The Info List - Doordarshan

(abbreviated in English as DD) is an autonomous[1] public service broadcaster founded by the Government of India, which is owned by the Broadcasting Ministry of India
and is one of two divisions of Prasar Bharati.[2] It is one of India's largest broadcasting organisations in terms of studio and transmitter infrastructure, having been established on 15 September 1959.[3] It also broadcasts on digital terrestrial transmitters. DD provides television, radio, online and mobile services throughout metropolitan and regional India, as well as overseas, through the Indian Network and Radio India.


1 History

1.1 Nationwide transmission and colour television

2 Programming 3 Channels

3.1 List of Doordarshan
channels 3.2 Closed or renamed Doordarshan

4 Active Doordarshan 5 International broadcasting 6 Criticism

6.1 Allegations of the state control 6.2 Commercial viability

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Doordarshan
had a modest beginning as an experimental telecast starting in Delhi
on 15 September 1959, with a small transmitter and a makeshift studio. Regular daily transmission started in 1965 as a part of All India
Radio. Doordarshan
began a five-minute news bulletin in the same year. Pratima Puri was the first newsreader. Salma Sultan joined Doordarshan
in 1967, and later became a news anchor. The television service was extended to Bombay (now Mumbai) and Amritsar
in 1972. Up until 1975, only seven Indian cities had a television service and Doordarshan
remained the sole provider of television in India. Television services were separated from radio on 1 April 1976.[4] Each office of All India Radio
All India Radio
and Doordarshan
was placed under the management of two separate Director Generals in New Delhi. Finally, in 1982, Doordarshan
took shape as a National Broadcaster. Krishi Darshan was the first program telecast on Doordarshan. It commenced on 26 January 1967 and is one of the longest running programs on Indian television.[5] Nationwide transmission and colour television[edit]

Bhawan, Mandi House, Copernicus Marg, Delhi

National telecasts were introduced in 1982. In the same year, colour TV was introduced to India
with the live telecast of the Independence Day speech by the Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, on 15 August 1982. This was followed by the 1982 Asian Games
1982 Asian Games
held in Delhi.[6][7] Now more than 90 percent of the Indian population can receive Doordarshan
(DD National) programmes through a network of nearly 1,400 terrestrial transmitters. There are about 46 Doordarshan
studios producing TV programmes.[8] For the 2012 Summer Olympics, live telecasts of the opening and closing ceremonies of the games were broadcast on its national channel. DD Sports provided round-the-clock coverage of sport events.[9] On 17 November 2014, Doordarshan
relaunched with a new theme of pink and purple, accompanied by a new punchline, Desh Ka Apna Channel, meaning "the country's own channel". It was announced by Vijayalaxmi Chhabra, Director General of Doordarshan.[10] Programming[edit] See also: List of programs broadcast by DD National

The first TV serial, in 1976, was Ladoosingh Taxiwala, starring Paintal as Sardaar, a taxi driver. The 1980s were noted for shows such as Hum Log (1984), Buniyaad (1986–87) and Nukkad, and comedy shows like Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi (1984). Mythological shows such as Ramayan (1987–88) and Mahabharat (1989–90) paved the way for mythological and historical shows. Such was their popularity that roads would be empty when they were aired. Bollywood
film songs based programmes like Chitrahaar, Rangoli, Ek Se Badh Kar Ek and Superhit Muqabla Crime thrillers like Barrister Vinod (starring Parikshit Sahni), Karamchand (starring Pankaj Kapoor), Aparadhi Kaun, PC 1008 (starring Kanwaljit), Police File
Se, Byomkesh Bakshi (starring Rajit Kapur), Reporter (Shekhar Suman), Tehkikaat, Janki Jasoos, and Suraag (starring Sudesh Berry) Shows targeted at children included the ever-popular Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck
Donald Duck
and Tom and Jerry
Tom and Jerry
cartoons, and also He-Man and the Masters of the Universe, Talespin, Duck Tales, Winnie the Pooh and Arabian Knights. The dubbed Hindi version of the Japanese anime Jungle Book was hugely popular, especially it's introductory track, Jungle Jungle Baat Chali Hai, whose music was composed by Vishal Bhardwaj. Shows catering to kids also included Faerie Tale Theatre, Dada Dadi ki Kahaniyan, Ek Do Teen Chaar, Vikram Aur Betaal, Space City Sigma, The Stone Boy, Malgudi Days, Tenali Rama, Potli Baba Ki (puppet show), Superhuman Samurai Cyber Squad, Knight Rider, Teletubbies, Street Hawk, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (a dubbed English version of a Japanese anime), Batman, and The Green Hornet, Spider-Man, Giant Robo, Ghayab Aya, Kahaniyon ke Guchhae and the horror serial Kile ka Rahasya (1989). There were also comic plays of Charlie Chaplin, Laurel & Hardy and Didi's Comedy Show. Shaktimaan (1998–2005), India's first superhero, glued millions to Doordarshan
as did many other shows. Other popular shows included Oshin, a Japanese drama series, Rajani, dealing with social issues, Trishna, Mr. Yogi, Neem ka Ped, Circus, Dil Dariya, Doosra Keval, Shyam Benegal's Bharat Ek Khoj, Sanjay Khan's The Sword of Tipu Sultan, Rani Lakshmibai, Dastan-E-Hatim Tai, Alif Laila, Gul Gulshan Gulfaam, Mulla Nasiruddin, Mungerilal Ke Haseen Sapne, Udaan, Talaash, Phir Wahi Talash, Katha Saagar, Nupur, Mirza Ghalib, Wagle Ki Duniya, Subah, Bano Begum, Phulvanti, Kshitij Ye Nahi, Paying Guest, Phool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan, Show theme, Sangharsh, Farmaan, Lifeline, Kashish, Shrimaan Shrimati, Tu Tu Mein Mein, Junoon, Ajnabi (starring Danny Denzongpa), Zabaan Sambhalke, Dekh Bhai Dekh, Shrikant, Sansaar, Swabhimaan, Yug, Chanakya, Shanti (launching Mandira Bedi), Sea Hawks (starring R. Madhavan), Surabhi, Aarohan, Tana Bana, Mujrim Hazir (launching Navni Parihar), Jaspal Bhatti's Flop Show, reality singing show Meri Awaaz Suno, Captain Vyom, Chandrakanta, and Tootne Ke Baad. There were many acclaimed shows on Indian armed forces which aired on Doordarshan
- Param Vir Chakra, Samandar, Fauji (launching Shahrukh Khan). Serials like Dadi Maa Jagi, Bibi Natiyonwali and Aur Bhi Ghum Hai Zamane Mein were also popular. Sarab Sanji Gurbani was the first sponsored programme on Doordarshan, sponsored by Texla TV. Among the earliest documentary films produced by Doordarshan
in Delhi are The Peacock Calls [Mor Machay Shor] (1968), TRS-FRS (1968), The Floods May Come and Go (1969), and University Girls (1971).[11] Some of the Transtel-Cologne shows that were popularly played on Doordarshan
include Telematch, The Old Fox, Derrick, Didi's Comedy Show, The Investigator, and Scene of Crime. Doordarshan
also played NBC's Knight Rider starring David Hasselhoff
David Hasselhoff
and ABC's Street Hawk
Street Hawk
as part of its Sunday afternoon broadcast during the mid- and late 1980s. Doordarshan
brought to Indian viewers geographical documentaries made by the great marine explorer Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(Secrets of the Sea) and the British naturalist David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(The Living Planet) Doordarshan
also brought to the Indian viewers the English political comedy series Yes Minister, and the American family comedy serial Diff'rent Strokes. During 1994–95, Doordarshan
for four hours aired programs from MTV which had the sensational Rahul Khanna as the VJ. Ekta Kapoor's Kayamat, Ithihaas and many other shows from Balaji Telefilms were broadcast on this channel.

Channels[edit] Doordarshan
operates 34 channels:

Two All India
channels (available terrestrially), DD National
DD National
and DD News[12] 16 regional language satellite channels (RLSC), 11 state networks (SN), an international channel, a sports channel, DD Sports, DD Bharati, DD Urdu & DD Kisan.

On DD National
DD National
aka (DD-1), regional programs and local programs are carried on time-sharing basis. DD News
DD News
channel, launched on 3 November 2003, which replaced the DD Metro formerly known as DD-2 entertainment channel, provides 24-hour news service. The regional languages satellite channels have two components – the regional service for the particular state relayed by all terrestrial transmitters in the state and additional programs in the regional language in prime time and non-prime time available only through cable operators. DD-Sports Channel is exclusively devoted to the broadcasting of sporting events of national and international importance. This is the only sports channel which telecasts rural sports like kho-kho and kabbadi, something which private broadcasters will not attempt to telecast as it will not attract any revenue. List of Doordarshan

Name Genres Language Area

DD National Entertainment Hindi & English National

DD News News Hindi & English National

DD Sports Sports Hindi & English National

DD Bharati Cultural, Infotainment Hindi & English National

DD Kisan Agricultural, Infotainment Hindi National

DD Urdu Entertainment Urdu National

DD India International, Entertainment English & Hindi International

DD Bangla Entertainment Bengali West Bangal

DD Bihar Entertainment Hindi & Bhojpuri Bihar

DD Chandana Entertainment Kannada Karnataka

DD Girnar Entertainment Gujarati Gujarat

DD Kashir Entertainment Kashmiri, Dogri, Hindi & Urdu Jammu & Kashmir

DD Madhya Pradesh Entertainment Hindi Madhya Pradesh

DD Malayalam Entertainment Malayalam Kerala

DD North-East Entertainment Assamese, Hindi & English North-East

DD Odia Entertainment Odia Odisha

DD Podhigai Entertainment Tamil Tamil Nadu

DD Punjabi Entertainment Punjabi Punjab

DD Sahyadri Entertainment Marathi Maharashtra

DD Saptagiri Entertainment Telugu Andhra Pradesh

DD Rajasthan Entertainment Hindi & Rajasthani Rajasthan

DD Uttar Pradesh Entertainment Hindi & Urdu Uttar Pradesh

DD Yadagiri Entertainment Telugu Telangana

Closed or renamed Doordarshan

DD 2 (from 1984 to 1993) - later renamed to DD Metro DD Metro (from 1993 to 2003) - later converted to DD News Metro Gold (from October 2000 to Sep 2001) - aired on DD Metro DD International (from March 1995 to Sep 2000) - later renamed to DD World DD World (from Sep 2000 to Jan 2002) - later renamed to DD India DD CNNi (from 30 June 1995 to 31 May 1997) DD 3 (from 1995 to 1996) - later merged With DD Movie Club, and the new channel was named as DD3-Movie Club DD Movie Club (from 1995 to 1996) - later merged with DD 3, and the new channel was named DD3-Movie Club[13] DD3-Movie Club (from 1996 to 1998) - later converted to DD Sports

Active Doordarshan[edit] This is an interactive service of Tata Sky to show TV channels of Doordarshan
which are not available on Tata sky as normal channels. Active Doordarshan
channels are DD Kashir, DD Podhigai, DD Malayalam, DD Punjabi, DD Sahyadri, DD Chandana and DD Girnar. DD has its own DTH service called DD Free Dish. International broadcasting[edit] DD India
DD India
is broadcast internationally via satellite. It is available in 146 countries worldwide; however, information on receiving this channel in other countries is not easily available. In the UK, DD India
was available through the Eurobird Satellite on the Sky system on Channel 833 (the logo is shown as Rayat TV). The timing and programming of DD- India
international is different from that of India. Transmissions via Sky Digital ceased in June 2008 and those via DirecTV
in the United States in July 2008. Criticism[edit] Allegations of the state control[edit]

Prasar Bharati is the parent body of Doordarshan, and has all board members appointed by the Government of India
Government of India
acting through the Information and Broadcasting Ministry.[14] It had been actively used especially during the Emergency for government propaganda.[15] During Operation Blue Star
Operation Blue Star
in 1984, only government sources were used for reporting the story. Here, Doordarshan
was complicit in the production of a video that claimed acts of violence which when investigated by independent journalists were found to be false.[16] In 2004, it censored the airing of a controversial documentary on Jayaprakash Narayan, one of the opposition leaders during the Emergency.[17] When Doordarshan
broadcast the 70-minute-long Vijayadashami
speech of Mohan Bhagwat, the leader of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
(RSS), the Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
administration and the BJP
were criticized for "misusing" the public broadcaster. While Director General of DD, Archana Datta issued a clarification on speech and said, "Speech was like any other news event therefore we covered it."[18][19][20]

Commercial viability[edit]

After private television channels were allowed in 1991, Doordarshan has seen a steep decline in viewership in homes, due to general public acceptance of cable and satellite television, which in 2002 was just at 2.38% for DD National.[21] While it earns significant advertising revenue due to the compulsory feed given to it by the highest bidder to national events, including cricket tournaments,[21] there has been a proposal to give it funds by imposing a license fee to own a television in India.[22]

See also[edit]

List of programs broadcast by DD National All India
Radio Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India) DD Free Dish Lok Sabha TV Rajya Sabha TV DD News


^ "Govt plans own channel, real autonomy for Doordarshan
- Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-09-18.  ^ "The future of Doordarshan
is on the block".  ^ " Doordarshan
turns 57; watch video of its first telecast plus 7 lesser-known facts about DD".  ^ Kamat, Payal. "Short essay on Development of Television in India". Retrieved 20 December 2016.  ^ Sharmila Mitra Deb, Indian Democracy: Problems and Prospects, Anthem Press, 2009, ISBN 978-81-907570-4-1, the well-known program Krishi Darshan, which started its telecast on January 26, 1967... 'informing' and 'educating' the farmers about improving agricultural productivity  ^ Flashback 1982: The Asian Games that transformed Delhi ^ 1982-Colour television is introduced: Out of the dark ages ^ Doordarshan
Channel List (2017). DD Free Dish Channels, 17 February 2017 ^ " Doordarshan
to live telecast London Olympics opening and closing ceremonies". The Times of India. 25 July 2012.  ^ " DD National
DD National
to be relaunched as 'Desh Ka Apna Channel'". 15 November 2014.  ^ SCREEN, New Delhi, 19 March 1971, & The Sunday Standard, Bombay, 10 June 1973. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/irregular-doordarshan-appointments-quashed/article634149.ece ^ "'We Have To Air The Government's Plans'". Retrieved 20 December 2016.  ^ http://ddbhopal.nic.in/RTI/32.pdf ^ "Channel war drives DD to shelve bias". New Delhi: The Telegraph. 26 January 2004. Retrieved 29 May 2012.  ^ [1] Archived 17 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Kuldip Nayar Posted: 9 November 2004 at 0012 hrs IST (9 November 2004). "Censoring his own past". Indian Express. Retrieved 29 May 2012.  ^ " Doordarshan
telecasts RSS chief's speech live, stirs controversy". The Times of India. 3 October 2014.  ^ Kalbag, Chaitanya (3 October 2014). "A dangerous line was crossed when Doordarshan
telecast Bhagwat's speech live". Quartz.  ^ "RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat's speech covered just like a news event: Doordarshan". The Indian Express. 3 October 2014.  ^ a b "DD leads viewership sweepstakes &#151 Tops among all homes nationwide, but lowest in C&S". The Hindu Business Line. 23 July 2002. Retrieved 29 May 2012.  ^ Himanshi Dhawan (10 July 2007). "Govt mulls 'licence fee' on every colour TV". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Doordarshan.

official site Doordarshan
news site

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Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

List of I&B Ministers • List of I&B Ministers of State • Government of India
Government of India
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Prasar Bharati Doordarshan Akashvani Broadcast Engineering Consultants India Direct to Home


Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity Registrar of Newspapers for India Press Council of India Press Information Bureau Indian Institute of Mass Communication


Directorate of Film Festivals Films Division Central Board of Film Certification Children's Film Society, India Film and Television Institute of India Film Certification Appellate Tribunal National Film Archive of India Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute National Film Development Corporation of India

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Metro DD Direct+ DD English DD Faizabad DD Girnar DD Goa DD Gorakhpur DD Gyan Darshan 1 DD Gyan Darshan 2 DD HD DD Haryana DD Himachal Pradesh DD Hyderabad Metro DD India DD International DD Jaipur Metro DD Jharkhand DD Karnataka DD Kashir DD Malayalam DD Kisan DD Kolkata Metro DD Kutchi DD Lakshadweep DD Lok Sabha DD Lucknow Metro DD Malayalam DD Madhya Pradesh DD Madurai DD Manipur DD Marathi DD Meghalaya DD Mizoram DD Mumbai
Metro DD Nagaland DD National DD News DD North-East DD Odisha DD Oriya DD Podhigai DD Port Blair DD Pondicherry DD Punjabi DD Rajasthan Rajya Sabha TV DD Sahyadri DD Saptagiri DD Sikkim DD Sindhi DD Sports DD Tamil Nadu DD Tripura DD Urdu DD Uttar Pradesh DD Uttarakhand DD West Bengal DD Yadagiri

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Cincinnati Bell
FiOptics Claro Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

EPB Frontier FiOS Google Fiber GTA Teleguam Hawaiian Telcom Midco NEP Datastream TV North State Communications Smithville Fiber Sonic.net TDS Telecom Verizon FiOS Whidbey Telecom Windstream Kinetic

Virtual MVPD

Now FuboTV Hulu
with Live TV Philo PlayStation Vue Sling TV Spectrum TV Stream Xfinity
Instant TV YouTube TV


Amazon Video Anime
Network Apple iTunes Store CBS All Access Crackle Crunchyroll CW Seed CuriosityStream DramaFever Fandor FunimationNow go90 Hallmark Movies Now HBO Now History Vault Hulu iON (IPTV) Lifetime Movie Club Netflix Noggin Pluto TV Roku Seeso Showtime Starz Tribeca Shortlist Tubi TV UFC Fight Pass Univision
NOW YuppTV WWE Network

Defunct cable

Adelphia Communications Corporation Alameda Power and Telecom1 Astound Broadband AT&T Broadband

MediaOne/Continental Cablevision Tele-Communications Inc.

Baja Broadband

US Cable

Bresnan Communications Bright House Networks Cablevision Champion Broadband Cobridge Communications Community Home Entertainment Graceba Total Communications Insight Communications Jones Intercable King Videocable Knology Marcus Cable NPG Cable Paragon Cable Rapid Communications TelePrompTer/Group W Cable Time Warner Cable UA-Columbia Cablevision Windjammer Communications

1 – Still in operation, but no longer offers cable or Internet as part of its services

Defunct satellite

AlphaStar GlobeCast World TV PrimeStar United States Satellite Broadcasting Voom HD Networks

Defunct IPTV

Sky Angel Virtual Digital Cable

Defunct terrestrial

Aereo USDTV MovieBeam

Defunct virtual MVPD


v t e

Additional resources on North American television

North America

List of local television stations in North America DTV transition North American TV mini-template


Canadian networks List of Canadian television networks List of Canadian television channels List of Canadian specialty channels Local Canadian TV stations List of United States stations available in Canada 2001 Vancouver TV realignment 2007 Canada broadcast TV realignment


Mexican networks Local Mexican TV stations

United States

American networks List of American cable and satellite networks List of American over-the-air networks Local American TV stations (W) Local American TV stations (K) Spanish-language TV networks 1994 United States broadcast TV realignment 2006 United States broadcast TV realignment List of Canadian television stations available in the United States Insular Areas TV

Africa, Asia, Middle East and Oceania Ame