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Donauwörth
Donauwörth
German: [ˌdoːnaʊˈvøːɐ̯t]) is a town and the capital of the Donau-Ries
Donau-Ries
district in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is said to have been founded by two fishermen where the rivers Danube (Donau) and Wörnitz meet. The city is part of the scenic route called "Romantische Straße" (Romantic Road) The city is situated between Munich
Munich
and Nuremberg, 46 km north of Augsburg.

Contents

1 History 2 Notable citizens 3 Twin towns — sister cities 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] Donauwörth
Donauwörth
grew up in the course of the 11th and 12th centuries under the protection of the castle of Mangoldstein, became in the 13th century a seat of Duke Ludwig II of Bavaria, who, however, soon withdrew to Munich
Munich
to escape from his wife, Duchess Maria of Brabant, whom he had there beheaded on an unfounded suspicion of infidelity. The town received the freedom of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1308, and maintained its position in spite of the encroachments of Bavaria
Bavaria
till 1607, when the interference of the Protestant inhabitants with the abbot of the Heilig-Kreuz called forth an imperial law authorizing the duke of Bavaria
Bavaria
to punish them for the offence.[2] It is historically important to Germany
Germany
as the site of one of the incidents which led to the Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War
(1618–1648). In 1606, the Lutheran
Lutheran
majority barred the Catholic
Catholic
residents of the town from holding an annual Markus procession, causing a riot to break out. During the war, it was stormed by Gustavus Adolphus (1632), and captured by Ferdinand III (1634).[2] Donauwörth
Donauwörth
was later the scene of the Battle of Schellenberg
Battle of Schellenberg
(or Battle of Donauwörth) on 2 July 1704, during the War of the Spanish Succession (1702–1713). The battle was named after the village and high ground behind the city. John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, was marching from Flanders
Flanders
to Bavaria
Bavaria
and came to the Danube. The French decided to make a crossing of the Danube
Danube
at Donauwörth, where they were surprised by Marlborough's troops and after heavy fighting pulled back. This allowed Marlborough to capture Donauwörth
Donauwörth
and cross the Danube
Danube
without any problem. About 5,000 French troops drowned while trying to escape. Another battle of Donauwörth
Donauwörth
on 7 October 1805 opened Napoleon's Ulm Campaign. Notable citizens[edit]

Franz Hartmann

1291-1351 Margareta Ebner, German mystic 1499-1453 Sebastian Franck, was a 16th-century German freethinker, humanist, and radical reformer 1838-1912 Franz Hartmann, theosophist, occultist, geomancer, astrologer and author. 1848-1934 Michael Deffner, philologist and archaeologist 1861-1933 Ferdinand Bonn, stage and film actor 1901-1983 Werner Egk, composer 1942 Werner Schnitzer, actor 1948 Manfred G. Schmidt, professor of political science 1980 Carolin Hingst, pole vaulter 1980 Sercan Güvenışık, footballer

Twin towns — sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Donauwörth
Donauwörth
is twinned with:

Perchtoldsdorf, Austria

Kloster Heilig Kreuz church, Decorations above the main altar.

See also[edit]

Danube

References[edit]

^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018.  ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Donauwörth". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 411. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Donauwörth
Donauwörth
at Wikimedia Commons Official website

v t e

Swabian League
Swabian League
(1488–1534) of the  Holy Roman Empire

Imperial cities

Aalen Augsburg Biberach Bopfingen Dinkelsbühl Donauwörth Esslingen Giengen Heilbronn Isny Kaufbeuren Kempten Leutkirch Lindau Memmingen Nördlingen Pfullendorf Ravensburg Reutlingen Schwäbisch Gmünd Schwäbisch Hall Überlingen Ulm Wangen Weil Wimpfen

Nobility

St George's Shield (Gesellschaft von Sanktjörgenschild)

Territories

Brandenburg-Ansbach Baden Bavaria Bayreuth Palatinate Hesse Mainz Trier Württemberg

v t e

Swabian Circle
Swabian Circle
(1500–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire

Ecclesiastical

Augsburg Constance Ellwangen Kempten Lindau

Secular

Baden Buchau Heiligenberg Hohenzollern-Hechingen Klettgau Liechtenstein Tengen Waldburg

Scheer Trauchburg Waldsee Wolfegg Wurzach Zeil

Württemberg

Prelates

Baindt Buchau Elchingen Gengenbach Gutenzell Heggbach Irsee Kaisheim Mainau Marchtal Neresheim Ochsenhausen Petershausen Roggenburg Rot Rottenmünster Salmanweiler St. George's in Isny Schussenried Söflingen Ursberg Weingarten Weißenau Wettenhausen Zwiefalten

Counts Lords

Altshausen Baar Bondorf Eberstein Eglingen Eglofs Fugger

Jakob Johann Markus

Gundelfingen Gutenstein Hausen Heiligenberg Hohenems Hohengeroldseck Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Justingen Kinzigerthal Königsegg and Aulendorf Lustenau Meßkirch Mindelheim
Mindelheim
/ Schwabegg Oberdischingen Öttingen

Baldern Öttingen Wallerstein

Rechberg Rothenfels and Stauffen Stühlingen
Stühlingen
and Hohenhöwen Tettnang
Tettnang
/ Langenargen Thannhausen Wiesensteig

Cities

Aalen Augsburg Biberach Bopfingen Buchau Buchhorn Dinkelsbühl Eßlingen Gengenbach Giengen Heilbronn Isny Kaufbeuren Kempten Leutkirch Lindau Memmingen Nördlingen Offenburg Pfullendorf Ravensburg Reutlingen Rottweil Schwäbisch Gmünd Schwäbisch Hall Überlingen Ulm Wangen Weil Wimpfen Zell

Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral Rhenish     ·     Unencircled territories

v t e

Free imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire

By 1792

Aachen Aalen Augsburg Biberach Bopfingen BremenH Buchau Buchhorn CologneH Dinkelsbühl DortmundH Eßlingen Frankfurt Friedberg Gengenbach Giengen GoslarH HamburgH Heilbronn Isny Kaufbeuren Kempten Kessenich Leutkirch Lindau LübeckH Memmingen Mühlhausen MülhausenD, S Nordhausen Nördlingen Nuremberg Offenburg Pfullendorf Ravensburg Regensburg Reutlingen Rothenburg RottweilS Schwäbisch Gmünd Schwäbisch Hall Schweinfurt Speyer Überlingen Ulm Wangen Weil Weißenburg in Bayern Wetzlar Wimpfen Windsheim Worms Zell

Free Imperial Cities as of 1648

Lost imperial immediacy or no longer part of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
by 1792

BaselS BernS Besançon Brakel Cambrai Diessenhofen Donauwörth Duisburg Düren Gelnhausen HagenauD Herford KaysersbergD KolmarD Konstanz LandauD Lemgo LucerneS Mainz Metz MunsterD ObernaiD Pfeddersheim Rheinfelden RosheimD St. GallenS Sarrebourg SchaffhausenS Schmalkalden SchlettstadtD SoestH SolothurnS Straßburg Toul TurckheimD Verden Verdun Warburg Weißenburg in ElsaßD ZürichS

D Member of the Décapole H Member of the Hanseatic League S Member or associate of the Swiss Confederacy

v t e

Towns and municipalities in Donau-Ries

Alerheim Amerdingen Asbach-Bäumenheim Auhausen Buchdorf Daiting Deiningen Donauwörth Ederheim Ehingen am Ries Forheim Fremdingen Fünfstetten Genderkingen Hainsfarth Harburg Hohenaltheim Holzheim Huisheim Kaisheim Maihingen Marktoffingen Marxheim Megesheim Mertingen Mönchsdeggingen Monheim Möttingen Munningen Münster Niederschönenfeld Nördlingen Oberndorf am Lech Oettingen in Bayern Otting Rain Reimlingen Rögling Tagmersheim Tapfheim Wallerstein Wechingen Wemding Wolferstadt

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 134876437 LCCN: n81058984 GND: 4012721-7

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