Dong Yuan


Dong Yuan (,
Gan Gallium nitride () is a binary III/ V direct bandgap semiconductor A semiconductor material has an Electrical resistivity and conductivity, electrical conductivity value falling between that of a Electrical conductor, conductor, such as metal ...
: dung3 ngion4; c. 934 – c. 962) was a
Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a populat ...

painter Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or solid mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film. It is most commonly used to protect, ...

. He was born in Zhongling (钟陵; present-day
Jinxian County Jinxian County () is a Counties of China, county of Jiangxi, Jiangxi Province, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Nanchang, the provincial capital. Administrative divisions Jinxian County has 9 towns and 12 town ...
Jiangxi Jiangxi (; Postal romanization, alternately romanized as Kiangsi or Chianghsi, Gan Chinese: ''Kongsi'', Hakka: ''Gong Si'') is a landlocked Provinces of China, province in East China, the east of the China, People's Republic of China. Its capit ...

Province).Cihai: Page 599. Dong Yuan was active in the
Southern Tang Southern Tang () was a state in Southern China that existed during Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, which proclaimed itself to be the successor of the former Tang Dynasty. The capital was located at Nanjing Nanjing ( ), Postal Map R ...
Kingdom of the
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907–979) was an era of political upheaval and division in 10th-century Imperial China. Five states quickly succeeded one another in the Central Plain, and more than a dozen concurrent states were e ...
. He was from
Nanjing Nanjing (; , Mandarin pronunciation: ), Postal Map Romanization, alternately romanized as Nanking, is the capital of Jiangsu Provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China, a sub-provincial city, a megacity and the List ...

, which was a center for culture and the arts. He was known for both figure and
landscape A landscape is the visible features of an area of land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and ...
paintings, and exemplified the elegant style which would become the standard for brush painting in China for the next nine centuries. He and his pupil Juran () were the founders of the Southern style of landscape painting, known as the Jiangnan Landscape style. Together with
Jing Hao Jing Hao (, also known as Hongguzi) (c. 855-915) was a Chinese landscape painter and theorist of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907–979) was an era of political upheaval and division in ...
Guan Tong Guan Tong () (c. 906-960) was a Chinese painter of the Northern Landscape style during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period and early Song dynasty from the city of Chang'an.''中国绘画全集'', Vol 2, p. 6. He was a pupil of Jing Hao, and ...
of the Northern style they constituted the four seminal painters of that time. As with many artists in China, his profession was as an official, here he studied the existing styles of Li Sixun and Wang Wei. However, he added to these masters' techniques; he included more sophisticated perspective.


The ''Xiao and Xiang Rivers'' or ''Scenes along the Xiao and Xiang Rivers'', a painting on silk (49.80 cm by 141.30 cm), is one of his best-known masterpieces. It demonstrates his exquisite techniques, and his sense of composition. The clouds break the background mountains into a central pyramid composition and a secondary pyramid, by softening the mountain line, he makes the immobile effect more pronounced. The inlet by breaking the landscape into groups makes the serenity of the foreground more pronounced, instead of simply being a border to the composition, it is a space of its own, into which the boat on the far right intrudes, even though it is tiny compared to the mountains. Left of center, he uses his unusual brush stroke techniques, later copied in countless paintings, to give a strong sense of foliage to the trees, which contrasts with the rounded waves of stone that make up the mountains themselves. This gives the painting a more distinct middle ground, and makes the mountains have an aura and distance which gives them greater grandeur and personality. He also used "face like" patterns in the mountain on the right. A painting attributed to Dong Yuan, ''The Riverbank'', is housed in the
Metropolitan Museum of Art The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 ...

Metropolitan Museum of Art
, and was a gift from New York financier Oscar Tang, though some scholars believe it may be a modern forgery by
Zhang Daqian Chang Dai-chien or Zhang Daqian (; 10 May 1899 – 2 April 1983) was one of the best-known and most prodigious Chinese artists of the twentieth century. Originally known as a '' guohua'' (traditionalist) painter, by the 1960s he was also renowned ...


See also

Culture of the Song Dynasty The Song dynasty (960–1279 AD) was a culturally rich and sophisticated age for China. It saw great advancements in the visual arts, music, literature, and philosophy. Officials of the ruling bureaucracy, who underwent a strict and extensive exami ...
Chinese painting Chinese painting () is one of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world. Painting in the traditional style is known today in Chinese as ''guó huà'' (), meaning "national painting" or "native painting", as opposed to Western styles ...

Chinese painting
Chinese art Chinese art is visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (called the "matrix" or "support"). The medium is commonly applied ...

Chinese art
Eight Views of Xiaoxiang Image:Imaginary tour through Xiao-xiang.jpg, 400px, Part of the imaginary tour through Xiao-xiang by Li Shi (李氏) from the 12th century. Scroll, 30.3 cm x 400.4 cm. Ink on paper. Located at the Tokyo National Museum. The ''Eight Views of Xiaoxia ...
*History of Chinese art *Xiaoxiang *Xiaoxiang poetry



*Ci hai bian ji wei yuan hui (). Ci hai (). Shanghai: Shanghai ci shu chu ban she (), 1979.

External links

Dong Yuan and his painting gallery
at China Online Museum
Landscapes Clear and Radiant: The Art of Wang Hui (1632-1717)
an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Dong Yuan (see index)
"Riverbank", painting in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum, New York
{{DEFAULTSORT:Dong Yuan 930s births 962 deaths Year of birth uncertain Southern Tang painters Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms landscape painters People from Nanchang Painters from Jiangxi 10th-century Chinese painters