ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports
Programming Network) is a U.S.-based pay television sports channel
ESPN Inc., owned jointly by
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company (80%) and
Hearst Communications (20%). The company was founded in 1979 by Bill
Rasmussen along with his son
Scott Rasmussen and Ed Egan.
ESPN broadcasts primarily from studio facilities located in Bristol,
Connecticut. The network also operates offices in Miami, New York
City, Seattle, Charlotte, and Los Angeles.
James Pitaro currently
serves as chairman of ESPN, a position he has held since March 5,
2018, following the resignation of
John Skipper on December 18,
ESPN is one of the most successful sports
networks, there has been much criticism of ESPN, which includes
accusations of biased coverage, conflict of interest, and
controversies with individual broadcasters and analysts.
ESPN headquarters in Bristol, Connecticut
As of September 2018,
ESPN is available to approximately 86 million
television households (93.2% of households with pay television) in the
In addition to the flagship channel and its seven related channels in
the United States,
ESPN broadcasts in more than 200
countries, operating regional channels in Australia,
Brazil, Latin America, and the United Kingdom, and owning a 20%
The Sports Network
The Sports Network (TSN) as well as its five sister
networks in Canada.
In 2011, ESPN's history and rise was chronicled in Those Guys Have All
the Fun, a nonfiction book written by James Andrew Miller and Tom
Shales and published by Little, Brown and Company.
4 Related channels
4.6 Longhorn Network
4.7 SEC Network
4.8 Other services
5 International channels
6 In popular culture
8 See also
11 External links
Main article: History of ESPN
Bill Rasmussen conceived the concept of
ESPN in late May 1978, after
he was fired from his job with the World Hockey Association's New
England Whalers. One of the first steps in Bill and his son Scott's
(who had also been let go by the Whalers) process was finding land to
build the channel's broadcasting facilities. The Rasmussens first
rented office space in Plainville, Connecticut. However, the plan to
ESPN there was put on hold because of a local ordinance
prohibiting buildings from bearing rooftop satellite dishes. Available
land area was quickly found in
Bristol, Connecticut (where the channel
remains headquartered to this day), with funding to buy the property
provided by Getty Oil, which purchased 85% of the company from Bill
Rasmussen on February 22, 1979, in an attempt to diversify the
company's holdings. This helped the credibility of the fledgling
company, however there were still many doubters to the viability of
their sports channel concept. Another event that helped build ESPN's
credibility was securing an advertising agreement with Anheuser-Busch
in the spring of 1979; the company invested $1 million to be the
"exclusive beer advertised on the network."
ESPN launched on September 7, 1979, beginning with the first telecast
of what would become the channel's flagship program, SportsCenter.
Taped in front of a small live audience inside the Bristol studios, it
was broadcast to 1.4 million cable subscribers throughout the United
ESPN's next big break came when the channel acquired the rights to
broadcast coverage of the early rounds of the NCAA Men's Division I
Basketball Tournament. It first aired the NCAA tournament in March
1980, creating the modern day television event known as "March
Madness." The channel's tournament coverage also launched the
broadcasting career of Dick Vitale, who at the time he joined ESPN,
had just been fired as head coach of the Detroit Pistons.
In April of that year,
ESPN created another made-for-TV spectacle,
when it began televising the
NFL Draft. It provided complete coverage
of the event that allowed rookie players from the college ranks to
begin their professional careers in front of a national television
audience in ways they were not able to previously.
The next major stepping stone for
ESPN came over the course of a
couple of months in 1984. During this time period, the American
Broadcasting Company (ABC) purchased 100% of
ESPN from the Rasmussens
and Getty Oil. Under Getty ownership, the channel was
unable to compete for the television rights to major sports events
contracts as its majority corporate parent would not provide the
ESPN to lose out for broadcast deals with the
National Hockey League
National Hockey League (to USA Network) and NCAA Division I college
football (to TBS). For years, the NFL,
NBA and Major League Baseball
refused to consider cable as a means of broadcasting some of their
games. However, with the backing of ABC, ESPN's ability to
compete for major sports contracts greatly increased, and gave it
credibility within the sports broadcasting industry.
Later in 1984, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the NCAA could no
longer monopolize the rights to negotiate the contracts for college
football games, allowing each individual school to negotiate broadcast
deals of their choice.
ESPN took full advantage and began to broadcast
a large number of NCAA football games, creating an opportunity for
fans to be able to view multiple games each weekend (instead of just
one), the same deal that the NCAA had previously negotiated with
TBS. ESPN's breakthrough moment occurred in 1987, when it
secured a contract with the
NFL to broadcast eight games during that
year's regular season – all of which aired on Sunday nights, marking
the first broadcasts of Sunday
NFL primetime games. ESPN's Sunday
Night Football games would become the highest-rated
NFL telecasts for
the next 17 years (before losing the rights to
2006). The channel's decision to broadcast
NFL games on
Sunday evenings actually resulted in a decline in viewership for the
daytime games shown on the major broadcast networks, marking the first
ESPN had been a legitimate competitor to
NBC and CBS, which
had long dominated the sports television market.
ESPN Radio, a national sports talk radio
network providing analysis and commentary programs (including shows
Mike and Mike in the Morning
Mike and Mike in the Morning and The Herd) as well as audio
play-by-play of sporting events (including some simulcasted with the
ESPN television channel).
On October 10, 1993,
ESPN2 – a secondary channel that originally was
programmed with a separate lineup of niche sports popular with males
18–49 years old (with snowboarding and the
World Series of Poker
World Series of Poker as
its headliners) as well as serving as an overflow channel for
launched on cable systems reaching to 10 million
subscribers. It became the fastest growing cable channel in
the U.S. during the 1990s, eventually expanding its national reach to
75 million subscribers.
Ownership of ABC, and in effect control of ESPN, was acquired by
Capital Cities Communications
Capital Cities Communications in 1985. ESPN's parent
company renamed themselves as Capital Cities/ABC Inc. Capital
Cities/ABC Inc. was then acquired by
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company in
1996 and was re-branded as
Walt Disney Television.
On April 26, 2017, approximately 100
ESPN employees were notified that
their positions with the sports network had been terminated, among
Trent Dilfer and Danny Kanell, and noted
NFL beat reporter
Ed Werder and Major League Baseball
expert Jayson Stark. The layoffs came as
ESPN continued to
shed viewers, more than 10 million over a period of several years,
while paying big money for the broadcast rights to such properties as
NBA and College Football Playoff. Further
cost-cutting measures taken include moving the studio operations of
ESPNU to Bristol from Charlotte, North Carolina, reducing
its longtime MLB studio show
Baseball Tonight to Sundays as a lead-in
to the primetime game and adding the MLB Network-produced Intentional
Talk to ESPN2's daily lineup.
On April 12, 2018,
ESPN began a supplemental over-the-top streaming
service known as ESPN+.
See also: List of programs broadcast by ESPN, List of
properties, and List of UFC events
Alongside its live sports broadcasts,
ESPN also airs a variety of
sports highlight, talk, and documentary-styled shows. These include:
Around the Horn
Around the Horn – Competitive debating between four sports writers
across the country
College GameDay (basketball) – Weekly college basketball show airing
Saturday Primetime game of the week site
College GameDay (football) – Weekly college football preview show
airing from the site of a major college football game
E:60 – An investigative newsmagazine program focusing on American
and international sports
First Take – Monday-Friday with Stephen A. Smith,
Max Kellerman and
Molly Qerim (moved from
ESPN2 on January 3, 2017)
Get Up! – A morning show, focusing on the previous night's game
results and the burning sports issues of the day
Golic and Wingo
Golic and Wingo – A simulcast of the
ESPN Radio morning show,
focusing on current sports stories
Hall of Fame
Hall of Fame - A night show, focusing on the night events going on at
Monday Night Countdown
Monday Night Countdown – Weekly recap show aired on Monday evenings
NFL season, also serves as the pre-game show for Monday
Outside the Lines
Outside the Lines –
Talk and debate show that examines critical
sports issues on and off the field of play
Pardon the Interruption
Pardon the Interruption –
Tony Kornheiser and
Michael Wilbon debate
an array of sports topics
SportsCenter – The flagship program of ESPN, a daily sports news
program delivering the latest sports news and highlights
NFL Countdown – Weekly preview show that airs on Sunday
mornings during the
Many of ESPN's documentary programs (such as
30 for 30
30 for 30 and Nine for
IX) are produced by
ESPN Films, a film division created in March 2008
as a restructuring of
ESPN Original Entertainment, a programming
division that was originally formed in 2001.
30 for 30
30 for 30 started airing
in 2009 and continues airing to this day. Each episode is through the
eyes of a well known filmmaker and has featured some of the biggest
directors in Hollywood. The
30 for 30
30 for 30 film O.J.: Made in
America won the
Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature in 2017,
the first such Oscar for ESPN.
Since September 2006,
ESPN has been integrated with the sports
division of sister broadcast network ABC, with sports events televised
on that network airing under the banner
ESPN on ABC; much
of ABC's sports coverage since the rebranding has become increasingly
limited to secondary coverage of sporting events whose broadcast
rights are held by
ESPN (such as
NBA games, and the
X Games and its
related qualifying events) as well as a limited array of event
coverage not broadcast on
ESPN (most notably, the
Ultimate Fighting Championship
Ultimate Fighting Championship signed a 5-year contract with
starting 2019 on
ESPN + which estimate every
quarter 2 event on UFC on
ESPN and 6 events on UFC Fight Night on
In March 2019,
ESPN announced a new betting-themed daily program,
Daily Wager, hosted by the network's gambling analyst Doug
Kezirian. The program was ESPN's first regularly scheduled
program solely dedicated to gaming-related content. On May 14, 2019,
ESPN announced a deal with casino operator Caesars Entertainment to
establish an ESPN-branded studio at The LINQ Hotel & Casino in Las
Vegas to produce betting-themed content.
James Pitaro – President of ESPN, Co-chair, Disney Media Networks
Sean Bratches – Executive Vice President, Sales and
Christine Driessen – Executive Vice President and Chief Financial
Ed Durso – Executive Vice President, Administration
Aaron LaBerge – Executive Vice President and Chief Technology
Norby Williamson – Executive Vice President, Programming
Russell Wolff – Executive Vice President and Managing Director,
Main article: ESPN2
ESPN2 was launched on October 1, 1993. It carried a broad mix of event
coverage from conventional sports—including auto racing, college
basketball and NHL hockey—to extreme sports—such as BMX,
skateboarding and motocross. The "
ESPN BottomLine", a
ticker displaying sports news and scores during all programming that
is now used by all of ESPN's networks, originated on
1995. In the late 1990s,
ESPN2 was gradually reformatted
to serve as a secondary outlet for ESPN's mainstream sports
ESPN Classic is a subscription television network that launched in
1995 as Classic Sports Network, founded by
Brian Bedol and Steve
ESPN Inc. purchased Classic Sports Network in 1997 for $175
million, rebranding the channel to its current name the
following year. The channel broadcasts notable archived sporting
events (originally including events from past decades, but now
focusing mainly on events from the 1990s and later), sports
documentaries and sports-themed movies.
Main article: ESPNews
ESPNews is a subscription television network that was launched on
November 1, 1996, originally focusing solely on sports news,
highlights and press conferences. Since August 2010, the network has
gradually incorporated encores of ESPN's various sports debate and
entertainment shows and video simulcasts of
ESPN Radio shows, in
addition to sports news programming (which since the 2013 cancellation
of Highlight Express, consists mainly of additional runs
ESPNews also serves as an overflow feed due to
programming conflicts caused by sporting events on the other ESPN
ESPN Deportes (Spanish pronunciation: [i.es.piˈen deˈpoɾtes],
ESPN Sports") is a subscription television network that was
originally launched in July 2001 to provide Spanish language
simulcasts of certain
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball telecasts from ESPN. It
became a 24-hour sports channel in January 2004.
Main article: ESPNU
ESPNU is a subscription television network that launched on March 4,
2005, and focuses on college athletics including basketball, football,
baseball college swimming, and hockey.
Main article: Longhorn Network
Longhorn Network is a subscription television network that was
launched on August 26, 2011, focusing on events from the Texas
Longhorns varsity sports teams of the University of Texas at
Austin. It features events from the 20 sports sanctioned
Texas Longhorns athletics department, along with original
programming (including historical, academic and cultural content).
Main article: SEC Network
SEC Network is a subscription television network that launched on
August 14, 2014, focusing on the coverage of sporting events
sanctioned by the Southeastern Conference. Created as a result of a
20-year broadcast partnership between the two entities, the network is
a joint venture between the conference and
ESPN Inc. (which operates
ESPN launched its high definition simulcast feed, originally branded
as ESPNHD, on March 30, 2003. All studio shows based in
Bristol and at L.A. Live, along with most live event telecasts on
ESPN, are broadcast in high definition.
ESPN is one of the few
television networks with an all-digital infrastructure. Archived
non-HD programming is presented in 4:3 standard definition with
Pardon the Interruption
Pardon the Interruption and Around the Horn
began airing in HD on September 27, 2010, with the relocation of the
production of both shows into the facility housing the Washington,
D.C. bureau for ABC News.
ESPN, as with Disney/ABC's other television networks, broadcasts HD
programming in the
720p resolution format; this is due to the fact
that ABC executives had proposed a progressive scan signal that
resolves fluid and high-speed motion in sports better, particularly
during slow-motion replays. The network's Digital Center
itself natively holds 2160p UHD/4K operations and
equipment. In 2011, ESPNHD began to downplay
its distinct promotional logo in preparation for the conversion of its
standard definition feed from a 4:3 full-screen to a letterboxed
format (via the application of the AFD #10 display flag), which
occurred on June 1 of that year.
WatchESPN is a website for desktop computers, as well as an
application for smartphones and tablet computers that allows
subscribers of participating pay-TV providers to watch live streams of
ESPN and its sister networks (with the exception of
ESPN Classic), including most sporting events, on computers, mobile
devices, Apple TV,
Xbox Live via their
TV Everywhere login
provided by their cable provider. The service originally launched on
October 25, 2010 as
ESPN Networks, a streaming service which provided
a live stream of
ESPN exclusive to Time Warner Cable
subscribers. ESPN3, an online streaming service providing
live streams and replays of global sports events that launched in 2005
as a separate website, was incorporated into the WatchESPN
platform on August 31, 2011. Likewise,
ESPN+ was launched
in April 2018 as an add-on subscription for $4.99 per
ESPN Regional Television (formerly branded as
ESPN Plus) is the
network's syndication arm, which produces collegiate sporting events
for free-to-air television stations throughout the United States
(primarily those affiliated with networks such as
The CW and
MyNetworkTV or independent stations).
ESPN Plus syndicates college
football and basketball games from the American Athletic Conference,
Big 12 Conference, Mid-American Conference, Metro Atlantic
Sun Belt Conference
Sun Belt Conference and the Western Athletic
ESPN on Snapchat
ESPN distributes various content on
Snapchat Discover, including a
Snapchat-only version of SportsCenter.
ESPN MVP (initially known as Mobile ESPN) was a failed attempt in the
2000s and 2010s to have exclusive mobile content, first as a feature
phone and later as part of a smartphone package.
ESPN owns and operates regional channels in Brazil, Caribbean, Latin
America and Oceania. In Canada,
ESPN is a minority owner of The Sports
Network (TSN) and the French-language
Réseau des sports
Réseau des sports (RDS). ESPN
also has a minority stake in
J Sports in Japan. In the United Kingdom,
BT Group operates the channel BT Sport ESPN.
In India, it is operated by
Sony Pictures Networks
Sony Pictures Networks under the name Sony
ESPN with English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Bengali,
In popular culture
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ESPN has been a part of popular culture since its inception. Many
movies with a general sports theme will include
ESPN announcers and
programming into their storylines.
Many jokes have been made by comedians about fake obscure sports that
are shown on ESPN.
Dennis Miller mentioned watching "sumo rodeo,"
George Carlin stated that
ESPN showed "Australian dick
wrestling." One of several
Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live sketches poking fun at
the network features a fictional
ESPN2 program called Scottish Soccer
Hooligan Weekly, which includes a fake advertisement for "Senior
Women's Beach Lacrosse." SNL also parodies
ESPN Classic with fake
archived obscure women's sports event telecasts from the 1980s (such
as bowling, weightlifting and curling), with announcers who know
nothing about the sport, and instead focus on the sponsors, which were
always for feminine hygiene products. In the early years of ESPN, Late
Night with David Letterman even featured a "Top Ten List" segment
poking fun at some of the obscure sports seen on
ESPN at the time. One
of the more memorable sports on the list was "Amish Rake Fighting." A
recurring skit on
Late Night with Jimmy Fallon
Late Night with Jimmy Fallon named Sports Freak-Out!
is a parody of SportsCenter's overexcited anchors.
The 2004 comedy film DodgeBall: A True Underdog Story gently lampoons
the channel's multiple outlets by referencing the fictional ESPN8,
"The Ocho", a reference to a nickname formerly used by
ESPN2, "the Deuce".
ESPNU was rebranded ESPN8 The Ocho on August 8,
2017, airing obscure competitions such as disc golf, kabaddi, arm
wrestling and roller derby. On August 8, 2018, the special
returned on ESPN2, featuring competitions such as jousting, lightsaber
fighting, ultimate frisbee, spikeball, lawn mower racing, roller derby
and chess boxing.
Japanese videogame publisher Konami launched the
ESPN MLS GameNight
ESPN MLS ExtraTime 2002 soccer games. In the early 1990s,
Electronic Arts games featured a logo for a fictional sports TV
network, EASN (
Electronic Arts Sports Network); this was soon changed
EA Sports after
ESPN requested that the company stop using the
similar name. In 2005, both companies signed a 15-year partnership,
ESPN brand and personalities are integrated into EA Sports
Grid 2 also features prominent
An occasional joke used in comedic television and film involves people
getting ESP (the common abbreviation for extrasensory perception, that
was coincidentally the working abbreviation for the channel prior to
its launch) confused with ESPN, often including someone saying a
sentence along the lines of "I know these kinds of things, I've got
ESPN." There are also at least 22 children that are named after the
On November 19, 2017, in Season 29, episode 7 of The Simpsons,
entitled "Singin' in the Lane", the bowling tournament is being
streamed on ESPN8, which is a parody of ESPN8: The Ocho.
Main article: Criticism of ESPN
ESPN has been criticized for focusing too much on men's college and
professional sports, and very little on women's sports or extreme
Ice hockey and soccer fans have also criticized
ESPN for not giving their respective sports more
coverage. Other criticism has focused on
ethnicity in ESPN's varying mediated forms, as well as carriage fees
and issues regarding the exportation of
ESPN content. Some
critics argue that ESPN's success is their ability to provide other
enterprise and investigative sports news while competing with other
hard sports-news-producing outlets such as
Yahoo! Sports and Fox
Sports. Some scholars have challenged ESPN's journalistic
integrity calling for an expanded standard of professionalism to
prevent biased coverage and conflicts of interest.
List of past
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McGuire, John; Armfield, Greg G.; Earnheardt, Adam C., eds. (2015).
ESPN Effect: The Making of a Sports Media Empire. Peter Lang.
Miller, James Andrew; Shales, Tom (2011). Those Guys Have All the Fun:
Inside the World of ESPN. Little, Brown and Company.
Vogan, Travis (2015). ESPN: The Making of a Sports Media Empire.
University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-03976-8.
U.S. networksLinear TV
ACC Network Extra
ESPN on ABC
Goal Line & Bases Loaded
UK and Ireland
BT Sport ESPN
Co-owned Canadiansports networks
ESPN Classic Canada
ESPN The Magazine
ESPN Deportes La Revista
Arena Football League
Arena Football League (minority stake, 2006–2009)
ESPN Star Sports (equity stake, 1996–2012; incl.
ESPN 3D (2010–2013)
ESPN America (2002–2013)
ESPN Classic (UK) (2006–2013)
ESPN MVP (2005–2006)
ESPN GamePlan (1992–2015)
ESPN Full Court
ESPN Full Court (2007–2015)
ESPN HS (1997–2012)
Sports broadcasting rights
ESPN College Football
High School Showcase
ESPN Major League Baseball
ESPN College Basketball
MLS Soccer Sunday
Monday Night Football
CFL on TSN
NBA on ESPN
NBA on ESPN
Soccer on ESPN
Tennis on ESPN
Golf on ESPN
Jayski's Silly Season Site
ESPN Radio personalities
This is SportsCenter
ESPN Wide World of Sports Complex
Disney Media Networks
Disney Media Networks (80%)
Hearst Corporation (20%)
Walt Disney Company
Walt Disney Studios (Burbank)
Grand Central Creative Campus
Roy O. Disney
Bob Iger (CEO)
Alan N. Braverman (SEVP/GC)
Christine McCarthy (CFO)
Bob Iger (Chairman)
Maria Elena Lagomasino
Derica W. Rice
Disney Motion Pictures (Distribution)
Walt Disney Pictures
Walt Disney Animation Studios
20th Century Fox
Fox 2000 Pictures
Fox Searchlight Pictures
20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox Animation
Blue Sky Studios
Disney Music Group
Disney Theatrical Group
Walt Disney TV
Disney TV Studios
20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox TV
Fox 21 TV Studios
Fox TV Animation
ABC TV Stations
Disney Channels (US)
Disney TV Animation
National Geographic Partners
National Geographic Partners (73%)
A&E Networks (50%)
Parks,Experiences& Products(FoxNext)Parks & resorts
Disneyland Resort (43%)
Shanghai Disney Resort
Shanghai Disney Resort (43%)
Disney Attractions Japan
Adventures by Disney
Disney Cruise Line
Disney Vacation Club
Consumer Products& Interactive Media
Games & Interactive Experiences
Disney Channels Worldwide
Fox Networks Group
Disney–ABC Domestic Television
Disney Media Distribution
Endemol Shine Group
Endemol Shine Group (50%)
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment
Disney Digital Network
Disney Streaming Services
Tata Sky (30%)
UTV Software Communications
Patagonik Film Group
Reedy Creek Energy
21st Century Fox
21st Century Fox (acquired)
vteHearst CommunicationsDaily newspapers
The Courier (Conroe, Texas)
Huron Daily Tribune
Laredo Morning Times
Manistee News Advocate
The Middletown Press
Midland Daily News
New Haven Register
Plainview Daily Herald
The Register Citizen
San Antonio Express-News
San Francisco Chronicle
Examiner Newspapers (Bellaire, Memorial, River Oaks, West University)
The Lake Houston Observer
The Potpourri (Magnolia and Tomball)
Sugar Land Sun
The Villager (The Woodlands, Texas)
La Voz de Houston
Car and Driver
Food Network Magazine
harper by Harper's Bazaar
Marie Claire (US)
O, The Oprah Magazine
Road & Track
Town & Country
Hearst Magazines Digital Media
All About Soap
Hearst TVTelevision stationsby affiliationABC
KHBS / KHOG
KHBS-DT2 / KHOG-DT2
A&E Networks (50%)
Cosmopolitan Television (part owner)
ESPN Inc. (20%)
King Features Syndicate
Light TV (part owner)
Litton Entertainment (major)
NorthSouth Productions (50%)
Reed Brennan Media Associates
Texture (part owner)
Verizon Hearst Media Partners (50%)
Hearst Service Center
vteSports television in the United StatesBroadcastdivisionsEnglish
ESPN on ABC
CBS Sports Network
Eleven Sports Network
beIN Sports en Español
Big Ten Network
Fox College Sports
Goal Line & Bases LoadedP
Fox Soccer PlusP
MLS Direct KickO
NBA League PassO
NFL Sunday TicketO
NHL Center IceO
The Cowboy Channel
Frost Great Outdoors
World Fishing Network
CBS Sports HQ
Fox Sports Go
NBA League Pass Broadband
NBC Sports Gold
NFL Game Pass
UFC Fight Pass
Video on demand
Action Sport Networks
The Ski Channel
The Surf Channel
El Rey Network
Red Bull TV
Turner Sports (HBO, TBS, TNT, TruTV)
vteRegional sports television networks in the United StatesAT&T
Root Sports Northwest
Root Sports Northwest (part-ownership)
Fox Sports Networks
Florida / Sun
Ohio / SportsTime Ohio
Southeast / South
West / Prime Ticket
NBC Sports Regional Networks(Comcast)
Oregon Sports Network
SportsNet New York
SportsNet New York (part ownership)
SportsNet New York
SportsNet New York (part ownership)
Independent Cable and Satellite
BYU TV Sports
Independent Cable and Broadcast
Buckeye Cable Sports
Cox Sports TV
SWX Right Now
WGN Sports (local broadcast)
vteDefunct television sports networks in the United StatesNational
American Sports Classics
American Sports Network
Lorimar Sports Network
NASCAR Hot Pass
One World Sports
Universal Sports Network
Raycom Sports (ACC Network)
Big 12 Network
ESPN Full Court
Mega March Madness
O. Out-of-market sports packagesP.