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KARL EBERHARD SCHöNGARTH (22 April 1903 – 16 May 1946) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era . He was a war criminal who perpetrated mass murder and genocide in occupied Poland
Poland
during the Holocaust .

Schöngarth was born in Leipzig
Leipzig
, Saxony
Saxony
. In 1933 he became a member of the SD , the SS 's own Intelligence Service. During the German attack on Poland
Poland
he was promoted to SS-Obersturmbannfuhrer. He later served as a Senior Inspector for the RSHA in Dresden
Dresden
.

In January 1941 he was sent to Kraków , Poland
Poland
, as Senior Commander of the SiPo and SD (BdS). During the time Schöngarth was stationed in Kraków, he formed several Einsatzgruppen ( Special
Special
Action Groups) in Warsaw
Warsaw
, Radom
Radom
, and Lublin
Lublin
, with the intention of perpetrating massacres . He was responsible for the murder of up to 10,000 Jewish citizens between July and September 1941 and the massacre of Lviv professors behind the frontline of Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
in the Soviet Union. Schöngarth attended the Wannsee Conference
Wannsee Conference
on 20 January 1942, along with Dr. Rudolf Lange ( Einsatzgruppen A), who had also participated in the Holocaust . From early July 1944 until the end of war he was the BdS in the Netherlands
Netherlands
.

Schöngarth was captured by the allies at the end of the war in Europe. After an investigation into his background, he was charged with the crime of murdering a downed Allied pilot (on 21 November 1944) and tried by a British Military Court in Burgsteinfurt . He was found guilty of this war crime on 11 February 1946 and sentenced to death by hanging . Schöngarth was executed by Albert Pierrepoint on 16 May 1946 at Hameln
Hameln
Prison.

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* Holocaust Research Project: Karl Eberhard Schöngarth

* ^ Alexander B. Rossino , historian at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. (2003). "Polish "Neighbors" and German Invaders: Contextualizing Anti-Jewish Violence in the Białystok District during the Opening Weeks of Operation Barbarossa". Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 16. Eberhard Schöngarth mentioned in: Dieter Pohl, Nationalsozialistische Judenverfolgung, p. 53. Also in: Blitz-Fernschreiben, BdS Krakau Nr. 6285, 30 June 1941 in USHMMA, RG 11.001M.15 (Records of the Osobyi Archive, Moscow, 1932–1945), reel 80, fond 1323, opis 1, folder 59, fr. 237. Missing or empty url= (help ); access-date= requires url= (help )CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ Norman Federlein; Chris Webb. "Security Police Commander, Eberhard Karl Schongarth". Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. Retrieved May 14, 2011.

* This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German .

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Einsatzgruppen and Einsatzkommandos

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich
* Ernst Kaltenbrunner
Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen

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Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

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* Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper
Hermann Schaper
* Karl Eberhard Schöngarth * Erwin Schulz
Erwin Schulz
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Franz Six
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Eduard Strauch
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Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

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August Becker
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Emil Haussmann
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Arajs Kommando
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CRIMES

BELARUS

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Łachwa Ghetto
* Minsk Ghetto
Minsk Ghetto
* Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

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Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

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LITHUANIA

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POLAND

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Operation Tannenberg
* Intelligenzaktion
Intelligenzaktion
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RUSSIA

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Gully of Petrushino
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Zmievskaya Balka
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UKRAINE

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Mizocz Ghetto
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RECORDS

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Commissar Order
* Einsatzgruppen trial * Generalplan Ost * Jäger Report * Korherr Report * Special
Special
Prosecution Book- Poland
Poland
(Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen) * Einsatzgruppen reports

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Poland

Main article The Holocaust
The Holocaust
Related articles by country Belarus Belgium Croatia Denmark Estonia France Latvia Lithuania Norway Russia Ukraine

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Camps, ghettos and operations

CAMPS

EXTERMINATION

* Auschwitz-Birkenau * Chełmno * Majdanek

* Operation Reinhard death camps

* Bełżec * Sobibór * Treblinka

CONCENTRATION

* Kraków-Płaszów * Potulice * Soldau * Stutthof * Szebnie * Trawniki * Warsaw
Warsaw

MASS SHOOTINGS

* AB Action * Bronna Góra * Erntefest * Jedwabne * Kielce cemetery * Aktion Krakau * Lviv pogroms * Lwów professors * Palmiry * Sonderaktion Krakau
Sonderaktion Krakau
* Tannenberg * Tykocin * Bydgoszcz * Wąsosz * Bloody Sunday

GHETTOS

* List of 277 Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland
Poland
(1939–1942)

* Będzin * Białystok * Brest * Częstochowa * Grodno * Kielce * Kraków * Lwów * Łódź * Lubartów * Lublin
Lublin
* Międzyrzec Podlaski * Mizocz * Nowy Sącz * Pińsk * Radom
Radom
* Siedlce * Sambor * Słonim * Sosnowiec * Stanisławów * Tarnopol * Wilno * Warsaw
Warsaw

OTHER ATROCITIES

* Action T4 * Grossaktion Warsaw
Warsaw
* Human medical experimentation

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Perpetrators, participants, organizations, and collaborators

MAJOR PERPETRATORS

ORGANIZERS

* Josef Bühler * Eichmann * Eicke * Ludwig Fischer * Hans Frank
Hans Frank
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Hermann Höfle
* Fritz Katzmann
Fritz Katzmann
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Wilhelm Koppe
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Erwin Lambert
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Ernst Lerch
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Oswald Pohl
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Otto Wächter
* Wisliceny

CAMP COMMAND

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Johann Niemann
* Oberhauser * Reichleitner * Heinrich Schwarz * Stangl * Gustav Wagner * Christian Wirth

GAS CHAMBER EXECUTIONERS

* Erich Bauer * Bolender * Hackenholt * Klehr * Hans Koch * Herbert Lange
Herbert Lange
* Theuer

PHYSICIANS

* von Bodmann * Clauberg * Gebhardt * Fritz Klein * Mengele * Horst Schumann
Horst Schumann
* Trzebinski * Eduard Wirths
Eduard Wirths

GHETTO COMMAND

* Auerswald * Biebow * Blösche * Bürkl * Konrad * Palfinger * von Sammern-Frankenegg * Stroop

EINSATZGRUPPEN

* Wolfgang Birkner
Wolfgang Birkner
* Blobel * Felix Landau * Schaper * Schöngarth * von Woyrsch

PERSONNEL

CAMP GUARDS

* Juana Bormann * Danz * Demjanjuk * Margot Dreschel * Kurt Gerstein * Grese * Höcker * Kaduk * Kollmer * Muhsfeldt * Orlowski * Volkenrath

BY CAMP

* Sobibór * Treblinka

ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen * General Government * Hotel Polski * WVHA * RKFDV * VoMi

COLLABORATORS

JEWISH

* Group 13 * Kapo * Żagiew

Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian

* Schutzmannschaft

OTHER NATIONALITIES

* Arajs Kommando
Arajs Kommando
* Ukrainian Auxiliary Police * Ukrainian collaboration * Lithuanian Security Police * Trawniki * Ypatingasis būrys
Ypatingasis būrys
* Pieter Menten
Pieter Menten

* v * t * e

Resistance: Judenrat, victims, documentation and technical

ORGANIZATIONS

* AK * AOB * Bund * GL * PKB * ŻOB * ŻZA

UPRISINGS

* Ghetto uprisings * Białystok * Częstochowa * Sobibór * Treblinka * Warsaw
Warsaw
Ghetto Uprising

LEADERS

* Mordechai Anielewicz * Icchak Cukierman * Mordechai Tenenbaum * Marek Edelman * Leon Feldhendler
Leon Feldhendler
* Paweł Frenkiel * Henryk Iwański * Itzhak Katzenelson * Michał Klepfisz * Miles Lerman
Miles Lerman
* Alexander Pechersky
Alexander Pechersky
* Witold Pilecki
Witold Pilecki
* Frumka Płotnicka * Roza Robota
Roza Robota
* Szmul Zygielbojm
Szmul Zygielbojm

JUDENRAT

* Jewish Ghetto Police * Adam Czerniaków * Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski

VICTIM LISTS

GHETTOS

* Kraków * Łódź * Lvov (Lwów) * Warsaw
Warsaw

CAMPS

* Auschwitz * Bełżec * Gross-Rosen * Izbica * Majdanek * Sobibór * Soldau * Stutthof * Trawniki * Treblinka

DOCUMENTATION

NAZI SOURCES

* Auschwitz Album * Frank Memorandum * Höcker Album
Höcker Album
* Höfle Telegram
Höfle Telegram
* Katzmann Report
Katzmann Report
* Korherr Report * Nisko Plan * Posen speeches * Special
Special
Prosecution Book- Poland
Poland
* Stroop Report
Stroop Report
* Wannsee Conference
Wannsee Conference

WITNESS ACCOUNTS

* Graebe affidavit * Gerstein Report * Vrba–Wetzler report * Witold\'s Report * Sonderkommando photographs

CONCEALMENT

* Sonderaktion 1005

TECHNICAL AND LOGISTICS

* Identification in camps * Gas chamber * Gas van
Gas van
* Holocaust train
Holocaust train
* Human medical experimentation * Zyklon B
Zyklon B

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Aftermath, trials and commemoration

AFTERMATH

* Holocaust survivors * Polish population transfers (1944–1946)
Polish population transfers (1944–1946)
*