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Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
(November 30, 1894 - August 2, 1980) was an American author and screenwriter, best known for his sophisticated golden era comedies and melodramas, such as The Philadelphia Story (based on the play by Philip Barry), Tarnished Lady
Tarnished Lady
and Love Affair. Stewart worked with a number of the great directors of his time, including George Cukor
George Cukor
(a frequent collaborator), Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
and Ernst Lubitsch. Stewart was also a member of the Algonquin Round Table, and the model for Bill Gorton in The Sun Also Rises
The Sun Also Rises
by Ernest Hemingway. His 1922 parody on etiquette, Perfect Behavior, published by George H Doran and Co, was a favourite book of P. G. Wodehouse.[1]

Contents

1 Life and career 2 Film portrayal 3 Partial filmography

3.1 As a writer 3.2 As an actor

4 References 5 External links

Life and career[edit] His hometown was Columbus, Ohio. He graduated from Yale University, where he became a brother to the Delta Kappa Epsilon
Delta Kappa Epsilon
fraternity (Phi chapter), in 1916 and was in the Naval Reserves in World War I. After the war he started to write, and found success with A Parody Outline of History, a satire of The Outline of History
The Outline of History
(1920) by H. G. Wells. This led him to becoming a member of the Algonquin Round Table. Around that time a friend of his got him interested in theater and he became a noted playwright on Broadway in the 1920s. He was friends with Dorothy Parker, Robert Benchley, George S. Kaufman, and Ernest Hemingway, who based the character of Bill Gorton in The Sun Also Rises on Stewart. In 1924, he wrote Mr. and Mrs. Haddock Abroad for the publishing house George H. Doran. It was a snarky send up of the ugly American tourist. He became interested in adapting some of his plays to film, but on first entering Hollywood
Hollywood
he had to adapt the plays of others as his own were initially shelved. Once there he mostly wrote, but he also had a small part in the film Not So Dumb. By the 1930s he had become known primarily as a screenwriter and won an Academy Award for The Philadelphia Story (1940). As World War II
World War II
approached, he became a member of the Hollywood
Hollywood
Anti-Nazi League, and admitted to being a member of the CPUSA
CPUSA
at one of its public meetings. During the Second Red Scare Stewart was blacklisted in 1950 and the following year he and his wife, activist and writer Ella Winter (they had married in 1939), emigrated to England. In 1968, he signed the “Writers and Editors War Tax Protest” pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War.[2] His 1975 memoir is entitled By a Stroke of Luck. He died in London
London
in 1980. His widow died the same year. Stewart had two sons from a previous marriage.[1][3] Film portrayal[edit] Stewart was portrayed by the actor and playwright David Gow in the 1994 film Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle.[4] Partial filmography[edit] As a writer[edit]

Brown of Harvard (1926) (adaptation) Humorous Flights (1929) Traffic Regulations (1929) Laughter (1930) Rebound (1931) (based on his play of the same name) Tarnished Lady
Tarnished Lady
(1931) Finn and Hattie (1931) (novel Mr and Mrs Haddock Abroad) Smilin' Through (1932) (dialogue) Dinner at Eight (1933) (additional dialogue) Going Hollywood
Hollywood
(1933) Another Language (1933) The White Sister (1933) Manhattan Melodrama
Manhattan Melodrama
(1934) The Barretts of Wimpole Street (1934) No More Ladies
No More Ladies
(1935) The Prisoner of Zenda (1937) (additional dialogue) Marie Antoinette (1938) (screenplay) Holiday (1938) (screenplay) The Night of Nights (1939) (also story) Love Affair (1939) Kitty Foyle: The Natural History of a Woman (1940) (additional dialogue), aka Kitty Foyle (USA: short title) The Philadelphia Story (1940) (screenplay) Smilin' Through (1941) (screenplay) A Woman's Face
A Woman's Face
(1941) That Uncertain Feeling (1941) (screenplay), aka Ernst Lubitsch's That Uncertain Feeling (USA: complete title) Keeper of the Flame (1942) (screenplay) Tales of Manhattan
Tales of Manhattan
(1942) Forever and a Day (1943) Without Love (1945) Cass Timberlane
Cass Timberlane
(1947) (adaptation) Life with Father (1947) Edward, My Son
Edward, My Son
(1949) The Prisoner of Zenda (1952) (additional dialogue) (originally uncredited) Summertime (1955) (uncredited) An Affair to Remember
An Affair to Remember
(1957) (originally uncredited) Love and Death
Love and Death
(1975) (uncredited)[citation needed]

As an actor[edit]

Holiday (1928) – Nick Potter Humorous Flights (1929) – Donald Ogden Stewart Night Club (1929/I) Not So Dumb
Not So Dumb
(1930) – Skylar Van Dyke/Horace Patterson

References[edit]

^ a b "Donald O. Stewart, Screenwriter, Dies. Writer of Screenplay for the Movie 'Philadelphia Story' Was Also Well Known for Parodies 'I Want to Have Bite' Shared Oscar With Trumbo Alumnus of Exeter and Yale". New York Times. August 3, 1980. Retrieved 2008-04-18. Donald Ogden Stewart, a parodist, playwright and politically committed screenwriter who enjoyed a large reputation from 1920 to 1950, died yesterday afternoon at his home in London
London
after an illness that followed a heart attack. He was 85 years old.  ^ “Writers and Editors War Tax Protest” January 30, 1968 New York Post ^ Cook, Joan (August 5, 1980). " Ella Winter Stewart, Journalist and Widow Of Donald O. Stewart; Was War Correspondent Back After 17 Years". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-18. Ella Winter Stewart, a journalist and the widow of Donald Ogden Stewart, who died Saturday, died of a stroke early today at her home in Hamstead, London. She was 82 years old.  ^ Internet Movie Database entry for Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle

v t e

Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

1928–1950

Benjamin Glazer (1928) Hanns Kräly (1929) Frances Marion
Frances Marion
(1930) Howard Estabrook
Howard Estabrook
(1931) Edwin J. Burke (1932) Victor Heerman
Victor Heerman
and Sarah Y. Mason
Sarah Y. Mason
(1933) Robert Riskin
Robert Riskin
(1934) Dudley Nichols (1935) Pierre Collings
Pierre Collings
and Sheridan Gibney (1936) Heinz Herald, Geza Herczeg, and Norman Reilly Raine
Norman Reilly Raine
(1937) Ian Dalrymple, Cecil Arthur Lewis, W. P. Lipscomb, and George Bernard Shaw (1938) Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
(1939) Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
(1940) Sidney Buchman and Seton I. Miller (1941) George Froeschel, James Hilton, Claudine West, and Arthur Wimperis (1942) Philip G. Epstein, Julius J. Epstein, and Howard E. Koch (1943) Frank Butler, and Frank Cavett (1944) Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Robert Sherwood (1946) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

Harry Brown and Michael Wilson (1951) Charles Schnee (1952) Daniel Taradash (1953) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1954) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1955) John Farrow, S. J. Perelman, and James Poe (1956) Carl Foreman
Carl Foreman
and Michael Wilson (1957) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958) Neil Paterson (1959) Richard Brooks
Richard Brooks
(1960) Abby Mann (1961) Horton Foote (1962) John Osborne
John Osborne
(1963) Edward Anhalt (1964) Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) James Goldman (1968) Waldo Salt (1969) Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975)

1976–2000

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1976) Alvin Sargent (1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Kurt Luedtke (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
and Mark Peploe (1987) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1988) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Bill Condon (1998) John Irving
John Irving
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000)

2001–present

Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson, and Fran Walsh (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan
William Monahan
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Geoffrey S. Fletcher
Geoffrey S. Fletcher
(2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) Chris Terrio (2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

External links[edit]

Algonquin Round Table
Algonquin Round Table
history site Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
on IMDb Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Works by Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
at Internet Archive Works by Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
at LibriVox
LibriVox
(public domain audiobooks)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112140717 LCCN: n85151862 ISNI: 0000 0000 8179 1115 GND: 107532522 SUDOC: 06089332X BNF: cb140527423 (data) NDL: 00457708 BNE: XX1640561 SN

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