El Sistema is a publicly financed voluntary sector music education
program in Venezuela, founded in 1975 by Venezuelan educator, musician
and activist José Antonio Abreu which later adopted the motto
"Music for Social Change". El Sistema-inspired programs provide "free
classical music education that promotes human opportunity and
development for impoverished children," as quoted from the
International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies. By 2015,
according to official figures,
El Sistema consisted of over 400 music
centers and 700,000 young musicians. The original program in Venezuela
provides 4 hours of musical training and rehearsal per week day after
school, as well as work on the weekends. Most El Sistema-inspired
programs in the United States provide 7 or more hours of instruction
each week, as well as an instrument.
1 Origin and history
1.1 Abreu's vision
1.2 Play and fight
1.3 Success stories
1.4 Venezuelan government involvement
1.5 Spread of regional centres in Venezuela
1.7 Simon Bolivar Orchestra
2 In other countries
2.3 United Kingdom
3 International recognition of El Sistema
4 In the media
6 External links
Origin and history
It all began with 11 students in an underground parking garage under
the leadership of José Antonio Abreu. For many years its official
name was Fundación del Estado para el Sistema Nacional de las
Orquestas Juveniles e Infantiles de Venezuela, (FESNOJIV), which is
sometimes translated into English as "National Network of Youth and
Children's Orchestras of Venezuela". It has recently changed to
Fundación Musical Simón Bolívar (FMSB) but it is still widely known
by the FESNOJIV acronym.
Abreu said that "Music has to be recognized as an agent of social
development, in the highest sense because it transmits the highest
values – solidarity, harmony, mutual compassion. And it has the
ability to unite an entire community, and to express sublime
Abreu has navigated the program for nearly four decades, through ten
different administrations, flourishing "with the backing and material
support of seven consecutive Venezuelan governments, ranging across
the political spectrum from center-right to the current leftist
presidency of Hugo Chávez"..(although).."he is careful to keep the
Sistema separate from partisan politics". Combining political
shrewdness with religious devotion, Abreu has dedicated himself to a
Utopian dream in which an orchestra represents the ideal society, and
the sooner a child is nurtured in that environment, the better for
Play and fight
This was the title of the El Nacional news about the National Youth
Orchestra appeared on February 2, 1976. Converted and assumed as the
motto of the National System of Youth and Children's Orchestras of
Venezuela, "Play and Fight", reflects the determination and the
commitment that has always characterized its members and that have
El Sistema the most important orchestral and social project in
Gustavo Dudamel, current musical director of the Los Angeles
Philharmonic, had his musical beginnings in El Sistema. According to
Dudamel, "music saved my life and has saved the lives of thousands of
at risk children in Venezuela...like food, like health care, like
education, music has to be a right for every citizen." Edward
Pulgar is the Principal Second Violin of the Knoxville Symphony
Giovanni Guzzo teaches violin at the Royal Academy of Music
in London, and is principal guest leader of the Budapest Festival
Orchestra; Jaime Martínez (es) is principal oboe of the Orquesta
Filarmónica de Medellín, double-bass player
Edicson Ruiz became the
youngest musician ever to join the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra;
Pedro Eustache is a multidirectional soloist flautist, reed player,
world woodwind player; Alcides Rodriguez, clarinetist of Atlanta
Symphony Orchestra, has said that "the System was an open door to
another dimension, a different world that I probably could have never
seen." On 4 September 2016 Paul Desenne's work Hipnosis mariposa
was premiered at The BBC Proms by Simón Bolívar Symphony
Orchestra conducted by Gustavo Dudamel.
Venezuelan government involvement
The program is known for rescuing young people in extremely
impoverished circumstances from the environment of drug abuse and
crime into which they would likely otherwise be drawn.
The Venezuelan government began fully financing Abreu's orchestra
after it succeeded at "International Festival of Youth Orchestras" in
1976 in Aberdeen, Scotland. From the beginning,
El Sistema fell under
the dominion of social-services ministries, not the ministry of
culture, which has strategically helped it to survive. The current
Chavez administration has been the most generous patron of El Sistema
so far, footing almost its entire annual operating budget as well as
additional capital projects. Abreu received the National Music
Prize for his work in 1979 and he became Minister of Culture in
1983. Abreu was appointed as
Special Ambassador for the
development of a Global Network of Youth and Children orchestras and
UNESCO in 1995, also as special representative for the
development of network of orchestras within the framework of UNESCO's
"World Movement of Youth and Children Orchestras and Choirs".
At the time, its network of 102 youth and 55 children's orchestras
(numbering approximately 100,000 youngsters) came under the
supervision of the Ministry of Family, Health and Sports. As "El
Sistema", its goal is to use music for the protection of childhood
through training, rehabilitation and prevention of criminal
In September 2007, with Abreu present on the television program,
Hugo Chávez announced a new government program, Misión
Música, designed to provide tuition and music instruments to
Venezuelan children. It has been noted that "various ministries
El Sistema until two years ago, when the president's office
took direct control. El Sistema's mission runs parallel to Mr.
Chávez's program to provide subsidies and services to the poor."
However, there has been objections to Chavez's involvement from those
who oppose the policies of the present government.
Spread of regional centres in Venezuela
On 6 June 2007, the
Inter-American Development Bank
Inter-American Development Bank announced the
granting of a US$150 million loan for the construction of seven
regional centers of
El Sistema throughout Venezuela. Many bankers
within the IDB originally objected to the loan on the grounds that
classical music is for the elite. In fact, the bank has conducted
studies on the more than two million young people who have been
El Sistema which link participation in the program to
improvements in school attendance and declines in juvenile
delinquency. Weighing such benefits as a falloff in school drop-out
rates and a decline in crime, the bank calculated that every dollar
El Sistema was reaping about $1.68 in social dividends.
Supported by the government,
El Sistema has started to introduce its
music program into the public-school curriculum, aiming to be in every
school and to support 500,000 children by 2015.
The project has been extended to the penal system. On 25 May 2008,
Leidys Asuaje wrote for Venezuelan daily El Nacional: "The plan to
humanize jails through music began eleven months ago under the
tutelage of the Ministry of the Interior and Justice and
In November 2014, British music scholar Geoffrey Baker published a
newspaper article and a book that disputed many of the claims
made by and about
El Sistema and suggested that much of the publicly
circulating information about the program was hyperbolic or simply
false. The book's allegations included a culture of authoritarianism,
hyper-discipline, exploitation, competition, and gender
discrimination. It argued that the program was deeply conservative
beneath its progressive exterior and that its claims of social
transformation were unproven and exaggerated. For example, Baker's
work alleges that the IADB's claim that
El Sistema was reaping about
$1.68 in social dividends for each $1 invested was based on dubious
calculations and had been withdrawn by the bank itself. Considerable
controversy ensued, with furious denunciations by Sistema advocates
and enthusiastic responses from music education experts. In his review
of Baker's book, Damian Thompson, arts editor for The Spectator
highlighted Baker's contention that the rampant sexual abuse of young
El Sistema is part of "classical music's dirty little
Simon Bolivar Orchestra
Main article: Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolívar
Simon Bolivar Children Orchestra in Maracaibo, Zulia State
An important product of
El Sistema is the Simon Bolivar Symphony
Orchestra. In the mid-1990s, Abreu formed the National Children's
Youth Orchestra, and many young musicians graduated from it to the
Simón Bolívar which grew considerably in size. However, this "became
an opportunity to re-create the ensemble as two separate performing
entities. The first generation of members was designated the Simón
Bolívar A; the younger, newer members, who had recently been brought
in from the new National Children's Orchestra, now constituted the
Simón Bolívar B" The Simón Bolívar B is now the touring
orchestra and, 2007, it made its debut at the
BBC Proms in London's
Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall and later at
Carnegie Hall under the baton of
Gustavo Dudamel, receiving enthusiastic reviews. 2009 saw the
orchestra touring in the US, but also in Europe as well.
However, in Spring 2010, with a tour to the Lucerne Easter Festival,
comments from reviewers such as Tom Service of London's The Guardian
that "the Simón Bolívar Youth Orchestra is youthful no longer"
struck home, and Abreu "decided that the time is once again ripe for
new, younger national orchestras" and so he set about creating new
Teresa Carreño Symphony Youth Orchestra, named after
the famous Venezuelan pianist, started international touring in the
autumn of 2010 with appearances at the Beethoven Fest in Bonn and then
went on to Vienna, Berlin, Amsterdam, Madrid, and London. Other
new youth orchestras include the
Caracas Symphony Youth Orchestra and
a newly constituted National Children's Orchestra consisting of 358
In other countries
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El Sistema USA is a membership organization which supports and
encourages more than 80 El Sistema-inspired programs throughout the
United States, a number which is growing rapidly. Its philosophy is
expressed on its website:
A visionary global movement that transforms the lives of children
through music. A new model for social change.
Abreu appeared in a public symposium on
El Sistema on 7 November 2007
in Boston, Massachusetts, where he gave the keynote speech of the
public symposium on
El Sistema on the WGBH Forum Network. A
significant panel of speakers was present.
At the November 2007 symposium Abreu expressed his delight at the
prospect of joining with the Conservatory Lab Charter School in Boston
and other musical institutions in the United States to create a
Pan-American movement. "The New World", he said, "is nothing less than
all three Americas. And so what we are in the process of creating is
really an expression of a new, transcontinental social and musical
culture." The Conservatory Lab school is associated with the New
England Conservatory of Music, and was the first El
Sistema-infused charter school in Massachusetts.
It has been estimated that in early 2009 there were five or six El
Sistema-based programs in the US, but "by mid-2011, there were at
least 50 such programs – and list is increasing by the
week..." In addition, many of the original Abreu Fellows who
came together at the New England Conservatory as a result of Abreu's
TED Prize, have gone into their local communities to start new
programs or to expand upon or within existing ones. These cover a wide
geographical area ranging from Kidznotes in North Carolina, JAMM
(Juneau Alaska Music Matters) in that state, and ICAN (Incredible
Children's Art Network) in Santa Barbara, California. In 2011, Longy
School of Music of Bard College, Bard College, and the Los Angeles
Philharmonic formed Take a Stand to promote and support the El
Sistema-inspired music education movement in the United States.
Based in Los Angeles, it also offers a graduate-level degree program
based on the tenets of El Sistema, including Master of Arts in
Teaching in Music degree.
First Notes in Vail Valley, Colorado; CityMusic in Cleveland, Ohio;
Club O in Fort Wayne, Indiana; Kid Ovation program in Des Moines,
Iowa; and Orchestrating Diversity in Saint Louis, Missouri are also
inspired by El Sistema.
Other El Sistema-inspired programs in the US include:
Atlanta Music Project (Atlanta, Georgia) is sponsored by major
companies and foundations of the city. It is managed by two Sistema
Fellows, graduates of the 2010 and 2012 Program at the New England
Conservatory of Music. The Atlanta Music Project offers both an
orchestral and a choral music program.
B Sharp Youth Music Program (Fort Worth, Texas) is a free extended-day
music program founded in 2010 at Como Elementary, funded by The Goff
Family Foundation in partnership with the Fort Worth Independent
School District. As the Fort Worth ISD’s only elementary orchestra
and the only El Sistema-inspired music program in North Texas, B Sharp
fosters positive youth development through ensemble-based music
instruction, peer-to-peer teaching, emphasis on group music-making,
life skills training and the social aspect of learning music.
BRAVO Youth Orchestras (Portland, Oregon) began in 2013. BRAVO is an
independent non-profit organization. While it is independent it relies
on partnerships to be able to provide vocal and instrumental classes.
It partners with Portland Public Schools to provide in-school music
classes; then partners with SUN and Boys & Girls Club for its
Chicago Metamorphosis Orchestra Project (ChiMOP) (Chicago,
Illinois) was founded in May 2013 by Thomas Madeja and Sylvia
Carlson. Its first program, the ChiMOP Summer Youth Orchestra, is an
advanced youth orchestra that is designed to bridge the gap between
academic year programs. ChiMOP's second program, Mary Lyon Music, is
El Sistema inspired program that takes place at Mary Lyon
Elementary School in Chicago's Belmont Cragin neighborhood and was
launched in September 2013.
El Sistema Lehigh Valley (ESLV) (Allentown, Pennsylvania) was
founded in 2011 as a free music education program through the
Allentown Symphony Association. Since starting with less than 70
students on paper instruments, the program has expanded to provide
orchestral and choir instruction to more than 100 students from the
elementary to high school level.
Harmony Program (New York City) was one of the first El
Sistema-inspired programs in the US. It began as a
pilot program in the
New York City
New York City Mayor's Office in 2003. After being
incorporated as an independent non-profit, the Harmony Program was
re-launched under its current model in 2008 through a partnership with
the City University of New York. The program was founded by Anne
Fitzgibbon, who studied
El Sistema in
Venezuela on a year-long
Kids 4 Harmony (Pittsfield, Massachusetts) was launched in 2012 by
Berkshire Children and Families, a social services organization and is
based at the Morningside School in Pittsfield. The Berkshire Symphony
Orchestra and the Boston Conservatory have supported the program with
periodic tutoring and public fundraising performances.
Kidznotes (North Carolina) was launched in 2007 by co-founders Katie
Wyatt and Lucia Powe. They serve over 400 students in the
Raleigh-Durham area but are expanding. They offer orchestra, band, and
choir programs for children grades K-12.
Miami Music Project (Miami, Florida) was founded in 2008 by James
Judd with chapters in Doral, Little Haiti, and Liberty City.
MYCincinnati (Cincinnati, Ohio)  is a free youth orchestra
program. It was founded in October 2011 by a graduate of the second
class of Sistema Fellows at New England Conservatory. The program has
a full string orchestra of over 70 students who meet for two hours a
day, five days a week. In addition, the program added winds in 2017.
OrchKids (Baltimore, Maryland) is an after-school program at the
Luckerman Bundy Elementary School which brings "intensive music
education to very young children" one of its distinctive features 
According to Nick Skinner, Director of Operations for OrchKids, it
concentrates on both the musical and the social: "(the children) learn
that being an OrchKid means behaving in a certain way". The
Baltimore Symphony Orchestra is involved in the program and its
conductor, Marin Alsop, conducts concerts with the young group.
Paterson Music Project (Paterson, New Jersey) is an El
Sistema-inspired after-school program initiated by the Wharton
Institute for the Performing Arts. PMP began at the Community Charter
School of Paterson in January 2013 and has expanded to two Paterson
public schools. In 2016, PMP launched a Saturday Community Arts
Program to serve the broader Paterson community with a community
orchestra and intergenerational choir.
People's Music School Youth Orchestras (Chicago, Illinois)
(formerly known as the YOURS Project) was founded in 2008 as the first
El Sistema-inspired program in Chicago. Using donated
instruments and makeshift accessories, the Youth Orchestra began with
35 students and grew to serve over 135 students annually by 2014. The
first in its network of youth orchestras is located at the William G.
Hibbard Elementary School in Chicago's Albany Park neighborhood.
Play on Philly! (POP) (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) started in 2011
with 110 underserved children (grades 1 to 8) in St. Francis de Sales,
Philadelphia school. Another site at the Freire Charter Middle
School, established in September 2010, brought the total number of
students to close to 250. In addition to group instrumental lessons
children study composition, general music, choir, chamber and ensemble
music. POP employs 31 teaching artists. A major part of the program is
a series of 30 concerts in the community throughout the year as well
as visits from guest artists and conductors.
Q the Music (Dayton, Ohio) was founded in September 2012
through the Dayton Philharmonic Orchestra. The program serves around
70 students in Grades 2 through 6 at Ruskin Elementary, a Dayton
Shift: Englewood Youth Orchestra (Chicago, Illinois) was founded
in July 2014 by Larry Gerber, Ayriole Frost and Albert Oppenheimer. It
serves children grades 3 through 8 in the Englewood neighborhood of
Chicago, and takes place at Wentworth Elementary School.
Soundscapes (Newport News, Virginia) was founded in 2009 and opened
its first nucleo at Carver Elementary. In 2012 the program opened its
second nucleo at Downing-Gross Cultural Arts Center.
UpBeat NYC (Bronx, New York) was established in 2009. It is a free
community music program in the Mott Haven neighborhood of the South
Bronx. Its activities include an orchestra program for ages 8 and up
providing lessons, sectionals, and ensemble rehearsals, a beginner
violin orchestra that transitions children from paper orchestra to
real instruments and prepares students for the orchestra program, and
a pre-orchestra program for ages 5–7 that implements Kodály
methodology and a paper orchestra curriculum. The majority of UpBeat's
staff are volunteer musicians.
Union City Music Project (UCMP) (Union City, New Jersey) is the first
El Sistema program in the New Jersey. The UCMP
launched operations in March 2012 through a Paper Orchestra. It has
support from volunteer parents but all teaching artists are paid.
WHIN Music Project (Washington Heights-Inwood, New York) was
El Sistema Fellow David Gracia in August 2012. WHIN offers
string orchestra and choir, early childhood music classes, as well as
satellite programs in schools and daycare centers. Students receive
masterclasses as well as opportunities to peer mentor.
Yakima Music en Acción (YAMA) (Yakima, Washington) was founded by
Sistema Fellow Stephanie Hsu in 2013 and currently serves 68
at-promise children at Garfield Elementary School in the Yakima
Valley, ages 8 to 14. YAMA functions as an active community
partnership between the Yakima Symphony Orchestra, the Yakima School
District, and a robust group of involved parents.
YOLA (Youth Orchestra of Los Angeles) (Los Angeles, California) is a
partnership between the Los Angeles Philharmonic, Harmony Project,
EXPO Center, a City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks
facility, Heart of Los Angeles (HOLA), and Los Angeles County High
School for the Arts (LACHSA). The orchestra receives artistic
direction from the
Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic via conductor Juan Felipe
Molano and LA Phil Music Director Gustavo Dudamel, who has led the
Walt Disney Concert Hall
Walt Disney Concert Hall and the Hollywood Bowl.[citation
needed] In the
Super Bowl 50 halftime show
Super Bowl 50 halftime show the YOLA directed by
Dudamel joined the members of
Coldplay to perform "Viva la Vida",
"Paradise", and "Adventure of a Lifetime".
YOSA (Youth Orchestra of San Antonio) (San Antonio, Texas) is located
in the "Good Sam" Community Services Center in West San Antonio and
run by an expatriate Briton, Steven Payne. YOSA has five orchestras
and 450 students. It also has the financial support of a local
businessman, Al Silva, a man of Mexican heritage who grew up the
Young Musician Initiative (YMI) (Albuquerque, New Mexico) is a youth
outreach arm of the New Mexico Philharmonic, and is run by NM Phil
Education Manager Alexis Corbin. Begun in January 2013, YMI offers
instrumental and choral education to K-7th grade students in select
Title 1 schools in Albuquerque.
El Sistema-based programs exist in almost every province of Canada,
with over 20 programs in existence and more being started each
Saint James Music Academy (Vancouver, British Columbia) Canada's
first El-sistema program, was established in September 2007 . It
serves 480 students from
Downtown Eastside inner-city schools through
its outreach (280 students) and after school program (200 students).
The program is an official community partner of the
OrKidstra] (Ottawa, Ontario) was established in October 2007. It
serves 400 students from
Centretown inner-city schools through
in-school programming (150 students) and after school programming (250
students). The program is made possible through its many partnerships
with local community supporters like: OCDSB, and the National Arts
YONA-Sistema (Youth Orchestra of Northern Alberta – Sistema)
(Edmonton, Alberta) was established in September 2013. It serves
students at Delton School and Mother Teresa Elementary School in
Edmonton, Alberta and is offered through a partnership between the
Edmonton Symphony Orchestra, the
Edmonton Catholic School District,
Edmonton Public School Board, and the Inner City Children's
El Sistema Aeolian (London, Ontario) was established in November 2011
and grew out of The Aeolian Performing Arts Centre, in London,
Ontario. It serves approximately 75 students attracted from the
greater London area. Currently, the program runs 4 days per week and
includes youth string orchestra, choir, an adult orchestra, a full
meal/snack, Indonesian gamelan, free donated pianos/lessons and gives
between 15 and 20 performances per year.
Sistema Toronto was founded in 2011 by businessman and community
activist Robert Eisenberg. Sistema Toronto's first centre opened at
Parkdale Junior and Senior Public School; the second opened in 2013 at
Jane/Finch’s Yorkwoods Public School. Sistema Toronto has since
opened two centres at Military Trail Public School and St. Martin de
Porres Catholic School in Scarborough's Kingston-Galloway-Orton Park
neighbourhood. As of 2017, enrollment is 240 children aged 6–13.
In Harmony is a British government-led music education and community
development project which is based on El Sistema It was begun
in 2009 with
Julian Lloyd Webber
Julian Lloyd Webber appointed chairman of its steering
group. The project receives funding from the Department for Education
and Arts Council England. On 22 November 2007, Julian Lloyd Webber
noted the following in regard to the UK government's announcement of
an infusion of £332 million dedicated to music education:
We also have an impoverished South American nation to thank. Last
August, in the midst of school holidays, when an uncomfortable number
of British children seemed even more disaffected than usual, the Simon
Bolivar Youth Orchestra arrived from
Venezuela to deliver performances
Edinburgh Festival and the
London Proms that were, quite
Lloyd Webber visited
Venezuela in late 2009 and reported on what he
saw there. the project has centers in Lambeth (led by Lambeth
Council's Children and Young People's Service), Leeds, (led by Opera
North), Liverpool (led by the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra),
Newcastle Gateshead, (led by The Sage Gateshead), Nottingham, (led by
Nottingham City Council), and Telford and Stoke-on-Trent (led by
Telford and Wrekin Music)
The Nucleo Project was founded by Lucy Maguire in February 2013, in a
basement in Notting Hill. It is a social action programme in North
Kensington that uses the pursuit of musical excellence as a way to
enrich the lives of children, young people and their families.
Beginning with five children, the project grew rapidly, with over 200
children of ages 2–18 in six different orchestras.
Sistema Scotland was established with a grant from the Scottish Arts
Council, as a result of an initiative by its chairman Richard Holloway
in the economically depressed area of Raploch, in Stirling
Orquestra Geração (Generation Orchestra)
This name used to describe the 16 centres currently using it to
reference activities throughout the country. It was started in 2005 in
a small way in Amadora on the northern outskirts of Lisbon. It is now
a solid project ready to expand and to influence Portuguese social
inclusion methodology and government policy. Some 850 young people are
now involved, in 16 schools in 11 towns: Loures, Oeiras, Sintra,
Amadora, Sesimbra, Vila Franca de Xira, Lisboa, Coimbra, Amarante and
International recognition of El Sistema
Glenn Gould Prize was awarded to
El Sistema founder José Antonio
Abreu on 14 February 2008. Brian Levine, Managing Director of
the Glenn Gould Foundation, in an account of his 2008 visit to Caracas
El Sistema has demonstrated conclusively that music education
is the gateway to lifelong learning and a better future."
Prince of Asturias Award
Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts was awarded to
El Sistema on
28 May 2008.
The National Performing Arts Convention 2008, held in Denver,
Colorado, featured Abreu as a guest speaker on 13 June 2008.
TED Prize was awarded to
José Antonio Abreu
José Antonio Abreu on 5 February 2009
for his work on El Sistema. A pre-recorded speech was played at the
ceremony in which he explained his philosophy. The prize allowed
for the creation of the Abreu Fellows.
Polar Music Prize
Polar Music Prize from Sweden was awarded to
El Sistema and
Maestro Abreu in 2009.
The Kellogg Institute for International Studies at the University of
Notre Dame awarded Abreu the Notre Dame Prize for Distinguished Public
Service in Latin America on September 22, 2014.
In the media
Tocar y Luchar (Play and Fight), a documentary film produced by
Alberto Arvelo (es) in 2004 on the subject of El Sistema. The
film has won several awards, including Best Documentary at both the
Cine Las Americas International Film Festival and also the
CineMás Albuquerque Latino Film Festival.
El Sistema, a 2008 documentary made by Paul Smaczny and Maria
Stodtmeier about the system. Production: EuroArts Music Production,
ARTE France, NHK. The film won the Best Documentary Feature Award
at the Chicago International Movies and Music Festival in 2010 and
Best Documentary at the Orlando Hispanic Film Festival in 2009.
Dudamel: Conducting a Life is an hour-long
PBS program hosted by
Tavis Smiley on the subject of music education in the United States,
with a focus on
Gustavo Dudamel and his achievements with the L.A.
Philharmonic. The report includes a look at how the
Boston Conservatory Lab Charter School works with children.
El Sistema: a report on CBS's
60 Minutes from 13 April 2008 which
explores the "System" and includes interviews with some of the
Venezuelan children who are members of an orchestra.
Crescendo! The Power of Music: is a 2014 documentary film about
Sistema-inspired programs in
Philadelphia and Harlem.
Mozart in the Jungle: the character of Rodrigo de Souza (played by
Gael García Bernal) is loosely based on Gustavo Dudamel, the
Venezuelan music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic. Dudamel
coached García Bernal before the latter conducted, in the character
of Rodrigo, for a real performance of the
Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic at
the Hollywood Bowl, scenes of which were used for the second season
opener. Dudamel has a cameo in that episode, acting as a stagehand
trying to convince Rodrigo to move to Los Angeles.
The Music Inside, which tells tells the stories of Kidznotes students,
wins both a Telly and a regional Emmy Award for Documentary Short Film
in 2016–17.
^ a b c Lesniak
^ Tunstall (2012), p. 35
^ Abreau, as quoted in Tunstall, p. 273
^ Tunstall (2012), p. 84
^ a b c Arthur Lubow, "Conductor of the People", The New York Times,
28 October 2007
^ Boshkoff, p. 25
^ Gresham, Mark. "Alcides Rodriguez is a Product of the System".
Creative Loafing Atlanta. Creative Loafing. Retrieved 15 February
BBC Proms 2016: few surprises, but a solid programme". The
^ Prom 67:
Simón Bolívar Symphony Orchestra
Simón Bolívar Symphony Orchestra and Gustavo Dudamel,
Royal Albert Hall
^ "Abreu". Yoa.org. 7 May 1939. Archived from the original on 20 May
2014. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
^ Charlotte Higgins (24 November 2006). "Land of hope and glory". The
Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 September 2007.
^ Ed Vulliamy (29 July 2007). "Orchestral manoeuvres". The Guardian.
London. Retrieved 1 September 2007.
^ Rory Carroll (4 September 2007). "Chávez pours millions more into
pioneering music scheme". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 September
^ "IDB approves US $150 million to support youth orchestras in
Venezuela – Inter-American Development Bank". Iadb.org. Retrieved
^ "tipom.wordpress.com". tipom.wordpress.com. Retrieved
^ El Sistema: Orchestrating Venezuela's Youth (Oxford University
^ Thompson, Damian (6 December 2014). "Sex, lies and El Sistema". The
^ a b Tunstall (2012), pp. 118–125
^ Davidson, Justin (2007-11-18). "Simón Bolívar Youth Orchestra of
Carnegie Hall – New York Magazine Classical Music
Review". Nymag.com. Retrieved 2014-08-11.
^ Quoted in Tunstall (2012), p. 125
^ Tunstall (2012), p. 126
^ Tunstall (2012), p. 127
^ SunStar Media. "
El Sistema USA's website". Elsistemausa.org.
^ "El Sistema: Venezuelan Music Education Miracle", 7 November 2007.
Speakers included: Mark Slavkin, V.P., Education, LA Music Center;
Leni Boorstin, Director, Community Affairs, LA Philharmonic; Sebastian
Ruth, Founder, Director, Community MusicWorks; Steve Seidel, Director,
Project Zero; George Simpson, Director, Roland Hayes School of Music;
John Tobin, Chair, Arts Committee, Boston City Council; Polly Kahn,
V.P., League of American Orchestras; Mark Churchill, Dean, Preparatory
& Continuing Ed., NEC.
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to El Sistema.
Articles about El Sistema
Drew McManus, The Future of Classical Music is in
"Part 1 of a trip to
Caracas which led to a world of discovery", 4
"Part 2: Learning about where this remarkable Venezuelan program of
classical music comes from and where it's going", 18 July 2005
"Part 3: The process behind the Venezuelan program seems sound, but
what about the artistic accomplishments?" 1 August 2005
"Part 4: The FESNOJIV program has achieved sound accomplishments but
could the program work outside of Venezuela?" 15 August 2005
Official FESNOJIV website, in English
In Harmony Telford & Stoke on Trent blog
Laureates of the Polar Music Prize
Paul McCartney / the
Baltic states (1992)
Dizzy Gillespie /
Witold Lutosławski (1993)
Quincy Jones /
Nikolaus Harnoncourt (1994)
Elton John /
Mstislav Rostropovich (1995)
Joni Mitchell /
Pierre Boulez (1996)
Bruce Springsteen /
Eric Ericson (1997)
Ray Charles /
Ravi Shankar (1998)
Stevie Wonder /
Iannis Xenakis (1999)
Bob Dylan /
Isaac Stern (2000)
Burt Bacharach /
Robert Moog /
Karlheinz Stockhausen (2001)
Miriam Makeba /
Sofia Gubaidulina (2002)
Keith Jarrett (2003)
B.B. King /
György Ligeti (2004)
Gilberto Gil /
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (2005)
Led Zeppelin /
Valery Gergiev (2006)
Sonny Rollins /
Steve Reich (2007)
Pink Floyd /
Renée Fleming (2008)
Peter Gabriel /
José Antonio Abreu
José Antonio Abreu /
El Sistema (2009)
Ennio Morricone (2010)
Kronos Quartet /
Patti Smith (2011)
Paul Simon /
Yo-Yo Ma (2012)
Youssou N'Dour /
Kaija Saariaho (2013)
Chuck Berry /
Peter Sellars (2014)
Emmylou Harris /
Evelyn Glennie (2015)
Max Martin /
Cecilia Bartoli (2016)
Wayne Shorter (2017)
Afghanistan National Institute of Music (2018)