non-Bishop, episco ...
, in
Oxfordshire Oxfordshire is a ceremonial county, ceremonial and non-metropolitan county, non-metropolitan counties of England, county in the north west of South East England. It is a mainly rural area, rural county, with its largest settlement being the ci ...
, England, built to replace the former manor house of Woodstock. In a more urban context are the "Great Estates" in Central London such as the Grosvenor and Portman, which continue to generate significant income through rent.Financial Times https://www.ft.com/content/569361b2-abfa-11e6-ba7d-76378e4fef24 Before the 1870s, these estates often encompassed several thousand acres, generally consisting of several farms let to tenants; the great house was supplied with food from its own home farm (for meat and dairy) and a
kitchen garden The traditional kitchen garden, vegetable garden, also known as a potager (from the French ) or in Scotland a kailyaird, is a space separate from the rest of the residential garden A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside ...
(for fruit and vegetables). However the agricultural depression from the 1870s onwards and the decline of servants meant that the large rural estates declined in social and economic significance, and many of the country houses were destroyed. In modern
British English British English (BrE, en-GB, or BE) is, according to Oxford Dictionaries, " English as used in Great Britain, as distinct from that used elsewhere". More narrowly, it can refer specifically to the English language in England, or, more broa ...
, the term "estate" has been generalised to any large parcel of land under single ownership, such as a
housing estate A housing estate (or sometimes housing complex or housing development) is a group of homes and other buildings built together as a single development. The exact form may vary from country to country. Popular throughout the United States a ...
or
industrial estate An industrial park (also known as industrial estate, trading estate) is an area zoning, zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development. An industrial park can be thought of as a more "heavyweight" version of a business park or offic ...
.


In the United States

Large country estates were traditionally found in New York's
Long Island Long Island is a densely populated island in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of New York (state), New York, part of the New York metropolitan area. With over 8 million people, Long Island is the most populous island in the United Sta ...
, and
Westchester County Westchester County is located in the U.S. state of New York (state), New York. It is the seventh most populous county in the State of New York and the most populous north of New York City. According to the 2020 United States Census, the county h ...
, the Philadelphia Main Line, Maine's
Bar Harbor Bar Harbor is a resort town on Mount Desert Island in Hancock County, Maine, Hancock County, Maine, United States. As of the 2020 United States Census, 2020 census, its population is 5,089. During the summer and fall seasons, it is a popular tour ...
on Mount Desert Island, and other affluent East Coast enclaves; and the
San Francisco Bay Area The San Francisco Bay Area, often referred to as simply the Bay Area, is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, San Pablo Bay, San Pablo, and Suisun Bay estuary, estuaries in Northern California. The Bay Area is de ...
, early
Beverly Hills, California Beverly Hills is a city located in Los Angeles County, California. A notable and historic suburb of Greater Los Angeles, it is in a wealthy area immediately southwest of the Hollywood Hills, approximately northwest of downtown Los Angeles. Bev ...
, Montecito, California,
Santa Barbara, California Santa Barbara ( es, Santa Bárbara, meaning "Saint Barbara") is a coastal city in Santa Barbara County, California, of which it is also the county seat. Situated on a south-facing section of coastline, the longest such section on the West Coas ...
and other affluent West Coast enclaves. All these regions had strong traditions of large agricultural, grazing, and productive estates modeled on those in Europe. However, by the late 1940s and early 1950s, many of these estates had been demolished and subdivided, in some cases resulting in
suburb A suburb (more broadly suburban area) is an area within a metropolitan area, which may include Commercial area, commercial and mixed-use development, mixed-use, that is primarily a residential area. A suburb can exist either as part of a ...
an villages named for the former owners, as in Baxter Estates, New York. An important distinction between the United States and England is that "American country estates, unlike English ones, rarely, if ever, supported the house." This version is a 2004 reprint of the 1990 original. American estates have always been about "the pleasures of land ownership and the opportunity to enjoy active, outdoor pursuits." Although some American estates included farms, they were always in support of the larger recreational purpose. Today, large houses on lots of at least several
acre The acre is a Unit of measurement, unit of land area used in the Imperial units, imperial and United States customary units#Units of area, US customary systems. It is traditionally defined as the area of one Chain (unit), chain by one furlong ( ...
s in size are often referred to as "estates", in a contemporary updating of the word's usage. Most contemporary American estates are not large enough to include significant amounts of self-supporting productive agricultural land, and the money for their improvement and maintenance usually comes from fortunes earned in other economic sectors besides agriculture. They are distinguished from ordinary middle-class American houses by sheer size, as well as their landscaping, gardens, outbuildings, and most importantly, recreational structures (e.g., tennis courts and swimming pools). This usage is the predominant connotation of "estate" in contemporary
American English American English, sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of variety (linguistics), varieties of the English language native to the United States. English is the Languages of the United States, most widely spoken lan ...
(when not preceded by the word "real"), which is why "industrial estate" sounds like an
oxymoron An oxymoron (usual plural oxymorons, more rarely oxymora) is a figure of speech that Juxtaposition, juxtaposes concepts with opposing meanings within a word or phrase that creates an ostensible self-contradiction (disambiguation), self-contradic ...
to Americans, as few wealthy persons would deliberately choose to live next to factories. Traditional American estates include: * Biltmore,
Asheville, North Carolina Asheville ( ) is a city in, and the county seat of, Buncombe County, North Carolina. Located at the confluence of the French Broad River, French Broad and Swannanoa River, Swannanoa rivers, it is the largest city in Western North Carolina, and ...
; estate of
George Washington Vanderbilt II George Washington Vanderbilt II (November 14, 1862 – March 6, 1914) was an art collector and member of the prominent Vanderbilt family, which amassed a huge fortune through steamboats, railroads, and various business enterprises. He commission ...
*
Hearst Castle Hearst Castle, known formally as La Cuesta Encantada (Spanish language, Spanish for "The Enchanted Hill"), is a historic estate in San Simeon, California, San Simeon, located on the Central Coast of California. Conceived by William Randolph Hea ...
, Central Coast of California; estate of
William Randolph Hearst William Randolph Hearst Sr. (; April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American businessman, newspaper publisher, and politician known for developing the nation's largest newspaper chain and media company, Hearst Communications. His flamboyan ...
* Castle Hill,
Ipswich, Massachusetts Ipswich is a coastal New England town, town in Essex County, Massachusetts, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 13,785 at the 2020 census. Home to Willowdale State Forest and Sandy Point State Reservation, Ipswich includ ...
; estate of Richard Teller Crane Jr. *Meadow Farm, East Islip, New York; estate of H. B. Hollins (demolished) * Westbrook, Great River, New York; estate of William Bayard Cutting * Coe Hall,
Oyster Bay, New York The Town of Oyster Bay is the easternmost of the three Administrative divisions of New York#Town, towns which make up Nassau County, New York, United States. Part of the New York metropolitan area, it is the only town in Nassau County to extend ...
; estate of William R. Coe * Indian Neck Hall, Oakdale, New York; estate of Frederick Gilbert Bourne *Inisfada,
Manhasset, New York Manhasset is a Hamlet (New York), hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in Nassau County, New York, Nassau County, on the North Shore (Long Island), North Shore of Long Island, in New York (state), New York. It is considered the anchor communi ...
; estate of Nicholas Brady *Idle Hour, Oakdale, New York; estate of
William Kissam Vanderbilt William Kissam "Willie" Vanderbilt I (December 12, 1849 – July 22, 1920) was an American heir, businessman, philanthropist and horsebreeder. Born into the Vanderbilt family The Vanderbilt family is an American family who gained prominence dur ...
* Oheka Castle,
Cold Spring Harbor, New York Cold Spring Harbor is a Hamlet (New York), hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the Huntington, New York, Town of Huntington, in Suffolk County, New York, Suffolk County, on the North Shore (Long Island), North Shore of Long Island in New Y ...
; estate of Otto Hermann Kahn * Harold Lloyd Estate, 'Greenacres'
Beverly Hills, California Beverly Hills is a city located in Los Angeles County, California. A notable and historic suburb of Greater Los Angeles, it is in a wealthy area immediately southwest of the Hollywood Hills, approximately northwest of downtown Los Angeles. Bev ...
; estate of Harold Lloyd * Filoli, Woodside, California; estate of William Bowers Bourn II. *
Dumbarton Oaks Dumbarton Oaks, formally the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, is a historic estate in the Georgetown, Washington, D.C., Georgetown List of neighborhoods of the District of Columbia by ward, neighborhood of Washington, D.C. It w ...
, Georgetown, Washington, D.C.; estate of the Woods—Bliss Family, landscape architecture by
Beatrix Farrand Beatrix Cadwalader Farrand (née Jones; June 19, 1872 – February 28, 1959) was an American landscape gardener and landscape architect. Her career included commissions to design about 110 gardens for private residences, estates and country hom ...


See also

*
English country house An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside. Such houses were often owned by individuals who also owned a town house. This allowed them to spend time in the country and in the city—hence, for these peop ...
* Estate map * Finca *
Gentry Gentry (from Old French ''genterie'', from ''gentil'', "high-born, noble") are "well-born, genteel and well-bred people" of high social class, especially in the past. Word similar to gentle imple and decentfamilies ''Gentry'', in its widest ...
*
Hacienda An ''hacienda'' ( or ; or ) is an Estate (land), estate (or ''finca''), similar to a Roman ''latifundium'', in Spain and the former Spanish Empire. With origins in Andalusia, ''haciendas'' were variously plantations (perhaps including animals ...
* Patroon *
Real estate Real estate is property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, (more general ...
* Real estate business *
Real estate development Real estate development, or property development, is a business process, encompassing activities that range from the renovation and re-lease of existing buildings to the purchase of raw Real Estate, land and the sale of developed land or parcels ...
*
Real estate bubble A real-estate bubble or property bubble (or housing bubble for residential markets) is a type of economic bubble that occurs periodically in local or global real estate, real-estate markets, and typically follow a land boom. A land boom is the ra ...
*
Villa A villa is a type of house that was originally an Ancient Rome, ancient Roman upper class country house. Since its origins in the Roman villa, the idea and function of a villa have evolved considerably. After the fall of the Roman Republic, vi ...


References

{{Authority control