HOME
The Info List - Earl Of Angus


--- Advertisement ---



The Mormaer
Mormaer
or Earl of Angus
Earl of Angus
was the ruler of the medieval Scottish province of Angus. The title, in the Peerage of Scotland, is held by the Duke of Hamilton, and is used as a courtesy title for the eldest son of the Duke's eldest son.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Mormaers 1.2 Stewart earls 1.3 Douglas earls

2 Mormaers/early Earls of Angus 3 Earls of Angus, Stewart line (1329) 4 Earls of Angus, Douglas line (1389) 5 Marquesses of Douglas (1633) 6 Duke of Douglas (1703) 7 Notes 8 Bibliography 9 External links

History[edit] Mormaers[edit] Angus is one of the oldest attested mormaerdoms, with the earliest attested mormaer, Dubacan of Angus, known to have lived in the early 10th century, as recorded in the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba. Angus was, according to the doubtful and legendary text de Situ Albanie, one of the seven original mormaerdoms of the Pictish kingdom of Alba, said to have been occupied by seven brothers, of whom Angus (Oengus) was the eldest. Despite this, the mormaers of Angus are among the most obscure of all. After the death of Mormaer
Mormaer
Maol Chaluim, in probably about 1240, the mormaerdom passed through the marriage of his daughter Matilda, to the line of the Norman Gilbert de Umfraville. Stewart earls[edit] John Stewart of Bonkyll, Berwickshire, obtained the title Earl of Angus in a new line after the forfeiture of the de Umfraville line, though the latter family continued to use the title in England. This Stewart line ended with Margaret Stewart, countess of Angus in her own right, and widow of Thomas, Earl of Mar. Douglas earls[edit] An illicit affair between Margaret Stewart, Countess of Mar and Angus, and her brother in law, William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas
William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas
(married to the sister of her husband) produced George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus (c. 1380–1403). The Countess secured a charter of her estates for her son, to whom in 1389 the title was granted by King Robert II. He was taken prisoner at Homildon Hill
Homildon Hill
in 1402, and died in captivity in England. Archibald "Bell-the-Cat" (1453–1514) the powerful adversary of James III, was his great-grandson. William Douglas (1589–1660) 11th Earl of Angus, was created Marquis of Douglas in 1633.[1] He resigned the title of Earl of Angus, having it recreated with the marquessate, so he was the 1st Earl of Angus
Earl of Angus
in the new creation. He outlived his son Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus (c.1609–1655) and was succeeded by Archibald's son James Douglas, 2nd Marquess of Douglas (1646–1699). James' son and heir Archibald Douglas was created Duke of Douglas, Marquess of Angus and Abernethy, Viscount of Jedburgh Forest, and Lord Douglas of Bonkill, Prestoun and Robertoun on 10 April 1703. He died without leaving an heir and the titles acquired with the dukedom became extinct. All his other titles devolved to his distant cousin the 7th Duke of Hamilton, whose descendants hold them still. Mormaers/early Earls of Angus[edit]

? Indrechtach?, fl. early 10th century Dubacan, d. 937  ? Cuncar, fl. mid-10th century  ? Gille Brigte, fl. 1150 Adam, fl. 1189

Gille Críst, ?–1206 Donnchadh, 1206–1214 Maol Choluim, 1214–1240 Matilda (or Maud)

m. Gilbert de Umfraville, jure uxoris Earl of Angus

Gilbert de Umfraville, Earl of Angus
Gilbert de Umfraville, Earl of Angus
(Earl: 1246–1307) Robert de Umfraville, Earl of Angus (Earl: 1307–c. 1314 (forfeit); d. 1325)

Gilbert de Umfraville (d. 1381)

Earls of Angus, Stewart line (1329)[edit]

John Stewart, 1st Earl of Angus (d. 1331) Thomas Stewart, 2nd Earl of Angus (d. 1361) Margaret Stewart, Countess of Angus and Mar (d. 1417) (resigned earldom in favour of her son George Douglas in 1389)

Thomas, Earl of Mar suo jure uxoris Earl of Angus
Earl of Angus
(d. 1374)

Earls of Angus, Douglas line (1389)[edit]

George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus (1378–1402) William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus (c. 1398–1437) James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus (b. 1428–1446) George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus (b. 1429–1462) Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus
Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus
(1453–1514)

George Douglas, Master of Angus (1469–1513)

Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus
Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus
(1490–1557) David Douglas, 7th Earl of Angus (c. 1515–1558) Archibald Douglas, 8th Earl of Angus (1556–1588) William Douglas, 9th Earl of Angus (1533–1591) William Douglas, 10th Earl of Angus
William Douglas, 10th Earl of Angus
(1552–1611) William Douglas, 11th Earl of Angus
Earl of Angus
(1590–1660), (created Marquess of Douglas in 1633, when he resigned the earldom, which was regranted with the marquessate)

Marquesses of Douglas (1633)[edit] (after 1633 the Earldom of Angus became a courtesy title used by the eldest son of the Marquess of Douglas)

William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas (1590–1660) James Douglas, 2nd Marquess of Douglas (1646–1700) Archibald Douglas, 3rd Marquess of Douglas (1694-1761), (created Duke of Douglas in 1703)

Duke of Douglas (1703)[edit]

Archibald Douglas, 1st Duke of Douglas (1694–1761) (created Duke of Douglas in 1703) (the dukedom became extinct on his death, while the Earldom of Angus, Marquessate of Douglas and other subsidiary titles were inherited by James Douglas-Hamilton, 7th Duke of Hamilton)

For later Earls of Angus and Marquesses of Douglas, see the Duke of Hamilton Notes[edit]

^ Fraser, Douglas Book vol ii p 412

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Angus, Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  Roberts, John L., Lost Kingdoms: Celtic Scotland in the Middle Ages, (Edinburgh, 1997), pp. 53–4

External links[edit]

Chronicle of the Kings of Alba

v t e

Mormaerdoms
Mormaerdoms
or Earldoms attested before 1286

Angus Atholl Buchan Caithness Carrick Dunbar Fife Lennox Mar Mearns Menteith Moray Ross Strathearn Sutherland

v t e

Mormaers or Earls of Angus

[Known] 10th-century mormaers

Dubacan Cuncar

[Known] Mormaers from the Angus and Umfraville line

Gille Brigte Adam Gille Críst Donnchadh Máel Coluim Matilda (with 1. John Comyn; 2. Gilbert de Umfraville) Gilbert de Umfraville Robert de Umfraville

Earls from the Stewart line

John Stewart Thomas Stewart Margaret Stewart (with Thomas, Earl of Mar)

Earls from the Douglas line

George Douglas, 1st Earl William Douglas, 2nd Earl James Douglas, 3rd Earl George Douglas, 4th Earl Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl David Douglas, 7th Earl Archibald Douglas, 8th Earl William Douglas, 9th Earl William Douglas, 10th Earl William Douglas, 11th Earl

As a subsidiary title

William Douglas, 11th Earl of Angus
Earl of Angus
and 1st Marquess of Douglas James Douglas, 2nd Marquess of Douglas (and James Douglas, Earl of Angus) Archibald Douglas, 1st Duke of Douglas Duke of

.