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Erdut
Erdut
(Croatian pronunciation: [ěrduːt]; Serbian Cyrillic: Ердут; Hungarian: Erdőd [ˈɛrdøːd]) is a village in eastern Croatia, located some 37 km east of the major city of Osijek, lying on the border with neighbouring Serbia. The village of Erdut administratively belongs to the eponymous municipality, which also contains three other villages: Aljmaš, Bijelo Brdo and Dalj. The municipality is part of the Osijek-Baranja County
Osijek-Baranja County
in eastern Slavonia.

Contents

1 Name and languages 2 Geography 3 History

3.1 Croatian War of Independence

3.1.1 Erdut
Erdut
Agreement

4 Demographics

4.1 Population 4.2 Religion

5 Politics

5.1 Multilateral cooperation 5.2 Municipality government

6 Economy 7 Culture

7.1 Points of Interest

8 Notable natives and residents 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Name and languages[edit] The name Erdut
Erdut
comes from the local Hungarian name (Erdőd) meaning "forest road".[2] In other languages, the village in German is known as Erdung and in Serbian as Ердут. Due to the local minority population, the Erdut
Erdut
municipality prescribe the use of not only Croatian as the official language, but the Serbian language and Serbian Cyrillic alphabet
Serbian Cyrillic alphabet
as well.[3] Geography[edit] The municipality have total area of 158 km2[4] (61 sq mi) and is the largest member municipality of Joint Council of Municipalities. River Drava
Drava
(5.6 km[4]) and Danube
Danube
(34.825 km[4]) flows through the municipality. The territory of the municipality is completely flat very fertile black soil. The elevation of the village of Erdut
Erdut
is 158 m. It is connected by D213 road (Croatia)
D213 road (Croatia)
with rest of country. There are 4 villages in municipality:[4]

Settlement population

Aljmaš 610

Bijelo Brdo 1,976

Dalj 3,952

Erdut 818

History[edit] The settlement was first mentioned in 1335 under the Hungarian name Erdöd and then as a city in 1472.[2] It was successively ruled by Ottoman Empire, Austrian Empire, Austria-Hungary, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Independent State of Croatia
Croatia
and Yugoslavia. Croatian War of Independence[edit] Main article: Erdut
Erdut
massacre When Croatia
Croatia
declared independence from Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
in 1991, eastern Slavonia
Slavonia
was soon overrun by the Yugoslav People's Army
Yugoslav People's Army
and Serb paramilitaries, led by the notorious warlord, Željko Ražnatović known by the name Arkan.[5] The battle for Erdut
Erdut
quickly ended that summer as the entire Croatian population was expelled or killed along with other minorities including Czechs, Germans, Hungarians, Ruthenians
Ruthenians
and Ukrainians
Ukrainians
in an act of ethnic cleansing.[6] Their homes were soon occupied by other Serbs.[6] Many buildings and homes were destroyed, including the Roman Catholic Church.[6] Arkan
Arkan
soon set up a training camp for his Serb Volunteer Guard
Serb Volunteer Guard
in Erdut, which became headquarters until the end of the war, when Croatian forces returned according to a peaceful Basic Agreement on the Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium. Erdut
Erdut
Agreement[edit] Main article: Erdut
Erdut
Agreement On November 12, 1995, officials signed what is commonly called the Erdut
Erdut
Agreement[7] in which the part of eastern Slavonia
Slavonia
still occupied by Serbs would be integrated back into Croatia, gradually allowing some of the exiled refugees to return to their homes. This agreement was the basis for the establishment of Joint Council of Municipalities.[7] Erdut
Erdut
has been under Croatian control since 1998.[8] Demographics[edit]

Historical population of Erdut
Erdut
municipality

Year Pop. ±%

1880 9,421 —    

1890 10,451 +10.9%

1900 10,904 +4.3%

1910 11,373 +4.3%

1921 10,543 −7.3%

1931 10,976 +4.1%

1948 10,177 −7.3%

1953 10,324 +1.4%

1961 11,440 +10.8%

1971 11,353 −0.8%

1981 11,035 −2.8%

1991 10,197 −7.6%

2001 8,417 −17.5%

2011 7,308 −13.2%

Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

Population[edit] The municipality population is 7,308 (census 2011), with 805 people in Erdut
Erdut
itself, 3,937 in Dalj, 1,961 in Bijelo Brdo and 605 in Aljmaš.[9] The municipality population is consisted of Serbs (55%), Croats
Croats
(38%) and Hungarians
Hungarians
(5%).[10] Religion[edit] Dalj
Dalj
is seat of the Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja
Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja
of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Politics[edit] Multilateral cooperation[edit] Erdut
Erdut
municipality is one of seven member municipalities of Joint Council of Municipalities, inter-municipal sui generis organization of Serbian community in eastern Croatia. Municipality government[edit] The municipality assembly is composed of 13 representatives. As of 2009, the member parties/lists are:[11]

  Party Number of votes Number of seats

  Independent Democratic Serb Party 1.688 8

  Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia
Slavonia
and Baranja 843 4

  Croatian Democratic Union 380 1

  Croatian Peasant Party 157 0

  Social Democratic Party of Croatia 149 0

  Independent list-Stevo Vujaklija 129 0

  Independent list-Mijo Nemet 67 0

Economy[edit] Erdut
Erdut
development index is between 50-76% of the Croatian average,[12] and therefore, the municipality is part of the Areas of Special
Special
State Concern.[13] Culture[edit]

This section is written like a travel guide rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. If a travel guide is intended, use of Wikivoyage
Wikivoyage
is strongly suggested. (March 2014)

Points of Interest[edit]

Erdut
Erdut
Castle

Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja
Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja
in Dalj

The municipality is home of Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja, and there is also Erdut
Erdut
Castle. Notable natives and residents[edit]

Milutin Milanković, born in Dalj Anton Tittjung, World War II concentration camp guard, who was stripped of his U.S. citizenship for his wartime activities.

See also[edit]

Erdut
Erdut
Agreement Osijek-Baranja County Slavonia Joint Council of Municipalities Cultural and Scientific Center "Milutin Milanković" High School Dalj List of Croatian municipalities with minority languages in official use

References[edit]

^ Government of Croatia
Croatia
(October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016.  ^ a b " Erdut
Erdut
Općina Erdut". Opcina-erdut.hr. Retrieved 2014-01-31.  ^ Izvješće o provođenju ustavnog zakona o pravima nacionalnih manjina i o utošku sredstava osiguranih u državnom proračunu Republike Hrvatske za 2008. godinu za potrebe nacionalnih manjina, Zagreb, 2009. ^ a b c d "Povrsina, stanovnistvo, naseljenost" (PDF). Opcina-erdut.hr. Retrieved 2014-02-21.  ^ "Transcript". Slobodan-milosevic.org. 2004-01-13. Retrieved 2014-01-31.  ^ a b c The New York Times; May 10, 1992 ^ a b "Peace Agreements Digital Collection" (PDF). Usip.org. Retrieved 2014-02-21.  ^ "The Thorny Issue of Ethnic Autonomy in Croatia" (PDF). Ecmi.de. Retrieved 2014-02-21.  ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Erdut". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.  ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Osijek-Baranja". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.  ^ "Informacija o rezultatima izbora članova predstavničkih tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ "Odluka o razvrstavanju jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave prema stupnju razvijenosti" (in Croatian). 27 December 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2015.  ^ "Zakon O Podrucjima Posebne Drzavne Skrbi" (PDF). Pravo.unizg.hr. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2014-02-21. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Erdut.

Official website (in Croatian)

Places adjacent to Erdut

Osijek Apatin, Serbia Bilje

Osijek

Erdut
Erdut
(municipality)

Odžaci, Serbia Bač, Serbia

Trpinja Borovo

v t e

Subdivisions of Osijek-Baranja County

Cities and towns

Beli Manastir Belišće Đakovo Donji Miholjac Našice Osijek
Osijek
(seat) Valpovo

Municipalities

Antunovac Bilje Bizovac Čeminac Čepin Darda Donja Motičina Draž Drenje Đurđenovac Erdut Ernestinovo Feričanci Gorjani Jagodnjak Kneževi Vinogradi Koška Levanjska Varoš Magadenovac Marijanci Petlovac Petrijevci Podgorač Podravska Moslavina Popovac Punitovci Satnica Đakovačka Semeljci Strizivojna Šodolovci Trnava Viljevo Viškovci Vladislavci Vuka

v t e

Joint Council of Municipalities

Municipalities and villages

Vukovar-Srijem County

Borovo Markušica

Gaboš Karadžićevo Ostrovo Podrinje

Negoslavci Trpinja

Bobota Bršadin Ćelije Ludvinci Pačetin Vera

Osijek-Baranja County

Erdut

Aljmaš Bijelo Brdo Dalj

Jagodnjak

Bolman Majške Međe Novi Bolman

Šodolovci

Ada Koprivna Palača Paulin Dvor Petrova Slatina Silaš

Serb communities in the geographic area of work

Banovci Klisa Mlaka Antinska Orolik Serbs of Vukovar Srijemske Laze Vinkovački Banovci

History

Croatian independence referendum, 1991 SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia Battle of Vukovar Republic of Serbian Krajina Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia (1995–98) Erdut
Erdut
Agreement United Nations Security Council Resolution 1023 UNTAES OSCE Mission to Croatia 2002 Constitutional Act Anti-Cyrillic protests in Croatia

Religion

In the member municipalities

Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja Pentecost, Markušica St. Stephen, Borovo Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, Negoslavci St. George, Bobota Transfiguration of the Lord, Trpinja St. Peter and Paul, Bolman Nativity of the Virgin Mary, Gaboš St. Nicholas, Jagodnjak St. Demetrius, Dalj

Rest of geographic area of work

St. Stefan Štiljanović, Karanac St. Nicholas, Mirkovci Holy Venerable Mother Parascheva, Banovci Church of St. George, Tovarnik St. Nicholas, Vukovar Pentecost, Vinkovci St. George, Kneževo Nativity of the Virgin, Srijemske Laze

Education and culture

Association for Serbian language
Serbian language
and literature in Croatia Cultural and Scientific Center "Milutin Milanković" Gymnasium Vukovar High School Dalj Pros

.