Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Baronet, GCVO, PRA (20 March 1836 in
Paris – 26 July 1919 in London) was an English painter, designer,
and draughtsman who served as President of the Royal Academy.
6 External links
Andromeda, Edward Poynter, 1869
Edward Poynter was the son of the architect Ambrose Poynter. He was
born in Paris, though his parents returned to Britain soon after. He
was educated at
Brighton College and Ipswich School, but left school
early for reasons of ill health, spending winters in
Madeira and Rome.
In 1853 he met
Frederick Leighton in Rome, who made a great impression
on the 17-year-old Poynter. On his return to
London he studied at
Leigh's Academy in Newman Street and the
Royal Academy Schools, before
Paris to study in the studio of the classicist painter
Charles Gleyre where
James McNeill Whistler
James McNeill Whistler and
George du Maurier
George du Maurier were
fellow-students. In 1866 Poynter married the famous beauty Agnes
MacDonald, daughter of the Rev G B MacDonald of Wolverhampton, and
they had three children. Her sister Georgiana married the artist
Edward Burne-Jones; her sister Alice was the mother of writer Rudyard
Kipling; and her sister Louisa was the mother of three-times Prime
Minister of the United Kingdom Stanley Baldwin.
He became best known for his large historical paintings such as Israel
in Egypt (1867; Guildhall Art Gallery, London), followed by St George
England (1869), a mosaic for the Central Lobby of the Palace of
Westminster, depicting St George and the Dragon. Visit of the Queen
of Sheba (1871–75) and King Solomon (1890). He was admitted as an
associate of the
Royal Academy in 1869.
Poynter held a number of official posts: he was the first Slade
Professor at University College
London from 1871 to 1875, principal of
National Art Training School
National Art Training School from 1875 to 1881 and director of the
National Gallery from 1894 to 1904 (overseeing the opening of the Tate
Gallery). He became a
Royal Academician in 1876. In 1896, on the death
of Sir John Millais, Poynter was elected President of the Royal
Academy. He received a knighthood in the same year and an honorary
Cambridge University in 1898. It was announced that he
would receive a baronetcy in the
1902 Coronation Honours list
published on 26 June 1902 for the (subsequently postponed) coronation
of King Edward VII, and on 24 July 1902 he was created a Baronet,
of Albert gate, in the city of Westminster, in the county of
It appears from the subjects of his paintings (King Solomon and King
Solomon's Temple) and his association with Kipling that he was a
Freemason. Prints of his painting The Visit of the
Queen of Sheba to King Solomon are to be found in many Masonic Lodges
around the world.
Poynter's old school,
Brighton College held an exhibition of Poynter's
paintings and drawings entitled 'Life at Arms Length' in its Burstow
Gallery in November–December 1995.
Edward Poynter's works
At Low Tide
The Siren (1864)
The Cave of the Storm Nymphs
The Cave of the Storm Nymphs (1903), private collection
Psyche in the Temple of Love
Corner of the Marketplace (1887)
Ten lectures on art (London: Chapman and Hall, 1880).
Buxton, H. J. Wilmot (co-author). German, Flemish and Dutch painting
(Scribner and Welford, 1881).
Head, Percy Head (co-author). Classic and Italian painting (London: S.
Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1890)
^ Jarrold Publishing, Norwich.
Palace of Westminster
Palace of Westminster Collection
^ "The Register, Adelaide, June 27, 1902". Trove. Retrieved 21 August
^ "Poynter, Edward John (PNTR898SE)". A Cambridge Alumni Database.
University of Cambridge.
^ "The Coronation Honours". The Times (36804). London. 26 June 1902.
^ "No. 27457". The
London Gazette. 25 July 1902. p. 4738.
Bell,Malcolm. Drawings of Sir E. J. Poynter ( London: G. Newnes, ltd.,
Sir Edward John, Bart Poynter (1911 Encyclopædia Britannica)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edward Poynter.
52 Painting(s) by or after
Edward Poynter at the
Art UK site
Edward Poynter online (ArtCyclopedia)
Edward Poynter – biography and paintings (artmagick.com)
Edward Poynter – biography and paintings (Art Renewal Center)
Poynter, Edward John, Sir (Dictionary of art historians)
Pears Soap Company & Sir
Edward Poynter – "At Low Tide" ("Art of
Edward Poynter at Project Gutenberg
Works by or about
Edward Poynter at Internet Archive
Israel in Egypt (1867) Edward Poynter
Sir John Everett Millais, Bt
President of the Royal Academy
Sir Aston Webb
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
(of Albert Gate)
The Light that Failed
The Light that Failed (1891)
Captains Courageous (1896)
Plain Tales from the Hills (1888)
Soldiers Three (1888)
The Story of the Gadsbys
The Story of the Gadsbys (1888)
In Black and White (1888)
The Phantom 'Rickshaw and other Eerie Tales
The Phantom 'Rickshaw and other Eerie Tales (1888)
Under the Deodars
Under the Deodars (1888)
Wee Willie Winkie and Other Child Stories
Wee Willie Winkie and Other Child Stories (1888)
From Sea to Sea and Other Sketches, Letters of Travel (1889)
Barrack-Room Ballads (1892, poetry)
Many Inventions (1893)
The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book (1894)
The Second Jungle Book
The Second Jungle Book (1895)
"Letting in the Jungle"
All the Mowgli Stories (c. 1895)
The Seven Seas (1896, poetry)
The Day's Work (1898)
Stalky & Co. (1899)
Just So Stories
Just So Stories (1902)
The Five Nations
The Five Nations (1903, poetry)
Puck of Pook's Hill
Puck of Pook's Hill (1906)
Rewards and Fairies
Rewards and Fairies (1910)
The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet (1915, non-fiction)
Debits and Credits (1926)
Limits and Renewals (1932)
Rudyard Kipling's Verse: Definitive Edition (1940)
A Choice of Kipling's Verse
A Choice of Kipling's Verse (by T. S. Eliot, 1941)
"The Absent-Minded Beggar"
"The Ballad of the "Clampherdown""
"The Ballad of East and West"
"The Bell Buoy"
"The Female of the Species"
"The Gods of the Copybook Headings"
"Hymn Before Action"
"In the Neolithic Age"
"The King's Pilgrimage"
"The Last of the Light Brigade"
"The Lowestoft Boat"
"The Mary Gloster"
"My Boy Jack"
"A Song in Storm"
"The Sons of Martha"
"The White Man's Burden"
"The Widow at Windsor"
"The Arrest of Lieutenant Golightly"
"Baa Baa, Black Sheep"
"Bread upon the Waters"
"The Broken Link Handicap"
"The Butterfly that Stamped"
"The Conversion of Aurelian McGoggin"
"The Devil and the Deep Sea"
"The Drums of the Fore and Aft"
"His Chance in Life"
"His Wedded Wife"
"In the House of Suddhoo"
"Learoyd, Mulvaney and Ortheris"
"The Man Who Would Be King"
"A Matter of Fact"
"Miss Youghal's Sais"
"The Mother Hive"
"The Other Man"
"The Rescue of Pluffles"
"The Ship that Found Herself"
"The Sing-Song of Old Man Kangaroo"
"The Taking of Lungtungpen"
"Three and – an Extra"
"The Three Musketeers"
"Toomai of the Elephants"
"Watches of the Night"
"Yoked with an Unbeliever"
Indian Railway Library
Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer
Law of the jungle
Aerial Board of Control
My Boy Jack (1997 play)
Rudyard Kipling: A Remembrance Tale (2006 documentary)
My Boy Jack (2007 film)
Elsie Bambridge (daughter)
John Kipling (son)
John Lockwood Kipling
John Lockwood Kipling (father)
MacDonald sisters (mother's family)
Stanley Baldwin (cousin)
Georgiana Burne-Jones (aunt)
Edward Burne-Jones (uncle)
Philip Burne-Jones (cousin)
Edward Poynter (uncle)
Alfred Baldwin (uncle)
Directors of the National Gallery
Charles Lock Eastlake
Charles Lock Eastlake (1855)
William Boxall (1866)
Frederic William Burton
Frederic William Burton (1874)
Edward Poynter (1894)
Charles Holroyd (1906)
Charles Holmes (1916)
Augustus Daniel (1929)
Kenneth Clark (1934)
Philip Hendy (1946)
Martin Davies (1968)
Michael Levey (1973)
Neil MacGregor (1987)
Charles Saumarez Smith (2002)
Nicholas Penny (2008)
Gabriele Finaldi (2015)
ISNI: 0000 0000 8097 7655
BNF: cb105339167 (data)