East Rand
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The East Rand is the urban eastern part of the
Witwatersrand The Witwatersrand () (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a , north-facing scarp in South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of So ...

Witwatersrand
that is functionally merged with the
Johannesburg Johannesburg (, also ; ; and xh, eGoli ), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in , classified as a , and is . According to , the Johannesburg-Pretoria urban area (combined because of strong transpor ...
conurbation A conurbation is a region comprising a number of metropolis in the background A metropolis () is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for r ...
in South Africa. This area became settled by Europeans after a gold-bearing reef was discovered in 1886 and sparked the
gold rush cut the travel time from New York to San Francisco in seven months to four months in the 1849 California Gold Rush, Gold Rush. A gold rush or gold fever is a discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious metals and rare-earth miner ...

gold rush
that gave rise to the establishment of
Johannesburg Johannesburg (, also ; ; and xh, eGoli ), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in , classified as a , and is . According to , the Johannesburg-Pretoria urban area (combined because of strong transpor ...

Johannesburg
. The large black
townships ''Township'' refers to various kinds of settlements or administrative subdivisions in different countries. While a ''township'' may be associated with an urban area, this tends to be an exception to the rule. In Australia, Canada, Scotland and pa ...
of the East Rand were the scene of heavy clashes between the
African National Congress The African National Congress (ANC) is a social-democratic political party in South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the Southern Africa, southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of ...
and the
Inkatha Freedom Party The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) is a political party in South Africa. The party has been led by Velenkosini Hlabisa since the party's 2019 Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) National General Conference, 2019 National General Conference. Mangosuthu Buthe ...
before the end of
Apartheid Apartheid (: ; , segregation; lit. "aparthood") was a system of institutionalised that existed in and (now ) from 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid was characterised by an authoritarian political culture based on ' (or ), wh ...

Apartheid
. The region extends from
Germiston Germiston is a small city in the East Rand The East Rand is the urban eastern part of the Witwatersrand that is functionally merged with the Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu language, Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally k ...
in the west to
Springs Spring(s) may refer to: Common uses * Spring (season), a season of the year * Spring (device), a mechanical device that stores energy * Spring (hydrology), a natural source of water * Spring (mathematics), a geometric surface in the shape of a heli ...
in the east, and south down to
Nigel Nigel is an English language, English masculine given name. The English ''Nigel'' is commonly found in records dating from the Middle Ages; however, it was not used much before being revived by 19th-century antiquarians. For instance, Walter Sc ...
, and includes the towns of Boksburg, Benoni, Gauteng, Benoni, Brakpan, Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park, Edenvale, Gauteng, Edenvale, and Bedfordview. As part of the restructuring of municipalities in South Africa at the time, the local governments of the East Rand were merged into a single municipality in 1999, called City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, meaning "place of peace". Despite having a separate municipal government, like the West Rand, the East Rand is included as the part of the
Witwatersrand The Witwatersrand () (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a , north-facing scarp in South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of So ...

Witwatersrand
urban area. To this end, the East Rand shares the same Dialing codes of South Africa, dialling code as Johannesburg (011 locally) and the same Metropolitan Routes in Johannesburg, metropolitan route numbering system as Johannesburg (and the West Rand). It is not uncommon for residents of the East Rand to work in Johannesburg proper and vice versa.


References

East Rand, Greater Johannesburg Geography of Gauteng Populated places established in 1886 {{Gauteng-geo-stub