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Eannatum
Eannatum
(Sumerian: 𒂍𒀭𒈾𒁺 É.AN.NA-tum2) was a Sumerian king of Lagash; he established one of the first verifiable empires in history. One inscription found on a boulder states that Eannatum
Eannatum
was his Sumerian name, while his "Tidnu" (Amorite) name was Lumma.

Contents

1 Conquest of Sumer 2 Conquest outside Sumer 3 Stele
Stele
of the Vultures 4 Notes

Conquest of Sumer[edit] Eannatum, grandson of Ur-Nanshe, was a king of Lagash
Lagash
who conquered all of Sumer, including Ur, Nippur, Akshak (controlled by Zuzu), Larsa, and Uruk
Uruk
(controlled by Enshakushanna, who is on the King List). He also annexed the kingdom of Kish, which regained its independence after his death. He made Umma
Umma
a tributary, where every person had to pay a certain amount of grain into the treasury of the goddess Nina and the god Ingurisa, after personally commanding an army to subjugate the city. Conquest outside Sumer[edit] Eannatum
Eannatum
expanded his influence beyond the boundaries of Sumer. He conquered parts of Elam, including the city Az off the coast of the modern Persian Gulf, allegedly smote Shubur, and demanded tribute as far as Mari. However, revolts often arose in parts of his empire. During Eannatum’s reign, many temples and palaces were built, especially in Lagash. The city of Nina, probably a precursor of Niniveh, was rebuilt, with many canals and reservoirs being excavated. Stele
Stele
of the Vultures[edit] The so-called Stele
Stele
of the Vultures, now in the Louvre, is a fragmented limestone stele found in Telloh, (ancient Girsu) Iraq, in 1881. The stele is reconstructed as having been 1.80 metres (5 ft 11 in) high and 1.30 metres (4 ft 3 in) wide and was set up ca. 2500–2400 BCE.[1] It was erected as a monument of the victory of Eannatum
Eannatum
of Lagash
Lagash
over Enakalle of Umma. On it various incidents in the war are represented. In one register, the king stands in his chariot with a curved weapon in his right hand, formed of three bars of metal bound together by rings, while his kilted followers, with helmets on their heads and lances in their hands, march behind him. In another register a figure, presumed to be that of the king, rides on his chariot in the thick of the battle. On the other side of the stele is an image of Ninurta, a god of war, holding the captive Ummaites in a large net. This implies that Eannatum
Eannatum
attributed his victory to Ninurta, and thus that he was in the god's protection (though some accounts say that he attributed his victory to Enlil, the patron deity of Lagash).[1] Notes[edit]

^ a b Kleiner, Fred S.; Mamiya, Christin J. (2006). Gardner's Art Through the Ages: The Western Perspective — Volume 1 (12th ed.). Belmont, California, USA: Thomson Wadsworth. pp. 22–23. ISBN 0-495-00479-0. 

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Notable rulers of Sumer

   

Antediluvian kings

Alulim Dumuzid the Shepherd En-men-dur-ana Ziusudra

1st Dynasty of Kish

Etana Enmebaragesi

1st Dynasty of Uruk

Enmerkar Lugalbanda Dumuzid, the Fisherman Gilgamesh

1st Dynasty of Ur

Meskalamdug Mesannepada Puabi

2nd Dynasty of Uruk

Enshakushanna

1st Dynasty of Lagash

Ur-Nanshe Eannatum En-anna-tum I Entemena Urukagina

Dynasty of Adab

Lugal-Anne-Mundu

3rd Dynasty of Kish

Kubaba

3rd Dynasty of Uruk

Lugal-zage-si

Dynasty of Akkad

Sargon Tashlultum Enheduanna Rimush Manishtushu Naram-Sin Shar-Kali-Sharri Dudu Shu-turul

2nd Dynasty of Lagash

Puzer-Mama Gudea

5th Dynasty of Uruk

Utu-hengal

3rd dynasty of Ur

Ur-Nammu Shulgi Amar-Si

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