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EMIL HAUSSMANN (11 October 1910 – 31 July 1947 in Nuremberg
Nuremberg
) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era . He was part of Einsatzkommando
Einsatzkommando
12 of Einsatzgruppe D , which perpetrated the Holocaust in occupied Ukraine . Haussmann was charged with crimes against humanity in 1947 in the Einsatzgruppen Trial . He committed suicide while in prison.

LIFE

Emil Haussmann
Emil Haussmann
was the son of an accountant in Ravensburg. Haussmann joined the NSDAP
NSDAP
in January 1930 – three years before the Machtergreifung – at the age of 19. He was a grade school teacher . In 1937, he became a full-time employee of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD), and took over the SD-Oberabschnitt Southwest, based in the Judenreferat in Stuttgart
Stuttgart
.

During the Invasion of Poland
Invasion of Poland
, Haussmann was part of Einsatzgruppe VI. There he was the "right hand man" for Albert Rapp. Commanding this Einsatzgruppe was Erich Naumann , who later became a co-defendant of Haussmann. After the end of hostilities, Haussmann remained with Rapp in Poland; Rapp led the Umwandererzentralstelle in Posen . This office coordinated the expulsion of Poles, Ukrainians and Jews in Reichsgau Wartheland , Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia , East Upper Silesia and Aktion Zamość.

Haussmann took part in Einsatzkommando
Einsatzkommando
12 during the invasion of the Soviet Union . In 1947 he was one of 24 defendants at the Einsatzgruppen Trial . On 29 July 1947, he received the indictment along with his co-defendants: (1) crimes against humanity , (2) war crimes , and (3) membership in a criminal organization. Two days later, before the arraignment , Haussmann committed suicide in his cell and was removed from the process. Thus, he was the only defendant at the Einsatzgruppen trial who escaped a sentence.

REFERENCES

* ^ Werner Haussmann: Das Haußmann-Buch. Nürtingen 1994, p. 712 * ^ Haussmann's NSDAP
NSDAP
join date differs depending on the source: Einsatzgruppen in Polen, p. 39 and Hilary Earl: The Nuremberg SS- Einsatzgruppen Trial. Cambridge 2009, p. 126 - "Table 4 - Joining Date of Defendants", give 1932 as his join date. * ^ A B Klaus-Michael Mallmann , Jochen Böhler und Jürgen Matthäus : Einsatzgruppen in Polen. WBG, Stuttgart
Stuttgart
2008, p. 39-40. * ^ Hilary Earl: The Nuremberg
Nuremberg
SS- Einsatzgruppen Trial. Cambridge 2009, p. 9 * ^ Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10, Vol. 4: United States of America vs. Otto Ohlendorf, et. al. (Case 9: „ Einsatzgruppen Case“). United States Government Printing Office , District of Columbia 1950, p. 24

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Hilary Earl: The Nuremberg
Nuremberg
SS- Einsatzgruppen Trial, 1945–1958: Atrocity, Law, and History. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2009, ISBN 978-0-521-45608-1 . * Klaus-Michael Mallmann , Jochen Böhler and Jürgen Matthäus : Einsatzgruppen in Polen: Darstellung und Dokumentation. University Press, Stuttgart
Stuttgart
2008, ISBN 978-3-534-21353-5 . * Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10, Vol. 4: United States of America vs. Otto Ohlendorf, et. al. (Case 9: „ Einsatzgruppen Case“). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia 1950. In: „National Archives Microfilm Publications“, NM Series 1874-1946, Microfilm Publication M936. National Archives and Record Service, Washington 1973. ( Emil Haussmann
Emil Haussmann
in the indictment: p. 14.)

* v * t * e

Einsatzgruppen and Einsatzkommandos

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich
* Ernst Kaltenbrunner
Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger
Erich Ehrlinger
* Wilhelm Fuchs
Wilhelm Fuchs
* Heinz Jost * Erich Naumann * Arthur Nebe * Otto Ohlendorf * Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch * Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski * Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein * Wolfgang Birkner
Wolfgang Birkner
* Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune * Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Waldemar Klingelhöfer * Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper * Karl Eberhard Schöngarth
Karl Eberhard Schöngarth
* Erwin Schulz * Franz Six * Eugen Steimle * Eduard Strauch
Eduard Strauch
* Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker * Lothar Fendler * Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann * Felix Landau * Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs * Antanas Impulevičius * Konrāds Kalējs * Algirdas Klimaitis

GROUPS

GERMAN

* SS * RSHA * SD * Orpo * 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer * Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz * Sonderdienst

NON-GERMAN

* Schutzmannschaft (Belarusian , Estonian , Latvian , Lithuanian , Ukrainian ) * Arajs Kommando
Arajs Kommando
* Lithuanian Security Police * Rollkommando Hamann * TDA * Ypatingasis būrys

CRIMES

BELARUS

* Łachwa Ghetto * Minsk Ghetto
Minsk Ghetto
* Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

* Kalevi-Liiva
Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

* Burning of the Riga synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

LITHUANIA

* Ninth Fort * Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

POLAND

* Operation Tannenberg * Intelligenzaktion
Intelligenzaktion
* AB-Aktion * Operation Reinhard

RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino
Gully of Petrushino
* Zmievskaya Balka * Lokot Autonomy

UKRAINE

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobycz * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms * Mizocz Ghetto
Mizocz Ghetto
* Odessa

RECORDS

* The Black Book * Commissar Order