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Epirus
Epirus
(/ɪˈpaɪrəs/; Greek: Ήπειρος, Ípeiros), is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region in northwestern Greece.[2] It borders the regions of West Macedonia
West Macedonia
and Thessaly
Thessaly
to the east, West Greece
Greece
to the south, the Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea
and Ionian Islands
Ionian Islands
to the west and Albania
Albania
to the north. The region has an area of about 9,200 km2 (3,600 sq mi). It is part of the wider historical region of Epirus, which overlaps modern Albania and Greece
Greece
but lies mostly within Greek territory.

Contents

1 Geography and ecology 2 Administration 3 Cities 4 Economy 5 Demographics 6 References 7 External links

Geography and ecology[edit]

Forest in Pindus Mountain, Epirus.

Greek Epirus, like the region as a whole, is rugged and mountainous. It comprises the land of the ancient Molossians
Molossians
and Thesprotians[3] and a small part of the land of the Chaonians
Chaonians
the greater part being in Southern Albania. It is largely made up of mountainous ridges, part of the Dinaric Alps. The region's highest spot is on Mount Smolikas, at an altitude of 2.637 metres above sea level. In the east, the Pindus Mountains
Pindus Mountains
that form the spine of mainland Greece
Greece
separate Epirus
Epirus
from Macedonia and Thessaly. Most of Epirus
Epirus
lies on the windward side of the Pindus. The winds from the Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea
offer the region more rainfall than any other part of Greece. The Vikos-Aoos and Pindus National Parks are situated in the Ioannina Prefecture of the region. Both areas have imposing landscapes of dazzling beauty as well as a wide range of fauna and flora. The climate of Epirus
Epirus
is mainly alpine. The vegetation is made up mainly of coniferous species. The animal life is especially rich in this area and includes, among other species, bears, wolves, foxes, deer and lynxes. Administration[edit] The region was established in the 1987 administrative reform as the Epirus
Epirus
Region (Greek: Περιφέρεια Ηπείρου, Periféreia Ipeírou)and is divided into four regional units (formerly prefectures, nomoi), which are further subdivided into municipalities (dimoi). The regional units are: Thesprotia, Ioannina, Arta and Preveza.

The administrative division of the Epirus
Epirus
region in municipalities. In shades of yellow, the regional unit of Thesprotia, in red, Ioannina, in blue, Preveza
Preveza
and in green, Arta.

Vikos Gorge

In January 2011, according to the reform introduced by the Kallikratis Programme (Act 3852/2010) the prefectures were abolished and replaced by regional units. The former municipalities and communities were re-structured to form only 18 new municipalities.

Municipality Population (2011) Seat

Ioannina 112,486 Ioannina

Konitsa 6,362 Konitsa

Pogoni 8,960 Kalpaki

Zagori 3,724 Asprangeli

Metsovo 6,196 Metsovo

Zitsa 14,766 Eleousa

North Tzoumerka 5,714 Pramanta

Dodoni 9,693 Agia Kyriaki

Arta 43,166 Arta

Central Tzoumerka 6,178 Vourgareli

Nikolaos Skoufas 12,753 Peta

Georgios Karaiskakis 5,780 Ano Kalentini

Preveza 31,733 Preveza

Ziros 13,892 Filippiada

Parga 11,866 Kanallaki

Igoumenitsa 25,814 Igoumenitsa

Souli 10,063 Paramythia

Filiates 7,710 Filiates

The region's governor is, since 1 January 2011, Alexandros Kachrimanis, who was elected in the November 2010 local administration elections for the New Democracy and Popular Orthodox Rally
Popular Orthodox Rally
parties. Cities[edit]

Igoumenitsa

Skamneli village (Zagori), example of Epirotic architecture.

Arta Igoumenitsa Ioannina Konitsa Metsovo Paramythia Parga Preveza Syvota

Economy[edit] Epirus
Epirus
has few resources and its rugged terrain makes agriculture difficult. Sheep and goat pastoralism have always been an important activity in the region ( Epirus
Epirus
provides more than 45% of meat to the Greek market) but there seems to be a decline in recent years. Tobacco is grown around Ioannina, and there is also some farming and fishing, but most of the area's food must be imported from more fertile regions of Greece. Epirus
Epirus
is home to a number of the country's most famous dairy products' brands, which produce feta cheese among others. Another important area of the local economy is tourism, especially eco-tourism. The outstanding natural beauty of the area, as well as its picturesque villages and traditional lifestyle, have made Epirus
Epirus
a strong tourist attraction. Demographics[edit] Around 350,000 people live in Epirus. According to the 2001 census, it has the lowest population of the 13 regions of Greece. This is partly due to the impact of repeated wars in the 20th century as well as mass emigration due to adverse economic conditions. The capital and largest city of the region is Ioannina, where nearly a third of the population lives. The great majority of the population are Greeks, including Aromanians
Aromanians
and Arvanites. The delineation of the border between Greece
Greece
and Albania
Albania
in 1913 left some Albanian-populated villages on the Greek side of the border as well as Greek-populated villages and cities in Northern Epirus, in present-day Albania. In the past, the coastal region of Thesprotia
Thesprotia
was also home to a Cham Albanian minority, whose number did not exceed 25,000 in 1940s, alongside the local Greeks.[4] After the war, the Greek census of 1951 counted a total of 127 Muslim Albanian Chams in Epirus, while in 1986 44 were counted in Thesprotia.[5] References[edit]

^ "Demographic and social characteristics of the Resident Population of Greece
Greece
according to the 2011 Population - Housing Census revision of 20/3/2014" (PDF). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 12 September 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 September 2015.  ^ Π.Δ. 51/87 “Καθορισμός των Περιφερειών της Χώρας για το σχεδιασμό κ.λ.π. της Περιφερειακής Ανάπτυξης” (Determination of the Regions of the Country for the planning etc. of the development of the regions, Efimeris tis Kyverniseos
Efimeris tis Kyverniseos
ΦΕΚ A 26/06.03.1987 ^ Winnifrith, T.J. Badlands-Borderland: A History of Southern Albania/Northern Epirus. London: Duckworth Publishers, 2003, ISBN 0-7156-3201-9, p. 8. "The Thesprotians
Thesprotians
lived in the western part of what is now Greek Epirus, the Molossians
Molossians
in the rest of Greek Epirus, and the Chaonians
Chaonians
in the southern section of Southern Albania..." ^ Kretsi, Georgia. Ethnologia Balkanica. LIT Verlag Münster. Retrieved 27 July 2014. The Chams are understood as members of the Albanian-speaking Muslim "minority" which used to live predominately in northwestern Greece
Greece
(Epirus),  ^ Ktistakis, 1992: p. 8, 9 (citing Krapsitis V., 1986: Οι Μουσουλμάνοι Τσάμηδες της Θεσπρωτίας (The Muslim Chams of Thesprotia), Athens, 1986, p. 181.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Epirus.

Official website (in Greek) Preveza
Preveza
Weather Station SV6GMQ - Live Weather Conditions (in English and Greek)

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Administrative division of the Epirus
Epirus
Region

Area 9,203 km2 (3,553 sq mi) Population 336,856 (as of 2011) Municipalities 18 (since 2011) Capital Ioannina

Regional unit of Arta

Arta Central Tzoumerka Georgios Karaiskakis Nikolaos Skoufas

Regional unit of Ioannina

Dodoni Ioannina Konitsa Metsovo North Tzoumerka Pogoni Zagori Zitsa

Regional unit of Preveza

Parga Preveza Ziros

Regional unit of Thesprotia

Filiates Igoumenitsa Souli

Regional governor Alexandros Kachrimanis (el) (since 2014) Decentralized Administration Epirus
Epirus
and Western Macedonia

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Geographic regions of Greece

Aegean Islands Central Greece Crete Epirus Ionian Islands Macedonia Peloponnese Thessaly Thrace

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Administrative regions of Greece

Attica Central Greece Central Macedonia Crete Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Epirus Ionian Islands Northern Aegean Peloponnese Southern Aegean Thessaly Western Greece Western Macedonia

Authority control

GND: 4091841-5 BNF: cb1198

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