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The European Molecular Biology Laboratory
European Molecular Biology Laboratory
(EMBL) is a molecular biology research institution supported by 22 member states, four prospect and two associate member states.[2] EMBL was created in 1974 and is an intergovernmental organisation funded by public research money from its member states. Research at EMBL is conducted by approximately 85 independent groups covering the spectrum of molecular biology. The Laboratory operates from five sites: the main laboratory in Heidelberg, and outstations in Hinxton
Hinxton
(the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI), in England), Grenoble
Grenoble
(France), Hamburg
Hamburg
(Germany), Monterotondo
Monterotondo
(near Rome) and Barcelona
Barcelona
(Spain). EMBL groups and laboratories perform basic research in molecular biology and molecular medicine as well as training for scientists, students and visitors. The organization aids in the development of services, new instruments and methods, and technology in its member states.[citation needed] Israel
Israel
is the only Asian state that has full membership.

Contents

1 History 2 Research 3 Membership 4 Training 5 EMBL Advanced Training Centre 6 Science and society 7 See also 8 Notes and references 9 External links

History[edit] EMBL was the idea of Leó Szilárd,[3] James Watson
James Watson
and John Kendrew.[4] Their goal was to create an international research centre, similar to CERN, to rival the strongly American-dominated field of molecular biology.[5] Kendrew served as the first Director-general
Director-general
of EMBL until 1982, and was succeeded by Lennart Philipson.[6][7][8] From 1993 to 2005 Fotis Kafatos,[9][10] served as director and was succeeded by Iain Mattaj, EMBL's fourth and current Director General since 2005.[1] In January 2019, Edith Heard will succeed Mattaj, and become the fifth Director General of EMBL.[11] Research[edit]

EMBL main entrance

Each of the different EMBL sites have a specific research field. The EMBL-EBI is a hub for bioinformatics research and services, developing and maintaining a large number of scientific databases, which are free of charge. At Grenoble
Grenoble
and Hamburg, research is focused on structural biology. EMBL's dedicated Mouse Biology Unit is located in Monterotondo. Scientists at EMBL Barcelona
Barcelona
will explore how tissues and organs function and develop, in health and disease [12]. At the headquarters in Heidelberg, there are units in Cell Biology
Cell Biology
and Biophysics, Developmental Biology, Genome Biology and Structural and Computational Biology
Computational Biology
as well as service groups complementing the aforementioned research fields. Many scientific breakthroughs have been made at EMBL, most notably the first systematic genetic analysis of embryonic development in the fruit fly by Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
and Eric Wieschaus,[13] for which they were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
in 1995. Membership[edit]

  members   associates

Member country[2] Year of joining

 Austria 1974

 Belgium 1990

 Croatia 2006

 Czech Republic 2014

 Denmark 1974

 Finland 1984

 France 1974

 Germany 1974

 Greece 1984

 Hungary 2017

 Iceland 2005

 Ireland 2003

 Israel 1974

 Italy 1974

 Luxembourg 2007

 Malta 2016

 Netherlands 1974

 Norway 1985

 Portugal 1998

 Slovakia 2018

 Spain 1986

 Sweden 1974

  Switzerland 1974

 United Kingdom 1974

Prospect Member State

 Lithuania 2015[14]

 Poland 2014[15]

Associate member

 Argentina 2014[16]

 Australia 2008

Training[edit]

The EMBL Heidelberg
Heidelberg
buildings, including the new Advanced Training Centre

Advanced training is one of EMBL's five core missions.[17] Over the years, the Laboratory has established a number of training activities, of which the EMBL International PhD Programme (EIPP) is the flagship - it has a student body of about 200, and since 1997 has had the right to award its own degree. Other activities include the postdoctoral programme, including the EMBL Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral programme (EIPOD); the European Learning Laboratory for the Life Sciences (ELLS) for teacher training; and the Visitor Programme.[18] EMBL Advanced Training Centre[edit] In March 2010, the EMBL Advanced Training Centre (ATC) was inaugurated on the main campus in Heidelberg. Shaped in the form of a double helix,[19] it hosts conferences and provides training.[citation needed] Science and society[edit] EMBL also runs an active Science and Society Programme which offers activities and events on current questions in life science research for the general public and the scientific community.[20] See also[edit]

European Molecular Biology Organization

Notes and references[edit]

^ a b MATTAJ, Iain William. ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 2015 (online Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press
ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.  (subscription required) ^ a b "EMBL member states". European Molecular Biology Laboratory. 2015.  ^ Maas, W; Crow, J. F. (2004). "Leo Szilard: A personal remembrance". Genetics. 167 (2): 555–8. doi:10.1534/genetics.104.030320. PMC 1470899 . PMID 15238510.  ^ Holmes, K. C. (2001). "John Cowdery Kendrew". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 47: 311–332. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2001.0018. PMID 15124647.  ^ "EMBL History". 2015. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13.  ^ Pettersson, U (2011). "Lennart Philipson: A fighter is gone". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108 (47): 18875. doi:10.1073/pnas.1116859108. PMC 3223467 . PMID 22106290.  ^ Simons, K.; Mattaj, I. W. (2011). " Lennart Philipson (1929-2011)". Science. 333 (6043): 711. doi:10.1126/science.1210990. PMID 21817041.  ^ Baltimore, D. (2011). " Lennart Philipson (1929–2011): A Warrior Has Passed". PLoS Biology. 9 (9): e1001153. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001153.  ^ Gilbert, N. (2010). "The labours of Fotis Kafatos". Nature. 464 (7285): 20. doi:10.1038/464020a. PMID 20203577.  ^ Kafatos, F. (2008). "Straight talk with...Fotis Kafatos". Nature Medicine. 14 (9): 902–903. doi:10.1038/nm0908-902. PMID 18776875.  ^ Noyes, Dan (2017-06-28). "EMBL Council selects next Director General". EMBL etc.  ^ https://www.embl.es/aboutus/general_information/about-embl-barcelona/index.html ^ Nüsslein-Volhard, C.; Wieschaus, E. (1980). "Mutations affecting segment number and polarity in Drosophila". Nature. 287 (5785): 795–801. doi:10.1038/287795a0. PMID 6776413.  ^ "Lithuania, new prospect member state".  ^ "Witamy! EMBL welcomes Poland
Poland
as prospect member state".  ^ " Argentina
Argentina
joins EMBL as associate member state".  ^ https://www.embl.de/aboutus/general_information/mission/ ^ Training at EMBL, EMBL website ^ University of Heidelberg
Heidelberg
— Press Releases ^ Science and Society Programme, EMBL website

External links[edit]

Official website

Molecular and cellular biology portal Europe portal

Coordinates: 49°23′4.64″N 8°42′36.51″E / 49.3846222°N 8.7101417°E / 49.384622

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