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Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Baronet, GCVO, PRA (20 March 1836 in Paris
Paris
– 26 July 1919 in London) was an English painter, designer, and draughtsman who served as President of the Royal Academy.

Contents

1 Life 2 Career 3 Bibliography 4 References 5 Sources 6 External links

Life[edit]

Andromeda, Edward Poynter, 1869

Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
was the son of the architect Ambrose Poynter. He was born in Paris, though his parents returned to Britain soon after. He was educated at Brighton College
Brighton College
and Ipswich School, but left school early for reasons of ill health, spending winters in Madeira
Madeira
and Rome. In 1853 he met Frederick Leighton
Frederick Leighton
in Rome, who made a great impression on the 17-year-old Poynter. On his return to London
London
he studied at Leigh's Academy in Newman Street and the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
Schools, before going to Paris
Paris
to study in the studio of the classicist painter Charles Gleyre
Charles Gleyre
where James McNeill Whistler
James McNeill Whistler
and George du Maurier
George du Maurier
were fellow-students. In 1866 Poynter married the famous beauty Agnes MacDonald, daughter of the Rev G B MacDonald of Wolverhampton, and they had three children. Her sister Georgiana married the artist Edward Burne-Jones; her sister Alice was the mother of writer Rudyard Kipling; and her sister Louisa was the mother of three-times Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Stanley Baldwin. Career[edit] He became best known for his large historical paintings such as Israel in Egypt (1867; Guildhall Art Gallery, London), followed by St George for England
England
(1869), a mosaic for the Central Lobby of the Palace of Westminster, depicting St George and the Dragon.[1] Visit of the Queen of Sheba (1871–75) and King Solomon (1890). He was admitted as an associate of the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
in 1869.[2] Poynter held a number of official posts: he was the first Slade Professor at University College London
London
from 1871 to 1875, principal of the National Art Training School
National Art Training School
from 1875 to 1881 and director of the National Gallery from 1894 to 1904 (overseeing the opening of the Tate Gallery). He became a Royal Academician
Royal Academician
in 1876. In 1896, on the death of Sir John Millais, Poynter was elected President of the Royal Academy. He received a knighthood in the same year and an honorary degree from Cambridge University
Cambridge University
in 1898.[3] It was announced that he would receive a baronetcy in the 1902 Coronation Honours list published on 26 June 1902 for the (subsequently postponed) coronation of King Edward VII,[4] and on 24 July 1902 he was created a Baronet, of Albert gate, in the city of Westminster, in the county of London.[5] It appears from the subjects of his paintings (King Solomon and King Solomon's Temple) and his association with Kipling that he was a Freemason.[citation needed] Prints of his painting The Visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon are to be found in many Masonic Lodges around the world.[citation needed] Poynter's old school, Brighton College
Brighton College
held an exhibition of Poynter's paintings and drawings entitled 'Life at Arms Length' in its Burstow Gallery in November–December 1995.

Edward Poynter's works

At Low Tide

The Siren (1864)

The Cave of the Storm Nymphs
The Cave of the Storm Nymphs
(1903), private collection

Psyche in the Temple of Love

Corner of the Marketplace (1887)

Pea Blossoms

Bibliography[edit]

Ten lectures on art (London: Chapman and Hall, 1880). Buxton, H. J. Wilmot (co-author). German, Flemish and Dutch painting (Scribner and Welford, 1881). Head, Percy Head (co-author). Classic and Italian painting (London: S. Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1890)

References[edit]

^ Jarrold Publishing, Norwich. Palace of Westminster
Palace of Westminster
Collection ^ "The Register, Adelaide, June 27, 1902". Trove. Retrieved 21 August 2013.  ^ "Poynter, Edward John (PNTR898SE)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.  ^ "The Coronation Honours". The Times (36804). London. 26 June 1902. p. 5.  ^ "No. 27457". The London
London
Gazette. 25 July 1902. p. 4738. 

Sources[edit]

Bell,Malcolm. Drawings of Sir E. J. Poynter ( London: G. Newnes, ltd., 1905). Sir Edward John, Bart Poynter (1911 Encyclopædia Britannica)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edward Poynter.

52 Painting(s) by or after Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
at the Art UK
Art UK
site Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
online (ArtCyclopedia) Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
– biography and paintings (artmagick.com) Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
– biography and paintings (Art Renewal Center) Poynter, Edward John, Sir (Dictionary of art historians) Pears Soap Company & Sir Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
– "At Low Tide" ("Art of the Print") Works by Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
at Internet Archive

Israel in Egypt (1867) Edward Poynter

Cultural offices

Preceded by Sir John Everett Millais, Bt President of the Royal Academy 1896–1918 Succeeded by Sir Aston Webb

Baronetage of the United Kingdom

New creation Baronet (of Albert Gate) 1902–1919 Succeeded by Ambrose Poynter

v t e

Rudyard Kipling

Novels

The Light that Failed
The Light that Failed
(1891) Captains Courageous
Captains Courageous
(1896) Kim (1901)

Collections

Plain Tales from the Hills (1888) Soldiers Three
Soldiers Three
(1888) The Story of the Gadsbys
The Story of the Gadsbys
(1888) In Black and White (1888) The Phantom 'Rickshaw and other Eerie Tales
The Phantom 'Rickshaw and other Eerie Tales
(1888) Under the Deodars
Under the Deodars
(1888) Wee Willie Winkie and Other Child Stories
Wee Willie Winkie and Other Child Stories
(1888) From Sea to Sea and Other Sketches, Letters of Travel (1889) Barrack-Room Ballads
Barrack-Room Ballads
(1892, poetry) Many Inventions (1893) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1894)

"Mowgli's Brothers" "Kaa's Hunting" "Tiger! Tiger!" "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi"

The Second Jungle Book
The Second Jungle Book
(1895)

"Letting in the Jungle" "Red Dog"

All the Mowgli Stories (c. 1895) The Seven Seas (1896, poetry) The Day's Work (1898) Stalky & Co. (1899) Just So Stories
Just So Stories
(1902) The Five Nations
The Five Nations
(1903, poetry) Puck of Pook's Hill
Puck of Pook's Hill
(1906) Rewards and Fairies
Rewards and Fairies
(1910) The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet
(1915, non-fiction) Debits and Credits (1926) Limits and Renewals (1932) Rudyard Kipling's Verse: Definitive Edition (1940) A Choice of Kipling's Verse
A Choice of Kipling's Verse
(by T. S. Eliot, 1941)

Poems

"The Absent-Minded Beggar" "The Ballad of the "Clampherdown"" "The Ballad of East and West" "The Beginnings" "The Bell Buoy" "The Betrothed" "Big Steamers" "Boots" "Cold Iron" "Dane-geld" "Danny Deever" "A Death-Bed" "The Female of the Species" "Fuzzy-Wuzzy" "Gentleman ranker" "The Gods of the Copybook Headings" "Gunga Din" "Hymn Before Action" "If—" "In the Neolithic Age" "The King's Pilgrimage" "The Last of the Light Brigade" "The Lowestoft Boat" "Mandalay" "The Mary Gloster" "McAndrew's Hymn" "My Boy Jack" "Recessional" "A Song in Storm" "The Sons of Martha" "Submarines" "The Sweepers" "Tommy" "Ubique" "The White Man's Burden" "The Widow at Windsor"

Short stories

".007" "The Arrest of Lieutenant Golightly" "Baa Baa, Black Sheep" "Bread upon the Waters" "The Broken Link Handicap" "The Butterfly that Stamped" "Consequences" "The Conversion of Aurelian McGoggin" "Cupid's Arrows" "The Devil and the Deep Sea" "The Drums of the Fore and Aft" "Fairy-Kist" "False Dawn" "A Germ-Destroyer" "His Chance in Life" "His Wedded Wife" "In the House of Suddhoo" "Kidnapped" "Learoyd, Mulvaney and Ortheris" "Lispeth" "The Man Who Would Be King" "A Matter of Fact" "Miss Youghal's Sais" "The Mother Hive" "Ortheris" "The Other Man" "The Rescue of Pluffles" "The Ship that Found Herself" "The Sing-Song of Old Man Kangaroo" "The Taking of Lungtungpen" "Three and – an Extra" "The Three Musketeers" "Thrown Away" "Toomai of the Elephants" "Watches of the Night" "Wireless" "Yoked with an Unbeliever"

Related

Bibliography Bateman's
Bateman's
(house) Indian Railway Library Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer

Iron Ring

Law of the jungle Aerial Board of Control My Boy Jack (1997 play) Rudyard Kipling: A Remembrance Tale (2006 documentary) My Boy Jack (2007 film)

Family

Elsie Bambridge (daughter) John Kipling
John Kipling
(son) John Lockwood Kipling
John Lockwood Kipling
(father) MacDonald sisters
MacDonald sisters
(mother's family) Stanley Baldwin
Stanley Baldwin
(cousin) Georgiana Burne-Jones
Georgiana Burne-Jones
(aunt) Edward Burne-Jones
Edward Burne-Jones
(uncle) Philip Burne-Jones
Philip Burne-Jones
(cousin) Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
(uncle) Alfred Baldwin (uncle)

v t e

Directors of the National Gallery

Charles Lock Eastlake
Charles Lock Eastlake
(1855) William Boxall
William Boxall
(1866) Frederic William Burton
Frederic William Burton
(1874) Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
(1894) Charles Holroyd
Charles Holroyd
(1906) Charles Holmes
Charles Holmes
(1916) Augustus Daniel (1929) Kenneth Clark
Kenneth Clark
(1934) Philip Hendy (1946) Martin Davies (1968) Michael Levey (1973) Neil MacGregor
Neil MacGregor
(1987) Charles Saumarez Smith (2002) Nicholas Penny (2008) Gabriele Finaldi (2015)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 18090746 LCCN: n79117147 ISNI: 0000 0000 8097 7655 GND: 121877604 SUDOC: 085102504 BNF: cb105339167 (data) ULAN: 500032375 NLA: 35431389 RKD: 64598 SN

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