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The Drava
Drava
or Drave[2] (German: Drau [ˈdʁaʊ]; Slovene: Drava [ˈdɾàːʋa]; Croatian: Drava
Drava
[drǎːʋa]; Hungarian: Dráva [ˈdraːvɒ]) is a river in southern Central Europe. With a length of 710 kilometres (440 mi),[1] 724 kilometres (450 mi) including the Sextner Bach source, it is the fifth or sixth longest tributary of the Danube, after the Tisza, Sava, Prut, Mureș and perhaps Siret. Its source is near the market town of Innichen
Innichen
(San Candido), in the Puster Valley
Puster Valley
of South Tyrol, Italy. The river flows eastwards through East Tirol
East Tirol
and Carinthia
Carinthia
in Austria
Austria
into the Styria region of Slovenia. It then turns southeast, passing through Croatia and, after merging with its main tributary Mur, forms most of the border between Croatia
Croatia
and Hungary, before it joins the Danube
Danube
near Osijek.

Contents

1 Overview 2 Course 3 Hydroelectric power plants 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links

Overview[edit] In ancient times the river was known as Latin: Dravus, cf. Sanskrit: द्रवति, dravati, "flow". The name is most likely of Celtic or Illyrian origin (see Old European hydronymy). The river gives its name to the dravite species of tourmaline. The Drava
Drava
(along with one of its tributaries, the Slizza) and the Spöl
Spöl
are the only two rivers originating in Italy
Italy
that belong to the Danube
Danube
drainage basin. Its main left tributaries (from the north) are the Isel (de) (contributes 39 m³/s), the Möll
Möll
(25 m³/s), the Lieser (de) (22 m³/s), the Gurk (30 m³/s) and the Lavant (12 m³/s) in Austria, and the Mur (166 m³/s) near Legrad
Legrad
at the Croatian-Hungarian border. Its main right tributaries (from the south) are the Gail (45 m³/s) in Austria, the Meža
Meža
(12 m³/s) and Dravinja (11 m³/s) in Slovenia, and the Bednja (? m³/s) in Croatia.

Country Length (km) Catchment area (km²) Mean flow (m³/s)

Italy 10.6 354 (0.9%) 4

Austria 254.7 22,162 (55.2%) 280

Austria-Slovenia 4.2 border

Slovenia 117.7 4,662 (11.6%) 292

Slovenia-Croatia 23.3 border

Croatia 166.4 6,822 (17.0%) 544

Croatia-Hungary 133.0 border

Hungary 0 6,154 (15.3%) 544

Total 709.8 40,154 (100%) 544

Mean discharge is for the last station in the country mentioned in the source.[1] Course[edit]

Drava
Drava
sources, Innichen

The Drava
Drava
sources are located at the drainage divide between the market town of Innichen
Innichen
and neighbouring Toblach
Toblach
(Dobbiaco) in the west, where the Rienz
Rienz
River rises, a tributary of the Adige
Adige
(Etsch). At Innichen
Innichen
itself the 16+ km Sextner Bach (de),[3] originating near the Sextener Rotwand, joins the ~2 km long source creek. The river than flows eastwards and after 8 kilometres crosses into East Tyrol in Austria. At Lienz
Lienz
it flows into the Isel (de), sourced from the glaciers of the Venediger and Glockner Groups. The Isel (average discharge 39 m³/s) is almost three times larger than the Drava
Drava
(14 m³/s) where they meet and, starting from the source of its tributary Schwarzach (de) under the Rötspitze, the Isel (ca. 64 km) is also longer than the combined Drava
Drava
and Sextner Bach (ca. 60 km) to that point.[4][1] The river then flows east into Carinthia
Carinthia
at Oberdrauburg. The river separates the Kreuzeck range of the High Tauern
High Tauern
in the north and the Gailtal Alps
Gailtal Alps
in the south, passes the Sachsenburg
Sachsenburg
narrows and the site of the ancient city of Teurnia, before it reaches the town of Spittal an der Drau. Downstream of Villach, it runs along the northern slopes of the Karawanks
Karawanks
to Ferlach
Ferlach
and Lavamünd. The Drava
Drava
passes into Slovenia
Slovenia
at Dravograd, from where it runs for 142 kilometres (88 mi)[5] via Vuzenica, Muta, Ruše, and Maribor to Ptuj
Ptuj
and the border with Croatia
Croatia
at Ormož. The river then passes Varaždin, Belišće
Belišće
and Osijek
Osijek
in Croatia, and Barcs
Barcs
in Hungary. It is navigable for about 90 kilometres (56 mi) from Čađavica in Croatia
Croatia
to its mouth.[5] The hydrological parameters of Drava
Drava
are regularly monitored in Croatia
Croatia
at Botovo, Terezino Polje, Donji Miholjac
Donji Miholjac
and Osijek.[6] Hydroelectric power plants[edit] Currently, there are 22 hydroelectric power plants on the Drava. The power plants are listed beginning at the headwaters:

Dam Nameplate capacity (MW) Annual generation (Mio. kwh)

Amlach[7] 60 219

Paternion[8] 24 95

Kellerberg[8] 25 96

Villach[8] 25 100

Rosegg-St. Jakob[8] 80 338

Feistritz-Ludmannsdorf[8] 88 354

Ferlach-Maria Rain[8] 75 318

Annabrücke[8] 90 390

Edling[8] 87 407

Schwabeck[8] 79 378

Lavamünd[8] 28 156

Dravograd[9] 26.2 142

Vuzenica[9] 55.6 247

Vuhred[9] 72.3 297

Ožbalt[9] 73.2 305

Fala[9] 58 260

Mariborski Otok[9] 60 270

Zlatoličje[9] 126 577

Formin[9] 116 548

Varaždin 86 476

Čakovec 75.9 400

Dubrava 84

The Drava
Drava
River is one of the most energetically exploited rivers in the world, whereas almost 100% of its water potential energy is exploited.[10][11] As the region of the river is a place of exceptional biodiversity, this raises several ecological concerns, together with other kids of exploitation such as use of river deposits.[12][13] References[edit]

^ a b c d e Joint Drava
Drava
River Corridor Analysis Report, 27 November 2014 ^ Utrata Fachwörterbuch: Geographie - Englisch-Deutsch/Deutsch-Englisch by Jürgen Utrata (2014). Retrieved 10 Apr 2014. ^ Sextner Bach at the South Tyrol
South Tyrol
agency for the environment website ^ Hydrographisches Jahrbuch Österreichs 2008, S. OG322 ^ a b "Reke, dolge nad 25 km, in njihova padavinska obmocja" [Rivers, longer than 25 km, and their catchment areas] (in Slovenian and English). Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 2002.  ^ "Daily hydrological report". State Hydrometeorological Bureau of the Republic of Croatia. Retrieved 2010-09-09.  ^ "Kraftwerk Amlach" (in German). Tiwag. Retrieved 2016-08-25.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Die Drau" (in German). Verbund. Retrieved 2016-08-25.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Power plants". Dravske elektrarne Maribor. Retrieved 2016-08-25.  ^ "HSE - Did you know?". HSE. Archived from the original on 2017-08-07. Retrieved 2017-08-07.  ^ "International Symposium " Drava
Drava
River Vision"". LIFE Projekt Lebensader Obere Drau. Archived from the original on 2017-08-07. Retrieved 2017-08-07.  ^ "The Drava
Drava
River – a flowing controversy". International Commission for the Protection of the Danube
Danube
River. Archived from the original on 2017-08-07. Retrieved 2017-08-07.  ^ "Is the Drava
Drava
River Basin management sustainable and well on the way?" (PDF). International Symposium " Drava
Drava
River Vision". Austrian Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management; Government of Carinthia, Department of Water Management. September 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-07. Retrieved 2017-08-07. 

Bibliography[edit]

Petrić, Hrvoje (2014). "About Drava
Drava
River Floodings. Some Aspects of the Interrelationship between Humans and the River Drava
Drava
in the Pre-Industrial Times with an Emphasis on the Late 18th and Early 19th Century. Man, Nature and Environment Between the Northern Adriatic and the Eastern Alps in Premodern Times". University of Ljubljana. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Drava.

Drau Drava
Drava
- old river and new sounds Condition of Drava
Drava
in various locations in Slovenia:

Črneče
Črneče
- graphs, in the following order, of water level, flow and temperature data for the past 30 days (taken in Črneče
Črneče
by ARSO) Ptuj
Ptuj
- graphs, in the following order, of water level, flow and temperature data for the past 30 days (taken in Ptuj
Ptuj
by ARSO) Borl
Borl
- graphs, in the following order, of water level, flow and temperature data for the past 30 days (taken in Borl
Borl
by ARSO)

v t e

Hydrography of Croatia

Rivers

Bednja Boljunčica Bosut Cetina Česma Danube Dobra Drava Gacka Glina Glogovnica Ilova Jadro Karašica Karašica Korana Krapina Krka Kupa Kupčina Lika Lonja Mirna Mrežnica Mura Neretva Odra Ombla Orljava Pakra Plitvica Raša Rječina Sava Slunjčica Spačva Studva Sunja Sutla Trnava Una Vuka Zrmanja

Lakes

Vrana (Dalmatia) Dubrava Peruća Prokljan Varaždin Vrana (Cres) Krušćica Plitvice Baćina Trakošćan

Valleys, estuaries, canyons, wetlands

Lim Paklenica Kopački Rit Lonjsko Polje

Waterfalls

Galovački buk Skradinski buk Roški slap Štrbački buk Large waterfall (Plitvice)

v t e

Hydrography of Slovenia

Rivers

Bača Big Krka Bolska Čabranka Dragonja Drava Dravinja Dreta Fram Creek Gradaščica Hudinja Idrijca Iška Ledava Ložnica Kamnik Bistrica Kokra Koritnica Krka Kolpa Krupa Lahinja Ljubljanica Meža Mirna Mislinja Mura Nadiža Nevljica Oplotniščica Paka Pesnica Pivka Polskava Pšata Radulja Reka Rinža Rižana Sava Sava
Sava
Bohinjka Sava
Sava
Dolinka Savinja Ščavnica Soča Sora Sotla Temenica Tržič Bistrica Vipava Voglajna

Streams

Aslivka Besnica Big Božna Borovniščica Davščica Dobličica Glinščica Kobilje Creek Logaščica Nadiža Obrh Rak Reka Tunjščica

Waterfalls

Javornik Falls Peričnik Falls Rinka Falls

Lakes

Black Lake in the Triglav Lakes Valley Lake Bled Lake Bohinj Lake Cerknica Lake Gradišče Lake Kreda Lake Palčje Lake Ptuj Lake Trboje Lake Žovnek Wild Lake

Wetlands

Ljubljana Marshes Sečovlje Saltworks Škocjan Caves

Sea

Adriatic Sea

River valleys

Log Koritnica Valley Logar Valley Radovna Valley Rak Škocjan Soča
Soča
Valley Trenta Valley Triglav Lakes Valley Tuhinj Valley Upper Sava
Sava
Valley Vipava Valley

Canyons and gorges

Bistrica Gorge Dovžan Gorge Hell Gorge Iška
Iška
Gorge Ribnica Gorge Vintgar Gorge

v t e

The Danube

Countries

Germany Austria Slovakia Hungary Croatia Serbia Bulgaria Romania Moldova Ukraine

Cities

Ulm Ingolstadt Regensburg Passau Linz Vienna Bratislava Győr Budapest Vukovar Ilok Novi Sad Belgrade Ruse Brăila Galați Izmail Tulcea

Tributaries

Iller Lech Regen Isar Inn Morava Váh Hron Ipeľ/Ipoly Drava Tisza/Tisa Sava Timiș/Tamiš Great Morava Timok Jiu Iskar Olt Osam Yantra Vedea Argeș Ialomița Siret Prut

See also

List of islands in the Danube List of crossings of the Danube

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 240065

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