ERICH EHRLINGER (14 October 1910 in
Giengen an der Brenz
He was also the commander of the Security Police (SiPo) and the
Security Service (SD) for central
* 1 Youth and education
* 2 Nazi career
* 2.1 Crimes during World War II
* 3 Post-war * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Sources * 7 External links
YOUTH AND EDUCATION
Ehrlinger was the son of the mayor of Giengen an der Brenz, a small
town in southwestern Germany, in what is now the state of
Ehrlinger was not only active at the university. According to his SA certificate of good conduct, "Ehrlinger was one of the few Tübingen-connected students, who even before the seizure of power put himself regularly where he was needed with the propaganda or other service."
After he completed an SA leadership training course in 1934,
Ehrlinger gave up his legal career and became a full-time SA
functionary. He was the leader of an SA sport school at Rieneck Castle
and then a "Training Chief" ("Chef AW" for SA-Ausbildungswesen). In
May 1935, Ehrlinger was accepted into the SD. By September 1935, he
had been assigned to the main office of the
CRIMES DURING WORLD WAR II
Ehrlinger was with the headquarters staff of
Einsatzgruppe IV during
the German attack on Poland in September 1939. In August 1940 he went
After the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union , on June 22, 1941, Ehrlinger's unit, 70 to 80 men strong, followed behind Army Group North in the Baltic states and the area south of Leningrad . Ehrlinger led the mass murder of Jews behind the front, in particular in the ghettos of Kovno , Dünaburg and Rositten .
For example, on 16 July 1941, the SD entered Dünaburg . Ehrlinger reported that "s of now the EK 1b has killed 1,150 Jews in Dünaburg." Ehrlinger himself oversaw these shootings, euphemistically called "actions", as a "hardened SS perpetrator who stood at the shoot pit and led the killers in the shooting."
In December 1941, after the completion of the work of Einsatzkommando
1b, Ehrlinger was promoted to commandant of the Security Police and SD
(Kommandeur der Sicherheitspolize und des SD or KdS) for central
In September 1943 Ehrlinger was promoted to SS-Standartenführer
(colonel) and went to
In 1944, Ehrlinger returned to Berlin. On 1 April 1944, he became chief of the Reich Main Security Office ( Reichssicherheitshauptamt or RSHA), Department I (Personnel), replacing Bruno Streckenbach . In November 1944 Ehrlinger also became a special delegate from Ernst Kaltenbrunner to Heinrich Himmler .
At the end of the war, Ehrlinger disguised himself as a Wehrmacht NCO and gave himself up to the British forces under a false name. After a few weeks as a POW, he was released and made his way to the Schleswig-Holstein area. He made contact with his family but did not provide his whereabouts. In 1947, his wife discovered him under an assumed identity living with another woman with whom he was about to have a baby. They reached an agreement that Ehrlinger would continue to support the family, which he did until 1952. By then Ehrlinger was using his real identity and making a comfortable living. He decided to reduce the alimony payments, making his wife concerned that he was about to emigrate and prompting her to denounce him to the police. Thus alerted, the authorities still took 6 years to arrest him.
Ehrlinger was finally arrested in December 1958. Ehrlinger was convicted in a 1961 trial in connection with 1,045 cases of murder and was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment. The case was appealed and eventually returned to the public prosecutor's office. Due to disability, his sentence was officially remitted in 1969, four years after he was released from prison.
* (in German) Befehlshaber der
* ^ Memorandum (Ereignismeldung) UdSSR Nr. 24, as excerpted and
reprinted in Ezergailis, Andrew,
The Holocaust in Latvia, pp 272-273.
* ^ (in German) Wildt, Michael,
* Bryant, Michael. Eyewitness to Genocide: The Operation Reinhard
Death Camp Trials, 1955-1966, Univ. of Tennessee Press, 2014
* Ezergails, Andrew,
The Holocaust in