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Edenvale is a small city on the
East Rand The East Rand is the urban eastern part of the Witwatersrand that is functionally merged with the Johannesburg conurbation in South Africa. This area became settled by Europeans after a gold-bearing reef was discovered in 1886 and sparked the g ...
in
Gauteng Gauteng ( ; tn, Gauteng; Northern and Southern Sotho: ''Gauteng''; zu, eGoli; Tsonga: ''Gauteng/eXilungwini;'' Ndebele, xh, iRhawuti; nr, I-Gauteng; ve, Gauteng) is one of the nine provinces of South Africa. The name in Sotho-Tswana languages mea ...
,
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 59 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital cities: e ...
. The greater Edenvale area has an estimated population of 70,000, including Greenstone, Harmelia, Highway Gardens, Buurendal and Croydon. Edenvale is part of the
Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality The City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan municipality that forms the local government of the East Rand region of Gauteng, South Africa. The municipality itself is a large suburban region east of Johannesburg. The name ''E ...
. It lies about halfway between the
O.R. Tambo International Airport O. R. Tambo International Airport is an international airport situated in Kempton Park, Gauteng, South Africa. It serves as the primary airport for domestic and international travel to/from South Africa and is Africa's busiest airport, with a ...
and the Johannesburg city centre and is located 12 km by road from
Sandton Sandton is an affluent area in the Gauteng Province, South Africa and forms part of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality. The name of the town came from the combination of two of its suburbs, Sandown and Bryanston. In 1969 Sandton wa ...

Sandton
and about 9 km from the closest
Gautrain Gautrain is an commuter rail system in Gauteng, South Africa, which links Johannesburg, Pretoria, Ekurhuleni and OR Tambo International Airport. The service offers a fast, convenient, safe and efficient public transport service. It takes 15 minu ...
station.


History

It started out in 1903, after the
Anglo Boer War The Second Boer War (11 October 189931 May 1902), also known as the Boer War, Anglo-Boer War, or South African War, was fought between the British Empire and two independent Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and th ...
as a small settlement named Rietfontein which sprung up around the Rietfontein
Gold Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au (from la, aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally. In a pure form, it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ...
Mine. It was made a municipality in 1942. It was initially populated by Cornish diaspora, Cornish mineworkers.


Suburbs of Edenvale

Residential suburbs include: Clarens Park De Klerkshof Dowerglen Dunvegan Eastleigh (part residential) Edenglen Elma Park Hurlyvale Illiondale Isandovale (part residential) Marais Steyn Park Rietfontein (part of Rietfontein 61-ir) (Rietfontein 63-ir) Industrial suburbs include: Sebenza Eastleigh (part industrial) Isandovale (part industrial)


Demographics

Edenvale is a busy city which ranges from middle-class areas such as Edenvale Central, Eastleigh and Illiondale, to the more upper-class areas such as Dowerglen and Edenglen. Edenvale Central (locally referred to as The Avenues) has seen high investment over the past few years in the form of upper-income clusters and townhouses. This has resulted in small-scale gentrification and hence an increase in coffee shops and streetside cafes. There is also a trend in Eastleigh and Illiondale to purchase derelict properties and renovate them, which has also benefitted the area. Much of Edenvale widely diversified by immigration other parts of Africa, notably: Zambian people, Zambians and Malawian people, Malawians. It also hosts a large population of Portuguese people, Portuguese, Greek people, Greeks and Italian people, Italians.


Economy


Retail

In the last ten years the area to the north of Edenvale (Modderfontein) has expanded significantly. Five malls have been erected
Greenstone
an
Stoneridge mall
Eden Meadows, Stonehill Crossing and Green Valley as well as an array of complexes and townhouses, in an area now called Greenstone Hill and Greenstone Park, just west of Illiondale. This recent, yet rapid influx of infrastructure and added commercial business has bankrupted businesses in Van Riebeeck Avenue (the main thoroughfare through the City centre, Edenvale City Centre) forcing numerous store owners to liquidate their capital investments.


Law and government


Government

In 1995, after the local government elections, Edenvale was amalgamated with some surrounding areas, including Modderfontein (East Rand), Modderfontein, Rabie Ridge, Gauteng, Rabie Ridge Extensions 4 and 5, Chloorkop, Gauteng, Chloorkop and the western part of Tembisa to form the Lethabong municipality, as part of the short-lived transitional Khayalami Metropolitan Council,
/ref> which also included Midrand and Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park/Tembisa. This arrangement ended in 2000, and Edenvale is now part of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, which includes much of the East Rand, while Modderfontein and Rabie Ridge became part of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality.


References


Further reading


A history of Edenvale


External links

* http://www.edenvale.za.net Edenvale * https://web.archive.org/web/20111026121254/http://www.greenstonemall.co.za/contact.htm Greenstone * http://www.stoneridge.co.za/ Stoneridge mall * http://www.countryroads.co.za/content/edenvale.html * https://web.archive.org/web/20100528140204/http://www.edenvale.za.net/history/background.htm {{Authority control Populated places in Ekurhuleni