European Molecular Biology Laboratory
European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) is a molecular
biology research institution supported by 22 member states, four
prospect and two associate member states. EMBL was created in 1974
and is an intergovernmental organisation funded by public research
money from its member states. Research at EMBL is conducted by
approximately 85 independent groups covering the spectrum of molecular
biology. The Laboratory operates from five sites: the main laboratory
in Heidelberg, and outstations in
Hinxton (the European Bioinformatics
Institute (EBI), in England),
Monterotondo (near Rome) and
Barcelona (Spain). EMBL groups and
laboratories perform basic research in molecular biology and molecular
medicine as well as training for scientists, students and visitors.
The organization aids in the development of services, new instruments
and methods, and technology in its member states.
Israel is the only Asian state that has full membership.
5 EMBL Advanced Training Centre
6 Science and society
7 See also
8 Notes and references
9 External links
EMBL was the idea of Leó Szilárd,
James Watson and John
Kendrew. Their goal was to create an international research centre,
similar to CERN, to rival the strongly American-dominated field of
molecular biology. Kendrew served as the first
EMBL until 1982, and was succeeded by Lennart Philipson. From
1993 to 2005 Fotis Kafatos, served as director and was
succeeded by Iain Mattaj, EMBL's fourth and current Director General
since 2005. In January 2019,
Edith Heard will succeed Mattaj, and
become the fifth Director General of EMBL.
EMBL main entrance
Each of the different EMBL sites have a specific research field. The
EMBL-EBI is a hub for bioinformatics research and services, developing
and maintaining a large number of scientific databases, which are free
of charge. At
Grenoble and Hamburg, research is focused on structural
biology. EMBL's dedicated Mouse Biology Unit is located in
Monterotondo. Scientists at EMBL
Barcelona will explore how tissues
and organs function and develop, in health and disease . At the
headquarters in Heidelberg, there are units in
Cell Biology and
Biophysics, Developmental Biology, Genome Biology and Structural and
Computational Biology as well as service groups complementing the
aforementioned research fields.
Many scientific breakthroughs have been made at EMBL, most notably the
first systematic genetic analysis of embryonic development in the
fruit fly by
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard and Eric Wieschaus, for
which they were awarded the
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in
Year of joining
Prospect Member State
Heidelberg buildings, including the new Advanced Training
Advanced training is one of EMBL's five core missions. Over the
years, the Laboratory has established a number of training activities,
of which the EMBL International PhD Programme (EIPP) is the flagship -
it has a student body of about 200, and since 1997 has had the right
to award its own degree. Other activities include the postdoctoral
programme, including the EMBL Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral programme
(EIPOD); the European Learning Laboratory for the Life Sciences (ELLS)
for teacher training; and the Visitor Programme.
EMBL Advanced Training Centre
In March 2010, the EMBL Advanced Training Centre (ATC) was inaugurated
on the main campus in Heidelberg. Shaped in the form of a double
helix, it hosts conferences and provides training.[citation
Science and society
EMBL also runs an active Science and Society Programme which offers
activities and events on current questions in life science research
for the general public and the scientific community.
European Molecular Biology Organization
Notes and references
^ a b MATTAJ, Iain William. ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 2015 (online
Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of
Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription required)
^ a b "EMBL member states". European Molecular Biology Laboratory.
^ Maas, W; Crow, J. F. (2004). "Leo Szilard: A personal remembrance".
Genetics. 167 (2): 555–8. doi:10.1534/genetics.104.030320.
PMC 1470899 . PMID 15238510.
^ Holmes, K. C. (2001). "John Cowdery Kendrew". Biographical Memoirs
of Fellows of the Royal Society. 47: 311–332.
doi:10.1098/rsbm.2001.0018. PMID 15124647.
^ "EMBL History". 2015. Archived from the original on
^ Pettersson, U (2011). "Lennart Philipson: A fighter is gone".
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108 (47): 18875.
doi:10.1073/pnas.1116859108. PMC 3223467 .
^ Simons, K.; Mattaj, I. W. (2011). "
Lennart Philipson (1929-2011)".
Science. 333 (6043): 711. doi:10.1126/science.1210990.
^ Baltimore, D. (2011). "
Lennart Philipson (1929–2011): A Warrior
Has Passed". PLoS Biology. 9 (9): e1001153.
^ Gilbert, N. (2010). "The labours of Fotis Kafatos". Nature. 464
(7285): 20. doi:10.1038/464020a. PMID 20203577.
^ Kafatos, F. (2008). "Straight talk with...Fotis Kafatos". Nature
Medicine. 14 (9): 902–903. doi:10.1038/nm0908-902.
^ Noyes, Dan (2017-06-28). "EMBL Council selects next Director
General". EMBL etc.
^ Nüsslein-Volhard, C.; Wieschaus, E. (1980). "Mutations affecting
segment number and polarity in Drosophila". Nature. 287 (5785):
795–801. doi:10.1038/287795a0. PMID 6776413.
^ "Lithuania, new prospect member state".
^ "Witamy! EMBL welcomes
Poland as prospect member state".
Argentina joins EMBL as associate member state".
^ Training at EMBL, EMBL website
^ University of
Heidelberg Press Releases
^ Science and Society Programme, EMBL website
Molecular and cellular biology portal
Coordinates: 49°23′4.64″N 8°42′36.51″E / 49.3846222°N
8.7101417°E / 49.384622