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The Dyje–Svratka Valley (Czech: Dyjsko-svratecký úval, German: Thaya-Schwarza Talsenke, Slovak: Dyjsko-svratecký úval) is a geomorphological feature (specifically a special type of vale) in Moravia (The Czech Republic). The highest prominence over the Dyje–Svratka Valley is Děvín Peak at 549 metres (1,801 ft).

History

The Dyje–Svratka Valley has been a natural pass between the Vienna Basin (Carpathians) and the Vyškov Gate, the Upper Morava Valley, Moravian Gate and later, the North European Plain (Poland - Lower Silesia - Galicia) since ancient times. It served as an arm of several important trade routes from southern Europe to the Baltic Sea such as the Amber Road, as well as routes from Moravia to Upper Silesia and Lesser Poland.

The Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway from Břeclav to Brno traverses the Dyje–Svratka Valley.

Access

Highways that traverse the Dyje-Svratka Valley include D1 from Prague to Brno, D2 from Brno to Břeclav and Bratislava, and D52 from Brno to Vienna).

Geography

The floodplains of several rivers end in the Dyje-Svratka Valley, including Svratka, Jihlava, Svitava, Dyje, Jevišovka and Litava. Many towns are located within it, including the southern districts of Brno, Slavkov/Austerlitz, Židlochovice, Pohořelice, Hrušovany nad Jevišovkou and Mikulov.

The Lowlands are poorly forested, mostly by riparian forest (oaks, populus and willows), with higher areas forested by false akacia (Robinia pseudoacacia[1]). The Lowlands are intensively farmed, with significant numbers of orchards (peaches, walnuts, apricots and almonds), vineyards and small woods. Only a few small sections are still covered by natural vegetation.[2] The west valley contains numerous vineyards that are part of the wine making sub-regions of Mikulovská and Znojemská.

It is formed by the depression between the Carpathian Mountains in the east (Ždánice Forest, Kyjov Hills and Mikulov Hills) and the Bohemian massif in the west. Drainage runs into the River Morava, from there into the Danube basin and finally into the Black Sea.

It includes the low drainage divide Svratka-Dyje close to Mušov. Its soils mainly consist of chernozem and loess, local fluvisol and sand.

See also

References