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(i)

Gasmeister ("Gas Master"), Badmeister ("Bath Master")

* German Empire
German Empire
(to 1918) * Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany

BORN (1900-03-26)March 26, 1900 Berlin
Berlin
, German Empire
German Empire

DIED February 4, 1980(1980-02-04) (aged 79) Berlin
Berlin
Tegel prison , West Germany

SERVICE/BRANCH Schutzstaffel

RANK SS - Oberscharführer

COMMANDS HELD Operated gas chambers at Sobibór Camp III; lorry driver

OTHER WORK Tram
Tram
conductor, laborer

ERICH BAUER (March 26, 1900 – February 4, 1980), sometimes referred to as "Gasmeister", was a low-level commander in the SS of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and a Holocaust
Holocaust
perpetrator. He participated in Action T4 program and later in Operation Reinhard , serving as a gas chamber operator at Sobibór extermination camp .

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography

* 1.1 Action T4 * 1.2 Sobibór * 1.3 After the war

* 2 Quotes * 3 References

BIOGRAPHY

Erich Bauer
Erich Bauer
was born in Berlin
Berlin
on 26 March 1900. He served as a soldier in World War I and was a prisoner of war under the French. In 1933, Bauer joined the NSDAP and SA while working as a tram conductor.

ACTION T4

In 1940 he joined the T-4 Euthanasia Program where the physically and mentally disabled were exterminated by gassing and lethal injection. In the beginning, he worked as a driver but he was quickly promoted. Erich Bauer
Erich Bauer
described in testimony one of his first mass murders:

A pipe connected the exhaust of a car to a bricked-up laboratory in the asylum. A few patients were shut into the room and I turned on the car engine. This killed the patients in eight minutes.

SOBIBóR

In early 1942, Bauer was transferred to Odilo Globocnik , the SS and Police Leader of Lublin
Lublin
in Poland. Bauer was given an SS uniform and promoted to the rank of _ Oberscharfuhrer _ (Staff Sergeant). In April 1942, he was dispatched to the Sobibór death camp where he remained until the camp's liquidation in December 1943.

At Sobibór, Erich Bauer
Erich Bauer
was in charge of the camp's gas chambers. At the time the Jews called him the _BADMEISTER_ ("Bath Master"), while after the war he became known as the _Gasmeister_ ("Gas Master"). He was described as a short, stocky man, a known drinker who regularly overindulged. He kept a private bar in his room. While other SS guards were neatly dressed, Bauer was different: he was always filthy and unkempt, with a stench of alcohol and chlorine emanating from him. In his room, he had a picture on the wall of himself and a picture of all of his family with the _ Führer
Führer
_.

On October 14, 1943, the day of the Sobibór uprising, Bauer unexpectedly drove out to Chełm for supplies. The uprising was almost postponed since Bauer was at the top of the "death list" of SS guards to be assassinated prior to the escape that was created by the leader of the revolt, Alexander Pechersky . The revolt had to start early because Bauer had returned earlier from Chełm than expected. He discovered that _SS-Oberscharführer_ Rudolf Beckmann was dead and started shooting at the two Jewish prisoners unloading his truck. The sound of the gunfire prompted Pechersky to begin the revolt early.

AFTER THE WAR

At the end of the war, Bauer was arrested in Austria
Austria
by the Americans and confined to a prisoner of war camp until 1946. Shortly afterwards he returned to Berlin
Berlin
where he found employment as a laborer cleaning up debris from the war.

Bauer was arrested in 1949 when two former Jewish prisoners from Sobibór, Samuel Lerer and Esther Raab, recognized him during a chance encounter at a Kreuzberg
Kreuzberg
fair ground. When Raab confronted Bauer at the fair, he reportedly said, "How is it that you are still alive?" He was arrested soon afterwards and his trial started the following year.

During the course of his trial, Bauer maintained that at Sobibór he only worked as a truck driver, collecting the necessary supplies for the camp's inmates and the German and Ukrainian guards . He admitted being aware of the mass murders at Sobibór, but claimed to have never taken any part in them, not engaged in any acts of cruelty. His primary witnesses, former Sobibór guards _SS-Oberscharführer_ Hubert Gomerski and _Untersturmführer_ Johann Klier testified on his behalf.

The court, however, convicted Bauer based on the testimony of four Jewish witnesses who managed to escape from Sobibór. They identified Bauer as the former Sobibór _Gasmeister_, who not only operated the gas chambers in the camp but also engaged in mass executions by shooting as well as in a variety of particularly vicious and random acts of cruelty against camp inmates and victims on their way to the gas chambers.

On May 8, 1950 the court, Schwurgericht Berlin-Moabit, sentenced Bauer to death for crimes against humanity. Since capital punishment had been abolished in West Germany, Bauer's sentence was automatically commuted to life imprisonment. He served 21 years in Alt- Moabit Prison in Berlin
Berlin
before being transferred to Berlin
Berlin
Tegel prison. During his imprisonment, he admitted to his participation in mass murder at Sobibór and even occasionally testified against his former SS colleagues.

Bauer died at Berlin
Berlin
Tegel prison on February 4, 1980.

QUOTES

Usually the undressing went smoothly. Subsequently, the Jews were taken through the "tube" to Camp III — the real extermination camp. The transfer through the "tube" proceeded as follows: one SS man was in the lead and five or six Ukrainian auxiliaries were at the back hastening the along. The women were taken through a barrack where their hair was cut off. In Camp III the Jews were received by SS men.... As I already mentioned, the motor was then switched on by Goringer and one of the auxiliaries whose name I don't remember. Then the gassed Jews were taken out. — Erich Bauer, _15.11.1965, StA Dortmund 45 Js 27/61._

I was blamed for being responsible for the death of the Jewish girls Ruth and Gisela, who lived in the so-called forester house. As it is known, these two girls lived in the forester house, and they were visited frequently by the SS men. Orgies were conducted there. They were attended by Bolender , Gomerski, Karl Ludwig, Franz Stangl , Gustav Wagner , and Steubel . I lived in the room above them and due to these celebrations could not fall asleep after coming back from a journey....

I cannot exclude any member of the Sobibor camp staff of taking part in the extermination operation. We were a "blood brotherhood gang" in a foreign land.

We were a band of "fellow conspirators" ("_verschworener Haufen_") in a foreign land, surrounded by Ukrainian volunteers whom we could not trust....The bond between us was so strong that Frenzel , Stangl and Wagner had had a ring with SS runes made from five-mark pieces for every member of the permanent staff. These rings were distributed to the camp staff as a sign so that the "conspirators" could be identified. In addition the tasks in the camp were shared. Each of us had at some point carried out every camp duty in Sobibor (station squad, undressing, and gassing).

I estimate that the number of Jews gassed at Sobibor was about 350,000. In the canteen at Sobibor I once overheard a conversation between Karl Frenzel
Karl Frenzel
, Franz Stangl and Gustav Wagner . They were discussing the number of victims in the extermination camps of Belzec , Treblinka
Treblinka
and Sobibor and expressed their regret that Sobibor "came last" in the competition.

REFERENCES

* ^ The Holocaust: Lest we forget: Extermination camp
Extermination camp
Sobibor * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ Dick de Mildt. _In the Name of the People: Perpetrators of Genocide_, p. 381-383. Brill, 1996. * ^ _A_ _B_ Burleigh, Michael (2002) . _Death and deliverance. 'Euthanasia' in Germany 1900-1945_. Pan Macmillan , originally Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press
. p. 188. ISBN 978-0330488396 . * ^ Nikzor Web Site Sobibor Archive Retrieved on 2009-04-09 * ^ Testimony of Eda Lichtman. Retrieved on 2009-04-09 * ^ Thomas Blatt . _From the Ashes of Sobibor_, p. 128. Northwestern University Press , 1997. * ^ _A_ _B_ Sobibor Interviews: Biographies of SS-men * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Klee, Ernst , Dressen, Willi, Riess, Volker _The Good Old Days: The Holocaust
Holocaust
as Seen by Its Perpetrators and Bystanders_. ISBN 1-56852-133-2 . * ^ Yitzhak Arad (1987). _Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps_, Bloomington: Indiana University Press , p. 77. Also at: Virtual Library. * ^ Yitzhak Arad (1987). _Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps_, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 116-117.

* v * t * e

Sobibór extermination camp

CAMP ORGANIZERS

* Odilo Lotario Globocnik * Hermann Julius Höfle * Richard Wolfgang Thomalla * Erwin Hermann Lambert * Karl Steubl * Christian Wirth

COMMANDANT

* Franz Paul Stangl a * Franz Karl Reichleitner b

DEPUTIES

* Karl August Wilhelm Frenzel * Hermann Michel * Johann Niemann
Johann Niemann
* Gustav Franz Wagner

Gas chamber executioners

* Hermann Erich Bauer * Heinz Kurt Bolender

OTHER OFFICERS

* Rudolf Beckmann * Paul Bredow * Herbert Floss * Erich Fritz Erhard Fuchs * Siegfried Graetschus * Lorenz Hackenholt * Josef "Sepp" Hirtreiter * Jakob Alfred Ittner * Erich Gustav Willie Lachmann * Willi Mentz * Paul Rost * Ernst Stengelin * Ernst Zierke * Heinrich Barbl

GUARDS

UKRAINIANS

* Ivan Demjanjuk * " Trawnikis " c * _ Volksdeutsche _

PROMINENT VICTIMS

* Helga Deen * Anna Dresden-Polak * Emanuel Lodewijk Elte * Else Feldmann * Isidore Goudeket * Jakob van Hoddis * Han Hollander * Gerrit Kleerekoper * Pati Kremer * Kurt Lilien * Juan Luria * Messaoud El Mediouni * Helena Nordheim * Abraham de Oliveira * Emanuel Querido * Jud Simons * Philip Slier * Leo Smit * Max van Dam * Michel Velleman

* Resistance * Survivors

SURVIVORS

* Philip Bialowitz * Thomas Blatt * Selma Engel-Wijnberg * Leon Feldhendler * Dov Freiberg * Alexander Pechersky * Jules Schelvis * Joseph Serchuk

NAZI ORGANIZATIONS

* General Government
General Government
* SS-_Totenkopfverbände_

* Planning * Methods

* Documents * Evidence

* Operation Reinhard

* Höfle Telegram

* Aftermath * Memorials

* Sobibór trial * Sobibór Museum

RELATED TOPICS

* The Holocaust
Holocaust
* Operation Reinhard * Nazi concentration camps * Extermination camp
Extermination camp

* a 28 April to 30 August 1942 * b 1 September 1942 to 17 October 1943 * c Up to 200

* Death camps: Auschwitz-Birkenau * Bełżec * Chełmno * Jasenovac * Majdanek * Maly Trostenets * Sajmište * SOBIBóR * Treblinka
Treblinka

* v * t * e

The Holocaust
Holocaust
in Poland

Main article The Holocaust
Holocaust
Related articles by country Belarus Belgium Croatia Denmark Estonia France Latvia Lithuania Norway Russia Ukraine

* v * t * e

Camps, ghettos and operations

CAMPS

EXTERMINATION

* Auschwitz-Birkenau * Chełmno * Majdanek

* _ Operation Reinhard _ death camps

* Bełżec * Sobibór * Treblinka
Treblinka

CONCENTRATION

* Kraków-Płaszów * Potulice * Soldau * Stutthof * Szebnie * Trawniki * Warsaw

MASS SHOOTINGS

* AB Action * Erntefest * Jedwabne * Kielce cemetery * Aktion Krakau * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Lwów professors * Palmiry
Palmiry
* Sonderaktion Krakau
Sonderaktion Krakau
* Tannenberg * Tykocin * Bydgoszcz * Wąsosz * Bloody Sunday

GHETTOS

* List of 277 Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland
Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland
(1939–1942)

* Będzin * Białystok * Brest * Częstochowa * Grodno * Kraków * Lwów * Łódź * Lubartów * Lublin
Lublin
* Międzyrzec Podlaski * Mizocz * Nowy Sącz * Pińsk * Radom * Słonim * Sosnowiec * Stanisławów * Wilno * Warsaw

OTHER ATROCITIES

* Action T4 * Grossaktion Warsaw * Human medical experimentation

* v * t * e

Perpetrators, participants, organizations, and collaborators

MAJOR PERPETRATORS

ORGANIZERS

* Josef Bühler * Eichmann * Eicke * Ludwig Fischer
Ludwig Fischer
* Hans Frank * Globocnik * Glücks * Greiser * Himmler * Hermann Höfle * Fritz Katzmann
Fritz Katzmann
* Wilhelm Koppe * Friedrich-Wilhelm Krüger * Kutschera * Erwin Lambert * Ernst Lerch
Ernst Lerch
* Oswald Pohl
Oswald Pohl
* Reinefarth * Scherner * Seyss-Inquart * Sporrenberg * Streckenbach * Thomalla * Otto Wächter
Otto Wächter
* Wisliceny

CAMP COMMAND

* Aumeier * Baer * Boger * Braunsteiner * Eberl * Eupen * Kurt Franz
Kurt Franz
* Karl Frenzel
Karl Frenzel
* Karl Fritzsch * Göth * Grabner * Hartjenstein * Hering * Höss * Hössler * Josef Kramer
Josef Kramer
* Liebehenschel * Mandel * Matthes * Michel * Möckel * Mulka * Johann Niemann
Johann Niemann
* Oberhauser * Reichleitner * Heinrich Schwarz * Stangl * Gustav Wagner * Christian Wirth

GAS CHAMBER EXECUTIONERS

* Erich Bauer * Bolender * Hackenholt * Klehr * Hans Koch * Herbert Lange
Herbert Lange
* Theuer

PHYSICIANS

* von Bodmann * Clauberg * Gebhardt * Fritz Klein * Mengele * Horst Schumann * Trzebinski * Eduard Wirths

GHETTO COMMAND

* Auerswald * Biebow * Blösche * Bürkl * Konrad * Palfinger * von Sammern-Frankenegg * Stroop

_EINSATZGRUPPEN _

* Wolfgang Birkner * Blobel * Felix Landau * Schaper * Schöngarth * von Woyrsch

PERSONNEL

CAMP GUARDS

* Juana Bormann * Danz * Demjanjuk * Margot Dreschel * Kurt Gerstein * Grese * Höcker * Kaduk * Kollmer * Muhsfeldt * Orlowski * Volkenrath

BY CAMP

* Sobibór * Treblinka
Treblinka

ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* General Government
General Government
* Hotel Polski * WVHA * RKFDV * VoMi

COLLABORATORS

JEWISH

* Group 13 * Kapo * Żagiew

Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian

* Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft

OTHER NATIONALITIES

* Arajs Kommando * Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
* Ukrainian collaboration * Lithuanian Security Police * Trawniki * Ypatingasis būrys * Pieter Menten

* v * t * e

Resistance: Judenrat, victims, documentation and technical

ORGANIZATIONS

* AK * AOB * Bund * GL * PKB * ŻOB * ŻZA

UPRISINGS

* Ghetto uprisings * Białystok * Częstochowa * Sobibór * Treblinka
Treblinka
* Warsaw Ghetto
Warsaw Ghetto
Uprising

LEADERS

* Mordechai Anielewicz
Mordechai Anielewicz
* Dawid Moryc Apfelbaum * Icchak Cukierman * Marek Edelman * Leon Feldhendler * Paweł Frenkiel * Henryk Iwański * Itzhak Katzenelson * Michał Klepfisz * Miles Lerman * Alexander Pechersky * Witold Pilecki * Frumka Płotnicka * Roza Robota * Szmul Zygielbojm
Szmul Zygielbojm

JUDENRAT

* Jewish Ghetto Police
Jewish Ghetto Police
* Adam Czerniaków * Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski

VICTIM LISTS

GHETTOS

* Kraków * Łódź * Lvov (Lwów) * Warsaw

CAMPS

* Auschwitz * Bełżec * Gross-Rosen * Izbica * Majdanek * Sobibór * Soldau * Stutthof * Trawniki * Treblinka
Treblinka

DOCUMENTATION

NAZI SOURCES

* Auschwitz Album * Frank Memorandum * Höcker Album * Höfle Telegram * Katzmann Report * Korherr Report * Nisko Plan * Posen speeches
Posen speeches
* Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland * Stroop Report
Stroop Report
* Wannsee Conference

WITNESS ACCOUNTS

* Graebe affidavit * Gerstein Report * Vrba–Wetzler report * Witold\'s Report * _Sonderkommando_ photographs

CONCEALMENT

* Sonderaktion 1005
Sonderaktion 1005

TECHNICAL AND LOGISTICS

* Identification in camps * Gas chamber * Gas van
Gas van
* Holocaust
Holocaust
train * Human medical experimentation * Zyklon B
Zyklon B

* v * t * e

Aftermath, trials and commemoration

AFTERMATH

* Holocaust
Holocaust
survivors * Polish population transfers (1944–1946) * Bricha * Kielce pogrom
Kielce pogrom
* Anti-Jewish violence, 1944–46 * Ministry of Public Security

TRIALS

WEST GERMAN TRIALS

* Frankfurt Auschwitz trials
Frankfurt Auschwitz trials
* Treblinka
Treblinka
trials

POLISH, EAST GERMAN, AND SOVIET TRIALS

* Auschwitz trial
Auschwitz trial
(Poland) * Stutthof trials
Stutthof trials
* Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

MEMORIALS

* Museum of the History of Polish Jews * Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum
Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum
* Majdanek State Museum * Sobibór Museum * International Youth Meeting Center in Oświęcim/Auschwitz * March of the Living

RIGHTEOUS AMONG THE NATIONS

* Polish Righteous Among the Nations * Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust
Holocaust
* Garden of the Righteous

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