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The Info List - Eelam National Liberation Front

The Eelam
Eelam
National Liberation Front (ENLF) was a short-lived umbrella organisation for leading Sri Lankan Tamil militant groups. Formation[edit] In April 1984 M. Karunanidhi
M. Karunanidhi
invited the leaders of the five leading Tamil militant groups, Eelam
Eelam
People's Revolutionary Liberation Front (EPRLF), Eelam Revolutionary Organisation of Students (EROS), Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
(LTTE), People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam
Tamil Eelam
(PLOTE) and Tamil Eelam
Tamil Eelam
Liberation Organization (TELO), for talks aimed at uniting the groups.[1] K. Pathmanabha (EPRLF), V. Balakumaran (EROS) and Sri Sabaratnam
Sri Sabaratnam
(TELO) accepted the invitation but Velupillai Prabhakaran
Velupillai Prabhakaran
(LTTE) and Uma Maheswaran (PLOTE) did not. Shortly afterward EPRLF, EROS and TELO formed the Eelam
Eelam
National Liberation Front.[2] The inaugural meeting of the ENLF was held at the EPRLF's office in Madras
Madras
(now Chennai) and Ramesh of the EPRLF was elected the secretary. After the meeting Pathmanabha, Balakumaran and Sri Sabaratnam
Sri Sabaratnam
issued a statement announcing the formation of the ENLF:

Realizing that unity among the liberation movements is essential to take forward the freedom struggle of the people of Tamil Eelam, the leaders of the Eelam
Eelam
Progressive Revolutionary Liberation Front, Tamil Eelam
Eelam
Liberation Organization and Eelam
Eelam
Revolutionary Organization have decided to form a united front and name it Eelam
Eelam
National Liberation Front.

Although the ENLF members would work together to achieve their common aim they would each maintain their own distinct identity. Other major liberation groups i.e. LTTE and PLOTE, were invited to join the ENLF. The objectives of the ENLF were:

Winning the independence for our motherland from the domination of the Sri Lanka. Pledge to work for the full independence of Tamil Eelam
Tamil Eelam
and decision to accept nothing less. Adopt armed struggle as our path to freedom and endeavour to unite all sections of our people. Building a socialist society in Tamil Eelam. Liberating our motherland from the shackles of American imperialism and neocolonialism.

The ENLF members agreed to coordinate armed activities against the Sri Lankan armed forces; unify propaganda conducted in foreign countries; and create a unified body to administer the funds collected from individuals and institutions. LTTE joins ENLF[edit] In early 1985 Prabhakaran changed his mind about the ENLF and decided to join. On 10 April 1985 senior members of the ENLF and LTTE met at the Hotel Presidency, Madras. Those attending the meeting were: LTTE – Prabhakaran, Rajanayagam and Anton Balasingham; EPRLF – Pathmanabha, Kulasegaran and Ramesh; EROS – Balakumaran and Muhilan; TELO – Sri Sabaratnam
Sri Sabaratnam
and Mathi. After the meeting a statement was issued:

The Eelam
Eelam
National Liberation Front and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
Eelam
have decided to work together to take forward the freedom struggle of the Tamil-speaking people of Eelam...The emergence of unity among these four freedom movements that have adopted the path of armed revolution is a significant event in the history of the freedom struggle of the Tamil people. This unity, a turning point in the freedom struggle of the Tamil people of Eelam, has helped the consolidation of the revolutionary forces and coordinates and strengthens the armed struggle. We expect the news about the unity among the armed movements would gladden and enthuse the people who are enduring army atrocities and hardships and intensify their determination and resolve to march on the path of freedom.

The objectives of the ENLF were revised to:

Winning the freedom and sovereignty of our motherland from the oppressive rule of Sri Lanka. Not to accept any solution lesser than the establishment of an independent state with the right to self-determination. Adopting mass armed struggle (People’s Struggle) as the mode of struggle. Taking forward the socialist revolution along with the freedom struggle and building a socialist society in our motherland. Delivering our nation from the clutches of global imperialism and neocolonialism and leading it on the path of nonalignment.

The ENLF members agreed to make joint political decisions and to coordinate military actions against the Sri Lankan armed forces. The unity amongst the Tamil militant groups was widely welcomed by supporters of the Tamil independence movement. References[edit] Sabaratnam, T. "31 Unity Moves". Pirapaharan, Volume 2. 

^ Sabaratnam, T. "27 MGR's Role in the Eelam
Eelam
Struggle". Pirapaharan, Volume 2.  ^ "April 1985". Peace and Conflict Timeline. 

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Sri Lankan Civil War

Origins

Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism 1956 1958 1977 Sri Lankan riots Burning of Jaffna library Black July

Combatants

 Sri Lanka

Army (LRRP) Navy Air Force Police

Special
Special
Task Force

Home Guards Attacks on civilians

Assassinations

LTTE

Divisions Air Tigers Sea Tigers Black Tigers Attacks

in the 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s Assassinations Suicide bombings

Other militants (list)

ENDLF ENLF EPRLF EROS PLOTE TELO

 India

Indian Peace Keeping Force

Paramilitary

EPDP TMVP

Phases

Eelam
Eelam
War I Indian intervention Eelam
Eelam
War II III IV

Eastern / Northern theaters

Major battles

Kokkilai Vadamarachchi Poomalai Pawan Jaffna University Helidrop Balavegaya 1st Elephant Pass Pooneryn Riviresa 1st Mullaitivu Sath Jaya Vavunathivu Jayasikurui Thandikulam–Omanthai 1st Kilinochchi Oddusuddan A-9 highway 2nd Elephant Pass Bandaranaike Airport attack Point Pedro Jaffna Thoppigala Vidattaltivu 2nd Kilinochchi 2nd Mullaitivu Puthukkudiyirippu

Major Events

Air Lanka Flight 512 Indo- Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Accord Expulsions from Northern province Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi Assassination of Ranasinghe Premadasa Assassination of Lalith Athulathmudali Temple of the Tooth attack Lionair Flight 602 Bandaranaike Airport attack Expulsions from Colombo 2009 suicide air raid on Colombo

Leaders

Sri Lanka

Military

Army

Tissa Weeratunga Nalin Seneviratne Hamilton Wanasinghe Cecil Waidyaratne G. H. De Silva Rohan Daluwatte C. S. Weerasooriya L. P. Balagalle Shantha Kottegoda Sarath Fonseka

Navy

Asoka de Silva H. A. Silva Clancy Fernando D. A. M. R. Samarasekara H. C. A. C. Thisera Daya Sandagiri Wasantha Karannagoda

Air Force

Dick Perera Andibuduge Fernando Makalandage Gunawardena Oliver Ranasinghe Jayalath Weerakkody Donald Perera Roshan Goonetileke

Civilian

J. R. Jayewardene Ranasinghe Premadasa Dingiri Banda Wijetunga Chandrika Kumaratunga Mahinda Rajapaksa

LTTE

Militant

Velupillai Prabhakaran Pottu Amman Soosai Karuna Amman

Political

Selvarasa Pathmanathan Anton Balasingham S. P. Thamilselvan

India

Military

Harkirat Singh Ashok K. Mehta

Civilian

R. Venkataraman Rajiv Gandhi V. P. Singh

Aftermath

Reactions to end of war (Tamil diaspora) Remembrance Day Alleged war crimes

Chemical weapons

Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) UN Panel on Accountability in Sri Lanka NPC resolution on Genocide

Related topics

Casualties

Assassinations Massacres

Child soldiers Disappearances Human rights Popular culture Terrorism

PTA State

Sixth Amendment Thirteenth Amendment 1988 Maldives coup d'état 1987–89 JVP Insurrection

Sri Lankan Civil War
Sri Lankan Civil War
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v t e

Sri Lankan Tamil people

List of Sri Lankan Tamils

History

Ancient

History of Eastern Tamils Tissamaharama inscription Annaicoddai seal Ketheeswaram temple Koneswaram temple Munneswaram temple Tenavaram temple

Jaffna kingdom

History Aryacakravarti Jaffna Palace ruins Kotagama inscriptions Portuguese conquest Vannimai Vanniar Demala Hatpattu

Colonial

American Ceylon Mission Wesleyan Methodist Mission Jaffna Youth Congress

Post-colonial

Nationalism Colonisation Sinhala Only Act Riots Bandaranaike–Chelvanayakam Pact Standardisation Militancy Vaddukoddai Resolution Tamil Eelam Burning of Jaffna library Black July Civil War NPC Resolution on Genocide

Politics

Government

Northern Provincial Council

Government of the Northern Province Governors Chief Ministers

Eastern Provincial Council

Governors Chief Ministers

Political parties

All Ceylon Tamil Congress Federal Party Tamil United Liberation Front Tamil National Alliance Tamil National People's Front

Militant groups

ENDLF ENLF EPRLF EORS LTTE PLOTE TELO

Diaspora

British Tamils Forum Canadian Tamil Congress Federation of Tamil Sangams of North America Global Tamil Forum Tamils Against Genocide Tamil Youth Organisation Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam

Society

Eelam Genetic studies Karaiyar Koviar Mukkuvar Nalavar Paraiyar Thesavalamai Vellalar Vedar

Culture

Cinema Literature News

Saturday Review Sudar Oli Tamil Guardian TamilNet Tamil Times Thinakaran Thinakkural Uthayan Virakesari

Diaspora

Australia Canada France Germany Italy India Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan United Kingdom United States

Languages and dialects

Batticaloa Tamil Jaffna Tamil Negombo Tamil Loanwords

Religion

Hinduism

Naguleswaram temple Nallur Kandaswamy temple

Catholicism

Shrine of Our Lady of Madhu

Village deities

Sport

Badminton Cricket Football