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Elisha
Elisha
(/ɪˈlaɪʃə/;[1] Hebrew: אֱלִישָׁע‬, Modern ʼElišaʻ, Tiberian ʼĔlîšāʻ, "My God
God
is salvation", Greek: Ἐλισσαῖος, Elissaîos or Ἐλισαιέ, Elisaié) was, according to the Hebrew Bible, a prophet and a wonder-worker. Also mentioned in the New Testament
New Testament
and the Quran,[2] Elisha
Elisha
is venerated as a prophet in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Amongst new religious movements, Bahá'í writings refer to him by name.[3] His name is commonly transliterated into English as Elisha
Elisha
via Hebrew, Eliseus via Greek and Latin, or Alyasa via Arabic, Elyesa via Turkish. He is said to have been a disciple and protégé of Elijah
Elijah
and, after Elijah
Elijah
was taken up into the whirlwind, accepted as the leader of the sons of the prophets.

Contents

1 Bible stories

1.1 Patriot 1.2 Wonder-worker 1.3 Elisha's final days

2 Veneration 3 Elisha
Elisha
in Islam 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading

6.1 Islamic view

7 External links

Bible stories[edit]

Russian icon of Elisha
Elisha
(18th century, Kizhi
Kizhi
Monastery, Russia).

Elisha's story is related in the Book of Kings in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
(in Judaism, part of the Nevi'im). According to this story, he was a prophet and a wonder-worker of the Northern Kingdom of Israel who was active during the reign of Joram, Jehu, Jehoahaz, and Jehoash (Joash).[4] Elisha
Elisha
was the son of Shaphat, a wealthy land-owner of Abel-meholah; he became the attendant and disciple of Elijah.[5] His name first occurs in the command given to Elijah
Elijah
to anoint him as his successor. After learning in the cave on Mount Horeb, that Elisha, the son of Shaphat, had been selected by Yahweh
Yahweh
as his successor in the prophetic office, Elijah
Elijah
set out to find him. On his way from Sinai to Damascus, Elijah
Elijah
found Elisha
Elisha
"one of them that were ploughing with twelve yoke of oxen". Elisha
Elisha
delayed only long enough to kill the yoke of oxen, whose flesh he boiled with the wood of his plough. He went over to him, threw his mantle over Elisha's shoulders, and at once adopted him as a son, investing him with the prophetic office.[5] Elisha
Elisha
accepted this call about four years before the death of Israel's King Ahab. For the next seven or eight years Elisha
Elisha
became Elijah's close attendant until Elijah
Elijah
was taken up into heaven. During all these years we hear nothing of Elisha
Elisha
except in connection with the closing scenes of Elijah's life. After he had shared this farewell repast with his father, mother, and friends, the newly chosen prophet "went after Elijah, and ministered unto him."[6] He went with his master from Gilgal
Gilgal
to Bethel, to Jericho, and thence to the eastern side of the Jordan, the waters of which, touched by the mantle, divided, so as to permit both to pass over on dry ground. Elisha
Elisha
then was separated from Elijah
Elijah
by a fiery chariot, and Elijah
Elijah
was taken up by a whirlwind into Heaven. Before Elijah
Elijah
was taken up into the whirlwind, Elisha
Elisha
asked to "inherit a double-portion" of Elijah's spirit. Some scholars see this as indicative of the property inheritance customs of the time, where the oldest son received twice as much of the father's inheritance as each of the younger sons. In this interpretation Elisha
Elisha
is asking that he may be seen as the "rightful heir" and successor to Elijah.[7] Critics of this view point out that Elisha
Elisha
was already appointed as Elijah's successor earlier in the narrative and that Elisha
Elisha
is described as performing twice as many miracles as Elijah. In this interpretation the "double-portion" isn't merely an allusion to primacy in succession, but is instead a request for greater prophetic power even than Elijah.[8] Much of this confusion comes from translations which incorrectly translate the phrase as a "double portion" while in Hebrew Elisha
Elisha
asks for "two thirds of a portion" of the prophetic spirit that imbued Elijah. By means of the mantle let fall from Elijah, Elisha
Elisha
miraculously recrossed the Jordan, and Elisha
Elisha
returned to Jericho, where he won the gratitude of the people by purifying the unwholesome waters of their spring and making them drinkable.[9] Patriot[edit]

The Prophet
Prophet
Elisha
Elisha
curses the children who mocked him, by Willem van den Bundel

The bears savaging the youths at Elisha's command, while Elijah
Elijah
is borne in the flying chariot (1453 French manuscript).

Before he settled in Samaria, Elisha
Elisha
passed some time on Mount Carmel.[10] When the armies of Judah, Israel and Edom, then allied against Mesha, the Moabite king, were being tortured by drought in the Idumean desert, Elisha
Elisha
consented to intervene. His double prediction regarding relief from drought and victory over the Moabites was fulfilled on the following morning.[5] When a group of boys (or youths[11]) from Bethel
Bethel
taunted the prophet for his baldness, Elisha cursed them in the name of Yahweh
Yahweh
and two female bears came out of the forest and tore forty-two of the boys.[10] He became noted in Israel, and for six decades (892–832 BC) held the office of "prophet in Israel". He is called a patriot because of his help to soldiers and kings.[4] Wonder-worker[edit]

Elisha
Elisha
raises son of the woman of Shunem, by Benjamin West, 1765

Elisha
Elisha
Refusing the Gifts of Naaman, by Pieter de Grebber
Pieter de Grebber
1630

Elisha
Elisha
cleansed the infected waters of Jericho
Jericho
which were considered to be a cause of miscarriages and fatalities.[12] To relieve a prophet's widow importuned by a harsh creditor, Elisha
Elisha
so multiplied a little oil as to enable her, not only to pay her debt, but to provide for her family needs.[13] There is a Jewish tradition, or legend, that the woman's husband was Obadiah, the servant of King Ahab, who hid 100 prophets in two caves.[14] To reward the rich lady of Shunem for her hospitality, he obtained for her from Yahweh, at first the birth of a son, and subsequently the resurrection of her child, who had died. To nourish the sons of the prophets pressed by famine, Elisha
Elisha
changed a pottage made from poisonous gourds into wholesome food.[9] He fed a hundred men with twenty loaves of new barley, leaving some left over,[15] in a story which is comparable with the miracles of Jesus
Jesus
in the New Testament.[16] The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges notes that the focus of this narrative does not dwell "on the increase of the bread by a miracle, and we are left to accept the result as either brought about in that way, or by the appetites of the men being satisfied with a small quantity".[17] Elisha
Elisha
cured the Syrian military commander Naaman
Naaman
of leprosy but punished his own servant Gehazi, who took money from Naaman.[18] Naaman, at first reluctant, obeyed Elisha, and washed seven times in the Jordan. Finding his flesh "restored like the flesh of a little child", the general was so impressed by this evidence of God's power, and by the disinterestedness of His Prophet, as to express his deep conviction that "there is no other God
God
in all the earth, but only in Israel".[19] Elisha
Elisha
allowed Naaman
Naaman
to continue in the service of the Syrian king and therefore be present in the worship of Rimmon
Rimmon
in the Syrian temple. In the Christian
Christian
tradition, Jesus
Jesus
referred to Naaman's healing when he said, "And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha
Elisha
the prophet: and none of them was cleansed but Naaman the Syrian".[20] Elisha's public political actions included repeatedly saving King Jehoram of Israel
Jehoram of Israel
from the ambushes planned by Benhadad,[10] ordering the elders to shut the door against the messenger of Israel's ungrateful king,[21] bewildering with a strange blindness the soldiers of the Syrian king,[22] making iron float to relieve from embarrassment a son of a prophet,[23] confidently predicting the sudden flight of the enemy and the consequent cessation of the famine,[24] and unmasking the treachery of Hazael.[25] Other miracles Elisha
Elisha
accomplishes include the recovery of an axe fallen into the waters of the Jordan.[9] He administered the miracle at Dothan, half-way on the road between Samaria
Samaria
and Jezreel, and at the siege of Samaria
Samaria
by the king of Syria, Elisha
Elisha
prophesied about the terrible sufferings of the people of Samaria
Samaria
and their eventual relief.[26] Elisha
Elisha
then journeyed to Damascus
Damascus
and prophesied that Hazael
Hazael
would be king over Syria;[25] thereafter he directs one of the sons of the prophets to anoint Jehu, the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Israel, in place of Ahab. Mindful of the order given to Elijah, Elisha
Elisha
delegated a son of one of the prophets to quietly anoint Jehu
Jehu
King of Israel, and to commission him to cut off the house of Ahab.[27] The death of Jehoram, pierced by an arrow from Jehu's bow, the ignominious end of Jezebel, the slaughter of Ahab's seventy sons, proved how faithfully executed was the Divine command.[28] After predicting to Jehoash his victory over the Syrians at Aphek, as well as three other subsequent victories, ever bold before kings, ever kindly towards the lowly, " Elisha
Elisha
died, and they buried him".[29]

Elisha's final days[edit]

The miracle at the grave of Elisha. (Jan Nagel, 1596)

While Elisha
Elisha
lay on his death-bed in his own house,[30] Jehoash, the grandson of Jehu, came to mourn over his approaching departure, and uttered the same words as those of Elisha
Elisha
when Elijah
Elijah
was taken away, indicating his value to him: "My father, my father! the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof".[31] Jehoash assists Elisha
Elisha
to fire an arrow eastwards from the window of his room, predicting as it lands:

The arrow of the Lord’s deliverance and the arrow of deliverance from Syria; for you must strike the Syrians at Aphek till you have destroyed them.[32]

Elisha
Elisha
predicts three successful battles over the Arameans, but no absolute victory.[33] 2 Kings 13:25 records three victories of Joash whereby cities lost to the Arameans, probably on the west bank of the Jordan, were regained.[34] The touch of his corpse later served to resuscitate a dead man. A year after Elisha's death and burial (or, in the following spring) a body was placed in his grave. As soon as the body touched Elisha's remains the man "revived, and stood up on his feet".[35] It has been said,[by whom?] that this dead man was Shallum (son of Tikvah), keeper of the temple-wardrobe in the reign of Josiah[36] and husband of Huldah
Huldah
the prophetess. Veneration[edit] He is venerated as a saint in a number of Christian
Christian
Churches. His feast day is on June 14, on the Eastern Orthodox, and Eastern Catholic liturgical calendars (for those churches which use the traditional Julian calendar, June 14 falls on June 27 of the modern Gregorian calendar). John of Damascus
Damascus
composed a canon in honor of Elisha, and a church was built at Constantinople
Constantinople
in his honor. In Western Christianity
Christianity
he is commemorated in the calendar of saints of the Carmelites, a Catholic religious order,[37] following a decree of the Carmelite General Chapter of 1399.[9] He is also commemorated as a prophet in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod. Both calendars also celebrate him on June 14. Both the Orthodox and Roman Catholics believe that he was unmarried and celibate.[38] Julian the Apostate
Julian the Apostate
(361–363) gave orders to burn the relics of the prophets Elisha, Obadiah
Obadiah
and John the Baptist, who were buried next to each other in Sebastia,[39] but they were rescued by the Christians, and part of them were transferred to Alexandria.[18] Today, the relics of Elisha
Elisha
are claimed to be among the possessions of the Coptic Orthodox Monastery
Monastery
of Saint
Saint
Macarius the Great in Scetes, Egypt.[40] Elisha
Elisha
in Islam[edit]

Part of a series on Islam Islamic prophets

Prophets in the Quran Listed by Islamic name and Biblical name.

ʾĀdam (Adam) ʾIdrīs (Enoch) Nūḥ (Noah) Hūd (Eber) Ṣāliḥ
Ṣāliḥ
(Salah) ʾIbrāhīm (Abraham) Lūṭ (Lot) ʾIsmāʿīl (Ishmael) ʾIsḥāq (Isaac) Yaʿqūb (Jacob) Yūsuf (Joseph) Ayūb (Job) Dhul-Kifl
Dhul-Kifl
(Ezekiel) Shuʿayb (Jethro) Mūsā (Moses) Hārūn (Aaron) Dāūd (David) Sulaymān (Solomon) Yūnus (Jonah) ʾIlyās (Elijah) Alyasaʿ (Elisha) Zakarīya (Zechariah) Yaḥyā (John) ʿĪsā (Jesus) Muḥammad (Muhammad)

Main events

Stories of the Prophets The Three Messengers

Views

Jews, Christians and Muslims prophets Abrahamic prophets

Islam
Islam
portal

v t e

Elisha
Elisha
(Arabic: اليسع‎, Al-Yasaʿ) is venerated as a prophet in all of Islam, and is also honored by Muslims as the prophetic successor to Elijah
Elijah
(Arabic: Ilyās = Greek: Elias). Elisha
Elisha
is mentioned twice in the Quran
Quran
as a prophet,[41] and is mentioned both times alongside fellow prophets.[42] According to the Quran, Elisha
Elisha
is exalted "above the rest of creation" (faḍḍalnā ʿalā l-ʿālamīna)[43] and is "among the excellent" (mina l- akhyāri).[44] Although the Quran
Quran
does not give any details about Elisha's life, later Muslim
Muslim
tradition fleshed out Elisha's narrative through consulting the Hebrew Bible. Sources that identify Elisha
Elisha
with al- Khidr
Khidr
cite the strong relationship between al- Khidr
Khidr
and Elijah
Elijah
in Islamic tradition.[45] Some Muslims believe the tomb of Elisha
Elisha
is in Al-Awjam
Al-Awjam
in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. The shrine was removed by the Saudi Government because such veneration is not in accordance with the Wahhabi
Wahhabi
or Salafi
Salafi
reform movement dominant in Saudi Arabia.[46][47] It had been an important landmark for many centuries during and before the Sunni Ottoman rule of the Middle-East, and had been a very popular pilgrimage destination for Muslims of all sects throughout the pre-modern period.[48] A shrine of Elisha
Elisha
is also present in the Eğil district of Diyarbakir Province, Turkey.[49] See also[edit]

Biblical narratives and the Quran Tel Rehov

References[edit]

^ Wells, John C. (1990). "Elisha". Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. Harlow, England: Longman. p. 239. ISBN 0-582-05383-8.  ^ Qur'an 6:36, 38:48 ^ Revisioning the Sacred: New Perspectives on a Bahái̓́ Theology - Volume 8 - Page 32, Jack McLean - 1997 - ^ a b Achtemeijer, Paul L. ed., and Dennis R. Bratcher, Ph.D. "Elisha." HaperCollins' Bible Dictionary. New York, New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1996. ^ a b c ""Elisha", Jewish Encyclopedia".  ^ Dothie, William Plaskett; ), Elisha
Elisha
(the Prophet
Prophet
(1872). Dothie, William Plaskett. The history of the prophet Elisha.  ^ "Wald, Jack, "Asking for a double share", Rabat International Church, November 2, 2003".  ^ Francis, Rodney W. "The Prophetic Double Anointing". The Gospel Faith Messenger. gospel.org.nz.  ^ a b c d ""Eliseus", the Order of Carmelites".  ^ a b c Duffy, Daniel (1909). "Eliseus". The Catholic Encyclopedia. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 7 January 2014.  ^ Hebrew na'ar, translated "youths" in the New International Version. Jewish Encyclopedia
Jewish Encyclopedia
on Elisha
Elisha
states, "The offenders were not children, but were called so ("ne'arim") because they lacked ("meno'arin") all religion ( Soṭah 46b)." Although the Authorized King James Version used the words "little children", theologian John Gill stated in his Exposition of the Bible that the word was "used of persons of thirty or forty years of age". ^ 2 Kings 2:19-22 ^ 2 Kings 4:1-7 ^ 1 Kings 18:3–16; cf. Pulpit Commentary on 2 Kings 4, accessed 22 December 2017 ^ 2 Kings 4:42–44 ^ Matthew 14:15-21, Matthew 15:32–38, John 6:5–14 ^ Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on 2 Kings 4, accessed 24 December 2017 ^ a b ""Elisha", Orthodox Church in America".  ^ 2 Kings 5:15 ^ Luke 4:27 ^ 2 Kings 6:25–32 ^ 2 Kings 6:13–23 ^ 2 Kings 6:1–7 ^ 2 Kings 7:1–20 ^ a b 2 Kings 8:7–15 ^ 2 Kings 6:24–7:2 ^ 2 Kings 9:1–10 ^ 2 Kings 9:11–10:30 ^ 2 Kings 13:14–20 ^ 2 Kings 13:14 ^ 2 Kings 2:12;2 Kings 13:14 ^ 2 Kings 13:17 ^ 2 Kings 13:18–19 ^ Pulpit Commentary on 2 Kings 13, accessed 9 January 2018 ^ 2 Kings 13:20–21 ^ 2 Kings 22:14 ^ Carmelite Calendar Archived July 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Rev. Paul L. Rothermel (2010-08-19). " Jesus
Jesus
was never married". Answers In-Depth to Questions about Christianity. St. Ignatius reading. Archived from the original on 2011-07-28.  ^ Denys Pringle, The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Corpus. Vol. 2: LZ (excluding Tyre), p. 283. ^ "The Monastery
Monastery
of St. Macarius the Great".  ^ Tottoli, Roberto, “Elisha”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Brill Online. ^ Tottoli, Roberto, “Elisha”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Brill Online. ^ Qur'an 6:86 ^ Qur'an 38:48 ^ al-Rabghūzī, Stories of the prophets, ed. Hendrik E. Boeschoten, M. Vandamme, and Semih Tezcan [Leiden 1995], 2:460 ^ "Religious curbs in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
– Report: JAFARIYA NEWS, December 12 News".  ^ " Salafi
Salafi
Bidah in respecting the signs of Allah".  ^ اليسع (Al-Yasa) (in Arabic) ^ "Diyarbakır - Eğil
Eğil
- Peygamberler Türbesi". 

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Elisha". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.  Further reading[edit] Islamic view[edit]

Amina Adil, Gaben des Lichts. Die wundersamen Geschichten der Gesandten Gottes (Kandern im Schwarzwald 1999), 563–73 al-Farrāʾ, Maʿānī al-Qurʾān, ed. Aḥmad Yūsuf Najātī and Muḥammad ʿAlī al-Najjār (Cairo 1955–71), 2:407–8 Josef Horovitz, Koranische Untersuchungen (Berlin and Leipzig 1926), 99, 101 al-Khūshābī, ʿArāʾis al-Qurʾān wa-nafāʾis al-furqān wa-farādīs al-jinān, ed. Saʿīd ʿAbd al-Fattāḥ (Beirut 2007), 167–9 al-Kisāʾī, Qiṣaṣ al-anbiyāʾ, ed. Isaac
Isaac
Eisenberg (Leiden 1922–3), 199–205, trans. Wheeler M. Thackston Jr., The tales of the prophets of al-Kisaʾi (Boston 1978), 269 al-Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār (Beirut 1983), 13:396–403 al-Maqdisī, al-Muṭahhar b. Ṭāhir, al-Badʾ wa-l-taʾrīkh, ed. Clément Huart (Paris 1903), 3:100 al-Rabghūzī, Stories of the prophets, ed. Hendrik E. Boeschoten, M. Vandamme, and Semih Tezcan (Leiden 1995), 2:460 Sibṭ b. al-Jawzī, Mirʾāt al-zamān fī taʾrīkh al-aʿyān, ed. Iḥsān ʿAbbās (Beirut 1985), 1:460, 466 al-Ṭabarī, Taʾrīkh al-rusul wa-l-mulūk, ed. M. J. de Goeje et al. (Leiden 1879–1901), 1:542–4, trans. William M. Brinner, The history of al-Ṭabarī, vol. 4, The Children of Israel (Albany 1991), 124–5 al-Thaʿlabī, Qiṣaṣ al-anbiyāʾ (Cairo 1954), 259–61, trans. William M. Brinner, ʿArāʾis al-Majālis fī Qiṣaṣ al-Anbiyāʾ or Lives of the prophets, as recounted by Abū Isḥāq Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Thaʿlabī (Leiden 2002), 432–35.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eliseus.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Elisha.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1897 Easton's Bible Dictionary
Easton's Bible Dictionary
article Elisha.

Prophet
Prophet
Elisha
Elisha
in Carmelite Tradition Prophet
Prophet
Elisha
Elisha
Orthodox icon and synaxarion

v t e

Prophets in the Hebrew Bible

Pre-Patriarchal

Abel Kenan Enoch Noah (in rabbinic literature)

Patriarchs / Matriarchs

Abraham Isaac Jacob Levi Joseph Sarah Rebecca Rachel Leah

Israelite prophets in the Torah

Moses (in rabbinic literature) Aaron Miriam Eldad and Medad Phinehas

Mentioned in the Former Prophets

Joshua Deborah Gideon Eli Elkanah Hannah Abigail Samuel Gad Nathan David Solomon Jeduthun Ahijah Shemaiah Elijah Elisha Iddo Hanani Jehu Micaiah Jahaziel Eliezer Zechariah ben Jehoiada Huldah

Major

Isaiah (in rabbinic literature) Jeremiah Ezekiel Daniel (in rabbinic literature)

Minor

Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah (in rabbinic literature) Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi

Noahide

Beor Balaam Job (in rabbinic literature)

Other

Amoz Beeri Baruch Agur Uriah Buzi Mordecai Esther (in rabbinic literature) Oded Azariah

Italics indicate persons whose status as prophets is not universally accepted.

v t e

Prophets in the Quran

آدم إدريس نوح هود صالح إبراهيم لوط إسماعيل

Adam Adam

Idris Enoch (?)

Nuh Noah

Hud Eber
Eber
(?)

Saleh Salah (?)

Ibrahim Abraham

Lut Lot

Ismail Ishmael

إسحاق يعقوب يوسف أيوب شُعيب موسى هارون ذو الكفل داود

Is'haq Isaac

Yaqub Jacob

Yusuf Joseph

Ayyub Job

Shuayb Jethro (?)

Musa Moses

Harun Aaron

Dhul-Kifl Ezekiel
Ezekiel
(?)

Daud David

سليمان إلياس إليسع يونس زكريا يحيى عيسى مُحمد

Sulaiman Solomon

Ilyas Elijah

Al-Yasa Elisha

Yunus Jonah

Zakaria Zechariah

Yahya John

Isa Jesus

Muhammad Muhammad

Note: Muslims believe that there were many prophets sent by God
God
to mankind. The Islamic prophets above are only the ones mentioned by name in the Quran.

v t e

People and things in the Quran

Characters

Non-humans

Allâh ("The God")

Names of Allah
Allah
found in the Quran

Beings in Paradise

Ghilmān or Wildān Ḥūr

Animals

Related

The baqarah (cow) of Israelites The dhi’b (wolf) that Jacob
Jacob
feared could attack Joseph The fīl (elephant) of the Abyssinians) Ḥimār (Domesticated donkey) The hud-hud (hoopoe) of Solomon The kalb (dog) of the sleepers of the cave The nāqaṫ (she-camel) of Saleh The nūn (fish or whale) of Jonah

Non-related

Ḥimār (Wild ass) Qaswarah
Qaswarah
('Lion', 'Beast of prey' or 'Hunter')

Jinns

‘Ifrîṫ ("Strong one") Mârid ("Rebellious one")

Iblīs the Shayṭān (Devil)

Qarīn

Prophets

Mentioned

Ādam (Adam) Al-Yasa‘ (Elisha) Ayyūb (Job) Dāwūd (David) Dhūl-Kifl (Ezekiel?) Hārūn (Aaron) Hūd (Eber?) Idrīs (Enoch?) Ilyās (Elijah) ‘Imrān (Joachim the father of Maryam) Is-ḥāq (Isaac) Ismā‘īl (Ishmael)

Dhabih Ullah

Isma'il Ṣādiq al-Wa‘d (Fulfiller of the Promise) Lūṭ (Lot) Ṣāliḥ Shu‘ayb (Jethro, Reuel or Hobab?) Sulaymān ibn Dāwūd ( Solomon
Solomon
son of David) ‘ Uzair
Uzair
(Ezra?) Yaḥyā ibn Zakariyyā ( John the Baptist
John the Baptist
the son of Zechariah) Ya‘qūb (Jacob)

Isrâ’îl (Israel)

Yūnus (Jonah)

Dhūn-Nūn ("He of the Fish
Fish
(or Whale)" or "Owner of the Fish
Fish
(or Whale)") Ṣāḥib al-Ḥūṫ ("Companion of the Whale")

Yūsuf ibn Ya‘qūb ( Joseph
Joseph
son of Jacob) Zakariyyā (Zechariah)

Ulu-l-‘Azm

Muḥammad

Aḥmad Other names and titles of Muhammad

ʿĪsā (Jesus)

Al-Masīḥ (The Messiah) Ibn Maryam (Son of Mary)

Mūsā Kalīmullāh ( Moses
Moses
He who spoke to God) Ibrāhīm Khalīlullāh ( Abraham
Abraham
Friend of God) Nūḥ (Noah)

Debatable ones

Dhūl-Qarnain (Cyrus the Great?) Luqmân Maryam (Mary) Ṭâlûṫ (Saul or Gideon?)

Implied

Irmiyā (Jeremiah) Ṣamû’îl (Samuel) Yūsha‘ ibn Nūn (Joshua, companion and successor of Moses)

People of Prophets

Evil ones

Āzar (possibly Terah) Fir‘awn ( Pharaoh
Pharaoh
of Moses' time) Hāmān Jâlûṫ (Goliath) Qārūn (Korah, cousin of Moses) As-Sāmirī Abî Lahab Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr)

Good ones

Adam's immediate relatives

Martyred son Wife

Believer of Ya-Sin Family of Noah

Father Lamech Mother Shamkhah bint Anush or Betenos

Luqman's son People of Aaron
Aaron
and Moses

Believer of Fir'aun Family (Hizbil/Hizqil ibn Sabura) Imra’aṫ Fir‘awn (Âsiyá bint Muzâḥim or Bithiah) Khidr Magicians of the Pharaoh Moses' wife Moses' sister-in-law Mother Sister

People of Abraham

Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo Ishmael's mother Isaac's mother

People of Jesus

Disciples (including Peter) Mary's mother Zechariah's wife

People of Joseph

Brothers (including Binyāmin (Benjamin) and Simeon) Egyptians

‘Azîz (Potiphar, Qatafir or Qittin) Malik (King Ar-Rayyân ibn Al-Walîd)) Wife of ‘Azîz (Zulaykhah)

Mother

People of Solomon

Mother Queen of Sheba Vizier

Zayd

Implied or not specified

Abrahah Bal'am/Balaam Barsisa Caleb or Kaleb the companion of Joshua Luqman's son Nebuchadnezzar II Nimrod Rahmah the wife of Ayyub Shaddad

Groups

Mentioned

Aş-ḥāb al-Jannah

People of Paradise People of the Burnt Garden

Aş-ḥāb as-Sabṫ (Companions of the Sabbath) Christian
Christian
apostles

Ḥawāriyyūn (Disciples of Jesus)

Companions of Noah's Ark Aş-ḥāb al-Kahf war-Raqīm (Companions of the Cave and Al-Raqaim? Companions of the Elephant People of al-Ukhdūd People of a township in Surah Ya-Sin People of Yathrib or Medina Qawm Lûṭ (People of Sodom and Gomorrah) Nation of Noah

Tribes, ethnicities or families

A‘rāb (Arabs or Bedouins)

ʿĀd (people of Hud) Companions of the Rass Qawm Ṫubba‘ (People of Tubba')

People of Saba’ or Sheba

Quraysh Thamûd (people of Saleh)

Aṣ-ḥâb al-Ḥijr ("Companions of the Stoneland")

Ajam Ar- Rûm (literally "The Romans") Banî Isrâ’îl (Children of Israel) Mu’ṫafikāṫ (The overthrown cities of Sodom and Gomorrah) People of Ibrahim People of Ilyas People of Nuh People of Shuaib

Ahl Madyan People of Madyan) Aṣ-ḥāb al-Aykah
Aṣ-ḥāb al-Aykah
("Companions of the Wood")

Qawm Yûnus (People of Jonah) Ya'juj and Ma'juj/Gog and Magog Ahl al-Bayṫ ("People of the Household")

Household of Abraham

Brothers of Yūsuf Daughters of Abraham's nephew Lot (Ritha, Za'ura, et al.) Progeny of Imran Household of Moses Household of Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim

Daughters of Muhammad Wives of Muhammad

Household of Salih

People of Fir'aun Current Ummah of Islam
Islam
(Ummah of Muhammad)

Aṣ-ḥāb Muḥammad (Companions of Muhammad)

Muhajirun (Emigrants) Anṣār Muslims of Medina
Medina
who helped Muhammad
Muhammad
and his Meccan followers, literally 'Helpers')

People of Mecca

Umm Jamil (wife of Abu Lahab)

Children of Ayyub Dead son of Sulaiman Qabil/Cain (son of Adam) Wali'ah or Wa'ilah/Waala (wife of Nuh) Walihah or Wahilah (wife of Lut) Ya’jūj wa Ma’jūj (Gog and Magog) Yam or Kan'an (son of Nuh)

Implicitly mentioned

Amalek Ahl al-Suffa (People of the Verandah) Banu Nadir Banu Qaynuqa Banu Qurayza Iranian people Umayyad Dynasty Aus & Khazraj People of Quba

Religious groups

Ahl al-dhimmah (Dhimmi) Kâfirûn (Infidels) Zoroastrians Munāfiqūn (Hypocrites) Muslims People of the Book (Ahl al-Kiṫāb)

Naṣārā (Christian(s) or People of the Injil)

Ruhban ( Christian
Christian
monks) Qissis ( Christian
Christian
priest)

Yahūd (Jews)

Ahbār (Jewish scholars) Rabbani/Rabbi

Sabians

Polytheists

Meccan polytheists at the time of Muhammad Mesopotamian polytheists at the time of Abraham
Abraham
and Lot

Locations

Mentioned

Al-Arḍ Al-Mubārakah
Al-Arḍ Al-Mubārakah
("The Land The Blessed")

Al-Arḍ Al-Muqaddasah ("The Land The Holy")

In the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
(excluding Madyan)

Al-Aḥqāf ("The Sandy Plains," or "the Wind-curved Sand-hills")

Iram dhāṫ al-‘Imād (Iram of the Pillars)

Al-Madīnah (formerly Yathrib) ‘Arafāṫ Al-Ḥijr (Hegra) Badr Ḥunayn Makkah (Mecca)

Bakkah Ka‘bah (Kaaba) Maqām Ibrāhīm (Station of Abraham) Safa and Marwah

Saba’ (Sheba)

‘Arim Saba’ (Dam of Sheba)

Rass

Jahannam
Jahannam
(Hell) Jannah
Jannah
(Paradise, literally 'Garden') In Mesopotamia:

Al-Jūdiyy

Munzalanm-Mubārakan ("Place-of-Landing Blessed")

Bābil (Babylon) Qaryaṫ Yūnus ("Township of Jonah," that is Nineveh)

Door of Hittah Madyan (Midian) Majma' al-Bahrain Miṣr (Mainland Egypt) Salsabîl (A river in Paradise) Sinai Region or Tīh Desert

Al-Wād Al-Muqaddas Ṭuwan (The Holy Valley of Tuwa)

Al-Wādil-Ayman (The valley on the 'righthand' side of the Valley of Tuwa and Mount Sinai)

Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai
or Mount Tabor

Implied

Antioch

Antakya

Arabia Ayla Barrier of Dhul-Qarnayn Bayt al-Muqaddas
Bayt al-Muqaddas
& 'Ariha Bilād ar-Rāfidayn (Mesopotamia) Canaan Cave of Seven Sleepers Dār al-Nadwa Al-Ḥijāz (literally "The Barrier")

Black Stone
Black Stone
(Al-Ḥajar al-Aswad) & Al-Hijr of Isma'il Cave of Hira
Hira
& Ghar al-Thawr (Cave of the Bull) Ta'if

Hudaybiyyah Jordan River Nile
Nile
River Palestine River Paradise
Paradise
of Shaddad

Religious locations

Bay'a (Church) Mihrab Monastery Masjid (Mosque, literally "Place of Prostration")

Al-Mash‘ar Al-Ḥarām
Al-Mash‘ar Al-Ḥarām
("The Monument the Sacred") Al-Masjid Al-Aqṣā (Al-Aqsa Mosque, literally "The Place-of-Prostration The Farthest") Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām (The Sacred Mosque
Mosque
of Mecca) Masjid al-Dirar A Mosque
Mosque
in the area of Medina, possibly:

Masjid Qubâ’ (Quba Mosque) The Prophet's Mosque

Salat (Synagogue)

Plant
Plant
matter

Fruits

Ḥabb dhul-‘aṣf (Corn of the husk) Rummān (Pomegranate) Ṫīn (Fig) Ukul khamṭ (Bitter fruit or food of Sheba) Zayṫūn (Olive) In Paradise

Forbidden fruit of Adam

Bushes, trees or plants

Plants of Sheba

Athl (Tamarisk) Sidr (lote-tree)

Līnah (Tender palm tree) Nakhl (date palm) Rayḥān (Scented plant) Sidraṫ al-Munṫahā Zaqqūm

Texts

Al-Injîl (The Gospel
Gospel
of Jesus) Al-Qur’ân (The Book of Muhammad) Ṣuḥuf-i Ibrâhîm (Scroll(s) of Abraham) Aṫ-Ṫawrâṫ (The Torah)

Ṣuḥuf-i-Mûsâ (Scroll(s) of Moses) Tablets of Stone

Az-Zabûr (The Psalms
Psalms
of David) Umm al-Kiṫâb ("Mother of the Book(s)")

Objects of people or beings

Heavenly Food of Christian
Christian
Apostles Noah's Ark Staff of Musa Ṫābūṫ as-Sakīnah (Casket of Shekhinah) Throne of Bilqis Trumpet of Israfil

Mentioned idols (cult images)

'Ansāb Idols of Israelites:

Baal The ‘ijl (golden calf statue) of Israelites

Idols of Noah's people:

Nasr Suwā‘ Wadd Yaghūth Ya‘ūq

Idols of Quraysh:

Al-Lāṫ Al-‘Uzzá Manāṫ

Jibṫ and Ṭâghûṫ

Celestial bodies

Maṣābīḥ (literally 'lamps'):

Al-Qamar (The Moon) Kawâkib (Planets)

Al-Arḍ (The Earth)

Nujūm (Stars)

Ash-Shams (The Sun)

Liquids

Mā’ ( Water
Water
or fluid)

Nahr (River) Yamm ( River
River
or sea)

Sharâb (Drink)

Events

Battle of al-Aḥzāb ("the Confederates") Battle of Badr Battle of Hunayn Battle of Khaybar Battle of Tabouk Battle of Uhud Conquest of Mecca Incident of Ifk Laylat al-Mabit Mubahala Sayl al-‘Arim
Sayl al-‘Arim
(Flood of the Great Dam of Marib
Marib
in Sheba) The Farewell Pilgrimage
The Farewell Pilgrimage
(Hujja al-Wada') Treaty of Hudaybiyyah Umrah al-Qaza Yawm al-Dār

Implied

Event of Ghadir Khumm

Note: The names are sorted alphabetically. Standard form: Islamic name / Biblical name (title or relationship)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 198212449 LCCN: n80162588 ISNI: 0000 0004 5500 0753 GND: 118688685 SELIBR: 331919 NKC: o

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