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Dubbo
Dubbo
/ˈdʌboʊ/[6] is a city in the Orana Region of New South Wales, Australia. It is the largest population centre in the Orana region, with a population of approximately 39,000 as at the 2016 Census. The city is located at the intersection of the Newell, Mitchell and Golden highways. The nearest city, Orange, is approximately 144 km (89 mi) away. Dubbo
Dubbo
is located approximately 275 m (902 ft) above sea level, 303 km (188 mi)[4] north-west of Sydney
Sydney
(400 km (249 mi)[7] by road) and is a major road and rail freight hub to other parts of New South Wales. It is linked by national highways north to Brisbane, south to Melbourne, east to Sydney
Sydney
and Newcastle, and west to Broken Hill
Broken Hill
and Adelaide. Dubbo
Dubbo
is included in the rainfall records and weather forecast region for the Central West Slopes[8] and in the Central West Slopes and Plains division of the Bureau of Meteorology
Bureau of Meteorology
forecasts.[9]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Economy

4.1 Retail 4.2 Tourism

5 Education 6 Architecture 7 Transport 8 Media 9 Sport and recreation 10 Annual events and culture

10.1 Dubbo
Dubbo
Multicultural Festival 10.2 Dubbo
Dubbo
Show 10.3 Dubbo
Dubbo
National Steer Show 10.4 Dubbo
Dubbo
City Eisteddfod 10.5 Dubbo
Dubbo
International Body Building Championships

11 Notable people 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

History[edit] Evidence of habitation by Wiradjuri Nation, Indigenous Australians dates back over 40,000 years. The explorer and surveyor John Oxley
John Oxley
(1784–1828, born, Yorkshire, England) was the first European to report on the area now known as Dubbo
Dubbo
in 1818.[10] The first permanent European settler in the area was English born Robert Dulhunty, described as one of the wealthiest citizens in the Australian colony at the time. There are records of squatters being given permission to set up large sheep and cattle stations in the area in 1824 but these were not maintained.[citation needed] Dulhunty occupied a property, known as Dubbo
Dubbo
station (established in 1828),[10] from the early 1830s on a squatting basis. With the passing of the Squatting Act in 1836 he took out a licence on the property.[11] Dulhunty showed an affinity with Indigenous Australians, his party included some 40 Aborigines and he favoured using Aboriginal names for properties, including Dubbo. Dubbo
Dubbo
is now thought to be a mispronunciation of the local Wiradjuri word "Thubbo" but because of a lack of precise records from Dulhunty at the time and an incomplete knowledge of the Wiradjuri language
Wiradjuri language
today there is some conjecture over the word's meaning. A popular current theory is the word means "red earth", consistent with the local landscape. It is also possible that Thubbo or Tubbo is Wiradjuri for "head covering"[12] – a theory put forward to support this name is that the shape of Dulhunty's house may have looked like a hat to the local people.[citation needed]

Dubbo
Dubbo
War Memorial

Dundullimal Homestead
Dundullimal Homestead
is a farmhouse from that period, built around 1840 by John Maugham on his 26,000-acre (11,000 ha) sheep station. The building is one of the oldest homesteads still standing in western NSW and today is open to visitors. In 1846, due to the number of settlers in the area, the government decided to establish a courthouse, police station and lock-up in the Dubbo
Dubbo
area. A constables residence was completed in 1847 and a wooden slab construction courthouse and lock-up in early 1848. By this time, the settlement had only four buildings; the constables residence, courthouse and lock-up, a store and an inn. Due to the lack of title for the land, in 1848 the storekeeper, Jean Emile Serisier, organised a petition asking for a land sale of town allotments. The plan was presented to the colony's Surveyor General in May 1849 by surveyor G. Boyle White.[11] The settlement was gazetted as a village in November 1849 with the first land sales taking place in 1850.[10] Population growth was slow until the Victorian gold rush of the 1860s brought an increase in north-south trade. In 1857 Schloeffel's populated dubbo. The first bank was opened in 1867. Steady population growth saw the town proclaimed a municipality in 1872, when its population was 850. The railway extension of the main western railway from Wellington
Wellington
to Dubbo
Dubbo
was formally opened on 1 February 1881.[13][14][15] By 1897, Dubbo
Dubbo
had a general store, Carrier Arms, a slab courthouse, a gaol and a police hut. The final section of the Molong to Dubbo
Dubbo
railway opened in late May 1925.[16][17] Dubbo
Dubbo
was officially proclaimed a city in 1966.[18] Geography[edit]

Plains of the Dubbo
Dubbo
region, north of the township.

The Macquarie River runs through Dubbo, as does Troy Creek. The City of Dubbo
Dubbo
lies within a transition zone between the ranges and tablelands of the Great Dividing Range
Great Dividing Range
to the east and the Darling Basin plains to the west. Climate[edit] Dubbo
Dubbo
falls in the warm temperate climate zone.[19] Under Köppen climate classification, Dubbo
Dubbo
has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa)[20] that borders the semi-arid climate (BSh).[21][22] Summers are warm to hot, and winters cool to cold, that bring some occurrences of early morning frost but generally no snowfall–unlike the nearby city of Orange. The last occurrence of snow was recorded by The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate in 1900.[23] The town's location in this transition area also allows a large temperature variation during the year, with high summer temperatures, sometimes peaking above 40 °C (104 °F) typical of the Western Plains of New South Wales and colder sub-zero temperatures typical of the Central Tablelands in winter. Dubbo's location in the transition area between the Central Tablelands and the Central Western Plains have provided a mild distribution of rainfall throughout the year. Dubbo's wettest month is January with an average rainfall of 60.1 millimetres (2.37 in) occurring on average over five days. Evaporation
Evaporation
in the Dubbo
Dubbo
area averages approximately 1,880 millimetres (74 in) per year. Dubbo
Dubbo
is considerably sunny, receiving 148.6 days of clear skies annually, in contrast to Sydney's 104 days.[24] Wind patterns are ongoing over the whole year. The prevailing winds at Dubbo
Dubbo
are from the southeast, south, southwest and west, which account for a combined 64.4% of the wind direction over the whole year.[25]

Climate data for Dubbo

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 45.2 (113.4) 46.1 (115) 40.3 (104.5) 36.1 (97) 32.7 (90.9) 26.1 (79) 23.3 (73.9) 30.6 (87.1) 34.4 (93.9) 40.6 (105.1) 43.4 (110.1) 42.8 (109) 46.1 (115)

Average high °C (°F) 33.0 (91.4) 32.1 (89.8) 29.4 (84.9) 24.8 (76.6) 19.8 (67.6) 16.0 (60.8) 15.2 (59.4) 17.3 (63.1) 20.8 (69.4) 25.1 (77.2) 29.0 (84.2) 31.9 (89.4) 24.5 (76.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 25.4 (77.7) 24.8 (76.6) 22.2 (72) 17.7 (63.9) 13.2 (55.8) 10.0 (50) 8.9 (48) 10.4 (50.7) 13.4 (56.1) 17.3 (63.1) 21.1 (70) 24.0 (75.2) 17.37 (63.26)

Average low °C (°F) 17.9 (64.2) 17.6 (63.7) 15.1 (59.2) 10.6 (51.1) 6.6 (43.9) 4.1 (39.4) 2.6 (36.7) 3.5 (38.3) 6.0 (42.8) 9.6 (49.3) 13.2 (55.8) 16.2 (61.2) 10.2 (50.4)

Record low °C (°F) 5.8 (42.4) 6.3 (43.3) 3.7 (38.7) −2.2 (28) −4.0 (24.8) −5.6 (21.9) −6.7 (19.9) −5.2 (22.6) −4.2 (24.4) −0.4 (31.3) 1.4 (34.5) 3.3 (37.9) −6.7 (19.9)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 60.7 (2.39) 53.4 (2.102) 47.5 (1.87) 44.2 (1.74) 46.5 (1.831) 49.6 (1.953) 44.3 (1.744) 44.4 (1.748) 42.7 (1.681) 48.9 (1.925) 51.7 (2.035) 50.0 (1.969) 583.9 (22.988)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 5.9 5.4 5.1 4.7 6.1 8.1 7.9 7.4 6.7 6.8 6.1 5.8 76

Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 37 39 40 44 53 58 57 51 45 39 36 33 44.3

Source #1: [26]

Source #2: [27]

Demographics[edit] According to the 2016 Census the population of Dubbo
Dubbo
is 38,943. 51.9% of residents are female and 48.9% are male. The median age is 36, slightly younger than the national average of 38. People aged 0-14 constitute 21.2% of the population compared to 18.7% nationally. 14.6% of residents are Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander; the median age in this group is 21. 84.5% of residents report being born in Australia; notably higher than the national average of 66.7%. Other than Australia the most common countries of birth are England 1.0%, India 0.9%, New Zealand 0.8%, Nepal 0.5% and Philippines 0.5%. The most common reported ancestries in Dubbo
Dubbo
are Australian, English and Irish. 76.8% of residents report both parents having been born in Australia; significantly higher than the national average of 47.3%. 87.6% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Nepali 0.5%, Mandarin 0.4%, Malayalam 0.3%, Tagalog 0.3% and Sinhalese 0.3%. The top religious groups in Dubbo
Dubbo
are Catholic 30.4%, Anglican 23.2% and Uniting Church 5.2%. 17.9% reported no religion (lower than the 29.6% nationally) and 9.0% did not answer the question.[1] Economy[edit] The city's largest employer is the Fletcher International Exports, which exports lamb to the world.[28] Other local industries reflect the city's status as a regional base in an area whose economic backbone is agricultural. A large employer is the Dubbo
Dubbo
Base Hospital, and "health services" are the local area's largest employer[citation needed], as the town provides medical services to the surrounding region. Retail[edit]

The main commercial area of Dubbo

Dubbo
Dubbo
is also considered a major shopping centre for the surrounding regional areas in the Central and Far Western districts of New South Wales. Dubbo
Dubbo
has many shopping districts including, but not limited to, the large and very recently renewed Orana Mall (East Dubbo), Macquarie and Talbragar Streets (City Centre), Centro Dubbo, Riverdale and Tamworth Street local stores (South Dubbo). Dubbo
Dubbo
also has many boutiques and unique stores as well as major national stores including Target, Officeworks, Coles, Woolworths, Mitre 10
Mitre 10
Home & Trade, Bunnings, Myer, Harris Scarfe, Big W, The Good Guys, Harvey Norman, JB Hi-Fi, Sportsmans Warehouse and The Coffee Club. A new suburban shopping centre in West Dubbo
Dubbo
contains a Woolworths supermarket (Dubbo's third) and 15 smaller retail shops.[29] Tourism[edit]

Taronga Western Plains Zoo

Tourism is also a significant local industry. Dubbo
Dubbo
features the open-range Taronga Western Plains Zoo, which is home to various species of endangered animals, including the White, Black and Indian Rhinoceros', and runs a successful breeding program for a number of endangered species. The zoo is home to numerous specimens from around the world in spacious open-range moat enclosures, grouped according to their continent of origin. Other town attractions include the historic Dundullimal Homestead
Dundullimal Homestead
and the historic Old Dubbo Gaol
Old Dubbo Gaol
in the middle of the commercial centre of Macquarie Street. The Western Plains Cultural Centre includes four gallery exhibition spaces, two Museum exhibition spaces and a Community Arts Centre. Education[edit] There are 20 schools and secondary colleges including the Dubbo
Dubbo
school of Distance Education. Dubbo
Dubbo
is home to one of the four main campuses of Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University
which is located next to the Dubbo
Dubbo
College Senior Campus. Macquarie Anglican Grammar School and Dubbo
Dubbo
Christian School are both private independent k-12 schools located in Dubbo. Architecture[edit] Dubbo
Dubbo
has several fine examples of Victorian civic architecture including the (third) Courthouse (1887), the Lands Office with its use of timber and corrugated iron cladding, and the railway station (1881).[30] Towards the centre of the city the older residential areas contain numerous examples of red brick houses built in the "California Bungalow" style architecture of the early 20th century, together with Victorian terraced houses (Mostly in the Darling Street area) and a few Edwardian semi-detached homes.

Courthouse

Lands Building

Bungalow

Victorian Terraces

Edwardian 'Semis'

Transport[edit]

Dubbo
Dubbo
railway station

Dubbo
Dubbo
Regional Airport

Dubbo railway station
Dubbo railway station
lies on the Main Western railway line between Sydney
Sydney
and Bourke and opened in 1881.[13] Dubbo
Dubbo
station is the terminus for a daily NSW TrainLink
NSW TrainLink
XPT service from Sydney.[31] Dubbo
Dubbo
also has its own airport, Dubbo
Dubbo
Airport, with flights to Sydney (QantasLink, Regional Express), Brisbane
Brisbane
(JETGO ), Melbourne–Essendon (JETGO), Newcastle (FlyPelican), Canberra (FlyPelican) and other small out-back New South Wales
New South Wales
towns (Airlink). Buses also serve Dubbo, with major runs to Sydney, Melbourne
Melbourne
and Brisbane. Media[edit] Local print media include:

The Daily Liberal Dubbo
Dubbo
Weekender The Weekly Dubbo
Dubbo
Photo News The Weekly Mailbox Shopper

Dubbo
Dubbo
is home to the Rural Press Central West Regional Hub, which prints many of Rural Press' local newspapers from across the state in the city. Regional Business magazine is also printed locally. Three commercially licensed radio stations broadcast in the city:

Hit FM – broadcasts on FM 93.5, playing popular and hit music. 2DU – Local heritage station which broadcasts on AM 1251. Zoo FM – Rock music station which broadcasts on FM 92.7

ABC Radio also has a studio in the city:

ABC Western Plains – Local news and talk on 95.9FM

ABC Radio broadcasts five services to the Dubbo
Dubbo
area; ABC Local, ABC Radio National, Triple J, ABC Classic FM, and ABC NewsRadio. The city also has narrowcast stations on 90.3 FM Racing Radio, a tourist radio station and a country music station. The city has two community stations, DCFM 88.9 Dubbo
Dubbo
Community radio and Rhema FM
Rhema FM
which broadcasts Christian music. The Dubbo
Dubbo
area is served by 5 television stations. In common with all Australian TV stations they now broadcast digital transmissions only, with the primary program in each case being designated as follows:

Prime7
Prime7
– an affiliate of the Seven Network WIN TV – an affiliate of the Ten Network Southern Cross Nine
Southern Cross Nine
– an affiliate of the Nine Network ABC TV – ABC1 SBS Television
SBS Television
– SBS One

Additional free-to-air digital television programs are also available in Dubbo. These programs include ABC2, ABC3, ABC News 24, One HD, Eleven, TenHD, 7TWO, 7mate, 9 HD, 9 Go, 9GEM, 9 Life and SBS Two. Prime7
Prime7
and WIN Television
WIN Television
both produce half-hour-long local news bulletins. Prime7
Prime7
News screens at 6 pm, while WIN News screens at 7 pm from Monday to Friday. Subscription Television services are provided by Austar. Sport and recreation[edit] Sport plays a big role in Dubbo's community life. Rugby league
Rugby league
is popular in Dubbo. Three teams compete in the Group 11 Rugby League – the Dubbo
Dubbo
CYMS, Dubbo
Dubbo
Westside and Dubbo
Dubbo
Macquarie Raiders. The city also has an Australian rules football
Australian rules football
team, the Dubbo
Dubbo
Demons who were premiers in the Central West Australian Football League in 2007. There are also two rugby union teams, the Dubbo
Dubbo
Kangaroos (Roos) and the Dubbo
Dubbo
Rhinos, which compete in the Central West Rugby competition, the Blowes Clothing Cup. Dubbo
Dubbo
Junior Cricket Association conducts cricket for over 500 children aged between 5 and 16 during the period October to March and also conducts 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade competitions during this time. Dubbo
Dubbo
has a turf club, which incorporates a pony club, horse racing and organises shows and gymkhana. Ultimate Frisbee
Ultimate Frisbee
is a new sport to the town and is rapidly growing in popularity. The Dubbo
Dubbo
Ultimate Frisbee Federation (DUFF) is the local Ultimate club and organises a local league and the Dubbo
Dubbo
Meerkats Mixed rep side.[32] The 'Dubbo Rams' compete in the men's and women's NSW State Basketball Leagues. Netball is also popular in Dubbo
Dubbo
with competitions every weekend for all age groups during netball season at the Nita McGrath netball courts near the Macquarie River in Central Dubbo. Dubbo
Dubbo
has a large Junior and Senior Hockey Association with representative teams for all ages while also participating in the 'Premier League Hockey' Competition in both the Men's ( Dubbo
Dubbo
Lions) and Women's ( Dubbo
Dubbo
Blue Jays). Soccer is very popular particularly among children. Dubbo
Dubbo
has its own all-age men's and women's competition and has three teams – Dubbo
Dubbo
FC Bulls, Westside Panthers and Orana Spurs – who compete in the Western Premier League. Dubbo
Dubbo
also has one of the only 10 Lane pools outside of Sydney
Sydney
in NSW, the Dubbo
Dubbo
Aquatic and Leisure Centre. The 'DALC' hosts meets through the Western Swimming Association (and affiliated clubs Dubbo
Dubbo
City Swimtech and Orana Aquatic) and School Carnivals. Dubbo's Caltex Park hosted the annual City vs Country Origin
City vs Country Origin
match in 2006, with an attendance of 11,423, and in 2014, with an attendance of more than 9,600 in rainy conditions.[33] In 2007 Dubbo
Dubbo
hosted the Junior World Orienteering Championships
Junior World Orienteering Championships
with most of the events held in the granite outcrops of the nearby Sappa Bulga Range. From this event the orienteering club Western Plains Orienteers was born. Other sports popular in Dubbo
Dubbo
include lawn bowls, via the huge variety of bowling clubs, and golf (the golf is held on Dubbo's 27 hole golf course). Annual events and culture[edit] Dubbo
Dubbo
Multicultural Festival[edit] Every September, the Multicultural Festival has a Parade & Festival in Victoria Park, & the following weekend a Dinner and Concert, held at the Dubbo
Dubbo
Regional Theatre and Convention Centre. The festival is about celebrating the unity of cultural diversity within the region with over 70 nationalities represented in the community. Enjoy the performances by local and statewide performers of all cultures and partake of the multicultural cuisine on offer. Dubbo
Dubbo
Show[edit] The annual agricultural show, held around April/May of each year, is a major event for Dubbo
Dubbo
and surrounding areas with a carnival like atmosphere. Dubbo
Dubbo
National Steer Show[edit] This event is the annual domestic steer and heifer (cattle) hoof and hook show. Each year over 100 beef carcase cattle are judged live (hoof) as led or un-led and dead (hook). It is also the annual young judges, auctioneers and paraders competition. These events are very popular among the schools and colleges of the New South Wales area.[citation needed] Dubbo
Dubbo
City Eisteddfod[edit] The Dubbo
Dubbo
Eisteddfod is held annually at Dubbo
Dubbo
Regional Theatre and Convention Centre, with students from Dubbo
Dubbo
as well as surrounding regions including Gilgandra, Wellington, Orange, Gulgong, Narromine and Bathurst competing in the various sections.This involves Speech, Drama, Instrumental & Dance. The Eisteddfod runs from May until July each year. Dubbo
Dubbo
International Body Building Championships[edit] Dubbo
Dubbo
International Body Building Championships is an annual natural bodybuilding event that has been held in the city for last 26 years. The INBA Dubbo
Dubbo
Natural Physique Titles competition is sanctioned by INBA Australia, which is the Australian affiliate of the International Natural Bodybuilding Association.

Notable people[edit]

International travel writer Dallas Sherringham was Sports Editor at the Daily Liberal
Daily Liberal
for 10 years

Jean Emile Serisier was Dubbo's first businessman and the leader. He held many important positions including Post Master, Justice to the Gaol and was Magistrate from 1862.[34] He is also credited with works to advance the town including schools, Catholic Church, bridge (named after him) and Hospital.[35][36][37] Suzanne Grae, founder of the fashion label bearing her name, was born in Dubbo
Dubbo
in 1968.[38] Margaret Packham Hargrave
Margaret Packham Hargrave
– writer, poet, local poultry farmer, wrote for Daily Liberal[39] Bob Hewitt
Bob Hewitt
(born 1940) - tennis player and convicted rapist Andrew Ryan – Former NRL player and current ABC Radio Grandstand Rugby League sideline expert. Luke Priddis – Former NRL player. David Peachey – Former NRL player Geoffrey Lancaster
Geoffrey Lancaster
– international concert pianist Thirsty Merc
Thirsty Merc
– Australian rock band Dean Pay
Dean Pay
– Former NRL international, grew up and retired in Dubbo Les Davidson – Former NRL international. Kirsty Lee Allan – actress in Australian drama series Sea Patrol Kyle Noke – international MMA fighter, UFC fighter (Ultimate Fighting Championship) Megan Dunn
Megan Dunn
– cyclist winning two gold in the 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games Nicole Sykes – Australian International soccer player, and captain for Canberra
Canberra
United Ashleigh Sykes
Ashleigh Sykes
– Australian International soccer player Lizzy Gardiner – costume designer The Reels – 1980s pop band, founders: John Bliss, Craig Hooper, Dave Mason Adrian Leijer
Adrian Leijer
– Australian international soccer player Ben McCalman
Ben McCalman
- Australian rugby union player (Western Force, Wallabies) Steve Peacocke
Steve Peacocke
– actor, known for his role in soap opera Home and Away Glenn McGrath
Glenn McGrath
– Australian international cricketer, born in Dubbo and raised in Narromine Jean Lee – the last woman officially executed in Australia, in 1951 Arthur Randell - influential editor, VICE International, born in Dubbo and raised in Geurie, New South Wales Charlotte Elizabeth Austin (1878–1933) – community leader [40] Frederick William Bamford (1849–1934) – politician[40] Robert Adam Spears (1893–1950) – professional cyclist[40] William (Billy) Jones (1842–1906) – Aboriginal circus acrobat [40] Isaah Yeo
Isaah Yeo
(1994-) Second Row, Centre for NRL Club Penrith Panthers Micayla Kaufman - famous doctor, saved the queens life using the heimlich maenouver.

See also[edit]

New South Wales
New South Wales
portal

City of Dubbo Electoral district of Dubbo Orana (New South Wales)

References[edit]

^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
(27 June 2017). "Dubbo". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 March 2018.  ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/220025019 ^ "DCC Annual Report" (PDF). Dubbo
Dubbo
City Council. 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 30 December 2007.  (refer page 7) ^ a b "Great Circle Distance between DUBBO and SYDNEY". Cocky Flies. Geoscience Australia. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2011.  ^ Dubbo
Dubbo
lies at a bearing of 307° from Sydney ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3 ^ "Driving directions to Sydney
Sydney
NSW". Google Maps Australia driving directions. Google. Retrieved 27 August 2011.  ^ Weather, The Land newspaper, 2009-10-29, Rural Press, North Richmond, NSW ^ New South Wales
New South Wales
Forecast Areas Map Archived 12 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2010-1-27 ^ a b c "Australian Heritage – Dubbo". Australian Heritage – Historical Towns Directory. Heritage Australia Publishing. Retrieved 7 November 2011.  ^ a b Hornage, Bill (1974). Old Dubbo
Dubbo
Gaol. Gaol Restoration Committee of the Dubbo
Dubbo
Museum and Historical Society. pp. 4–5. ISBN 0-9598436-0-4.  ^ "PLACE NAMES". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011.  ^ a b Bozier, Rolfe. " Dubbo
Dubbo
Station". NSWrail.net. Retrieved 7 November 2011.  ^ "EXTENSION OF THE RAILWAY FROM WELLINGTON TO DUB[?]". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 31 January 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 7 November 2011.  ^ "OUR RAILWAYS". The Sydney
Sydney
Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 14 February 1881. p. 7. Retrieved 7 November 2011.  ^ "RAILWAYS". The Sydney
Sydney
Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 30 May 1925. p. 21. Retrieved 7 November 2011.  ^ Bozier, Rolfe. "Molong- Dubbo
Dubbo
Line". NSWrail.net. Retrieved 7 November 2011.  ^ "Dubbo". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 30 July 2013.  ^ Stern, H., de Hoedt, G. and Ernst, J. 2000. Objective Classification of Australian Climates. Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne. ^ R.L. Specht; Philip Rundel; W.E. Westman; P.C. Catling; Jonathan Majer; Penelope Greenslade (6 December 2012). Mediterranean-type Ecosystems: A data source book. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 95. ISBN 978-94-009-3099-5.  ^ "Biodiversity survey and assessment" (PDF). Charles Sturt University. Retrieved 27 May 2016.  ^ Sahukar, R. Gallery, C., Smart, J. and Mitchell, P. (2003). The Bioregions of New South Wales
New South Wales
– Their biodiversity, conservation and history. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville. ^ "Heavy fall of snow in Dubbo". The Dubbo
Dubbo
Liberal and Macquarie Advocate. Trove. 7 July 1900. Retrieved 10 June 2016.  ^ "Climate statistics for Australian locations". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 November 2014.  ^ http://www.dubbo.nsw.gov.au/AboutDubbo/ClimateInformation.html ^ " Dubbo
Dubbo
(Darling Street)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.  ^ " Dubbo Airport
Dubbo Airport
AWS". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. September 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.  ^ "Program aims to cut Dubbo
Dubbo
unemployment". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 24 June 2005. Retrieved 19 April 2008. . ^ "Application lodged for West Dubbo
Dubbo
shopping centre". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 11 March 2005. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ "Dubbo". WalkAbout. Archived from the original on 23 February 2008. Retrieved 19 April 2008. . ^ "Western timetable" (PDF). NSW Trainlink. 20 October 2013 [Updated 15 June 2013].  ^ " Dubbo
Dubbo
Ultimate Frisbee
Ultimate Frisbee
Federation". Retrieved 6 Mar 2013.  ^ AAP (13 May 2006). "Finch shines for Country". TVNZ. Retrieved 29 April 2012.  ^ "Serisier, Jean Emile (1824–1881)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, Online. Retrieved 19 April 2008.  ^ "Shoyoen Sister City Garden & Jurian Ceremonial Tea House Points of Interest" (PDF). Dubbo
Dubbo
City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 19 April 2008.  ^ Dubbo
Dubbo
The City and its History by Bill Hornage ^ Dubbo
Dubbo
City on the Plain by Marion Dormer ^ "Suzanne Grae, About Us". Archived from the original on 3 May 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008. . ^ Packham Hargrave, Margaret (15 February 2011). "Councillor for C Ward". LinkMe. Retrieved 9 November 2012.  ^ a b c d "Browsing birth town: Dubbo, New South Wales, Australia". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 2015-03-30. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Dubbo.

Media related to Dubbo
Dubbo
at Wikimedia Commons

Dubbo
Dubbo
Tourism (official website) Dubbo
Dubbo
City Council Dubbo
Dubbo
– Visit NSW

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