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In many European countries, there are various traditions surrounding the use of bread during the Easter
Easter
holidays. Traditionally the practice of eating Easter
Easter
bread or sweetened "communion" bread traces its origin back to Byzantium and the Orthodox Christian church. The recipe for sweetened or "honey-leavened" bread may date back as far as the Homeric Greek period based on anecdotal evidence from classical texts that mention this type of special food. It is also widely known that sweetened bread desserts similar to panettone were a Roman favorite.

Contents

1 Bulgaria, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Romania 2 Germany 3 Netherlands 4 Sardinia 5 The list of the most popular Easter
Easter
breads 6 References 7 Sources 8 External links

Bulgaria, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Romania[edit] A cozonac is traditional Easter
Easter
bread in Bulgaria, kulich is a traditional Russian Easter
Easter
bread. Kolach
Kolach
is a traditional Czech bread made at Christmas
Christmas
in the shape of a ring. Usually, three rings are stack on top of each other to represent the Holy Trinity. Ukrainian Easter
Easter
bread is called Paska, which is a rich, white bread decorated on the top with symbols, including crosses, flowers, braids, wheat, or other designs representing aspects of Orthodox and Eastern Catholic faith. Babka is also a Ukrainian, Polish and Belarusian bread also made at Easter. Rather than being broad and round, like Paska, babka typically is tall and cylindrical, often baked in bundt-type pan. It frequently contains raisins, succade, or orangeat, and may be iced on top. It is much sweeter than Paska. Babka usually is only made, like Paska, to celebrate Easter
Easter
Sunday and the rising of Christ. Romania
Romania
and Moldova
Moldova
also have a traditional Easter
Easter
bread called Pasca (The term Pasca is "Easter" in the Eastern Orthodox faith, similar to Pâques
Pâques
in French. It is derived from the Hebrew pesah.). The Romanian Pasca bread is made with cheese (and may also include fruits, nuts, or chocolate for decoration). It is usually found alongside another traditional sweet bread which Romanians make for Easter
Easter
and Christmas called cozonac.[1] Germany[edit]

Easter
Easter
bread as typically served in northern Germany
Germany
for either breakfast or tea

During the weeks before Easter, special Easter
Easter
bread is sold (in German: Osterbrot,  listen (help·info)). This is made with yeast dough, raisins, and almond splinters. Usually, it is cut in slices and spread with butter. People enjoy it either for breakfast or for tea time (in German: Kaffee und Kuchen, literally ″coffee and cake″). Netherlands[edit] See also: Kerststol The Dutch Easter
Easter
bread is the so-called 'stol', a fruit bread with raisins and usually filled with almond paste. It is the same type of bread also eaten as a Christmas
Christmas
bread. Sardinia[edit] In Sardinia, Italy, bread is a part of a wide social context. It is the most important food in Sardinia, as well as all over Italy and the Mediterranean. " Bread
Bread
is a nexus of economic, political, aesthetic, social, symbolic, and health concerns".[2] Bread
Bread
is symbolic for life. A peasant proverb mentions, "Chie hat pane mai non morit — one who has bread never dies".[3] The Easter
Easter
holiday is one where bread brings itself into the symbolic realm. Bread
Bread
is significant for religious purposes. Luisa Fois described bread in her life after she was married and for the Easter
Easter
holiday. The bread was made into a cross to represent the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Since they were married, they needed to eat it together. They would share their lives now, and they must share their "cross" together (their life's burden) as well. " Bread
Bread
was a product of their union, and its shared consumption reaffirmed their interdependence".[4] From this we gather that bread also displays a message, rather than being an item purely for consumption and nutritional purposes. Two kinds of Easter
Easter
bread are described in Counihans article. One contained two points, and an egg covered with a cross. "The egg and the points that recall birds in flight speak of fertility, sexuality, and procreation — basic themes in Easter
Easter
and its pagan precursors".[5] The second bread was designed to have no overall shape, but was rather baked to encircle an egg, with the initials BP put on it. The initials BP stand for buona Pasqua or "happy Easter". "Letters rather than forms express meaning. Letters are symbolic of civilization and ... meaning".[6] The list of the most popular Easter
Easter
breads[edit]

Image Name Native name Cuisine Reference

Paska Паска

Paska პასკა Ukrainian Belarusian Slovak Georgian Traditional Easter
Easter
Bread
Bread
– Ukrainian Paska Recipe Пірог жаўтковы велікодны. Traditional Belarusian Easter
Easter
Pie. Slovak Easter
Easter
Bread
Bread
(Paska) Recipe Heavenly Spread: Georgian Orthodox Easter
Easter
and Paska Recipe

Kulich Кулич Russian Easter
Easter
bread (kulich) recipe : SBS Food

Cozonac Козунак Bulgarian Macedonian Bulgarian Easter
Easter
Bread
Bread
(Kozunak) Recipe - Food.com KOZINJAK - MACEDONIAN EASTER BREAD by THERMO WORLD

Pasca Pască Romanian Moldovan Pasca - Romanian Easter
Easter
bread recipe A Moldovan Easter: Pasca - Just Eat It

Babka Baba wielkanocna Polish Babka Wielkanocna

Kalach Колач Fonott kalács Serbian Hungarian SERBIAN EASTER BREAD - Weekend at the Cottage Hungarian Easter
Easter
Bread
Bread
Recipe bread.

Pinca Pinca Croatian Montenegrin PINCA – CROATIAN EASTER BREAD

Easter
Easter
breads Velikonocni kruhki Slovenian Velikonocni Kruhki

Tsoureki τσουρέκι չորեկ Greek Armenian Tsoureki
Tsoureki
recipe (Traditional Greek Easter
Easter
bread) - My Greek Dish Easter
Easter
Bread
Bread
(Armenian Choereg) recipe – All recipes Australia NZ

Hot cross bun

British Hot Cross Buns Recipe, Easter
Easter
Bread, How to Make Hot Cross Buns

Mazanec Mazanec Czech Czechmatediary]

Paasstol Paasstol Dutch Paasstol
Paasstol
– Dutch Easter
Easter
Bread

Easter
Easter
Dove Colomba di Pasqua Italian EASTER DOVE BREAD

Folar Folar
Folar
de pascoa Portuguese Folar
Folar
de pascoa (Portuguese easter bread)

Hornazo Hornazo Spanish Hornazo
Hornazo
(Spanish stuffed Easter
Easter
bread)

Easter
Easter
Bread Osterbrot German German Easter
Easter
Bread
Bread
(Osterbrot) - but i'm hungry

References[edit]

^ "Pasca–Romanian Easter
Easter
Bread
Bread
with Cheese and fruits". Archived from the original on 2012-09-17.  ^ Counihan, Carole. The Anthropology of Food and Body: Gender, Meaning, and Power. New York: Routledge, 1999 p.29 ^ Counihan, Carole. The Anthropology of Food and Body: Gender, Meaning, and Power. New York: Routledge, 1999 p.29 ^ Counihan, Carole. The Anthropology of Food and Body: Gender, Meaning, and Power. New York: Routledge, 1999 p.30 ^ Counihan, Carole. The Anthropology of Food and Body: Gender, Meaning, and Power. New York: Routledge, 1999 p.41 ^ Counihan, Carole. The Anthropology of Food and Body: Gender, Meaning, and Power. New York: Routledge, 1999 p.41

Sources[edit]

Counihan, Carole. The Anthropology of Food and Body: Gender, Meaning, and Power. New York: Routledge, 1999.

External links[edit]

Food portal Holidays portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Easter
Easter
breads.

Breads for Christ: European Easter
Easter
Breads Shaped for the Season Easter
Easter
bread recipe A 2009 article about the origin of chocolate babka. Ari Weinzweig, "Babka, Trans-Atlantic Jewish Delight" The Atlantic. Ap

.