HOME
The Info List - Ephraim Oshry


--- Advertisement ---



EPHRAIM OSHRY (1914–2003), was an Orthodox rabbi , posek , and author of The Annihilation of Lithuanian Jewry. He was one of the few European rabbis to survive the Holocaust
Holocaust
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 World War II
World War II
* 3 Post-war activities * 4 Death * 5 Legacy * 6 Works * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

EARLY LIFE

Ephraim Oshry was born in Kupiškis , Lithuania
Lithuania
. He studied alongside some of the most prominent and revered Jewish
Jewish
leaders and rabbis of his time, most notably Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Duber Kahana Shapiro (author of Devar Avraham).

WORLD WAR II

When the Nazis
Nazis
invaded Kaunas
Kaunas
in 1941 during World War II
World War II
, Oshry's community was forced into the Kaunas
Kaunas
Ghetto and Concentration Camp .

In his book, The Annihilation of Lithuanian Jewry, Oshry tells his story of living through the Holocaust
Holocaust
. He related in horrific detail how the Nazis
Nazis
and their Lithuanian collaborators viciously murdered Jews, but he also focused on the spiritual life of the Jews
Jews
living in the Kovno Ghetto and concentration camp . Despite being starved and beaten, the Jews
Jews
continued to study Torah
Torah
in secret, and risked their lives in order to fulfill the mitzvot (God's commandments).

While in the Kovno Ghetto and concentration camp, Oshry began writing his responsa regarding the Holocaust, answering difficult questions in such subjects as human nature, God, and Jewish
Jewish
ethics. Before the final battle between the Nazis
Nazis
and the Soviets, Oshry buried his responsa in the ground. After the war, he retrieved them, and in 1959, he published some of the Hebrew
Hebrew
responsa under the title She'eilos Uteshuvos Mima'amakim (Questions and Responses from the Depths ). This volume was later followed by four additional volumes, the final one being published in 1979. An English volume of the original work (adbridged, with much of the halakhic argumentation removed), was published, titled Responsa from the Holocaust.

POST-WAR ACTIVITIES

After Kaunas
Kaunas
was liberated in August 1944, Oshry and his wife Frieda Greenzwieg, a survivor of Auschwitz
Auschwitz
, went to Rome
Rome
. There Oshry started a yeshiva for orphaned refugee children.

In 1950, Oshry moved to Montreal, Quebec , Canada
Canada
, with his family and yeshiva students.

In 1952, Oshry moved to New York City
New York City
, where he became the rabbi of Beth Hamedrash Hagodol . Oshry opened a yeshiva for boys and a yeshiva for girls named Yeshivah Torah
Torah
V'Emunah in the East Bronx .

DEATH

Oshry died on September 28, 2003, at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City . He was survived by his wife, three daughters and six sons. Nearly 1,000 mourners attended his funeral. He is buried in Jerusalem .

LEGACY

Yeshiva Shaar Ephraim in Monsey, New York is named after him. It is headed by his son-in-law.

WORKS

* Oshry, Ephraim. Annihilation of Lithuanian Jewry, Judaica Press, 1995 ISBN 978-1-880582-18-3 * Oshry, Ephraim. Responsa from the Holocaust, B. Goldman and Y. Leiman Eds., Judaica Press, 2001 ISBN 978-1-880582-71-8

SEE ALSO

* Biography portal * Judaism portal * World War II
World War II
portal * Lithuania
Lithuania
portal * New York City
New York City
portal

* Yisroel Spira

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D “ Rabbi
Rabbi
Ephraim Oshry, 89, Led Norfolk St. Temple”, The Villager (New York), vol. 73, No. 22, dated October 1–7, 2003. * ^ A B Amateau, Albert " Rabbi
Rabbi
Ephraim Oshry, 89, Religious Scholar, Dies", Downtown Express, Volume 16, Issue 19, October 7–13, 2003.

EXTERNAL

.