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Erich Ehrlinger
Erich Ehrlinger
(14 October 1910 in Giengen an der Brenz, Kingdom of Württemberg – 31 July 2004 in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg) was a member of the Nazi Party (number: 541,195) and SS (number: 107,493). As commander of Special
Special
Detachment (Sonderkommando, also known as Einsatzkommando
Einsatzkommando
or EK) 1b, he was responsible for mass murder in the Baltic states
Baltic states
and Belarus. He was also the commander of the Security Police (SiPo) and the Security Service (SD) for central Russia
Russia
as well as a department chief in the Reich Main Security Office
Reich Main Security Office
( Reichssicherheitshauptamt
Reichssicherheitshauptamt
or RSHA). He did not hold a doctorate degree, as is sometimes reported.[citation needed] He would eventually rise to the rank of SS-Standartenführer.

Contents

1 Youth and education 2 Nazi career

2.1 Crimes during World War II

3 Post-war 4 See also 5 References 6 Sources 7 External links

Youth and education[edit] Ehrlinger was the son of the mayor of Giengen an der Brenz, a small town in southwestern Germany, in what is now the state of Baden-Württemberg. In 1928 he completed high school (Abitur) in Heidenheim, then studied law in Tübingen, Kiel, Berlin
Berlin
(where in 1931 he joined the SA) and then back at Tübingen. The nationalist and xenophobic atmosphere at the University of Tübingen
Tübingen
(already by 1931 there were no longer any Jewish professors there) fit in well with his later legal career in the SD, the RSHA, and the Einsatzgruppen. Ehrlinger was not only active at the university. According to his SA certificate of good conduct, "Ehrlinger was one of the few Tübingen-connected students, who even before the seizure of power put himself regularly where he was needed with the propaganda or other service." Nazi career[edit]

Erich Ehrlinger

After he completed an SA leadership training course in 1934, Ehrlinger gave up his legal career and became a full-time SA functionary. He was the leader of an SA sport school at Rieneck Castle
Rieneck Castle
and then a "Training Chief" ("Chef AW" for SA-Ausbildungswesen). In May 1935, Ehrlinger was accepted into the SD. By September 1935, he had been assigned to the main office of the Berlin
Berlin
SD. Ehrlinger was with the SD in 1938 during the Nazi takeovers in Austria
Austria
and in April 1939 in Prague. Crimes during World War II[edit] See also: Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
and Daugavpils ghetto Ehrlinger was with the headquarters staff of Einsatzgruppe
Einsatzgruppe
IV during the German attack on Poland in September 1939. In August 1940 he went to Norway
Norway
for the buildup of the Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
there under his later chief, Franz Walter Stahlecker. In April 1941, he took over leadership of Special
Special
Commando (Sonderkommando) 1b, which was part of Einsatzgruppe
Einsatzgruppe
A, of which Stahlecker was overall commander. After the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union, on June 22, 1941, Ehrlinger's unit, 70 to 80 men strong, followed behind Army Group North in the Baltic states
Baltic states
and the area south of Leningrad. Ehrlinger led the mass murder of Jews behind the front, in particular in the ghettos of Kovno, Dünaburg
Dünaburg
and Rositten. For example, on 16 July 1941, the SD entered Dünaburg. Ehrlinger reported that "[a]s of now the EK 1b has killed 1,150 Jews in Dünaburg."[1] Ehrlinger himself oversaw these shootings, euphemistically called "actions", as a "hardened SS perpetrator who stood at the shoot pit and led the killers in the shooting."[2] In December 1941, after the completion of the work of Einsatzkommando 1b, Ehrlinger was promoted to commandant of the Security Police and SD (Kommandeur der Sicherheitspolize und des SD or KdS) for central Russia
Russia
and Belarus, where under his orders many executions were carried out. In September 1943 Ehrlinger was promoted to SS-Standartenführer (colonel) and went to Minsk
Minsk
where he became the liaison man of then SD chief Ernst Kaltenbrunner
Ernst Kaltenbrunner
to the commanding generals of the security troops of Army Group Center, as well as taking over the offices of Einsatzgruppe
Einsatzgruppe
B chief and Commander of the Security Police and the SD (Befehlshaber der Sicherheitspolizei
Sicherheitspolizei
und des SD or BdS) for central Russia
Russia
and Belarus. There he was involved with the murder of the remaining Jews of Minsk. In 1944, Ehrlinger returned to Berlin. On 1 April 1944, he became chief of the Reich Main Security Office
Reich Main Security Office
( Reichssicherheitshauptamt
Reichssicherheitshauptamt
or RSHA), Department I (Personnel), replacing Bruno Streckenbach. In November 1944 Ehrlinger also became a special delegate from Ernst Kaltenbrunner to Heinrich Himmler. Post-war[edit] At the end of the war, Ehrlinger disguised himself as a Wehrmacht NCO and gave himself up to the British forces under a false name. After a few weeks as a POW, he was released and made his way to the Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
area. He made contact with his family but did not provide his whereabouts. In 1947, his wife discovered him under an assumed identity living with another woman with whom he was about to have a baby. They reached an agreement that Ehrlinger would continue to support the family, which he did until 1952. By then Ehrlinger was using his real identity and making a comfortable living. He decided to reduce the alimony payments, making his wife concerned that he was about to emigrate and prompting her to denounce him to the police. Thus alerted, the authorities still took 6 years to arrest him.[3] Ehrlinger was finally arrested in December 1958. Ehrlinger was convicted in a 1961 trial in connection with 1,045 cases of murder and was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment.[4] The case was appealed and eventually returned to the public prosecutor's office. Due to disability, [clarification needed] his sentence was officially remitted in 1969, four years after he was released from prison.[citation needed] See also[edit]

(in German) Befehlshaber der Sicherheitspolizei
Sicherheitspolizei
und des SD

References[edit]

^ Memorandum (Ereignismeldung) UdSSR Nr. 24, as excerpted and reprinted in Ezergailis, Andrew, The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Latvia, pp 272-273. ^ (in German) Wildt, Michael, Erich Ehrlinger
Erich Ehrlinger
- Ein Vertreter „kämpfender Verwaltung“ ^ Ingrao 2013, p. 226. ^ Bryant (2014), p. 28

Sources[edit]

Bryant, Michael. Eyewitness to Genocide: The Operation Reinhard
Operation Reinhard
Death Camp Trials, 1955-1966, Univ. of Tennessee Press, 2014 Ezergails, Andrew, The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Latvia
Latvia
1941-1944: The Missing Center, ISBN 9984-9054-3-8 Ingrao, Christian (2013). Believe and Destroy: Intellectuals in the SS War Machine. Malden, MA: Polity. ISBN 978-0-7456-6026-4.  (in German) Stadlbauer, Peter, Eichmanns Chef: Erich Ehrlinger. Exzellente SS-Karriere und unterbliebene strafrechtliche Sühne. Eine Fallstudie, unveröffentl. Magisterarbeit, Wien 2005 (in German) Wildt, Michael, Generation der Unbedingten – Das Führungskorps des Reichssicherheitshauptamtes. Hamburger Edition, Hamburg 2003, ISBN 3-930908-75-1 (in German) Wildt, Michael, Erich Ehrlinger
Erich Ehrlinger
- Ein Vertreter „kämpfender Verwaltung“. In: Klaus-Michael Mallmann, Gerhard Paul: Karrieren der Gewalt. Nationalsozialistische Täterbiographien. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 2004, ISBN 3-534-16654-X.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Latvia.

(in Italian) Biography and photograph of Ehrlinger (in German) Vorlesung von Prof. Michael Wildt über die Tübinger Exekutoren der Endlösung (Ehrlinger u.a.) Videoaufzeichnung

v t e

Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
and Einsatzkommandos

People

Director

Reinhard Heydrich Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen

Humbert Achamer-Pifrader Walther Bierkamp Horst Böhme Erich Ehrlinger Wilhelm Fuchs Heinz Jost Erich Naumann Arthur Nebe Otto Ohlendorf Friedrich Panzinger Otto Rasch Heinrich Seetzen Franz Walter Stahlecker Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski Rudolf Batz Ernst Biberstein Wolfgang Birkner Helmut Bischoff Paul Blobel Walter Blume Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock Otto Bradfisch Werner Braune Friedrich Buchardt Fritz Dietrich Karl Jäger Friedrich Jeckeln Waldemar Klingelhöfer Wolfgang Kügler Walter Kutschmann Rudolf Lange Gustav Adolf Nosske Hans-Adolf Prützmann Walter Rauff Martin Sandberger Hermann Schaper Karl Eberhard Schöngarth Erwin Schulz Franz Six Eugen Steimle Eduard Strauch Martin Weiss Udo von Woyrsch

Other members

August Becker Lothar Fendler Joachim Hamann Emil Haussmann Felix Landau Albert Widmann

Collaborators

Viktors Arājs Herberts Cukurs Antanas Impulevičius Konrāds Kalējs Algirdas Klimaitis

Groups

German

SS RSHA SD Orpo 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz Sonderdienst

Non-German

Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
(Belarusian, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Ukrainian) Arajs Kommando Lithuanian Security Police Rollkommando Hamann TDA Ypatingasis būrys

Crimes

Belarus

Łachwa Ghetto Minsk
Minsk
Ghetto Slutsk Affair

Estonia

Kalevi-Liiva

Latvia

Burning of the Riga synagogues Dünamünde Action Jelgava Pogulianski Rumbula Liepāja (Šķēde)

Lithuania

Ninth Fort Kaunas June 1941 Kaunas 29 October 1941 Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 Ponary

Poland

Operation Tannenberg Intelligenzaktion AB-Aktion Operation Reinhard

Russia

Gully of Petrushino Zmievskaya Balka Lokot Autonomy

Ukraine

Babi Yar Drobytsky Yar Drohobycz Kamianets-Podilskyi Lviv pogroms Mizocz Ghetto Odessa

Records

The Black Book Commissar Order Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial Generalplan Ost Jäger Report Korherr Report Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen) Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
reports

v t e

The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Lithuania

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Poland Russia Ukraine

People

Perpetrators

Algimantas Dailidė Erich Ehrlinger Joachim Hamann Karl Jäger Bruno Kittel Algirdas Klimaitis Hinrich Lohse Franz Murer Helmut Rauca Adrian von Renteln Rudolf Joachim Seck Franz Walter Stahlecker Martin Weiss

Victims and resistance

Chaim Yellin Alexander Bogen Josef Glazman Jay M. Ipson Shmerke Kaczerginski Zelig Kalmanovich Abba Kovner Ephraim Oshry Abraham Sutzkever Elchonon Wasserman Yitzhak Wittenberg Jacob Wygodzki Wolf Durmashkin See also: Songs of the Vilna Ghetto

Rescuers

Kazys Binkis Petronėlė Lastienė Karl Plagge Antanas Poška Ona Šimaitė Chiune Sugihara Jan Zwartendijk See also: List of Lithuanian Righteous Among the Nations

Groups

Perpetrators

Einsatzgruppen Police Battalions Lithuanian Security Police Rollkommando Hamann TDA Ypatingasis būrys

Resistance

Fareinigte Partizaner Organizacje

Events

Jäger Report Kaunas June 1941 Kaunas 29 October 1941 Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 Ponary

Places

HKP 562 forced labor camp Kailis forced labor camp Kovno Ghetto Lukiškės Prison Marcinkonys Ghetto Ninth Fort Šiauliai Ghetto Švenčionys Ghetto Vilna Ghetto

Occupation of Lithuania
Lithuania
by Nazi Germany History of the Jews in Lithuania

v t e

The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Latvia

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia Ukraine

Crimes

Burning of the Riga synagogues Dünamünde Action Jelgava Pogulianski Rumbula Liepāja (Šķēde)

Victims

Jewish people of Latvia Gypsies Joseph Carlebach Simon Dubnow Else Hirsch

Perpetrators

Alois Brunner Rudolf Batz Fritz Dietrich Otto-Heinrich Drechsler Erich Ehrlinger Karl Jäger Friedrich Jeckeln Heinz Jost Konrāds Kalējs Ernst Kaltenbrunner Wolfgang Kügler Rudolf Lange Hinrich Lohse Friedrich Panzinger Hans-Adolf Prützmann Eduard Roschmann Alfred Rosenberg Martin Sandberger Albert Sauer Rudolf Joachim Seck Franz Walter Stahlecker Eduard Strauch

Nazi occupation and organizations

Einsatzgruppen Reichskommissariat Ostland Rollkommando Hamann

Collaborators

Individuals Viktors Arājs Herberts Cukurs Kārlis Lobe

Organizations Arajs Kommando Latvian Auxiliary Police Schutzmannschaft

Ghettos and camps

Daugavpils Ghetto Jungfernhof concentration camp Kaiserwald concentration camp Riga Ghetto Salaspils concentration camp

Documentation

Generalplan Ost Jäger Report

Concealment

Sonderaktion 1005

War crimes investigations and trials

Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

Righteous Among the Nations

Jānis Lipke Roberts Sedols

Memorials

Bikernieki Memorial

Related articles

The Holocaust Occupation of Latvia
Latvia
by Nazi Germany

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 55208

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