DROBYTSKY YAR is a ravine in
Kharkiv , Ukraine. In December 1941,
Nazi troops invading the
Soviet Union began killing local residents
over the following year. At the end of this period, some 16,000
Jews were killed. Notably on December 15, 1941, when
the temperature was −15 degrees Celsius (+5 °F), ca. 15,000 Jews
were shot. Children were thrown into pits alive, to save bullets, in
expectation that they would quickly freeze to death.
* 1 Memorial
* 2 Museum
* 3 References
* 4 External links
In the beginning of the 1990s, a competition was held for the best
design of the memorial to immortalize the thousands of citizens who
perished from hands of the Nazis . Twenty-nine designs were submitted.
The winner was the architect A. Leibfreid . The construction of the
complex lasted several years however it was suspended due to the lack
of funds. The memorial is located at 49°56'5.23"N 36°26'55.36"E.
At a meeting in late August 2001, the
decided to resume the construction of the memorial. The oblast
authorities supervised the construction process. The Cabinet of
Ukraine allotted 600,000 hryvnas for the construction.
Contributions have also been made by city and oblast administrations,
as well as by sponsors. The Drobitskiy Menorah
On December 13, 2002, the President of
Leonid Kuchma ,
opened the memorial.
The main part of the memorial is a monument symbolizing a synagogue
Ten Commandments between its columns; most notably: "Do not
kill". The memorial begins with a monument stylized under a Jewish
menorah . A road leads from a black menorah to a white main building
of the complex. Thousands of
Jews took their last steps along
it in 1941/1942. These dates are found on the wall of the main arched
building. Underground is a hall of memory; the wall will bear the
names of the victims who are known to have died.
The territory includes two burials area. One trench is 100m long and
the other is 60m. The
Kharkiv archives contain data on fifteen
thousand victims. However, the "Drobytsky Yar" foundation considers
the number of dead to be closer to thirty thousand.
180 tons of a
Zhytomyr granite was used in the construction of the
memorial. This is the same material that was used for
Mausoleum. Due to the granite 's particular qualities (it has reddish
veins), the stones lying at the menorah 's foot seem to bleed.
As of 2006 the names of 4,300 of the 16,000 victims were etched on an
underground memorial wall, illuminated by candlelight, in a room
called "Room of Tragedy".
On January 27, 2002, a new exposition in the
Kharkiv City Holocaust
Museum was officially opened. The exposition was created in December
Kharkiv commemorated the 60th anniversary of the DROBYTSKY
YAR tragedy. Excursions to the ravine had already been held before,
but the official opening was on January 27, the anniversary of the
Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp 's 1945 liberation (later
International Holocaust Remembrance Day