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The Duchies of Silesia
Silesia
were the more than twenty divisions of the region of Silesia
Silesia
formed between the 12th and 14th centuries by the breakup of the Duchy of Silesia, then part of the Kingdom of Poland. In 1335, the duchies were ceded to the Kingdom of Bohemia
Kingdom of Bohemia
under the Treaty of Trentschin. Thereafter until 1742, Silesia
Silesia
was one of the Bohemian crown lands and lay within the Holy Roman Empire. Most of Silesia
Silesia
was annexed by the King of Prussia
King of Prussia
under the Treaty of Berlin in 1742. Only the Duchy of Teschen, the Duchy of Troppau
Duchy of Troppau
and the Duchy of Nysa remained under the control of the Bohemian crown and as such were known as the Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia
Silesia
until 1918.

Contents

1 Breakup of Polish Silesia
Silesia
(1138–1335) 2 Duchies of the Bohemian Crown (1335–1918) 3 List of Silesian duchies 4 Bibliography

Breakup of Polish Silesia
Silesia
(1138–1335)[edit] In the (vain) hope to prevent an inheritance dispute, the Piast prince Bolesław III Wrymouth
Bolesław III Wrymouth
by his last will and testament had divided Poland
Poland
into hereditary provinces distributed among his four sons: Masovia, Kujawy, Greater Poland
Poland
and Silesia. Beside which, the Seniorate Province
Seniorate Province
(Lesser Poland) with the residence of Kraków
Kraków
was reserved for the eldest, who according to the principle of agnatic seniority was to be High Duke of all Poland. This act inadvertently started the process known as Fragmentation of Poland. Bolesław's son Władysław II received the Duchy of Silesia
Duchy of Silesia
and, as the eldest, was also granted the title of a High Duke among with the Seniorate Province. Nevertheless, after he had tried to gain control over all Poland, he was banned and expelled by his younger half-brothers in 1146. Bolesław's second eldest son Bolesław IV the Curly, Duke of Masovia, became Polish High Duke. When, in 1163, Władysław's three sons, backed by Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa returned to Poland, Bolesław IV had to restore their heritage. After ten years of joint rule, Władysław's sons finally divided Silesia
Silesia
in 1173:

Bolesław I the Tall, the eldest, received the core territory around the residences of Wrocław, Legnica
Legnica
and Opole. In 1180, he granted the Duchy of Opole
Opole
to his son Jarosław, who ruled until his death in March 1201. Upon Bolesław's death in December 1201, his lands were inherited by his only remaining son Henry I the Bearded Mieszko I Tanglefoot became Duke of Racibórz and received Bytom
Bytom
and Oświęcim
Oświęcim
in 1177. Konrad Spindleshanks
Konrad Spindleshanks
(Konrad Laskonogi), the youngest, in 1177 also claimed his rights and received the Duchy of Głogów
Duchy of Głogów
from his brother Bolesław, who after Konrad's death about 1180/90 again inherited it.

1172/3-1177   Bolesław I   Jarosław   Mieszko I

1177-1185   Bolesław I   Jarosław   Mieszko I   Konrad

1185-1201   Bolesław I   Jarosław   Mieszko I

1201-1202   Henry I   Mieszko I

After his brother Bolesław I had died, Miezsko I Tanglefoot also conquered and took the Duchy of Opole
Opole
from his nephew Henry I the Bearded. He ruled over the Racibórz and Opole
Opole
duchies, which emerged as Upper Silesia, until his death in 1211. Henry I the Bearded remained sovereign of the Lower Silesian Duchy of Wrocław, he acquired the Greater Polish lands of Kalisz
Kalisz
in 1206, which he granted to his Piast cousin Władysław Odonic, as well as Lubusz Land
Lubusz Land
in 1210. High Duke of Poland
Poland
from 1232, he conquered further Greater Polish territories around Santok
Santok
in 1234. Mieszko's heir was Duke Casimir I of Opole, who died in 1230. Thereupon, Henry I managed to reunite whole Silesia
Silesia
under his reign. He was succeeded by his son Henry II the Pious
Henry II the Pious
in 1238, while Upper Silesia
Silesia
was inherited by Casimir's son Mieszko II the Fat
Mieszko II the Fat
in 1239. He and his younger brother, Władysław Opolski, had already received Greater Polish Kalisz
Kalisz
in 1234. Henry II was killed at the Battle of Legnica
Legnica
in 1241. His eldest son and heir, Duke Bolesław II the Bald
Bolesław II the Bald
temporarily gave Lubusz Land
Lubusz Land
to his younger brother Mieszko († 1242). He reconciled with his Greater Polish cousin Duke Przemysł I and finally returned Santok
Santok
in 1247 and remained sole ruler of Lower Silesia
Silesia
until 1248. Mieszko II the Fat, of Upper Silesia, in 1244, returned Kalisz
Kalisz
to Duke Przemysł I of Greater Poland. He died in 1246 and his possessions were inherited by his brother Władysław Opolski.

1206-1217   Henry I   Władysław Odonic   Lubusz Land   Mieszko I,        1211: Casimir I

1217-1230   Henry I   Casimir I

1241-1243   Bolesław II   Mieszko Lubuski   Władysław Opolski   Mieszko II

1243-1248   Bolesław II   Władysław Opolski   Mieszko II,        1246: Władysław        Opolski   Santok   Kalisz   Kępno   Lelów

Duchies of the Bohemian Crown (1335–1918)[edit] In 1327, King John I of Bohemia
John I of Bohemia
began accepting the fealty of the Silesian dukes as part of his claim on the Polish crown. At the Congress of Visegrád in 1335 it was agreed that John would abandon his claim an in return receive the suzerainty of the Silesian duchies and a one-time payment. This was finalized in the Treaty of Trentschin on 24 August 1335. Under the Bohemian crown, the duchies continued to be ruled by branches of the Piast dynasty
Piast dynasty
known as the Silesian Piasts
Silesian Piasts
until their lineages died out in 1675. When a ducal lineage died out, the duchy passed to the crown and became a state country. The Bohemian Crown passed to the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
in 1526. In 1742, most of Silesia
Silesia
was annexed by Prussia following the First Silesian War. This was confirmed following the Second Silesian War
Second Silesian War
in 1745 and the Third Silesian War
Third Silesian War
in 1763. Following the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, Bohemian Silesia
Silesia
remained a part of the Austrian Empire and Austro-Hungarian Empire
Austro-Hungarian Empire
down to its dissolution in 1918. List of Silesian duchies[edit]

Note: this list may not be complete.

Duchy of Bielsko
Duchy of Bielsko
(Bílské knížectví, Księstwo Bielskie, Herzogtum Bielitz) Duchy of Brzeg
Duchy of Brzeg
(Knížectví Břeh, Księstwo Brzeskie, Herzogtum Brieg) Duchy of Bytom
Bytom
(Knížectví Bytomské, Księstwo Bytomskie, Herzogtum Beuthen) Duchy of Głogów
Duchy of Głogów
( Knížectví Hlohovské, Księstwo Głogowskie, Herzogtum Glogau) Duchy of Głubczyce (Knížectví Hlubčice, Księstwo Głubczyckie, Herzogtum Leobschütz) Duchy of Jawor
Duchy of Jawor
(Javorské knížectví, Księstwo Jaworskie, Herzogtum Jauer) Duchy of Krnov
Duchy of Krnov
(Krnovské knížectví, Księstwo Karniowskie, Herzogtum Jägerndorf) Duchy of Legnica
Legnica
(Lehnické knížectví, Księstwo Legnickie, Herzogtum Liegnitz) Duchy of Münsterberg
Duchy of Münsterberg
(Minstrberské knížectví,Księstwo Ziębickie, Herzogtum Münsterberg) Duchy of Nysa (Niské knížectví, Księstwo Nyskie, Herzogtum Neisse) Duchy of Oleśnica
Duchy of Oleśnica
(Olešnické knížectví, Księstwo Oleśnickie, Herzogtum Oels) Duchy of Opole
Opole
(Opolské knížectví, Księstwo Opolskie, Herzogtum Oppeln) Duchy of Oświęcim
Oświęcim
(Osvětimské knížectví, Księstwo Oświęcimskie, Herzogtum Auschwitz) Duchy of Pszczyna
Duchy of Pszczyna
(Pštinské knížectví, Księstwo Pszczyńskie, Herzogtum Pless) Duchy of Racibórz
Duchy of Racibórz
(Ratibořské knížectví, Księstwo Raciborskie, Herzogtum Ratibor) Duchy of Siewierz
Duchy of Siewierz
(Seveřské knížectví, Księstwo Siewierskie, Herzogtum Siewierz) Duchy of Świdnica
Duchy of Świdnica
(Svídnické knížectví, Księstwo Świdnickie, Herzogtum Schweidnitz) Duchy of Teschen
Duchy of Teschen
(Księstwo Cieszyńskie, Knížectví těšínské, Herzogtum Teschen) Duchy of Troppau
Duchy of Troppau
(Vévodství opavské,' Księstwo Opawskie, Herzogtum Troppau) Duchy of Wrocław
Wrocław
(Vratislavské knížectví, Księstwo Wrocławskie, Herzogtum Breslau) Duchy of Zator
Duchy of Zator
(Zatorské knížectví, Księstwo Zatorskie, Herzogtum Zator) Duchy of Żagań
Duchy of Żagań
(Zaháňské knížectví, Księstwo Żagańskie, Herzogtum Sagan)

There were also other little duchies: Bernstadt, Buchwald, Coschok, Cosel, Crossen, Falkenberg, Freistadt, Freudenthal, Gleiwitz, Goldberg, Grottkau, Grünberg, Hainau, Hirschberg, Loslau, Löwenberg, Lüben, Namslau, Ohlau, Parchwiz, Rybnik, Sprottau, Steinau, Strehlitz, Tost, Wohlau, and combination duchies: Duchy of Opole
Opole
and Racibórz Bibliography[edit]

ŽÁČEK, Rudolf. Dějiny Slezska v datech. Praha : Libri, 2003. ISBN 80-7277-172-8.

v t e

Duchies of Silesia

Original

Duchy of Silesia

Lower Silesia

Duchy of Bierutów Duchy of Brzeg Duchy of Głogów Duchy of Jawor Duchy of Legnica Duchy of Nysa Duchy of Oleśnica Duchy of Żagań Duchy of Münsterberg

Upper Silesia

Duchy of Bielsko Duchy of Bytom Duchy of Cieszyn Duchy of Głubczyce Duchy of Krnov Duchy of Opava Duchy of Opole Duchy of Opole
Opole
and Racibórz Duchy of Oświęcim Duchy of Pszczyna Duchy of Racibórz Duchy of Siewierz Duchy of Zator

Other

Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia County of Kladsko

v t e

Silesia
Silesia
topics

History

Offensives Uprisings Wars (First, Second, Third) Upper Silesia
Silesia
plebiscite Treaty of Dresden Treaty of Teschen Book of Henryków Battle of Legnica Battle of Leuthen more...

Geography

Areas

Jelenia Góra valley Kłodzko Valley Lower Silesian Wilderness Obniżenie Milicko-Głogowskie Ostrava Valley Oświęcim
Oświęcim
Basin Przedgórze Sudeckie Silesian Walls Silesian Foothills Silesian Lowlands Silesian Przesieka Silesian Upland Silesian-Lusatian Lowlands Silesian-Moravian Foothills Wał Trzebnicki Zielona Góra Acclivity

Lakes

Jezioro Goczałkowickie Jezioro Otmuchowskie Jezioro Sławskie Nyskie Slezská Harta Dam

Mountains

Carpathian

Silesian Beskids Moravian-Silesian Beskids

Sudetes

Eastern Central Western

Rivers

Elbe

Divoká Orlice Jizera Úpa

Oder

Barycz Bóbr Kaczawa Kłodnica Kwisa Liswarta Mała Panew Nysa Kłodzka Olza Ślęza

Vistula

Biała Brynica Gostynia Przemsza Pszczynka Rawa

Politics

Subdivisions

Former

Duchies

Piasts dukes

Silesian Voivodeship
Voivodeship
(1920–39)

parliament politicians treasury

State country Silesia
Silesia
Province

Upper Silesia Lower Silesia

Sudetenland New Silesia Austrian Silesia Eastern Silesia

Current

Jeseník District Moravian–Silesian Region Niederschlesischer Oberlausitzkreis / Görlitz

Voivodeships

Lower Silesian Lubusz Voivodeships Opole Silesian

EP constituencies

Lower Silesian and Opole Silesian

Economy

Bielski Okręg Przemysłowy Katowice urban area Legnicko-Głogowski Okręg Miedziowy Lower Silesian Coal Basin Upper Silesian Coal Basin

Industrial Region Ostrava-Karviná / Rybnik Coal Areas

Upper Silesian metropolitan area Tourism

Society

Culture

Architecture

Familok

Regional costume (Śląskie stroje ludowe)

Cuisine

Black noodles Bryja Ciapkapusta Dumplings Galert Hauskyjza Karminadle Kołocz Kreple Krupniok (Kaszanka) Makówki Moczka Modra kapusta Siemieniotka Szałot Wodzionka Żur śląski

Religion

Evangelical Church in Berlin, Brandenburg and Silesian Upper Lusatia Silesian Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland Roman Catholic Church Pentecostal Church in Poland

Sport

Football Association Moravian–Silesian Football League National football team Silesian Stadium

Languages

Silesian

Bytom Cieszyn Jabłonków Lach Lower Namysłów Niemodlin Opole Prudnik Sulkovian Syców Texas

Czech German

Silesian German (Lower Silesian)

Moravian Polish

Symbols

Coats of arms Flags

Unofficial anthems

Schlesien Unvergessene Heimat Schlesierlied Slezská hymna

Other topics

Demographics Landsmannschaft Schlesien Silesian Autonomy Movement Silesians

.