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Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(/iːd əl ˈfɪtər/ eed əl FIT-ər; Arabic: عيد الفطر‎ ʻĪd al-Fiṭr, IPA: [ʕiːd al fitˤr]),[4] also called the "Festival of Breaking the Fast", is a religious holiday celebrated by Muslims
Muslims
worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (ṣawm). This religious Eid ( Muslim
Muslim
religious festival) is the first and only day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims
Muslims
are not permitted to fast. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal. The date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on when the new moon is sighted by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality. Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
has a particular salat (Islamic prayer) consisting of two rakats (units) and generally offered in an open field or large hall. It may be performed only in congregation (jamāʿat) and has an additional extra six Takbirs (raising of the hands to the ears while saying "Allāhu ʾAkbar" which means "God is the greatest"), three of them in the beginning of the first raka'ah and three of them just before rukūʿ in the second raka'ah in the Hanafi
Hanafi
school of Sunni Islam.[5] Other Sunni
Sunni
schools usually have twelve Takbirs, seven in the first, and five at the beginning of the second raka'ah. According to Shia
Shia
Islam, it has 6 Takbirs in the first Rakat
Rakat
at the end of qira'a, before rukūʿ, and 5 in the second.[6] This Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
salat is, depending on which juristic opinion is followed, farḍ فرض (obligatory), mustaḥabb مستحب (strongly recommended, just short of obligatory) or mandūb مندوب (preferable). Muslims
Muslims
believe that they are commanded by God, as mentioned in the Quran, to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan[7] and pay the Zakat al-Fitr before offering the Eid prayers.

Contents

1 History 2 General rituals

2.1 Eid prayer
Eid prayer
and eidgah 2.2 Performing Eid-ul-fitr prayer

2.2.1 Sunni
Sunni
Procedure 2.2.2 Shia
Shia
procedure

3 Islamic tradition 4 Practices by country

4.1 Middle East

4.1.1 Saudi Arabia 4.1.2 Iran 4.1.3 Turkey

4.2 Africa

4.2.1 Egypt

4.2.1.1 Heightened incidence of sexual assault during Eid al-Fitr

4.2.2 Tunisia 4.2.3 Somalia 4.2.4 South Africa 4.2.5 Sudan 4.2.6 Nigeria

4.3 South Asia

4.3.1 Afghanistan 4.3.2 Pakistan 4.3.3 India 4.3.4 Bangladesh

4.4 Southeast Asia

4.4.1 Indonesia 4.4.2 Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei
Brunei
and Thailand 4.4.3 Philippines 4.4.4 Myanmar

4.5 Other

4.5.1 China 4.5.2 Greece 4.5.3 Australia 4.5.4 United States 4.5.5 Canada 4.5.6 Trinidad and Tobago 4.5.7 United Kingdom 4.5.8 Fiji 4.5.9 Mauritius

5 In the Gregorian calendar 6 See also 7 Notes 8 Sources 9 External links

History[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
was originated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is observed on the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal at the end of the month of Ramadan, during which Muslims
Muslims
undergo a period of fasting.[8] According to certain traditions, these festivals were initiated in Medina after the migration of Muhammad
Muhammad
from Mecca. Anas (R.A) reports: When the Prophet arrived in Madinah, he found people celebrating two specific days in which they used to entertain themselves with recreation and merriment. He asked them about the nature of these festivities at which they replied that these days were occasions of fun and recreation. At this, the Prophet remarked that the Almighty has fixed two days [of festivity] instead of these for you which are better than these: Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
and Eid al-Adha[9]

General rituals[edit] See also: Eid cuisine Main article: Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
§ Astronomical considerations Traditionally, it is the day (beginning at sunset) of the first sighting of the crescent moon shortly after sunset. If the moon is not observed immediately after the 29th day of the previous lunar month (either because clouds block its view or because the western sky is still too bright when the moon sets), then it is the following day.[citation needed] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is celebrated for one, two or three days. It is forbidden to fast on the Day of Eid. Also, a specific prayer is nominated for this day.[10] As an obligatory act of charity, money is paid to the poor and the needy (Arabic: Zakat-ul-fitr) before performing the ‘Eid prayer.[11] . As another rituals, Muslims
Muslims
praise God in a loud voice while going to the Eid prayer: Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar. Lā ilāha illà l-Lāh wal-Lāhu akbar, Allahu akbar walil-Lāhi l-ḥamd. Recitation ceases when they get to the place of Eid or once the Imam
Imam
commences activities.[12]

Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
mass prayer in Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta, Indonesia Eid prayer
Eid prayer
and eidgah[edit] Further information: Eidgah The Eid prayer
Eid prayer
is performed in congregation in open areas like fields, community centres, etc. or at mosques. No call to prayer is given for this Eid prayer, and it consists of only two units of prayer with an additional six Takbirs. The Eid prayer
Eid prayer
is followed by the sermon and then a supplication asking for Allah's forgiveness, mercy, peace and blessings for all living beings across the world. The sermon also instructs Muslims
Muslims
as to the performance of rituals of Eid, such as the zakat.[13] Listening to the sermon at Eid is not required and is optional, a Sunnah
Sunnah
i.e. while the sermon is being delivered. After the prayers, Muslims
Muslims
visit their relatives, friends and acquaintances or hold large communal celebrations in homes, community centres or rented halls.[citation needed] Eid gifts, known as Eidi, are frequently given at eid to children and immediate relatives.[citation needed]

Performing Eid-ul-fitr prayer[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayer ( Salat
Salat
al-Eid) or Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
Namaz is performed on the occasion of Eid. The Prayer
Prayer
of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is performed in two different ways by Sunni
Sunni
and Shia
Shia
Islam.

Sunni
Sunni
Procedure[edit] There are two Rak'ah (Rakaat) performed in the Eid al-Fitr prayer.[14] The prayer of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
starts by doing "Niyyat" for the prayer and then Takbeer
Takbeer
(Allahu Akbar) is said by the Imam
Imam
and all the followers. The next is to recite "Takbeer-e-Tehreema" in first Rakaat. Then the congregation says Allahu Akbar three times, every time raising hands to the ears and dropping them except the last time when hands are folded. Then the Imam
Imam
reads the Surah-e-Fatiha and other Surah. Then the congregation performs Ruku
Ruku
and Sujud
Sujud
as in other prayers. This completes the first Rak’ah. Then the congregation rises up from the first Rak'ah and folds hands for the second Rak’ah. In the next step the Imam
Imam
recites Surah Fatiha and another Surah and after this 3 Takbirs are called out just before the Ruku; each time raising hands to the ears and dropping them.Then for the fourth time the congregation says Allah o Akbar and goes into the Ruku. The rest of the prayer is completed in the regular manner. This completes the Eid prayer. After the prayer there is a khutbah.[citation needed]

Eid Fetr, in Iran
Iran
(1984) Shia
Shia
procedure[edit] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Shia
Shia
also perform two Rak’ah in the Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayer. Prayer starts with the Niyyat followed by the five "Takbeers". During every "Takbeer" of the first Rak’ah, a special Dua
Dua
is recited. Then the Imam
Imam
recites Sūrat al-Fātiḥah and Surat Al-'A`lá and the congregation performs Ruku
Ruku
and Sujud
Sujud
as in other prayers. In the second Rak’ah again the same above steps (five Takbeers, Sūrat al-Fātiḥah and Surat Al-'A`lá, Ruku
Ruku
and Sujud) are repeated. After the prayer, Khutbah
Khutbah
starts.

Islamic tradition[edit] Many Muslims
Muslims
often bring prayer rugs to the Mosque on Eid al-Fitr. Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. This has to do with the communal aspects of the fast, which expresses many of the basic values of the Muslim
Muslim
community; e.g., empathy for the poor, charity, worship, steadfastness, patience etc. Fasting
Fasting
is also believed by some scholars to extol fundamental distinctions, lauding the power of the spiritual realm, while acknowledging the subordination of the physical realm. It also teaches a Muslim
Muslim
to stay away from worldly desires and to focus entirely on the Lord and thank Him for his blessings. It is a rejuvenation of the religion and it creates a stronger bond between the Muslim
Muslim
and his Lord.[15]

Practices by country[edit] Middle East[edit] Saudi Arabia[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is celebrated with great pomp in Saudi Arabia. Saudis decorate their homes and prepare sumptuous meals for family and friends. Eid festivities in Saudi Arabia may vary culturally depending on the region, but one common thread in all celebrations is of generosity and hospitality. First, it is common Saudi tradition for families to gather at the patriarchal home after the Eid prayers. Before the special Eid meal is served, young children will line up in front of each adult family member, who dispense money as gifts to the children. Family members will also typically have a time where they will pass out gift bags to the children. These bags are often beautifully decorated and contain candies and toys.Many shopkeepers will show their generosity at Eid providing free Eid gifts with each purchase. For example, during Eid, many of the chocolate shops will give each customer who buys a selection of candies a free crystal candy dish with their purchase. In the spirit of Eid, many Saudis go out of their way to show their kindness and generosity. It is common for even complete strangers to greet one another at random, even by occupants of vehicles waiting at stop lights. Sometimes even toys and gifts will be given to children by complete strangers. It is traditional for Saudi men to go and buy large quantities of rice and other staples, and then leave them anonymously at the doors of those who are less fortunate. During Eid morning and after the Eid prayer, people in some areas of the middle of Saudi Arabia (such as Al Qassim) host large communal meals. Celebrants put large rugs on one of the streets of their neighborhood, and households prepare a large meal to be shared by all neighbors. It is common practice for people to swap places to try more than one kind of meal.[citation needed] In the major cities of Saudi Arabia, every night there are huge fireworks shows.[16]

Iran[edit] Aerial view from wherever Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayer held outside the Iranian city of Bandar Torkaman
Bandar Torkaman
on June 26, 2017. In Iran, at the last days of the month of Ramadan, several groups of experts representating the office of Ayatollah Khamenei go to the different zones of the country. They determine that Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is to begin by the new moon's crescent, as sign of the starting of each lunar month in the Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
is seen and confirmed by these groups.[17] Iranian Muslims
Muslims
celebrate the first day of the month of Shawwal as the Eid al-Fitr, signifying that the fasting month has ended. They take part in the Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
special prayer that generally takes place in an open field or a large hall with a congregation in attendance, and pay the Zakat
Zakat
al-Fitr.[18] The Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayer has been led by Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran
Iran
at Tehran's Imam
Imam
Khomeini Grand Prayer
Prayer
Grounds (Mossalla) and he delivers the sermon after the prayer.[19][20] Also in Iran, there are usually one or two days as a national holiday marking the celebration.[21]

Turkey[edit] Traditional Bayram wishes from the Istanbul
Istanbul
Metropolitan Municipality, stating "Let us love, Let us be loved", in the form of mahya lights stretched across the minarets of the Blue Mosque in Istanbul In Turkey, nationwide celebrated holidays are referred to as bayram, and Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is referred to as both Şeker Bayramı ("Bayram of Sweets") and Ramazan Bayramı (" Ramadan
Ramadan
Bayram"). It is a public holiday, where schools and government offices are generally closed for the entire three-day period of the celebrations. The celebrations of this bayram are infused with national traditions. It is customary for people to greet one another with Bayramınız kutlu olsun ("May your bayram be blessed"[22]) or Bayramınız mübarek olsun ("May your bayram be blessed"). Mutlu Bayramlar ("Happy Bayram") is an alternative phrase for celebrating this bayram. It is a time for people to attend prayer services, put on their best clothes (referred to as bayramlık, often purchased just for the occasion), visit all their loved ones (such as relatives, neighbours, and friends), and pay their respects to the deceased with organised visits to cemeteries, where large, temporary bazaars of flowers, water (for watering the plants adorning a grave), and prayer books are set up for the three-day occasion. The first day of the bayram is generally regarded as the most important, with all members of the family waking up early, and the men going to their neighbourhood mosques for the special bayram prayer. It is regarded as especially important to honour elderly citizens by kissing their right hand and placing it on one's forehead while wishing them bayram greetings. It is also customary for young children to go around their neighbourhood, door to door, and wish everyone a "Happy Bayram", for which they are awarded candy, chocolates, traditional sweets such as baklava and Turkish Delight, or a small amount of money at every door, similar to the Hallowe'en custom in the United States.Municipalities all around the country organise fund-raising events for the poor, in addition to public shows such as concerts or more traditional forms of entertainment such as the Karagöz and Hacivat
Karagöz and Hacivat
shadow-theatre and even performances by the Mehter – a Janissary
Janissary
Band founded during the days of the Ottoman Empire.[citation needed]

Africa[edit] Egypt[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is a three-day feast and an official holiday in Egypt
Egypt
with vacations for schools, universities and government offices. Some stores and restaurants are also closed during Eid. The Eid day starts with a small snack followed by Eid prayers
Eid prayers
in congregation attended by men, women, and children in which the sermon reminds Egyptians of the virtues and good deeds they should do unto others, even strangers, during Eid and throughout the year. Afterwards, neighbors, friends, and relatives start greeting one another. The most common greeting is "Eid Mubarak" (Blessed Eid). Family visits are considered a must on the first day of the Eid, so they have the other two days to enjoy by going to parks, cinemas, theatres or the beaches. Some like to go on tours or a Nile cruise, but Sharm El Sheikh is also considered a favorite spot for spending holidays in Egypt.Children are normally given new clothes to wear throughout the Eid. Also, women (particularly mothers, wives, sisters and daughters) are commonly given special gifts by their loved ones. It is customary for children to also receive a Eid-ey-yah from their adult relatives. This is a small sum of money that the children receive and is used to spend on all their activities throughout the Eid. Children will wear their new clothes and go out to amusement parks, gardens or public courtyards based on how much their Eidyah affords. The amusement parks can range from the huge ones on the outskirts of Cairo-Nile, Felucca Nile rides is one common feature of Eid celebration in Egyptian villages, towns and cities. The families gatherings involve cooking and eating all kinds of Egyptian food like Fata, but the items most associated with Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
are Kahk
Kahk
(singular = Kahka), which are cookies filled with nuts and covered with powdered sugar. Egyptians either bake it at home or buy it in the bakery. Thus, a bakery crowded in the last few days of Ramadan
Ramadan
with Kahk
Kahk
buyers is a common scene. TV in Egypt
Egypt
celebrates Eid too, with a continuous marathon of movies as well as programmes featuring live interviews from all over Egypt
Egypt
of both public figures and everyday citizens, sharing their Eid celebrations. For a lot of families from working neighbourhoods, the Eid celebration also means small mobile neighbourhood rides, much like a neighbourhood carnival. In a lot of neighbourhood courtyards, kids also gather around a storyteller, a puppeteer or a magician mesmerised by Egyptian folktales or by a grownup's sleight of hand. It is also customary for kids to rent decorated bikes to ride around town.[citation needed] Egyptians like to celebrate with others so the streets are always crowded during the days and nights of Eid.[23]

Heightened incidence of sexual assault during Eid al-Fitr[edit] Further information: Rape in Egypt
Egypt
and Mass sexual assault in Egypt There are several accounts of a heightened number of sexual assaults and rapes taking place during the festival in 2006 in Egypt, some noting as well the precautions being taken to prevent a recurrence of such problems.[24][25][26][27] Subsequent reports indicate that this phenomenon continues to cause concern,[28][29][30][31] one Egyptian journalist writes, 'The Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
holiday following this year's Ramadan
Ramadan
brought its usual share of sexual harassment'.[32] Operation Anti Sexual Harassment, an Egyptian organisation founded to protect against sexual assaults, described Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
as a "season for harassment",[33] and the prevalence of such attacks 'a trend that has become associated with Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
celebrations in recent years'.[30] In 2013 allegations also surfaced in Cairo and Tanta.[34][35][36] Public discussion has been reported to be difficult.[37] 2014 saw lower rates of attempted harassment, and activists reported more confidence since amendment of the penal code.[38] 141 police reports for harassment were filed in Cairo in 2015, though it was claimed many reports were withdrawn.[39] 2016 saw a reduction to 120 complaints and 35 arrests for harassment,[40] many women however felt it necessary to take precautions.[41] 2018 showed some evidence of significant reduction.[42]

Edward Lane also alludes to a problem with 'intrigues' with females around Eid al Fitr, in the early 19th century.[43] Eid al-Fitr mass prayer in Morocco Tunisia[edit] Since 2012, Tunisia
Tunisia
sees three days of celebration, with only 2 days as a national holiday (1st Eid and second Eid), with preparations starting several days earlier. Special
Special
biscuits are made to give to friends and relatives on the day, including Baklawa and several kinds of "ka'ak". Men will go to the mosque early in the morning, while the women will either go with them or stay in and prepare for the celebration by putting together new outfits and toys for their children, as well as a big family lunch generally held at one of the parents' homes. During the daylight hours, there may be dancing and music, but the feasting lasts all day long, and many gifts are a large part of tradition. Also, food is the centre of this holiday, so this is one of the highlights of the evening. Different members of a family visit each other. Usually, children accompany their father and visit aunts, uncles, grandparents and friends to congratulate them on the Eid. They will be offered drinks and special cookies. Women will stay at home with some of the children in order to welcome members of the family that come to visit and congratulate for the end of the fasting.[citation needed]

Somalia[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayers in Somalia In Somalia
Somalia
and other Islamic parts of the Horn region, Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is observed by the Muslim
Muslim
communities. Celebrations marking the event are typically accompanied by elaborate banquets, where special dishes such as xalwo (halwo) and buskut (buskuit) are served.[44]

South Africa[edit] Muslims
Muslims
in Durban
Durban
celebrating Eid al-Fitr In Cape Town, hundreds of Muslims
Muslims
will gather at Green Point in the evening of the last day of Ramadan
Ramadan
each year for the sighting of the moon. The gathering brings together people from all walks of life, and everyone comes with something to share with others at the time of breaking the fast. The Maghrib
Maghrib
(sunset) prayer is then performed in congregation and the formal moon-sighting results are announced thereafter.[45] The festival of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is celebrated by first attending the mosque in the morning for Eid prayer. This is followed by visiting relatives and neighbours. Children receive presents and money from elder members of the family, relatives and neighbours. Most people wear new clothes with bright colours, while biscuits, cakes, samosas, pies and tarts are presented to visitors as treats. Lunch is usually served in family groups. It is also customary to exchange gifts.[citation needed]

Sudan[edit] In Sudan, where 97% of the population is Muslim,[46] preparations for Eid begin the last couple of days in Ramadan. For days, ka'ak (sugar powdered cookies), bettifour (dry baked goods including dainty biscuits, baked meringues and macaroons – whose name are derived from the French petit four) and popcorn are baked in large batches to serve to guests and to give to family and friends; dressy Eid clothes are either shopped for or sewn; girls and women decorate their hands and feet with henna; and parts of the house may even be painted. The night before Eid, the whole household partakes in cleaning the house and yard and setting out the finest bedsheets, table cloths, and decorations. On the day of Eid, men and boys (and occasionally women and girls) will attend the Eid prayer. For the next 3 days, families will then partake in visiting each other, extended family, neighbours, and close friends. In these short visits, the baked goods, chocolates and sweets are served, and often large lunches are prepared for the visiting well-wishers. Children are given gifts, either in the form of toys or money.[citation needed]

Nigeria[edit] Nigeria
Nigeria
is officially a secular country populated by large numbers of Muslims
Muslims
and Christians. Eid is popularly known as "Small Sallah" in Nigeria
Nigeria
and people generally greet each other with the traditional greeting: "Barka Da Sallah", which means "Greetings on Sallah" in the Hausa language. Muslims
Muslims
observe their Eid prayers
Eid prayers
at designated praying grounds before heading home to partake in festive meals, generally prepared by the women of the household. The Federal holiday typically lasts for three days in Nigeria.[citation needed]

South Asia[edit] Afghanistan[edit] In the predominantly Sunni
Sunni
Muslim
Muslim
culture of Afghanistan, Eid al-Fitr holds significant importance and is celebrated widely for three days. The most common greeting is Eid Mubarak (Blessed Eid). This Eid among the Pashto-speaking community is called Kochnai Akhtar. Afghans start preparing for the Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
festival up to ten days prior by cleaning up their homes. The practice is called Khana Takani in Dari. Afghans visit their local bazaars to buy new clothes, sweets and snacks. Special
Special
treats served to guests during the festivities during Eid are: Jelabi (Jalebi), Shor-Nakhod (made with chickpeas), and Cake wa Kolcha (a simple cake, similar to pound cake). On the day of Eid al-Fitr, Afghans will first offer their Eid prayers
Eid prayers
and then gather in their homes with their families, greeting one another by saying "Eid Mubarak" and usually adding "Eidet Mobarak Roza wa Namazet Qabool Dakhel Hajiha wa Ghaziha," which means "Happy Eid to you; may your fasting and prayers be accepted by Allah, and may you be counted among those who will go to the Hajj-pilgrimage." Family elders will give money and gifts to children. It is also common practice to visit families and friends, which may be difficult to do at other times of the year. Children walk from home to home saying "Khala Eidet Mubarak" ("aunt happy Eid"), and they receive cookies or Pala. At night multiple campfires will be set around houses, some to the point that entire valleys may initially appear to be engulfed in flame. Celebratory fire with automatic rifles, particularly tracer rounds, can also be expected in high density.[citation needed]

Pakistan[edit] A panorama in 12 folds showing an imperial Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
procession by Bahadur Shah II The first Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Babur
Babur
greets courtiers during the Eid al-Fitr festival In Pakistan, Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is also referred to as both Meethi Eid میٹھی عید ("Sweet Eid") and Choti Eid چھوٹی عید ("Small Eid"). On the day of Eid al-Fitr, people wear new clothes to get ready for Eid prayer. People are supposed to give obligatory charity on behalf of each of their family member to the needy or poor before Eid day or at least before Eid prayer. This will allow everybody to share the joy of Eid and not feel depressed. There is three days' national holiday for Eid celebration, while festivities and greetings tradition usually continues for the whole month. There is also a tradition that has developed in the recent past of people sending Eid greeting cards to distant family members, relatives and friends. For Eid prayer, people gather at large open areas like sports grounds, parks or large open area. After Eid Salat
Salat
people meet and greet each other with traditional hug of friendship and the greeting "Eid Mubarak". Before going home people give charity to needy and the poor, to further make it possible to have everybody be able to enjoy the day. On their way home, people buy sweets, gas balloons for kids, and gifts for the family. At home family members enjoy special Eid breakfast with various types of sweets and desserts, including traditional dessert sheer khurma, which is made of vermicelli, milk, butter, dry fruits and dates, etc. Eid is mainly enjoyed by the kids, as they mostly receive money in cash called "Eidi" as gift by every elder in the family and relatives when they visit their places. On Eid day kids are allowed to spend their gift money (Eidi) as they want. Media also cover Eid festivities all day and air various special programmes on TV for all age groups.Games and outdoor amusements such as fairground rides are enjoyed all day. People visit their elders relatives first then others and friends all day and share the joy of the day. Some go to parks, seaside, rivers, historical monuments or lake fronts to enjoy and relax. Family get together in the evening to enjoy Eid dinner, and plan how to celebrate second and third day of Eid.[citation needed]

India[edit] Mehndi
Mehndi
is the application of henna as a temporary form of skin decoration, commonly applied during Eid al-Fitr. Celebrations in India and the rest of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
share many similarities with regional variations, because a large part of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
was ruled as one nation during the days of the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
and British Raj. The night before Eid is called Chaand Raat, which means, "Night of the Moon". Muslims
Muslims
in these countries will often visit bazaars and shopping malls with their families for Eid shopping. Women, especially younger girls, often apply the traditional Mehndi, or henna, on their hands and feet and wear colourful bangles. The traditional Eid greeting is Eid Mubarak, and it is frequently followed by a formal embrace. Gifts are frequently given—new clothes are part of the tradition—and it is also common for children to be given small sums of money (Eidi) by their elders. It is common for children to offer salam to parents and adult relatives.After the Eid prayers, it is common for some families to visit graveyards and pray for the salvation of departed family members. It is also common to visit neighbours, family members, friends and to get together to share sweets, snacks and special meals including some special dishes that are prepared specifically on Eid.[citation needed] Special
Special
celebratory dishes in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh include Lachcha/লাচ্চা or sivayyan/শিমাই, a dish of fine, toasted sweet vermicelli noodles with milk and dried fruit (see Sheer khurma).[47]

Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
mass prayer at Delhi's Jama Masjid On Eid day before prayers, people distribute a charity locally known as fitrana. Many people also avail themselves of this opportunity to distribute zakat, an Islamic obligatory alms tax of 2.5% of one's annual savings, to the needy. Zakat
Zakat
is often distributed in the form of food and new clothes. In India, there are many popular places for Muslims
Muslims
to congregate to perform Eid prayers
Eid prayers
at this time include the Jama Masjid in Delhi, Mecca Masjid
Mecca Masjid
in Hyderabad, Aishbagh Idgah in Lucknow, Red Road and Nakhoda Masjid in Kolkata, Taj-ul Masjid in Bhopal, Jama Mosque in Mumbai, Hazratbal Mosque in Kashmir. Muslims turn out in the thousands, as there is a lot of excitement surrounding the celebration of this festival. It is common for some Hindus to visit their Muslim
Muslim
friends and neighbours on Eid to convey their greetings.[citation needed]

Bangladesh[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is commonly known in Bangladesh as 'Romjaner Eid' and is observed over a three-day public holiday in Bangladesh. Educational institutions, banks and corporate offices usually remain closed for almost a week during this time. Bangladeshis observe the holiday by performing the obligatory Eid prayers
Eid prayers
on the morning of Eid, hugging each other and exchanging greetings, giving alms and gifts, and visiting friends, neighbours and relatives. Popular customs also include ladies decorating one's hands with henna, people dressing up in new clothes and having a good meal with family members, relatives and friends.The morning of Eid begins with men and woman taking a bath, wear the newest clothes and head for Eid Prayer
Prayer
then people exchange hugs and head home where a large banquet of food would be prepared. The most common foods during Eid is Pilau rice, Chicken Korma, Rost, Rezala, Kebabs, Prawn Malai curry and Chili chicken, although many other dishes are also prepared. However the most extravagant arrays of dishes are dessert which consist of Rasmalai, Rasgulla, Sandesh, Firni, a popular Bengali dish called Paesh, Mishti Doi (Dahi) and Faluda
Faluda
amongst many others. In Bangladesh family and friends visit each other's houses over the course of the 3 days and 3 or 4 houses are visited a day. During the days of Eid children receive lots of money by relatives and family friends. For Bangladeshis Eid Al Fitr is the most awaited public holiday.[citation needed]

Southeast Asia[edit] Idul Fitri or Hari Raya Aidilfitri or Lebaran
Lebaran
is a public holiday in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines
Philippines
and Brunei. The customs and rituals of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
are quite similar across Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, the Philippines, Southern Thailand
Southern Thailand
and Cambodia.

Indonesia[edit] Main article: Lebaran An Indonesian family celebrating lebaran with various culinary dishes specific to this holiday Eid is known in Indonesia
Indonesia
as Hari Raya Idul Fitri or more popularly as Lebaran, and is a national holiday.[48] People return to their home town or city (an exodus known as mudik) to celebrate with their families and to ask forgiveness from parents, in-laws, and other elders.[49] Festivities start the night before with chanting the takbir and lighting lamps and fireworks. On the day itself, after Eid prayer
Eid prayer
in the morning, zakat alms for the poor are distributed in the mosques. People will gather with family and neighbours in traditional clothing and have a special Lebaran
Lebaran
meal. Children are given money in colourful envelopes.[citation needed] Later, it is common for Muslims
Muslims
in Indonesia
Indonesia
to visit the graves of relatives to ritually clean the grave. Muslims
Muslims
also visit the living in a special ritual called Halal bi-Halal some time during or several days after Idul Fitri.[50]

Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei
Brunei
and Thailand[edit] Muslims
Muslims
in Singapore
Singapore
celebrating Eid al-Fitr In Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei, Eid is more commonly known as Hari Raya Aidilfitri (Jawi: هاري راي عيدالفطري), Hari Raya Idul Fitri, Hari Raya Puasa, Hari Raya Fitrah or Hari Lebaran. Hari Raya means 'Celebration Day'. It is customary for workers in the city to return to their home town to celebrate with their families and to ask forgiveness from parents, in-laws, and other elders. This is known in Malaysia
Malaysia
as balik kampung (homecoming). The night before Hari Raya is filled with the sounds of takbir in the mosques or musallahs. In many parts of Malaysia, especially in the rural areas, pelita or panjut or lampu colok (as known by Malay-Singaporeans) (oil lamps, similar to tiki torches) are lit up and placed outside and around homes, while tiki torches themselves are also a popular decoration for that holiday. Special
Special
dishes like ketupat, rendang, lemang (a type of glutinous rice cooked in bamboo) and other Malay delicacies such as various kuih-muih are served during this day. It is common to greet people with "Salam Aidilfitri" or "Selamat Hari Raya" which means "Happy Eid". Muslims
Muslims
also greet one another with "maaf zahir dan batin", which means "Forgive my physical and emotional (wrongdoings)". It is customary for Muslim-Malaysians to wear a traditional cultural clothing on Hari Raya. The Malay variant (worn in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei
Brunei
and Southern Thailand) is known as the Baju Melayu, shirt worn with a sarong known as kain samping or songket and a headwear known as songkok. Malaysian women's clothing is referred to as Baju Kurung
Baju Kurung
and baju kebaya. It is a common practice however for the Malays in Singapore
Singapore
and Johor, Malaysia
Malaysia
to refer to the baju kurung in reference to the type of outfit, worn by both men and women.

Rows of Pelita (oil lamps) which is used to illuminate homes and the streets during the season. Seen here in Muar, Johor, Malaysia In Malaysia, especially in the major cities, people take turns to set aside a time for open house when they stay at home to receive and entertain neighbours, family and other visitors. It is common to see non- Muslims
Muslims
made welcome during Eid at these open houses. They also celebrate by lighting traditional bamboo cannon firecrackers known as meriam buluh, using kerosene in large hollow bamboo tubes or Chinese imported crackers. The traditional bamboo cannon, meriam bambu, and fireworks are notoriously loud and can be very dangerous to operator, bystander and even nearby buildings. These are usually bamboo tubes 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter and 4–7 m (13–23 ft) long, filled with either: water and several hundred grams of calcium carbide, or heated kerosene, then ignited by match. Celebrating with crackers in the early morning during Ramadan
Ramadan
is now banned in many areas. In Malaysia, children are given token sums of money, also known as "duit raya", from their parents or elders.[51][52]

Philippines[edit] In the Philippines, Eid al-Fitr, known to Muslims
Muslims
as "Araw ng Lebaran" / "Araw ng Raya" or familiar to the Christian majority and other non- Muslims
Muslims
as "Wakás ng Ramadán" ("End of Ramadan") or incorrectly as "Ramadan", has been recognised by the Philippine Government as a regular holiday by virtue of Republic Act No. 9177 and it is also according to Presidential Proclamation No. 1083, signed into law on 13 November 2002 – the only majority Christian country worldwide to have done so. The law was enacted in deference to the Filipino Muslim
Muslim
community and to promote peace and harmony among major religions in the country. The first national commemoration of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
was on 6 December 2002, marked by prayers and feasting. Some Filipino Muslims
Muslims
attend grand congregations at the Manila Golden Mosque and the Quirino Grandstand every Eid, while Muslim-majority communities in Mindanao
Mindanao
stage large public celebrations.

Myanmar[edit] Eid al-Fitar lasts for only one day among Burmese Muslims, who call the day Eid Nei’ (Nei’=day) or Eid Ka Lay (Ka Lay=small) or Shai Mai Eid (Shai Mai=a meal of sweet vermicelli served with fried cashews, coconut shreds, raisins, and milk that is traditionally eaten by Burmese Muslims
Muslims
during Eid). Burmese Muslims
Muslims
predominantly follow the Hanafi
Hanafi
school of jurisprudence in Sunni
Sunni
Islam. During Ramadan, in the small towns and big villages with significant Muslim
Muslim
populations, Burmese Muslim
Muslim
youth organise singing teams called Jago (in Urdu and Hindi), which means "wake up". Jago teams usually do not use musical instruments apart from the occasional use of harmonica mouth organs.[53] These youths will walk throughout the neighbourhoods before sunrise to wake up the fellow Muslims
Muslims
for Suhoor (pre-dawn meal), which precedes the day of fasting. The roving groups of singers will take the tunes of popular Hindi movie songs, replaced with Burmese lyrics and invocations about fasting, the do's and don'ts of Islam
Islam
and about the benefits of Salaat.[54] These songs could also be called Qawwali, which are popular in India and Pakistan. Sometimes these Jago groups will also visit Muslim
Muslim
homes on the Eid day, where they are welcomed with food and monetary donations for the team with Eidi or Duit Raya. Although Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is not a public holiday in Burma, most employers have an understanding of the festival and are usually willing to accommodate days off for Muslim
Muslim
staff. Some may even take time off during office hours to visit with Muslim
Muslim
staff at their homes, usually accompanied by other non- Muslim
Muslim
co – workers. As there is no single Islamic authority in Burma to make official decisions on moon-sighting, it is sometimes difficult to reach consensus on the start and end of Ramadan. This often results in Eid being celebrated on different days in small towns and villages. The Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
"Festival of Sacrifice" or "Greater Eid" is a public holiday in Burma as this event falls annually on the 10th day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah
Dhu al-Hijjah
(ذو الحجة) in the lunar Islamic calendar. Unlike Muslim
Muslim
countries that observe a three-day festival, Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
is only observed on one day in Burma. During both Eids, the traditional greeting is merely the common Islamic greeting of Assalamualaikum, and Eid Mubarak is only seldom heard. The greeting is followed by placing the right hand on the forehead (as if giving a salute); there is no shaking of hands and rarely only includes a formal embrace. Gifts and food are frequently given to the elder relatives and even to non- Muslim
Muslim
employers and government authorities. New clothes are traditionally given to family members and co – workers, but Burmese Muslims
Muslims
elders will give Eidi gifts to children. Children will receive at least token amounts of money, even from strangers, especially if they went around the neighbourhoods in groups just to collect Eidi. It is common for children and young people to go around giving greetings of "salaam" to parents, elder relatives and other elders in the community. During Eid, Burmese Muslims
Muslims
ask forgiveness from parents and elders and themselves try to forgive and forget any misunderstandings that may have occurred amongst one another. Sometimes Burmese Muslims
Muslims
pray or perform Eid salah (called Eid Namaz) at an Eidgah
Eidgah
in open spaces outdoors. Burmese Muslim
Muslim
women typically do not attend the mosque or join with the men at an Eidgah. As Burmese Muslims
Muslims
are discouraged by the religious authorities from decorating their homes with lights, lamps or colourful bulbs, sending Eid cards, and more recently, sending e-cards through the internet, is fairly common. Children and adults are also urged not to celebrate any religious festival with fireworks or firecrackers.

Other[edit] China[edit] See also: Islam
Islam
in China An ethnic Hui family celebrating Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
in Ningxia In the People's Republic of China, out of 56 officially recognised ethnic groups, Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is celebrated by at least 10 ethnic groups that are predominantly Muslim. These groups are said to total 18 million according to official statistics, but some observers say the actual number may be much higher. It is also a public holiday in China in certain regions, including two Province Prefecture Level regions, Ningxia
Ningxia
and Xinjiang. All residents in these areas, regardless of religion, are entitled to either a one-day or three-day official holiday. Outside the Muslim-majority regions, only Muslims
Muslims
are entitled to a one-day holiday. In Xinjiang
Xinjiang
province, Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is even celebrated by Han Chinese
Han Chinese
population during which holiday supplies of mutton, lamb and beef are distributed to households as part of welfare programme funded by government agencies, public and private institutions, and businesses. In Yunnan, Muslim
Muslim
populations are spread throughout the region. On Eid al-Fitr, however, some devotees may travel to Sayyid 'Ajjal's grave after their communal prayers. There, they will conduct readings from the Quran
Quran
and clean the tomb, reminiscent of the historic annual Chinese Qingming festival, in which people go to their ancestors' graves, sweep and clean the area and make food offerings. Finally the accomplishments of the Sayyid 'Ajall will be related in story form, concluded by a special prayer service to honour the hundreds of thousands of Muslims
Muslims
killed during the Panthay Rebellion, and the hundreds killed during the Cultural Revolution.[55]

Greece[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(i.e. Seker Bayram, Sugar Feast) is celebrated in Greece mainly in the Western Thrace
Western Thrace
region from the local Muslim
Muslim
minority (Turks, Pomaks
Pomaks
and Roma), along with the other two major celebrations, Kurban Bayram (Sacrifice Feast) and Hıdırellez. On the day of the Bayram, family gathers together, wears its best clothes, and celebrate with a common meal, after having attend the morning prayer. The women prepare and offer sweets to family and visitors, while small children go around and pay their respects to the elderly, by kissing their hands, and they in turn reward them with caddies, sweets, and small amount of money.[56][57] Local Muslim
Muslim
shopkeepers close their shops this day, while Muslim minority schools have a 5-day holiday for the feast.[57] Some entertainment venues and clubs hold special events for the night of the Bayram.[58]

Australia[edit] In Australia, a predominantly secular country, Muslims
Muslims
are able to practise their religion with great freedom. Most large companies[citation needed] allow for special religious holidays allowing Muslims
Muslims
to take a day off for Eid al-Fitr. Areas where there are large (but not necessarily majority) Muslim populations have overflowing attendances at the mosque for the Eid al-Fitr prayer. Police frequently block off roads and divert traffic to cater for the prayer and subsequent festivities. Eid prayers
Eid prayers
are also held in open areas (playground, stadium) in some places. In 1987, The Australian MEFF Consortium commenced the Multicultural Eid Festival and Fair[59] to celebrate Eid in Sydney, held shortly after Eid al-Fitr. The festival has grown to now cater for tens of thousands of Muslims
Muslims
and non- Muslims
Muslims
and has included as guests Yusuf Islam, famous Australian rugby player, Hazem El Masri, the then governor-general of Australia, Michael Jeffery
Michael Jeffery
and the previous premier of New South Wales, Kristina Keneally. This festival has now been replicated in cities all around Australia. The biggest Eid fair in Melbourne is held in Broadmeadows usually on the weekend following the Eid day. In Canberra, the capital of Australia, Eid Festival sponsored by Australian Federal Police (AFP) is held on the Sunday after the Eid day. The festival includes stalls from different nations, cultural programme, and rides for kids and adults.

United States[edit] Most Muslims
Muslims
in the United States
United States
offer the Eid prayer
Eid prayer
in big-city Islamic centers, convention halls or open parks. Muslims
Muslims
from different cultures with multi-national customs get together for prayers and celebrations. In some cities, prayers are done at multiple times to accommodate the large number of attendees. Generally, Muslims visit each other's homes on Eid or hold large feasts in mosques or community halls. Sometimes, mosques rent parks for Muslims
Muslims
to pray in. Women and children may adorn their hands with henna to mark the celebration. Typically, new clothing and attire are worn. Gifts are often exchanged amongst children. Another ritual or practice is the giving of 'Eidee', usually a nominal amount of a cash gift to children or youth to mark the occasion. During the 3 days of Eid, many Muslims
Muslims
join big parties sponsored either by a community mosque or Islamic center or by a wealthy Muslim in the community. Children receive gifts, and all participants enjoy sweet, spicy and other flavourful delicacies. Many Muslims
Muslims
also donate money to those less fortunate. Sometimes, Muslims
Muslims
reserve amusement parks, skating rinks or other activity centers for an entire day of fun. In New York City alternate side parking (street cleaning) regulations are suspended. Beginning in 2016, New York City Public Schools will also remain closed on Eid.[60] In Houston, Texas, the annual prayers are offered at the George R. Brown Convention Center in downtown Houston, organised by the Islamic Society of Greater Houston (ISGH). The United States Postal Service
United States Postal Service
(USPS) has issued several Eid postage stamps, across several years – starting in 2001 – honoring "two of the most important festivals in the Islamic calendar: Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
and Eid al-Adha." Eid stamps were released in 2001–2002, 2006–2009, and a Forever® stamp in 2011.[61][62][63][64]

Muslims
Muslims
after Eid Prayer
Prayer
at Valley Stream Park, Long Island, New York, United States
United States
of America Canada[edit] For Eid al-Fitr, just as in the United States, most Canadian Muslims will take a day off from work and go to prayers held in big-city mosques or Islamic centres, convention halls or sports arenas. Muslims from different cultures with multi-national customs get together for prayers and celebrations. In the larger cities of Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton
Edmonton
and Ottawa, congregational prayers may be done at multiple times to accommodate the large number of attendees. Many Muslims
Muslims
will visit each other's homes on the Eid day or the days following to attend designated "open houses" in which everyone is welcome to visit. Children receive gifts or money, and sweets and tasty dishes are served throughout the day. Smaller Muslim communities, particularly in the rural areas, hold other communal gatherings in mosques or rented community halls. Muslims
Muslims
also donate money or contribute to their local food banks on this day for those who are less fortunate. In many Canadian communities, Muslim
Muslim
organisations and mosques also hold large Eid parties that are open to the entire Muslim
Muslim
community. Some groups may reserve amusement parks or other activity centres for an entire day of fun and celebration, while others may hold public Eid parties in mosques as a means of outreach to the larger non-Muslim society. Students from Canadian schools may take 2–3 days off, because Eid is a major holiday in the Islamic culture.

Trinidad and Tobago[edit] Eid-al-Fitr is a public Holiday in Trinidad and Tobago.

United Kingdom[edit] Muslims
Muslims
in Britain performing the Eid prayers
Eid prayers
during the celebration, 1941 Although Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is not a recognised public holiday in the United Kingdom, many schools, businesses and organisations allow for at least a day's leave to be taken for religious celebrations. During the morning, observant men usually wear a thawb, jubba or sherwani, and women usually wear a salwar kameez, abaya or any other traditional clothing. Generally speaking, men, women and children will wear their best clothes. They will then proceed to a local mosque, community centre or park (in the summer months) for the Eid prayer. During the journey to the mosque, and up until the start of the prayer, it is Islamic tradition to recite takbeer – a reminder that God is Greater. Immediately after the Eid prayer
Eid prayer
and sermon have finished, people greet each other with "Eid Mubarak," or the equivalent in their mother-tongue. Some men may go to a local cemetery after Eid prayers
Eid prayers
to remember the deceased and pray for them. When they return home they will congratulate family and friends and other Muslims, before having breakfast together of traditional sweet and savoury treats. Gifts and money are usually given to children. Throughout the day, everyone will either visit or host friends and relatives, sharing some of the traditional foods with them. Bangladeshi dishes and Pakistani dishes such as samosas, Siweya, Rice and Handesh, Noonor Bora, and Fulab are particularly popular within those communities. Other communities enjoy a range of traditional foods too. As in Egypt, there have been a small number of reports of sexual assaults associated with the Eid in the UK.[65][66][67]

Fiji[edit] Muslims
Muslims
comprise around 7% (63,000 people) of the total population of Fiji, a small tropical island-nation northeast of Australia. The Muslim
Muslim
community mostly consists of people of Indian origin, descendants of indentured labourers who were brought to the islands in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by the British colonists. Although no accurate statistical evidence exists, there are also thought to be a few hundred indigenous Fijian Muslims
Muslims
(Melanesians) in the island nation. The vast majority of Muslims
Muslims
in Fiji
Fiji
are of the Sunni
Sunni
branch of Islam
Islam
who follow the Hanafi
Hanafi
school of jurisprudence. The day of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is celebrated in Fiji
Fiji
with Muslim
Muslim
men wearing their best clothes and attending the mosque for the early morning congregational prayer (women do not go to the mosques for prayers in most parts of Fiji). This is followed by visiting relatives and neighbours. Children receive presents and money from elder members of the family, relatives and neighbours. Most Muslims
Muslims
will wear new clothes on this day, and serve samai, a dish of fine, sweet vermicelli noodles mixed in warm milk. This is usually accompanied by samosas, curried chicken and beef as well as sweets and Indian snacks for guests visiting throughout the day. The traditional Eid greeting is Eid Mubarak, and it is frequently followed by a formal embrace.

Mauritius[edit] Mauritius is a diverse island nation where several religions live together in relative harmony. Muslims
Muslims
make up about 16.6% of the total population and Eid is one of the island's national holidays. Eid itself is celebrated across the island, with the preparation of a feast, which typically includes the "biryani". Men accomplish their Eid prayer
Eid prayer
at the local mosques or at the Eid Gah. Cultural shows are usually performed in the days that follow Eid.

In the Gregorian calendar[edit] See also: Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
and Gregorian calendar Although the date of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is always the same in the Islamic calendar, the date in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
falls approximately 11 days earlier each successive year, since the Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
is lunar and the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
is solar. Hence if the Eid falls in the first ten days of a Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
year, there will be a second Eid in the last ten days of the same Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
year, as happened in 2000 CE. The Gregorian date may vary between countries depending on the local sightability of the new moon. Some expatriate Muslim
Muslim
communities follow the dates as determined for their home country, while others follow the local dates of their country of residence.

The following table shows predicted dates and announced dates based on new moon sightings for Saudi Arabia.[1][68]

Recent dates of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
in Saudi Arabia

Islamic year Umm al-Qura predicted High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia announced

1438 25 June 2017 25 June 2017

1439 15 June 2018 15 June 2018[69]

1440 4 June 2019 4 June 2019[70]

1441 24 May 2020

1442 13 May 2021

See also[edit] Quds Day Notes[edit]

^ a b c d "The Umm al-Qura Calendar of Saudi Arabia". Retrieved 7 March 2017..mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em

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^ "About Sudan". United Nations Development Programme. 9 January 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.

^ "Food Events – Eid Celebrations". BBC Food Online. Archived from the original on 11 January 2010.

^ Watson, Todd (4 August 2013). " Indonesia
Indonesia
prepares for Idul Fitri". Inside Investor. Retrieved 7 August 2013.

^ "Govt says roads ready for Lebaran
Lebaran
exodus". The Jakarta Post. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2013.

^ van Doorn-Harder, Nelly. "Southeast Asian culture and Islam". Encyclopedia of Islam
Islam
and the Muslim
Muslim
world. p. 649

^ "Hari Raya Puasa". All Malaysia.info. Archived from the original on 3 February 2008.

^ Yusof, Mimi Syed; Hafeez, Shahrul (30 October 2005). "When Raya was a bewildering experience". New Straits Times. p. 8. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015 – via HighBeam Research.

^ Neikbanzaw magazine, No. 1 & 2, December 1952 & 1953

^ Interview by Khin Khin Yie with Haji U Bar Bar @ U Win Maung, composer of Jago songs, 28x81 street Mandalay. Published in Prophet Muhammad's Day Golden Jubilee magazine page 88, column 2 paragraph 2

^ Armijo, Jacqueline M. "East Asian culture and Islam." Encyclopedia of Islam
Islam
and the Muslim
Muslim
world, p. 191

^ Relytech, North Cyprus Online. "North Cyprus Tourist Guide".

^ a b "Μουσουλμάνοι & ΚΛΙΜΑΚΑ: ΗΘΗ ΚΑΙ ΕΘΙΜΑ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ ΜΟΥΣΟΥΛΜΑΝΩΝ – ΜΕΡΟΣ Α'" (in Greek). mousoulman-klimaka.blogspot.gr.

^ "5 Temmuz 2016–Şeker Gibi Eğlence-My Club*Rzv:6946282655*6973602046*6978124937". facebook.com.

^ "Multicultural Eid Festival and Fair". Australian MEFF Consortium.

^ McCarthy, Tom. "New York City adds two Muslim holidays
Muslim holidays
to public school calendar". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 July 2015.

^ "2011 USPS Eid Forever® stamp, with the quotation about the festivals". US Postal Service. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.

^ "2009 USPS Eid stamp, with mention of other dates". US Postal Service. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.

^ "2008 USPS Eid stamp". US Postal Service. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.

^ "2007 USPS Eid stamp". US Postal Service. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.

^ " Muslim
Muslim
gang jailed for kidnapping and raping two girls as part of their Eid celebrations". Daily Mail. 21 April 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2016.

^ "Men who gang raped schoolgirl after luring her to hotel room during sinister game of 'hide and seek'". Manchester Evening News. 30 January 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.

^ "Pakistani doctor who got drunk because he was away from his family during Eid sexually assaulted woman on bus a month after arriving in Britain". Daily Mail. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2016.

^ Gent, R.H. van. "The Umm al-Qura Calendar of Saudi Arabia – adjustment".

^ Saudi confirms start Eid al-Fitr, Gulf Business

^ Announced Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
in Saudi on Tuesday, Gulf News

Sources[edit] Encyclopedia of Islam
Islam
and the Muslim
Muslim
World. Edited by Martin, Richard C. Macmillan Reference, 2004. Vol. 1. The Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia (with computed and announced dates for Eid al-Fitr) External links[edit] Media related to Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
at Wiktionary vteEidFestivals Eid al-Adha Eid al-Fitr Topics Eid cuisine Eid Mubarak Eid prayers Eidgah Eidi (gift)

vteRamadanBackground Ramadan
Ramadan
(calendar month) Fasting
Fasting
during Ramadan Zakat
Zakat
al-Fitr Fidyah and Kaffara Meals Suhur
Suhur
(before sunrise) Iftar
Iftar
(after sunset) Prayers and observances Tarawih Iʿtikāf Laylat al-Qadr Jumu'atul-Wida Laylat al-Jaiza Eid al-Fitr Ramadan
Ramadan
culture Date (fruit) Chaand Raat Fanous Fast-a-Thon Gargee'an Mheibes Ramadan
Ramadan
tent

vte Islamic holidays
Islamic holidays
and observancesThe two Eids Eid al-Fitr Eid al-Adha Other holidays and observances Day of Arafah Day of Ashura Islamic New Year Arba'een1 Mawlid Laylat al-Raghaib Lailat al Miraj Mid-Sha'ban Ramadan Laylat al-Qadr Eid al-Ghadir1 Mubahala1 Promised Messiah Day2 Promised Reformer Day2 Caliphate Day2

1 Shia
Shia
Muslim
Muslim
only 2 Ahmadi Muslim
Muslim
only

vte Holidays, observances, and celebrations in AlgeriaJanuary New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(1) Yennayer
Yennayer
(12) February Valentine's Day
Valentine's Day
(14) Tafsut (28) March International Women's Day
International Women's Day
(8) Victory Day (19) World Water Day
World Water Day
(22) Maghrebi Blood Donation Day (30) Spring vacation (2 last weeks) April April Fools' Day
April Fools' Day
(1) Knowledge Day (16) Berber Spring (20) Earth Day
Earth Day
(22) Election Day (Thursday) May International Workers' Day
International Workers' Day
(1) World Press Freedom Day (3) Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(last Sunday) June–July–August Summer vacation (varies) June Children's Day
Children's Day
(1) Father's Day
Father's Day
(21) July Independence Day (5) September International Day of Peace
International Day of Peace
(21) October International Day of Non-Violence
International Day of Non-Violence
(2) Halloween
Halloween
(31) November Revolution Day (1) December Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
(24) Christmas
Christmas
(25) New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(31) Winter vacation (2 last weeks) Varies (year round) Hijri New Year's Day
New Year's Day
( Muharram
Muharram
1) Ashura
Ashura
( Muharram
Muharram
10) Mawlid
Mawlid
(Rabi' al-Awwal 12) Ramadan
Ramadan
( Ramadan
Ramadan
1) Laylat al-Qadr
Laylat al-Qadr
( Ramadan
Ramadan
27) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
( Shawwal 1) Day of Arafah
Day of Arafah
( Dhu al-Hijjah
Dhu al-Hijjah
9) Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
( Dhu al-Hijjah
Dhu al-Hijjah
10) Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in Algeria, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays. vte Public holidays in Indonesia New Year's Day Chinese New Year Day of Silence Isra and Mi'raj Good Friday Labour Day Waisak Day Ascension Day Pancasila Day Collective Days Eid al-Fitr Eid al-Adha Independence Day Muharram Maulidur Rasul Christmas

vte Public holidays in MalaysiaNational holidays Chinese New Year Labour Day Wesak Day Eid al-Fitr Eid al-Adha Merdeka Day Muharram Agong's Birthday Malaysia
Malaysia
Day Muhammad's Birthday Christmas State holidays(differ by states) New Year's Day Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sembilan's Birthday Sultan of Kedah's Birthday Thaipusam Federal Territory Day Anniversary of Installation of the Sultan of Terengganu Sultan of Johor's Birthday Isra and Mi'raj Declaration of Malacca City
Malacca City
as Historical City Good Friday Sultan of Terengganu's Birthday First Day of Ramadan Day of Nuzul Al-Quran Tadau Kaamatan Gawai Dayak Declaration of George Town as World Heritage Site Penang State Governor's Birthday Raja of Perlis's Birthday Sarawak Independence Day Hol Day of Sultan Iskandar of Johor Sabah State Governor's Birthday Melaka State Governor's Birthday Sarawak State Governor's Birthday Sultan of Pahang's Birthday Deepavali Sultan of Perak's Birthday Sultan of Kelantan's Birthday Sultan of Selangor's Birthday

vte Public holidays in Pakistan Kashmir
Kashmir
Solidarity Day Pakistan
Pakistan
Day Labour Day Independence Day Iqbal Day Quaid-e-Azam Day Eid ul-Adha Eid-ul-Fitr Milad al-Nabi Day of Ashura Isra and Mi'raj Defence Day

Public holidays in SingaporeNational holidays (fixed) New Year’s Day
New Year’s Day
(1 January) Labour Day
Labour Day
(1 May) National Day (9 August) Christmas
Christmas
Day (25 December) National holidays (moveable) Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year
(2 days) Good Friday Vesak
Vesak
Day Hari Raya Puasa Hari Raya Haji Deepavali

vte Public holidays in Sri Lanka Thai Pongal Duruthu Poya Day Independence Day Navam Poya Day Maha Shivratri Madin Poya Day Sinhala and Tamil New Year
Tamil New Year
Day eve Sinhalese New Year/Tamil New Year Bak Poya Day Good Friday May Day Vesak
Vesak
Poya Day Day following Vesak
Vesak
Poya Day Id-Ul-Fitr (Ramazan Festival Day) Poson Poya Day Esala Poya Day Id-Ul-Alha (Hadji Festival Day) Nikini Poya Day Binara Poya Day Vap Poya Day Deepavali Festival Day Milad-Un-Nabi (Holy Prophet’s Birthday) Ill Poya Day Unduvap Poya Day Christmas
Christmas
Day

vte Public holidays in ThailandNational holidays New Year's Day Magha Puja Chakri Memorial Day Songkran Labour Day Royal Ploughing Ceremony
Royal Ploughing Ceremony
and Farmer's Day Vesak King Vajiralongkorn's Birthday Asanha Bucha Phansa Queen Sirikit's Birthday King Bhumibol Adulyadej's Memorial Day King Chulalongkorn
Chulalongkorn
Day King Bhumibol Adulyadej's Birthday Constitution Day New Year's Eve Region-based holidays Chinese New Year Eid al-Fitr Eid al-Adha Christmas

vte Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United StatesJanuary New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(federal) Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
(federal)

Confederate Heroes Day (TX) Fred Korematsu Day
Fred Korematsu Day
(CA, FL, HI, VA) Idaho Human Rights Day (ID) Inauguration Day (federal quadrennial, DC area) Kansas Day (KS) Lee–Jackson Day
Lee–Jackson Day
(formerly Lee–Jackson–King Day) (VA) Makar Sankranti
Makar Sankranti
(religious) Robert E. Lee Day
Robert E. Lee Day
(FL) Stephen Foster Memorial Day (36) The Eighth (LA)January–February Super Bowl Sunday Vasant Panchami
Vasant Panchami
(religious) FebruaryAmerican Heart MonthBlack History Month Washington's Birthday/Presidents' Day (federal) Valentine's Day

Georgia Day (GA) Groundhog Day Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
(CA, CT, IL, IN, MO, NJ, NY, WV) National Girls and Women in Sports Day National Freedom Day (36) Primary Election Day (WI) Ronald Reagan Day
Ronald Reagan Day
(CA) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(CA, MO) Susan B. Anthony Day
Susan B. Anthony Day
(CA, FL, NY, WI, WV, proposed federal)February–March Mardi Gras

Ash Wednesday
Ash Wednesday
(religious) Courir de Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(religious) Maha Shivratri
Maha Shivratri
(religious) Super TuesdayMarchIrish-American Heritage MonthNational Colon Cancer Awareness MonthWomen's History Month St. Patrick's Day (religious) Spring break
Spring break
(week)

Casimir Pulaski Day
Casimir Pulaski Day
(IL) Cesar Chavez Day
Cesar Chavez Day
(CA, CO, TX, proposed federal) Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, MA) Harriet Tubman Day
Harriet Tubman Day
(NY) Holi
Holi
(NY, religious) Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(AL (in two counties), LA) Maryland Day
Maryland Day
(MD) National Poison Prevention Week
National Poison Prevention Week
(week) Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI) Saint Joseph's Day
Saint Joseph's Day
(religious) Seward's Day (AK) Texas Independence Day
Texas Independence Day
(TX) Town Meeting Day (VT)March–April Easter
Easter
(religious)

Good Friday
Good Friday
(CT, NC, PR, religious) Hanuman Jayanti
Hanuman Jayanti
(religious) Mesha Sankranti/Hindu New Year (religious) Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday
(religious) Passover
Passover
(religious) Easter
Easter
Monday (religious) Rama Navami
Rama Navami
(religious)AprilConfederate History Month 420 Day April Fools' Day Arbor Day Confederate Memorial Day
Confederate Memorial Day
(AL, MS) Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
(week) Earth Day Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
(DC) Thomas Jefferson's Birthday
Jefferson's Birthday
(AL) Pascua Florida (FL) Patriots' Day
Patriots' Day
(MA, ME) San Jacinto Day
San Jacinto Day
(TX) Siblings Day Walpurgis Night
Walpurgis Night
(religious) MayAsian Pacific American Heritage MonthJewish American Heritage Month Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(federal) Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(36) Cinco de Mayo

Harvey Milk Day
Harvey Milk Day
(CA) Law Day (36) Loyalty Day (36) Malcolm X Day
Malcolm X Day
(CA, IL, proposed federal) May Day Military Spouse Day National Day of Prayer
Prayer
(36) National Defense Transportation Day (36) National Maritime Day (36) Peace Officers Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(36) Truman Day
Truman Day
(MO) Vesak/ Buddha's Birthday
Buddha's Birthday
(religious)JuneLesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month Father's Day
Father's Day
(36)

Bunker Hill Day
Bunker Hill Day
(Suffolk County, MA) Carolina Day
Carolina Day
(SC) Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
In Texas / Juneteenth
Juneteenth
(TX) Flag Day (36, proposed federal) Helen Keller Day
Helen Keller Day
(PA) Honor America Days (3 weeks) Jefferson Davis Day
Jefferson Davis Day
(AL, FL) Kamehameha Day
Kamehameha Day
(HI) Odunde Festival
Odunde Festival
(Philadelphia, PA) Senior Week (week) West Virginia Day
West Virginia Day
(WV)July Independence Day (federal)

Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial) Guru Purnima
Guru Purnima
(religious) Parents' Day
Parents' Day
(36) Pioneer Day (UT)July–August Summer vacation August American Family Day (AZ) Barack Obama Day
Barack Obama Day
(IL) Bennington Battle Day (VT) Hawaii Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI) Krishna Janmashtami
Krishna Janmashtami
(religious) Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
(TX) Naga Panchami
Naga Panchami
(religious) National Aviation Day
National Aviation Day
(36) Raksha Bandhan
Raksha Bandhan
(religious) Service Reduction Day (MD) Victory Day (RI) Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
(36) SeptemberProstate Cancer Awareness Month Labor Day
Labor Day
(federal)

California Admission Day
California Admission Day
(CA) Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36) Constitution Day (36) Constitution Week (week) Defenders Day
Defenders Day
(MD) Ganesh Chaturthi
Ganesh Chaturthi
(religious) Gold Star Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(36) National Grandparents Day
National Grandparents Day
(36) National Payroll Week (week) Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal) Patriot Day
Patriot Day
(36)September–OctoberHispanic Heritage Month Oktoberfest

Pitru Paksha
Pitru Paksha
(religious) Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
(religious TX) Vijayadashami
Vijayadashami
(religious) Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
(religious TX)OctoberBreast Cancer Awareness MonthDisability Employment Awareness MonthFilipino American History MonthLGBT History Month Columbus Day
Columbus Day
(federal) Halloween

Alaska Day (AK) Child Health Day (36) General Pulaski Memorial Day German-American Day Indigenous Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day
(VT) International Day of Non-Violence Leif Erikson Day
Leif Erikson Day
(36) Missouri Day (MO) National School Lunch Week Native American Day (SD) Nevada Day
Nevada Day
(NV) Sweetest Day White Cane Safety Day
White Cane Safety Day
(36)October–November Diwali
Diwali
(religious) November Native American Indian Heritage Month Veterans Day
Veterans Day
(federal) Thanksgiving (federal)

Day after Thanksgiving (24) Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed federal) Family Day (NV) Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious) Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial) Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA) Barack Obama Day
Barack Obama Day
(Perry County, AL)December Christmas
Christmas
(religious, federal)

Alabama Day (AL) Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
(KY, NC, SC) Day after Christmas
Christmas
(KY, NC, SC, TX) Festivus Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious, week) Indiana Day
Indiana Day
(IN) Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa
(religious, week) National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
(36) New Year's Eve Pan American Aviation Day (36) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(OH, OR) Wright Brothers Day (36)Varies (year round) Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(religious) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(religious) Ramadan
Ramadan
(religious, month) Navaratri
Navaratri
(religious, occurs four times a year) Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month.

See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands. Religious po

.